Disability Rights and Digital Technology
Author: Elizabeth R. Petrick
Publisher: JHU Press
In 1974, not long after developing the first universal optical character recognition technology, Raymond Kurzweil struck up a conversation with a blind man on a flight. Kurzweil explained that he was searching for a use for his new software. The blind man expressed interest: One of the frustrating obstacles that blind people grappled with, he said, was that no computer program could translate text into speech. Inspired by this chance meeting, Kurzweil decided that he must put his new innovation to work to "overcome this principal handicap of blindness." By 1976, he had built a working prototype, which he dubbed the Kurzweil Reading Machine. This type of innovation demonstrated the possibilities of computers to dramatically improve the lives of people living with disabilities. In Making Computers Accessible, Elizabeth R. Petrick tells the compelling story of how computer engineers and corporations gradually became aware of the need to make computers accessible for all people. Motivated by user feedback and prompted by legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, which offered the promise of equal rights via technological accommodation, companies developed sophisticated computerized devices and software to bridge the accessibility gap. People with disabilities, Petrick argues, are paradigmatic computer users, demonstrating the personal computer’s potential to augment human abilities and provide for new forms of social, professional, and political participation. Bridging the history of technology, science and technology studies, and disability studies, this book traces the psychological, cultural, and economic evolution of a consumer culture aimed at individuals with disabilities, who increasingly rely on personal computers to make their lives richer and more interconnected.
Mobile Communication, Disability, and Inequality
Author: Meryl Alper
Publisher: MIT Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
How communication technologies meant to empower people with speech disorders -- to give voice to the voiceless -- are still subject to disempowering structural inequalities.
Author: Jentery Sayers
Category: Social Science
Although media studies and digital humanities are established fields, their overlaps have not been examined in depth. This comprehensive collection fills that gap, giving readers a critical guide to understanding the array of methodologies and projects operating at the intersections of media, culture, and practice. Topics include: access, praxis, social justice, design, interaction, interfaces, mediation, materiality, remediation, data, memory, making, programming, and hacking.
Author: Jonathan Lazar,Daniel F. Goldstein,Anne Taylor
Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann
Ensuring Digital Accessibility through Process and Policy provides readers with a must-have resource to digital accessibility from both a technical and policy perspective. Inaccessible digital interfaces and content often lead to forms of societal discrimination that may be illegal under various laws. This book is unique in that it provides a multi-disciplinary understanding of digital accessibility. The book discusses the history of accessible computing, an understanding of why digital accessibility is socially and legally important, and provides both technical details (interface standards, evaluation methods) and legal details (laws, lawsuits, and regulations). The book provides real-world examples throughout, highlighting organizations that are doing an effective job with providing equal access to digital information for people with disabilities. This isn’t a book strictly about interface design, nor is it a book strictly about law. For people who are charged with implementing accessible technology and content, this book will serve as a one-stop guide to understanding digital accessibility, offering an overview of current laws, regulations, technical standards, evaluation techniques, as well as best practices and suggestions for implementing solutions and monitoring for compliance. This combination of skills from the three authors—law, technical, and research, with experience in both corporate, government, and educational settings, is unique to this book, and does not exist in any other book about any aspect of IT accessibility. The authors’ combination of skills marks a unique and valuable perspective, and provides insider knowledge on current best practices, corporate policies, and technical instructions. Together, we can ensure that the world of digital information is open to all users. Learn about the societal and organizational benefits of making information technology accessible for people with disabilities Understand the interface guidelines, accessibility evaluation methods, and compliance monitoring techniques, needed to ensure accessible content and technology. Understand the various laws and regulations that require accessible technology Learn from case studies of organizations that are successfully implementing accessibility in their technologies and digital content
Adaptive Design and Assistive Technology
Author: Char Booth
Publisher: American Library Association
Author: Cynthia Waddell,Bob Regan,Shawn Lawton Henry,Michael Burks,Jim Thatcher,Mark D. Urban,Paul Bohman
Accessibility is about making websites that don't exclude people with visual, aural, or physical disabilities. Through real-world examples, this practical book will teach you how to create or retrofit accessible websites quickly and easily. This book is aimed toward web professionals creating accessible websites or updating existing sites to make them accessible. It's also useful for corporate, university, and government policy-makers involved in the development and maintenance of websites for their institutions. The thorough and practical accessibility techniques outlined in this book come from some of the best accessibility professionals in the business. The techniques are illustrated and accompanied by real-world examples from live sites, demonstrating that accessibility is not the enemy of great visual design.
