Search Results: martingale-limit-theory-and-its-application

Martingale Limit Theory and Its Application

Author: P. Hall,C. C. Heyde

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483263223

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 992

Martingale Limit Theory and Its Application discusses the asymptotic properties of martingales, particularly as regards key prototype of probabilistic behavior that has wide applications. The book explains the thesis that martingale theory is central to probability theory, and also examines the relationships between martingales and processes embeddable in or approximated by Brownian motion. The text reviews the martingale convergence theorem, the classical limit theory and analogs, and the martingale limit theorems viewed as the rate of convergence results in the martingale convergence theorem. The book explains the square function inequalities, weak law of large numbers, as well as the strong law of large numbers. The text discusses the reverse martingales, martingale tail sums, the invariance principles in the central limit theorem, and also the law of the iterated logarithm. The book investigates the limit theory for stationary processes via corresponding results for approximating martingales and the estimation of parameters from stochastic processes. The text can be profitably used as a reference for mathematicians, advanced students, and professors of higher mathematics or statistics.

Martingale in diskreter Zeit

Theorie und Anwendungen

Author: Harald Luschgy

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 364229961X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 452

View: 3659

Martingale haben die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie derart revolutioniert, dass die Suche nach „guten“ Martingalen inzwischen eine Standardmethode zur Untersuchung stochastischer Probleme ist. Das Buch führt in die Theorie der reellen Martingale in diskreter Zeit ein und zeigt in Teil 2 einige ihrer Anwendungen; dazu zählen u. a. das finanzmathematische Problem der Optionsbewertung, der Galton-Watson-Verzweigungsprozess, U-Statistiken und die unbedingte Basiseigenschaft von Martingal-Basen in Lp-Räumen. Mit zahlreichen Übungsaufgaben zu jedem Kapitel.

Semimartingales and their Statistical Inference

Author: B.L.S.Prakasa Rao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351416928

Category: Mathematics

Page: 450

View: 6133

Statistical inference carries great significance in model building from both the theoretical and the applications points of view. Its applications to engineering and economic systems, financial economics, and the biological and medical sciences have made statistical inference for stochastic processes a well-recognized and important branch of statistics and probability. The class of semimartingales includes a large class of stochastic processes, including diffusion type processes, point processes, and diffusion type processes with jumps, widely used for stochastic modeling. Until now, however, researchers have had no single reference that collected the research conducted on the asymptotic theory for semimartingales. Semimartingales and their Statistical Inference, fills this need by presenting a comprehensive discussion of the asymptotic theory of semimartingales at a level needed for researchers working in the area of statistical inference for stochastic processes. The author brings together into one volume the state-of-the-art in the inferential aspect for such processes. The topics discussed include: Asymptotic likelihood theory Quasi-likelihood Likelihood and efficiency Inference for counting processes Inference for semimartingale regression models The author addresses a number of stochastic modeling applications from engineering, economic systems, financial economics, and medical sciences. He also includes some of the new and challenging statistical and probabilistic problems facing today's active researchers working in the area of inference for stochastic processes.

Stochastic Limit Theory

An Introduction for Econometricians

Author: James Davidson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191525049

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 562

View: 7872

This is a survey of the recent developments in the rapidly expanding field of asymptotic distribution theory, with a special emphasis on the problems of time dependence and heterogeneity. The book is designed to be useful on two levels. First as a textbook and reference work, giving definitions of the relevant mathematical concepts, statements, and proofs of the important results from the probability literature, and numerous examples; and second, as an account of recent work in the field of particular interest to econometricians, including a number of important new results. It is virtually self-contained, with all but the most basic technical prerequisites being explained in their context; mathematical topics include measure theory, integration, metric spaces, and topology, with applications to random variables, and an extended treatment of conditional probability. Other subjects treated include: stochastic processes, mixing processes, martingales, mixingales, and near-epoch dependence; the weak and strong laws of large numbers; weak convergence; and central limit theorems for nonstationary and dependent processes. The functional central limit theorem and its ramifications are covered in detail, including an account of the theoretical underpinnings (the weak convergence of measures on metric spaces), Brownian motion, the multivariate invariance principle, and convergence to stochastic integrals. This material is of special relevance to the theory of cointegration.

