Like most other states, Missouri has a growing list of cold cases. Three women vanish from a home in Springfield in 1992 on high school graduation night. A young woman is abducted in Ava and murdered after mowing a church cemetery. A 9 year-old disappears and her body is found in 1975. A nurse and her children are killed in their home in a quiet new subdivision, and two mothers have vanished without a trace. An elderly woman who has been featured on the album cover of a popular band is murdered in her Aldrich home. Just as solved cold cases have become popularized in a variety of television documentaries, Missouri cases are also becoming closed. DNA has been the smoking gun in one 25 year-old homicide and has sent a prominent businessman to prison. People are talking and in the case of a 15 year-old murdered in 1982, there have been convictions. Surveillance tapes and cell phones have been added to the arsenal of evidence. Files are being revised and the media is featuring their stories again. These are some of the victims cases and their families who press on and the organizations, detectives, and experts who support them.
A Standard System for Investigating and Classifying Violent Crime
Author: John Douglas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Praise for Crime Classification Manual "The very first book by and for criminal justice professionalsin the major case fields. . . . The skills, techniques, andproactive approaches offered are creatively concrete and worthy ofreplication across the country. . . . Heartily recommended forthose working in the 'front line' of major caseinvestigation." —John B. Rabun Jr., ACSW, Executive Vice President and ChiefOperating Officer, National Center for Missing and ExploitedChildren "[CCM] is an outstanding resource for students pursuing forensicscience degrees. It provides critical information on major crimes,which improve the user's ability to assess and evaluate." —Paul Thomas Clements, PhD, APRN-BC, CGS, DF-IAFN DrexelUniversity Forensic Healthcare Program The landmark book standardizing the language, terminology,and classifications used throughout the criminal justicesystem Arranged according to the primary intent of the criminal, theCrime Classification Manual, Third Edition features thelanguage, terms, and classifications the criminal justice systemand allied fields use as they work to protect society from criminalbehavior. Coauthored by a pioneer of modern profiling and featuring newcoverage of wrongful convictions and false confessions, theThird Edition: Tackles new areas affected by globalization and newtechnologies, including human trafficking and internationallycoordinated cybercrimes Expands discussion of border control, The Bureau of Alcohol,Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), and Homeland Security Addresses the effects of ever-evolving technology on thecommission and detection of crime The definitive text in this field, Crime ClassificationManual, Third Edition is written for law enforcement personnel,mental health professionals, forensic scientists, and thoseprofessionals whose work requires an understanding of criminalbehavior and detection.
Book Two: Finding the Victim. The body identified as Adam Walsh is not him. Is Adam still alive? A deep investigation into the crime that launched “America’s Most Wanted”
Author: Arthur Jay Harris
Publisher: Arthur Jay Harris
Category: True Crime
THE UNSOLVED MURDER OF ADAM WALSH IS A TWO-BOOK SERIES ALSO READ BOOK ONE: FINDING THE KILLER Six-year-old Adam Walsh disappeared from the toy department of a Sears in Hollywood, Florida, in 1981. Two weeks later and 125 miles away, a child’s severed head was found and identified as Adam. His parents, Reve and John Walsh, deeply grieved and dedicated their lives going forward to helping find other parents’ children who had gone missing. In 2008, 27 years later, police announced at a live televised press conference that they’d finally solved the case, blaming the kidnapping and murder on a by-then dead man. Because of that there could never be a trial. All of that is true. But virtually everything else that you think you know about this famous case is wrong. In 1983, 25 years earlier, that suspect had volunteered a confession that he’d killed Adam Walsh. But the police then had deeply investigated his story and couldn’t verify anything he’d said, not even that he’d been within 400 miles of the area. In 2008, when a new Hollywood Police chief closed the case, he admitted they had no new evidence. What the new chief didn’t mention was that by then he had six separate police witnesses who’d been at the shopping mall on that day in 1981, and had since spoken up. Most had seen Adam; all had seen a much more likely suspect -- Jeffrey Dahmer. A microfilmed Miami police report the author found and had previously shown to the Walsh detectives proved that Dahmer was then living just a few miles from the Sears. Dahmer’s boss told the author that the prompt for the report was that Dahmer had told him he’d just found the body of a homeless man behind the store. Yes, bad