Search Results: modal-logic-for-philosophers

Modal Logic for Philosophers

Author: James W. Garson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521682290

Category: Mathematics

Page: 455

View: 1628

This 2006 book provides an accessible, yet technically sound treatment of modal logic and its philosophical applications.

Einführung in die nicht-klassische Logik

Author: Graham Priest

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897855427

Category: Nonclassical mathematical logic

Page: 306

View: 1593

Logic for philosophers

Author: Richard L. Purtill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 419

View: 1504

Einführung in die Modallogik

Author: G.E. Hughes,Max J. Cresswell

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110830027

Category: Philosophy

Page: 350

View: 4532

First Steps in Modal Logic

Author: Sally Popkorn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521464826

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 9302

This is a graduate-level text for a first course in propositional modal logic. It is written from the semantical point of view rather than the more usual proof theoretic approach, and the book covers all basic material including the propositional languages, the semantics and correspondence results, and proof systems and completeness results--as well as some topics not usually covered in a modal logic course, such as bisimulation. Important features of the book are the many exercises and extensive set of solutions that are included.

Enzyklopädie Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie

Bd. 5: Log–N

Author: Jürgen Mittelstraß

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476001407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 629

View: 2251

Das gesamte Wissen der Philosophie und Wissenschaftstheorie. Die Sach- und Personenartikel des Nachschlagewerks erfassen nicht nur den klassischen Bestand des philosophischen Wissens, sondern werden auch den neueren Entwicklungen in der Philosophie gerecht. Insbesondere in den Bereichen Logik, Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie sowie Sprachphilosophie. Jetzt erscheint der fünfte Band der Neuauflage mit über 70 neuen Artikeln u. a. zu diesen Begriffen: antike Logik, Lüge, Macht, Medizin, Nano und Neurowissenschaften. Mit neuen Personenartikeln, darunter Luhmann, Lyotard, Maturana.

Philosophical Logic

An Introduction to Advanced Topics

Author: George Englebretsen,Charles Sayward

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441119116

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 5969

Introduces students to non-classical logic, syllogistic, to quantificational and modal logic. The book includes exercises throughout and a glossary of terms and symbols.

Contemporary Research in Philosophical Logic and Linguistic Semantics

Author: D.J. Hockney,W.L. Harper,B. Freed

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401017565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 7926

In 1973 a workshop was held at The University of Western Ontario on topics of common interest to philosophers and linguists. This volume con tains most of the papers presented at the workshop. Also included are previously unpublished essays by R. Dougherty and H. Lasnik as well as a comment on G. Lakoff's paper by B. van Fraassen. K. Donnellan's paper was presented at the workshop and subsequently appeared in The Philosophical Review. We thank the editors of this journal for permission to publish the paper here. The papers by D. Lewis, R. Stalnaker, G. Lakoff, B. Partee and H. Herzberger appeared earlier in Journal of Philosophical Logic by arrangement of the editors with B. van Fraassen and D. Reidel Publishing Company. The editors thank the officers of The University of Western Ontario for making the workshop possible and Pauline Campbell for making the workshop work. THE EDITORS DAVID LEWIS COUNTERFACTUALS AND COMPARATIVE POSSIBILITY* In the last dozen years or so, our understanding of modality has been much improved by means of possible-world semantics: the project of analyzing modal language by systematically specifying the conditions under which a modal sentence is true at a possible world. I hope to do the same for counterfactual conditionals. I write A 0-C for the counter factual conditional with antecedent A and consequent C. It may be read as 'H it were the case that A, then it would be the case that C' or some more idiomatic paraphrase thereof.

Rudolf Carnap

Author: Thomas Mormann

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406419546

Category: Philosophers

Page: 229

View: 9273

Philosophy of Logic

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080466637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1218

View: 8920

The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

Philosophical Logic

Author: John P. Burgess

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691137896

Category: Philosophy

Page: 153

View: 7395

Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances the philosophical and technical aspects of the subject. The book emphasizes the relationship between models and the traditional goal of logic, the evaluation of arguments, and critically examines apparatus and assumptions that often are taken for granted. Philosophical Logic provides an unusually thorough treatment of conditional logic, unifying probabilistic and model-theoretic approaches. It underscores the variety of approaches that have been taken to relevantistic and related logics, and it stresses the problem of connecting formal systems to the motivating ideas behind intuitionistic mathematics. Each chapter ends with a brief guide to further reading. Philosophical Logic addresses students new to logic, philosophers working in other areas, and specialists in logic, providing both a sophisticated introduction and a new synthesis.

Name und Notwendigkeit

Author: Saul A. Kripke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518286562

