Search Results: materialism

Materialism

An Affirmative History and Definition

Author: Richard C. Vitzthum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 9935

In Materialism: An Affirmative History and Definition Richard C. Vitzthum focuses on one side of this longstanding debate to offer the first comprehensive history and re-definition of materialist philosophy in more than a century. His is the first study ever to identify and analyze in detail the three masterpieces of pre-20th-century materialist literature: Lucretius' The Nature of Things (ca. 50 B.C.E.); Paul d'Holbach's 1770 System of Nature; and Ludwig Buechner's 1884 edition of Force and Matter. What's more, it is the first effort to evaluate 20th-century materialist literature in terms of the tradition as a whole.

The High Price of Materialism

Author: Tim Kasser

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262611978

Category: Philosophy

Page: 149

View: 5569

A study of how materialism and consumerism undermine our quality of life. In The High Price of Materialism, Tim Kasser offers a scientific explanation of how our contemporary culture of consumerism and materialism affects our everyday happiness and psychological health. Other writers have shown that once we have sufficient food, shelter, and clothing, further material gains do little to improve our well-being. Kasser goes beyond these findings to investigate how people's materialistic desires relate to their well-being. He shows that people whose values center on the accumulation of wealth or material possessions face a greater risk of unhappiness, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and problems with intimacy--regardless of age, income, or culture. Drawing on a decade's worth of empirical data, Kasser examines what happens when we organize our lives around materialistic pursuits. He looks at the effects on our internal experience and interpersonal relationships, as well as on our communities and the world at large. He shows that materialistic values actually undermine our well-being, as they perpetuate feelings of insecurity, weaken the ties that bind us, and make us feel less free. Kasser not only defines the problem but proposes ways we can change ourselves, our families, and society to become less materialistic.

Materialism

Author: Terry Eagleton

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300225113

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 1641

A brilliant introduction to the philosophical concept of materialism and its relevance to contemporary science and culture In this eye-opening, intellectually stimulating appreciation of a fascinating school of philosophy, Terry Eagleton makes a powerful argument that materialism is at the center of today’s important scientific and cultural as well as philosophical debates. The author reveals entirely fresh ways of considering the values and beliefs of three very different materialists—Marx, Nietzsche, and Wittgenstein—drawing striking comparisons between their philosophies while reflecting on a wide array of topics, from ideology and history to language, ethics, and the aesthetic. Cogently demonstrating how it is our bodies and corporeal activity that make thought and consciousness possible, Eagleton’s book is a valuable exposition on philosophic thought that strikes to the heart of how we think about ourselves and live in the world.

The End of Materialism

How Evidence of the Paranormal is Bringing Science and Spirit Together

Author: Charles T. Tart

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1572246456

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 397

View: 6874

Ideal for scientifically minded individuals curious about life's spiritual side as well as spiritually inclined people seeking to back up their beliefs, this book offers evidence for the existence of telepathy, precognition, and psychic healing.

The Materialistic World: Escape Materialism. Refocus on what is Truly Important. Discover Real Joy

Author: Grace Scott

Publisher: Grace Scott

ISBN: 1508403368

Category: Self-Help

Page: 44

View: 6152

What's The Next Thing You Want to Buy? We all have heard of the phrase "Money can't buy happiness", but what we don't realize is a lot of us are under the control of the media and advertising industry, and have been fed by the idea that having more materialistic possessions can help you experience a much happier and a more fulfilling life. This obsession with having fancy clothes, nice cars, or bigger houses has distracted many people from being kind, friendly and respectful to each other. The materialistic mindset has also caused a large number of people to get into serious debt, which leads to financial stress that jeopardizes a person's health and well-being. In this book, Grace Scott will introduce us "the consequences of materialism", and how materialism can have a terrifying impact on us. She will also give us exact steps we need to take in order to be free from this materialistic society. Here Is What I'll Be Sharing With You: How Advertisement Can Affect Us Unconsciously Material Possessions vs Happiness Fun and Non-Material Forms of Entertainment The Remedy of Materialism It's time to stop obsessing over things you don't need Download This Book and Find Out about The Limitation of Materialism