luck, Jeffrey Dahmer found a dead body. 1981 was 10 years before Milwaukee police found severed heads in Dahmer’s refrigerator and arrested him as a serial killer. He said he’d killed his first victim in 1978. Even worse, it turned out that the identification of the child as Adam had been slapdash and suspect. The Walsh parents weren’t present for it; John Walsh wrote years later that he’d never viewed even photographs of the remains. A family friend had been present for the ID, and Walsh wrote that his first impression had been that it wasn’t Adam. Because the remains were only a severed head, there were no fingerprints, and forensic DNA was still years away. The pathologist making the identification did it strictly by teeth, but he admitted he wasn’t a dental expert. Dental X-rays, when available, are a standard for comparison, but he didn’t have them. He also had a forensic dentist available but never consulted him. A medical examiner in another regional office performed the autopsy, but he also never consulted a forensic dentist. Worse again, that medical examiner never wrote and submitted an autopsy report, as state laws and guidelines require. That perhaps never happens. Had police ever charged any live defendant with murder in this case, prosecutors in court would have been handcuffed to prove that the dead child was Adam. The case likely then would have ended. Why all the misdirection? Did Dahmer take Adam? Is Adam even dead, is that someone else’s child? Could Adam be… alive? Fifteen years of continuing research. Author’s story appeared in 2007 on ABC Primetime, and in 2010 on a Sunday front page of The Miami Herald. “I never, and to my knowledge no one in the office, prepared a report on the head of Adam Walsh.” -- 2010 email from Dr. Ronald K. Wright, in 1981 the Chief Broward County Medical Examiner, who performed the autopsy on the remains of the child previously identified as Adam Walsh, when asked if he had a personal copy of Adam Walsh’s autopsy report that neither the Medical Examiner’s Office nor the police had. “There’s no way in hell.” -- A Florida forensic dentist, viewing the teeth in both the last picture of Adam Walsh and the remains of the child identified as him, responding to the question of whether they could be the same child. Other forensic dentists shown the same material agreed.
Introduction It is not true, as pop star Bonnie Tyler suggests in her hit song “Driving Me Wild,” that everyone loves a mystery. While fictional enigmas exert an enduring appeal, from the Sherlock Holmes adventures penned by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to the best-selling novels of Patricia Cornwell, real-life mysteries are something else entirely. Police officers and prosecutors hate mysteries, preferring their criminal cases tied up into neat, easily explained packages. Defense attorneys generally share that sentiment—unless a phantom suspect helps win an acquittal in court. Friends and family of crime victims or missing persons crave nothing more than an absence of doubt. Archaeologists, psychologists, medical researchers, “intelligence” agents—all these and more devote their lives to the proposition that no riddle should remain unsolved. And yet . . . These plentiful exceptions notwithstanding, there is something in an unsolved mystery that appeals to many of us. Some go so far as to publicly hope that this or that classic case will never be solved, comparing mysterious cases to gaily wrapped presents forever unopened, never losing their appeal for armchair detectives. When the package is opened, its contents revealed, no amount of excitement or pleasure can ward off the inevitable letdown. We want to see the gift, possess it . . . but perhaps not yet. In the real world, as it happens, unsolved mysteries are distressingly common. The solution rate for U.S. murders has declined from 90-odd percent in the late 1950s to an average 70 percent (and less, in some regions) a half century later. Lesser crimes are even more likely to go unsolved. Fewer than half of all rapes are reported to authorities, much less “cleared” by arrest and conviction. Thousands of thefts go unsolved every year; the number unreported (or unnoticed, for that matter) is unknown. Authorities cannot agree on the number of children who vanish yearly in America, much less on what has become of them. As for missing adults, barring obvious signs of foul play, no agency even attempts to keep track of the lost. In the face of those odds, a curious researcher may be startled to learn how many cases do get solved (albeit slowly in some cases, taking years or even decades). During preparation of this volume, latebreaking investigations forced deletion of various tantalizing cases, including (but not limited to) the following: • A stalker of prostitutes in Vancouver, British Columbia, theoretically linked to the disappearance of 67 victims since the 1970s; • Seattle’s “Green River Killer,” blamed for the deaths of 49 women between 1982 and 1984; • The stabbing deaths of at least eight gay men, murdered around Chesapeake, Virginia, between 