Probability For Analysts

Author: Karl Stromberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780412041716

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 5996

This book will enable researchers and students of analysis to more easily understand research papers in which probabilistic methods are used to prove theorems of analysis, many of which have no other known proofs. The book assumes a course in measure and integration theory but requires little or no background in probability theory. It emplhasizes topics of interest to analysts, including random series, martingales and Brownian motion.

Large Sample Techniques for Statistics

Author: Jiming Jiang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144196827X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 610

View: 4489

In a way, the world is made up of approximations, and surely there is no exception in the world of statistics. In fact, approximations, especially large sample approximations, are very important parts of both theoretical and - plied statistics.TheGaussiandistribution,alsoknownasthe normaldistri- tion,is merelyonesuchexample,dueto thewell-knowncentrallimittheorem. Large-sample techniques provide solutions to many practical problems; they simplify our solutions to di?cult, sometimes intractable problems; they j- tify our solutions; and they guide us to directions of improvements. On the other hand, just because large-sample approximations are used everywhere, and every day, it does not guarantee that they are used properly, and, when the techniques are misused, there may be serious consequences. 2 Example 1 (Asymptotic? distribution). Likelihood ratio test (LRT) is one of the fundamental techniques in statistics. It is well known that, in the 2 “standard” situation, the asymptotic null distribution of the LRT is?,with the degreesoffreedomequaltothe di?erencebetweenthedimensions,de?ned as the numbers of free parameters, of the two nested models being compared (e.g., Rice 1995, pp. 310). This might lead to a wrong impression that the 2 asymptotic (null) distribution of the LRT is always? . A similar mistake 2 might take place when dealing with Pearson’s? -test—the asymptotic distri- 2 2 bution of Pearson’s? -test is not always? (e.g., Moore 1978).

A User's Guide to Measure Theoretic Probability

Author: David Pollard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521002899

Category: Mathematics

Page: 351

View: 6762

This book grew from a one-semester course offered for many years to a mixed audience of graduate and undergraduate students who have not had the luxury of taking a course in measure theory. The core of the book covers the basic topics of independence, conditioning, martingales, convergence in distribution, and Fourier transforms. In addition there are numerous sections treating topics traditionally thought of as more advanced, such as coupling and the KMT strong approximation, option pricing via the equivalent martingale measure, and the isoperimetric inequality for Gaussian processes. The book is not just a presentation of mathematical theory, but is also a discussion of why that theory takes its current form. It will be a secure starting point for anyone who needs to invoke rigorous probabilistic arguments and understand what they mean.

Nonparametric Econometrics

Theory and Practice

Author: Qi Li,Jeffrey Scott Racine

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841062

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 768

View: 8034

Until now, students and researchers in nonparametric and semiparametric statistics and econometrics have had to turn to the latest journal articles to keep pace with these emerging methods of economic analysis. Nonparametric Econometrics fills a major gap by gathering together the most up-to-date theory and techniques and presenting them in a remarkably straightforward and accessible format. The empirical tests, data, and exercises included in this textbook help make it the ideal introduction for graduate students and an indispensable resource for researchers. Nonparametric and semiparametric methods have attracted a great deal of attention from statisticians in recent decades. While the majority of existing books on the subject operate from the presumption that the underlying data is strictly continuous in nature, more often than not social scientists deal with categorical data--nominal and ordinal--in applied settings. The conventional nonparametric approach to dealing with the presence of discrete variables is acknowledged to be unsatisfactory. This book is tailored to the needs of applied econometricians and social scientists. Qi Li and Jeffrey Racine emphasize nonparametric techniques suited to the rich array of data types--continuous, nominal, and ordinal--within one coherent framework. They also emphasize the properties of nonparametric estimators in the presence of potentially irrelevant variables. Nonparametric Econometrics covers all the material necessary to understand and apply nonparametric methods for real-world problems.

Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations

Author: Mathieu Kessler,Alexander Lindner,Michael Sorensen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439849404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 507

View: 7696

The seventh volume in the SemStat series, Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations presents current research trends and recent developments in statistical methods for stochastic differential equations. Written to be accessible to both new students and seasoned researchers, each self-contained chapter starts with introductions to the topic at hand and builds gradually towards discussing recent research. The book covers Wiener-driven equations as well as stochastic differential equations with jumps, including continuous-time ARMA processes and COGARCH processes. It presents a spectrum of estimation methods, including nonparametric estimation as well as parametric estimation based on likelihood methods, estimating functions, and simulation techniques. Two chapters are devoted to high-frequency data. Multivariate models are also considered, including partially observed systems, asynchronous sampling, tests for simultaneous jumps, and multiscale diffusions. Statistical Methods for Stochastic Differential Equations is useful to the theoretical statistician and the probabilist who works in or intends to work in the field, as well as to the applied statistician or financial econometrician who needs the methods to analyze biological or financial time series.

Probability Theory

Independence, Interchangeability, Martingales

Author: Yuan Shih Chow,Henry Teicher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461219507

Category: Mathematics

Page: 489

View: 4465

Comprising the major theorems of probability theory and the measure theoretical foundations of the subject, the main topics treated here are independence, interchangeability, and martingales. Particular emphasis is placed upon stopping times, both as tools in proving theorems and as objects of interest themselves. No prior knowledge of measure theory is assumed and a unique feature of the book is the combined presentation of measure and probability. It is easily adapted for graduate students familiar with measure theory using the guidelines given. Special features include: - A comprehensive treatment of the law of the iterated logarithm - The Marcinklewicz-Zygmund inequality, its extension to martingales and applications thereof - Development and applications of the second moment analogue of Walds equation - Limit theorems for martingale arrays; the central limit theorem for the interchangeable and martingale cases; moment convergence in the central limit theorem - Complete discussion, including central limit theorem, of the random casting of r balls into n cells - Recent martingale inequalities - Cram r-L vy theorem and factor-closed families of distributions.

Probability

Theory and Examples

Author: Rick Durrett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949113X

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9318

This classic introduction to probability theory for beginning graduate students covers laws of large numbers, central limit theorems, random walks, martingales, Markov chains, ergodic theorems, and Brownian motion. It is a comprehensive treatment concentrating on the results that are the most useful for applications. Its philosophy is that the best way to learn probability is to see it in action, so there are 200 examples and 450 problems. The fourth edition begins with a short chapter on measure theory to orient readers new to the subject.

Probability with Martingales

Author: David Williams

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139642987

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 5767

Probability theory is nowadays applied in a huge variety of fields including physics, engineering, biology, economics and the social sciences. This book is a modern, lively and rigorous account which has Doob's theory of martingales in discrete time as its main theme. It proves important results such as Kolmogorov's Strong Law of Large Numbers and the Three-Series Theorem by martingale techniques, and the Central Limit Theorem via the use of characteristic functions. A distinguishing feature is its determination to keep the probability flowing at a nice tempo. It achieves this by being selective rather than encyclopaedic, presenting only what is essential to understand the fundamentals; and it assumes certain key results from measure theory in the main text. These measure-theoretic results are proved in full in appendices, so that the book is completely self-contained. The book is written for students, not for researchers, and has evolved through several years of class testing. Exercises play a vital rôle. Interesting and challenging problems, some with hints, consolidate what has already been learnt, and provide motivation to discover more of the subject than can be covered in a single introduction.

Weak Convergence and Its Applications

Author: Zhengyan Lin,Hanchao Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814447706

Category: Convergence

Page: 176

View: 3576

Weak convergence of stochastic processes is one of most important theories in probability theory. Not only probability experts but also more and more statisticians are interested in it. In the study of statistics and econometrics, some problems cannot be solved by the classical method. In this book, we will introduce some recent development of modern weak convergence theory to overcome defects of classical theory.Contents: "The Definition and Basic Properties of Weak Convergence: "Metric SpaceThe Definition of Weak Convergence of Stochastic Processes and Portmanteau TheoremHow to Verify the Weak Convergence?Two Examples of Applications of Weak Convergence"Convergence to the Independent Increment Processes: "The Basic Conditions of Convergence to the Gaussian Independent Increment ProcessesDonsker Invariance PrincipleConvergence of Poisson Point ProcessesTwo Examples of Applications of Point Process Method"Convergence to Semimartingales: "The Conditions of Tightness for Semimartingale SequenceWeak Convergence to SemimartingaleWeak Convergence to Stochastic Integral I: The Martingale Convergence ApproachWeak Convergence to Stochastic Integral II: Kurtz and Protter's ApproachStable Central Limit Theorem for SemimartingalesAn Application to Stochastic Differential EquationsAppendix: The Predictable Characteristics of Semimartingales"Convergence of Empirical Processes: "Classical Weak Convergence of Empirical ProcessesWeak Convergence of Marked Empirical ProcessesWeak Convergence of Function Index Empirical ProcessesWeak Convergence of Empirical Processes Involving Time-Dependent dataTwo Examples of Applications in Statistics Readership: Graduate students and researchers in probability & statistics and econometrics.