Culture and Materialism

Selected Essays

Author: Raymond Williams

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844670604

Category: Philosophy

Page: 277

View: 8697

Raymond Williams is a towering presence in cultural studies, most importantly as the founder of the apporach that has come to be known as cultural materialism. Yet Williams s method was always open-ended and fluid, and this volume collects together his most significant work from over a twenty-year peiod in which he wrestled with the concepts of materialism and culture and their interrelationship. Aside from his more directly theoretical texts, however, case-studies of theatrical naturalism, the Bloomsbury group, advertising, science fiction, and the Welsh novel are also included as illustrations of the method at work. Finally, Williams s identity as an active socialist, rather than simply an academic, is captured by two unambiguously political pieces on the past, present and future of Marxism.

Sexuality Education and New Materialism

Queer Things

Author: Louisa Allen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349953008

Category: Education

Page: 153

View: 7712

This book aims to explore what queer thinking and new materialist feminist thought might offer the field of sexuality education. It argues that queer theory in education might be queered further by drawing on feminist new materialism and extending itself to subjects beyond sexual and gender identities/issues, including a focus on ‘things’. Allen explores how new materialism as a form of queer thinking, might be brought to bear on other important issues of social justice such as, classroom cultural and religious diversity.

The Collapse of Materialism

Visions of Science, Dreams of God

Author: Philip Comella

Publisher: Rainbow Ridge Pub

ISBN: 9781937907211

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 379

View: 6177

“Philip Comella, takes a fresh and bold look at the debate between science and religion—and attempts to go farther than any other book to unite them. For years, we have been led to believe that the universe traces its roots back to the Big Bang, a cataclysmic explosion of ethereal energy that resulted in the formation of the planets, stars, and everything in-between. Suppose, though, that the cosmos wasn’t, in fact, borne of a random eruption—but rather stems from the ever-evolving imagination of a multi-dimensional dreaming mind? Such a drastically different perspective would no doubt change the way we see not only ourselves, but also our place in the infinite realm of the universe. Such is the central premise of The Collapse of Materialism . Probing, well written, and thoroughly researched, Comella’s insightful volume serves as a treatise on the popular misconceptions that the world of science would lead us to believe about the origins—and subsequent development— of the universe. Comella paints the compelling picture of life as a purposeful, directed means to an end. Bolstered by a wide range of enlightening sources, including religion, eastern philosophy—and science itself—this book breaks important ground regarding the limited purview of life as we’ve come to know it, encouraging readers to explore the unfettered depths of a new vision of universal purpose.” —Dominique Sessons, Apex Reviews

Theology and New Materialism

Spaces of Faithful Dissent

Author: John Reader

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319545116

Category: Religion

Page: 162

View: 7301

This book argues that identified weaknesses in recent theological engagement with New Materialism can be successfully addressed by incorporating insights from Relational Christian Realism. Central themes are those of the relational and the apophatic as they represent different but essential strands of a materialist theology. The relational refers to the work of Deleuze and its influence upon key New Materialist thinkers such as De Landa, Bryant, and Braidotti but supplemented from Relational Christian Realism by Latour and Badiou and with reference to the concept of the apophatic as found in Keller and Kearney. Examining the concepts of transcendence, human agency, and a New Enlightenment, the book moves into more practical areas of aesthetics and technology concluding with a response to the contemporary apocalyptic of climate change. Being “beyond in the midst” requires developing spaces of faithful dissent and holding the tension between the relational and the apophatic in theology.

Theories of Ideology

The Powers of Alienation and Subjection

Author: Jan Rehmann

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004252312

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 2601

Jan Rehmann reconstructs the different strands of ideology theories, ranging from Marx to Adorno/Horkheimer, from Gramsci to Stuart Hall, from Althusser to Foucault, from Bourdieu to W.F. Haug. He puts them into dialogue with each other and applies them to today's high-tech-capitalism.