1987 and 1995; • A series of hit-and-run murders that claimed two female joggers and a male bicyclist during 1991, in Porterville, California; • New York’s “Last Call Killer,” linked to the slayings of five men, lured from gay bars and dismembered before their remains were scattered along New Jersey highways in 1991–92; • The mysterious deaths of 48 patients at Truman Memorial Veterans Hospital in Columbia, Missouri, between January and August 1992; • The grisly deaths of three Minneapolis prostitutes in 1996, stabbed and beaten before they were doused with gasoline and set afire in Theodore Wirth Park; • The kidnap-murders of three adolescent girls at Spotsylvania, Virginia, in 1996–97. Homicide investigators frequently remind us that the first 24 to 48 hours are critical to solving a crime, but these cases and others like them, cracked long after the fact, serve as a daily reminder that justice is often delayed. “Cold” cases can be solved by discovery of new evidence, by confession—and, increasingly, by the scientific miracle of DNA profiling. That said, what constitutes an unsolved case? Typically, the term applies to a crime in which no suspects are identified, but that need not be the case. Some crimes are “cleared” by arrest and conviction of an innocent suspect, whether by chance or through a deliberate frame-up, thus leaving the real offender at large. Others, some notorious, remain technically unsolved after a known offender was acquitted by a biased or dim-witted jury. In some cases, authorities have branded a suspect as guilty on the flimsiest of evidence and without benefit of trial. Other crimes are “solved” by confessions that, upon closer examination, seem to be the product of police coercion or disordered minds. For purposes of this volume, we shall consider unsolved cases to include: • Crimes in which no suspect is identified; • Cases in which the offender is known to police or the public but cannot be charged for lack of concrete evidence; • Miscarriages of justice, including cases wherein innocent suspects are convicted (or otherwise officially blamed), and those in which guilty parties are wrongfully acquitted. Cases in the text are alphabetically arranged, most often by the victim’s name, although some headers refer to an event (e.g., St. Valentine’s Day Massacre) or to the popular nickname of an unidentified offender (e.g., “Jack the Ripper”). Cases with multiple victims are identified either by the geographical location (e.g., Atlanta child murders) or by some recognized media label (e.g., “Golden Years murders”). Blind entries link individual victims to entries profiling a serial murder or similar crimes (e.g., Eddowes, Catherine: See “Jack the Ripper”). References within the text to subjects possessing their own discrete entries appear in SMALL-CAPITAL LETTERS. Special thanks are owed to David Frasier, friend, author, and reference librarian extraordinaire at Indiana University in Bloomington; to William A. Kingman, for sharing his insight on the case of the New Orleans Axeman; and to Heather Locken. Every effort has been made to ensure accuracy in the text that follows. Anyone with further knowledge of the cases covered—or of unsolved crimes in general—is invited to contact the author, in care of Facts On File. The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes
The bestselling author of The Forensic Science of C.S.I. examines the real-life cases behind the hit television series Criminal Minds Week after week, the hit TV show Criminal Minds gives viewers a look inside the psyches of the fictional serial killers tracked by the BAU (Behavioral Analysis Unit). This elite team of FBI agents travels the country assisting law enforcement officials by examining the crime scene, "profiling" the perpetrator, and aiding in arrest and interrogation. In this book Katherine Ramsland reveals how reality differs from fiction and how forensic psychologists actually use their knowledge of human behavior and motivations as consultants in criminal investigations-as well as detailing the real cases that influenced some of Criminal Minds's most memorable episodes.
The Encyclopaedia of Serial Killers, Second Edition provides accurate information on hundreds of serial murder cases - from early history to the present. Written in a non-sensational manner, this authoritative encyclopaedia debunks many of the myths surrounding this most notorious of criminal activities. New major serial killers have come to light since the first edition was published, and many older cases have been solved (such as the Green River Killer) or further investigated (like Jack the Ripper and the Zodiac Killer). Completely updated entries and appendixes pair with more than 30 new photographs and many new entries to make this new edition more fascinating than ever. New and updated entries include: Axe Man of New Orleans; BTK Strangler; Jack the Ripper; Cuidad Juarez, Mexico; John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, the Sniper Killers; Gary Leon Ridgway, the Green River Killer; and Harold Frederick Shipman.