Wie die Technologie hinter Bitcoin nicht nur das Finanzsystem, sondern die ganze Welt verändert
Author: Don Tapscott,Alex Tapscott
Publisher: Plassen Verlag
Category: Business & Economics
Blockchain ermöglicht Peer-to-Peer-Transaktionen ohne jede Zwischenstelle wie eine Bank. Die Teilnehmer bleiben anonym und dennoch sind alle Transaktionen transparent und nachvollziehbar. Somit ist jeder Vorgang fälschungssicher. Dank Blockchain muss man sein Gegenüber nicht mehr kennen und ihm vertrauen – das Vertrauen wird durch das System als Ganzes hergestellt. Und digitale Währungen wie Bitcoins sind nur ein Anwendungsgebiet der Blockchain-Revolution. In der Blockchain kann jedes wichtige Dokument gespeichert werden: Urkunden von Universitäten, Geburts- und Heiratsurkunden und vieles mehr. Die Blockchain ist ein weltweites Register für alles. In diesem Buch zeigen die Autoren, wie sie eine fantastische neue Ära in den Bereichen Finanzen, Business, Gesundheitswesen, Erziehung und darüber hinaus möglich machen wird.
Zugänge zur gebauten Umwelt
Author: Wolfgang Christ
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Erschließung und auch Barrierefreiheit sind zentrale Themen in der Architektur und im Urbanismus. Zugang oder Access ist heute auch ein Schlüsselbegriff in anderen Bereichen wie Wissen und Bildung, Gesundheitswesen usw. Dieser Titel widmet sich dem Thema der Zugänge in Architektur, Städtebau und angrenzenden Disziplinen.
Author: Wolfgang F. E. Preiser,Elaine Ostroff
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
100% ACCESSIBILITY ANSWERS The Americans With Disability Act Accessibility Guidelines state the minimum requirements you must meet--but don't tell you how to do it. This complete HANDBOOK does--and goes beyond with solutions to intransigent problems, innovations from abroad, and a wide-scoped vision of design that truly is universal. Packed with examples of standards and design solutions from influential nations around the world -- including, of course, the United States and the proposed new Americans With Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines -- UNIVERSAL "Universal Design Handbook" covers the full scope of accommodation issues from universally-designed buildings to Internet accessibility. Open these pages for wide-ranging accessible design answers: * Residential, commercial, workplace, office, educational, recreational, and entertainment * Elderly and/or disabled people, and children * Vision, hearing, touch, and developmental disabilities as well as mobility limitations * Telecommunications, information technology, and electronics accessibility * Automobile and product design * Outdoor, wilderness, and children's play areas * Healing design * Assessment of individual needs * Legal issues and cases * International standards, from the ADAAG to Japan, Canada, Australia, and more * Problem-solving case studies from around the world A BOOM IN DESIGN WITHOUT BOUNDARIES: As baby boomers reach their golden years and the number of permanently disabled people in the U.S. hovers around 50 million, design that welcomes everyone grows more popular and more necessary. Building on legal mandates for public accommodations in the US andelsewhere, universal design that works for all people, of all ages and abilities, has become not only a kinder, gentler choice, but a wiser and more economically farsighted one as well. In fact, accessibility answers have become need-to-know information for construction professionals. Here, for smart architects, designers, builders, and planners is the first complete, one-stop source of information on all the standards. This "Handbook" explains not only major international standards but offers inspiring design solutions from around the world as well. ON THE CD-ROM: Technical and Design Data * Proposed Rule of the Americans With Disabilities Act and Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines * Downloadable ADAAG and dimensional standards * Amendments to the ADAAG
societal and organizational implications for information systems : IFIP TC8 WG8.2 international working conference, July 12-15, 2006
Author: Eileen Moore Trauth,IFIP Working Group 8.2
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc
This book presents the proceedings of the Working Conference on the societal and organizational implications for information systems of social inclusion. The contributed papers explore technology design and use in organizations, and consider the processes that engender social exclusion along with the issues that derive from it. The conference, sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing Working Group 8.2, was held in Limerick, Ireland, in July, 2006.