The Politics of Transindividuality

Author: Jason Read

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004305157

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2493

The Politics of Transindividuality proposes a new understanding of not just the relation of the individual to the collective, but of politics and economics, one that can not only keep pace with existing transformations of capital but ultimately contest them.

Jewish Materialism

The Intellectual Revolution of the 1870s

Author: Eliyahu Stern

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300235585

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8124

A paradigm-shifting account of the modern Jewish experience, from one of the most creative young historians of his generation To understand the organizing framework of modern Judaism, Eliyahu Stern believes that we should look deeper and farther than the Holocaust, the establishment of the State of Israel, and the influence and affluence of American Jewry. Against the revolutionary backdrop of mid-nineteenth-century Europe, Stern unearths the path that led a group of rabbis, scientists, communal leaders, and political upstarts to reconstruct the core tenets of Judaism and join the vanguard of twentieth-century revolutionary politics. In the face of dire poverty and rampant anti-Semitism, they mobilized Judaism for projects directed at ensuring the fair and equal distribution of resources in society. Their program drew as much from the universalism of Karl Marx and Charles Darwin as from the messianism and utopianism of biblical and Kabbalistic works. Once described as a religion consisting of rituals, reason, and rabbinics, Judaism was now also rooted in land, labor, and bodies. Exhaustively researched, this original, revisionist account challenges our standard narratives of nationalism, secularization, and de-Judaization.

The Incorporeal

Ontology, Ethics, and the Limits of Materialism

Author: Elizabeth Grosz

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543670

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1871

Philosophy has inherited a powerful impulse to embrace either dualism or a reductive monism—either a radical separation of mind and body or the reduction of mind to body. But from its origins in the writings of the Stoics, the first thoroughgoing materialists, another view has acknowledged that no forms of materialism can be completely self-inclusive—space, time, the void, and sense are the incorporeal conditions of all that is corporeal or material. In The Incorporeal Elizabeth Grosz argues that the ideal is inherent in the material and the material in the ideal, and, by tracing its development over time, she makes the case that this same idea reasserts itself in different intellectual contexts. Grosz shows that not only are idealism and materialism inextricably linked but that this "belonging together" of the entirety of ideality and the entirety of materiality is not mediated or created by human consciousness. Instead, it is an ontological condition for the development of human consciousness. Grosz draws from Spinoza's material and ideal concept of substance, Nietzsche's amor fati, Deleuze and Guattari's plane of immanence, Simondon's preindividual, and Raymond Ruyer's self-survey or autoaffection to show that the world preexists the evolution of the human and that its material and incorporeal forces are the conditions for all forms of life, human and nonhuman alike. A masterwork by an eminent theoretician, The Incorporeal offers profound new insight into the mind-body problem

The Types of Economic Policies under Capitalism

Author: Kozo Uno

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004352740

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9945

Uno was perhaps the greatest exponent of the Japanese school of Marxist economics. In this book he illustrates how he would present a ‘mid-range’ theory of capitalism, by summarising the three types of economic policy that the bourgeois state successively adopted: mercantilism, liberalism and imperialism.

New Materialism

Interviews & Cartographies

Author: Rick Dolphijn,Iris van der Tuin

Publisher: Open Humanitites Press

ISBN: 9781607852810

Category: Materialism

Page: 195

View: 6670

Religion, Politics, and the Earth

The New Materialism

Author: Clayton Crockett,Jeffrey W. Robbins

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137268921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 181