Category: Name - Analytische Philosophie

Page: 191

View: 829

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402006654

Category: Philosophy

Page: 354

View: 682

suchquestionsforcenturies(unrestrictedbythecapabilitiesofanyhard­ ware). Theprinciplesgoverningtheinteractionofseveralprocesses,forexample, areabstractansimilartoprinciplesgoverningthecooperationoftwolarge organisation.Adetailedrulebasedeffectivebutrigidbureaucracyisvery muchsimilartoacomplexcomputerprogramhandlingandmanipulating data. Myguessisthattheprinciplesunderlyingoneareverymuchthe sameasthoseunderlyingtheother. Ibelievethedayisnotfarawayinthefuturewhenthecomputerscientist willwakeuponemorningwiththerealisationthatheisactuallyakindof formalphilosopher! TheprojectednumberofvolumesforthisHandbookisabout18.The subjecthasevolvedanditsareashavebecomeinterrelatedtosuchanextent thatitnolongermakessensetodedicatevolumestotopics.However,the volumesdofollowsomenaturalgroupingsofchapters. Iwouldliketothankourauthorsarereadersfortheircontributionsand theircommitmentinmakingthisHandbookasuccess. Thanksalsoto ourpublicationadministratorMrsJ.Spurrforherusualdedicationand excellenceandtoKluwerAcademicPublishersfortheircontinuingsupport fortheHandbook. DovGabbay King'sCollegeLondon x Logic II IT Natural Program Artificialin­ Logic p- language controlspec­ telligence gramming processing ification, verification, concurrency Temporal Expressive Expressive Planning. Extension of logic poweroftense power for re­ Time depen­ Horn clause operators. currentevents. dent data. with time Temporal Specification Eventcalculus. capability. indices. Sepa­ of tempo- Persistence Eventcalculus. rationofpast ral control. throughtime­ Temporallogic fromfuture Decisionprob­ the Frame programming. Problem.Tem­ lems. Model checking. poral query language. temporal transactions. Modal logic. generalised Actionlogic Beliefrevision. Negation by Multi-modal quantifiers Inferential failure and logics databases modality Algorithmic Discourse rep­ New logics. Generaltheory Proceduralap­ proof resentation. Generic theo­ of reasoning. proachtologic Direct com- remprovers Non-monotonic putation on systems linguisticinput Non­ Resolving Loopchecking. Intrinsiclogical Negation by monotonic ambigui- Non-monotonic discipline for failure.Deduc­ reasoning ties. Machine decisionsabout AI. Evolving tivedatabases translation. loops. Faults and com­ Document insystems. municating classification. databases Relevance theory Probabilistic logicalanalysis Realtimesys­ Expert sys­ Semantics for and fuzzy oflanguage tems tems.Machine logicprograms logic learning Intuitionistic Quantifiers in Constructive Intuitionistic Horn clause logic logic reasoning and logicisabetter logic is really proof theory logical basis intuitionistic.

Structural Analysis of Non-Classical Logics

The Proceedings of the Second Taiwan Philosophical Logic Colloquium

Author: Syraya Chin-Mu Yang,Duen-Min Deng,Hanti Lin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662483572

Category: Philosophy

Page: 278

View: 2889

This volume brings together a group of logic-minded philosophers and philosophically oriented logicians to address a diversity of topics on the structural analysis of non-classical logics. It mainly focuses on the construction of different types of models for various non-classical logics of current interest, including modal logics, epistemic logics, dynamic logics, and observational predicate logic. The book presents a wide range of applications of two well-known approaches in current research: (i) structural modeling of certain philosophical issues in the framework of non-classic logics, such as admissible models for modal logic, structural models for modal epistemology and for counterfactuals, and epistemological models for common knowledge and for public announcements; (ii) conceptual analysis of logical properties of, and formal semantics for, non-classical logics, such as sub-formula property, truthmaking, epistemic modality, behavioral strategies, speech acts and assertions. The structural analysis provided in this volume will appeal not only to graduate students and experts in non-classic logics, but also to readers from a wide range of disciplines, including computer science, cognitive science, linguistics, game theory and theory of action, to mention a few.

Modal Logic

An Introduction

Author: Brian F. Chellas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521295154

Category: Mathematics

Page: 295

View: 6849

A textbook on modal logic, intended for readers already acquainted with the elements of formal logic, containing nearly 500 exercises. Brian F. Chellas provides a systematic introduction to the principal ideas and results in contemporary treatments of modality, including theorems on completeness and decidability. Illustrative chapters focus on deontic logic and conditionality. Modality is a rapidly expanding branch of logic, and familiarity with the subject is now regarded as a necessary part of every philosopher's technical equipment. Chellas here offers an up-to-date and reliable guide essential for the student.

Philosophical Applications of Free Logic

Author: Karel Lambert

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 309

View: 5897

Free logic, an alternative to traditional logic, has been seen as a useful avenue of approach to a number of philosophical issues of contemporary interest. In this collection, Karel Lambert, one of the pioneers in, and the most prominent exponent of, free logic, brings together a variety of published essays bearing on the application of free logic to philosophical topics ranging from set theory and logic to metaphysics and the philosophy of religion. The work of such distinguished philosophers as Bas van Fraassen, Dana Scott, Tyler Burge, and Jaakko Hintikka is represented. Lambert provides an introductory essay placing free logic in the logical tradition beginning with Aristotle, developing it as the natural culmination of a trend begun in the Port Royal logic of the 1600s, and continuing through current predicate logic--the trend to rid logic of existence assumptions. His Introduction also provides a useful systematic overview of free logic, including both a standard syntax and some semantical options.

Trends in Artificial Intelligence

2nd Congress of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence, AI*IA, Palermo, Italy, October, 29-31, 1991. Proceedings

Author: Associazione italiana per l'intelligenza artificiale. Congress

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540547129

Category: Computers

Page: 479

View: 5300

This book collects the papers presented at the 2nd Congress of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence. It displays the state of the art of both Italian and European scientific research in AI.

Epistemic Logic for AI and Computer Science

Author: J.-J. Ch. Meyer,W. van der Hoek

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521602808

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 3578

A broad introduction to the subject; many exercises with full solutions are provided.

Categories for the Working Philosopher

Author: Elaine Landry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019874899X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 5402

This is the first volume on category theory for a broad philosophical readership. It is designed to show the interest and significance of category theory for a range of philosophical interests: mathematics, proof theory, computation, cognition, scientific modelling, physics, ontology, the structure of the world. Each chapter is written by either a category-theorist or a philosopher working in one of the represented areas, in an accessible waythat builds on the concepts that are already familiar to philosophers working in these areas.

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