The Third National Conference: "Probability - Statistics: Research, Applications and Teaching" - Hanoi, 2005

Author: N.A

Publisher: Dr. Vuong Quan Hoang

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8841

Probability Theory and Its Applications in China

Author: Shijian Yan,Chung-Chun Yang

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851268

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 867

Probability theory has always been an active field of research in China, but, until recently, almost all of this research was written in Chinese. This book contains surveys by some of China's leading probabilists, with a fairly complete coverage of theoretical probability and selective coverage of applied topics. The purpose of the book is to provide an account of the most significant results in probability obtained in China in the past few decades and to promote communication between probabilists in China and those in other countries. This collection will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in mathematics and probability theory, as well as to researchers in such areas as physics, engineering, biochemistry, and information science. Among the topics covered here are: stochastic analysis, stochastic differential equations, Dirichlet forms, Brownian motion and diffusion, potential theory, geometry of manifolds, semi-martingales, jump Markov processes, interacting particle systems, entropy production of Markov processes, renewal sequences and $p$-functions, multi-parameter stochastic processes, stationary random fields, limit theorems, strong approximations, large deviations, stochastic control systems, and probability problems in information theory.

Classical Potential Theory and Its Probabilistic Counterpart

Author: Joseph L. Doob

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642565735

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1551

View: 580

From the reviews: "Here is a momumental work by Doob, one of the masters, in which Part 1 develops the potential theory associated with Laplace's equation and the heat equation, and Part 2 develops those parts (martingales and Brownian motion) of stochastic process theory which are closely related to Part 1". --G.E.H. Reuter in Short Book Reviews (1985)

Probability Theory, an Analytic View

Author: Daniel W. Stroock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521663496

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 3619

Revised edition of a first-year graduate course on probability theory.

Decoupling

From Dependence to Independence

Author: Victor de la Peña,Evarist Giné

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461205379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 1188

A friendly and systematic introduction to the theory and applications. The book begins with the sums of independent random variables and vectors, with maximal inequalities and sharp estimates on moments, which are later used to develop and interpret decoupling inequalities. Decoupling is first introduced as it applies to randomly stopped processes and unbiased estimation. The authors then proceed with the theory of decoupling in full generality, paying special attention to comparison and interplay between martingale and decoupling theory, and to applications. These include limit theorems, moment and exponential inequalities for martingales and more general dependence structures, biostatistical implications, and moment convergence in Anscombe's theorem and Wald's equation for U--statistics. Addressed to researchers in probability and statistics and to graduates, the expositon is at the level of a second graduate probability course, with a good portion of the material fit for use in a first year course.

Self-Normalized Processes

Limit Theory and Statistical Applications

Author: Victor H. Peña,Tze Leung Lai,Qi-Man Shao

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540856366

Category: Mathematics

Page: 275

View: 3272

Self-normalized processes are of common occurrence in probabilistic and statistical studies. A prototypical example is Student's t-statistic introduced in 1908 by Gosset, whose portrait is on the front cover. Due to the highly non-linear nature of these processes, the theory experienced a long period of slow development. In recent years there have been a number of important advances in the theory and applications of self-normalized processes. Some of these developments are closely linked to the study of central limit theorems, which imply that self-normalized processes are approximate pivots for statistical inference. The present volume covers recent developments in the area, including self-normalized large and moderate deviations, and laws of the iterated logarithms for self-normalized martingales. This is the first book that systematically treats the theory and applications of self-normalization.

Probability Theory and Mathematical Statistics

Proceedings of the Fourth USSR-Japan Symposium, held at Tbilisi, USSR, August 23-29, 1982

Author: K. Ito,J.V. Prokhorov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540387013

Category: Mathematics

Page: 746

View: 3343

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