View: 3589

This book takes its leave with the realization that Western-driven culture is quickly reaching the limits of global capitalism, and that this reality manifests itself not only economically and politically, but that it is at once a cultural, aesthetic, political, religious, ecological, and philosophical problem. While Western capitalism is based upon the assumption of indefinite growth, we have run up against real, physical constraints to growth, and humanity must face the real, physical ramifications of the short-sighted and ultimately counter-productive choices made on behalf of the capitalist machine. While there is widespread angst and numerous scenarios of apocalyptic crisis and collapse, there is little or no comprehension of the problem and a coherent picture of reality is left wanting. Drawing primarily from the discourses of contemporary continental philosophy, cultural theory, and radical theology, the new materialism is being offered up as a redress to this problem by its effort to make sense of the world as an integrated whole.The book emphasizes three aspects of the current crisis: the ecological crisis, which is often viewed primarily in terms of global warming; the energy crisis, which involves peak oil and the limits of the ability to extract and exploit the cheap energy of fossil fuels; and finally the financial crisis, which involves the de-leveraging and destruction of massive amounts of money and credit. Each of these problems is inter-related, because money is dependent upon energy, and energy is a product of natural physical resources that are finite and diminishing. Rather than despair or the cynicism that passes for realpolitik, the authors will suggest that this crisis provides an opening for a new kind of orientation to thinking and acting, a new way of being in and of the earth. This opening is an opening onto a new materialism that is neither a crude consumerist materialism nor a reductive atomic materialism, but a materialism that takes seriously the material and physical world in which we live. This materialism counters idealism in its practical and philosophical forms, which constructs an ideal world that we wish to inhabit and then mistakes that world for the real one. Furthermore, in contrast to classical materialism which rejects religion as a form of false consciousness, this new materialism recognizes religion as an effective means of political mobilization and as a genuine source of piety, and thus does not oppose religion per se; instead, it opposes fanaticism and fundamentalism, including the fairy-tale expectations that a God or gods will rescue us from our predicament and punish the evil-doers while rewarding the righteous.

Materialism, the Scientific Bias ...

Author: Henry Felix Mins

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Materialism

Page: 120

View: 3124

Dialectical Materialism

Author: Henri Lefebvre

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816656185

Category: Social Science

Page: 158

View: 7637

"Originally published in French as Le materialisme dialectique."

Absolute Recoil

Towards A New Foundation Of Dialectical Materialism

Author: Slavoj Zizek

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1781686831

Category: Philosophy

Page: 440

View: 1046

Philosophical materialism in all its forms – from scientific naturalism to Deleuzian New Materialism – has failed to meet the key theoretical and political challenges of the modern world. This is the burden of philosopher Slavoj Žižek’s argument in this pathbreaking and eclectic new work. Recent history has seen developments such as quantum physics and Freudian psychoanalysis, not to speak of the failure of twentieth-century communism, shake our understanding of existence. In the process, the dominant tradition in Western philosophy lost its moorings. To bring materialism up to date, Žižek – himself a committed materialist and communist – proposes a radical revision of our intellectual heritage. He argues that dialectical materialism is the only true philosophical inheritor of what Hegel designated the “speculative” approach in thought. Absolute Recoil is a startling reformulation of the basis and possibilities of contemporary philosophy. While focusing on how to overcome the transcendental approach without regressing to naïve, pre-Kantian realism, Žižek offers a series of excursions into today’s political, artistic, and ideological landscape, from Arnold Schoenberg’s music to the films of Ernst Lubitsch.

Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism

Author: Chogyam Trungpa

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 9780834821224

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 2375

In this modern spiritual classic, the Tibetan meditation master Chögyam Trungpa highlights the commonest pitfall to which every aspirant on the spiritual path falls prey: what he calls spiritual materialism. The universal tendency, he shows, is to see spirituality as a process of self-improvement—the impulse to develop and refine the ego when the ego is, by nature, essentially empty. "The problem is that ego can convert anything to its own use," he said, "even spirituality." His incisive, compassionate teachings serve to wake us up from this trick we all play on ourselves, and to offer us a far brighter reality: the true and joyous liberation that inevitably involves letting go of the self rather than working to improve it. It is a message that has resonated with students for nearly thirty years, and remains fresh as ever today. This new edition includes a foreword by Chögyam Trungpa's son and lineage holder, Sakyong Mipham.

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