Search Results: nation-building-as-necessary-effort-in-fragile-states

Nation-building as Necessary Effort in Fragile States

Author: René Grotenhuis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462982192

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 928

Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, Ren� Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.

Women and Nation Building

Author: Cheryl Benard

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833043110

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 5296

Using a case study of Afghanistan, this study examines gender-specific impacts of conflict and post-conflict and the ways they may affect women differently than they affect men. It analyzes the role of women in the nation-building process and considers outcomes that might occur if current practices were modified. Recommendations are made for improving data collection in conflict zones and for enhancing the outcomes of nation-building programs.

Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States

Author: Mr. E. Gelbard,Corinne Deléchat,Ms. Ejona Fuli,Mr. Mumtaz Hussain,Mr. Ulrich Jacoby,Mrs. Dafina Mulaj,Marco Pani,Gustavo Ramirez,Rui Xu

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1513500538

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 99

View: 7851

This paper analyzes the persistence of fragility in some sub-Saharan African states and the multiple dimensions of state weakness that are simultaneously at play. This study also provides an overview of the analytics of fragility, conflict, and international engagement with fragile states before turning to an assessment of the current state of affairs and the areas in which there has been progress in building resilience. The paper also looks at the role of fiscal policies and institutions and analyzes growth accelerations and decelerations. Seven country case studies help identify more concretely some key factors at play, and the diversity of paths followed, with an emphasis on the sequencing of reforms. The paper concludes with a summary of the main findings and policy implications.

Fixing Failed States

A Framework for Rebuilding a Fractured World

Author: Ashraf Ghani,Clare Lockhart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195398610

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 4091

Social science.

Fixing Fragile States

A New Paradigm for Development

Author: Seth D. Kaplan

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275998288

Category: Political Science

Page: 215

View: 7854

Offers analysis into political, economic and business mistakes and solutions within fragile states. This title argues that to avoid revisiting the carnage and catastrophes seen in places like Iraq, Bosnia, and the Congo, the West needs to rethink its ideas on fragile states and start helping their peoples build governments that fit the landscape

State Fragility and State Building in Africa

Cases from Eastern and Southern Africa

Author: Dele Olowu,Paulos Chanie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319206427

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 8163

This book describes the contrast between the strong economic growth and democratization that have occurred in Africa and its stalling political progress. It presents and discusses fragility as the phenomenon that has caused the state to remain weak and faltering and has led to at least one third of the continent’s citizens living in fragile states. Following the examination of the drivers of fragility and the impact of fragility on citizens and neighbouring states, the book discusses capacity building approaches. This part shows how effective states can be built on the African continent, a process that would result in a change from state fragility to state resilience. It is based on lessons learnt from close studies of the nations where the state has been most developed in the region, in Eastern and Southern Africa. The book provides and responds to the most recent and up-to-date information on African development and uses insights of people who have lived and worked in the continent for most of their lives.


Beyond Afghanistan and Iraq

Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801889301

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2652

Sutton, Ford Foundation Emeritus; Marvin G. Weinbaum, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

Building State Capability

Evidence, Analysis, Action

Author: Matt Andrews,Lant Pritchett,Michael Woolcock

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747489


Page: 288

View: 9978

Governments play a major role in the development process, and constantly introduce reforms and policies to achieve developmental objectives. Many of these interventions have limited impact, however; schools get built but children don't learn, IT systems are introduced but not used, plans are written but not implemented. These achievement deficiencies reveal gaps in capabilities, and weaknesses in the process of building state capability. This book addresses these weaknesses and gaps. It starts by providing evidence of the capability shortfalls that currently exist in many countries, showing that many governments lack basic capacities even after decades of reforms and capacity building efforts. The book then analyses this evidence, identifying capability traps that hold many governments back - particularly related to isomorphic mimicry (where governments copy best practice solutions from other countries that make them look more capable even if they are not more capable) and premature load bearing (where governments adopt new mechanisms that they cannot actually make work, given weak extant capacities). The book then describes a process that governments can use to escape these capability traps. Called PDIA (problem driven iterative adaptation), this process empowers people working in governments to find and fit solutions to the problems they face. The discussion about this process is structured in a practical manner so that readers can actually apply tools and ideas to the capability challenges they face in their own contexts. These applications will help readers devise policies and reforms that have more impact than those of the past.

Building Militaries in Fragile States

Challenges for the United States

Author: Mara E. Karlin

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249267

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 8721

With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Building Militaries in Fragile States unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought.

State and Nation Making in Latin America and Spain

Republics of the Possible

Author: Miguel A. Centeno,Agustin E. Ferraro

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311306

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4725

The growth of institutional capacity in the developing world has become a central theme in twenty-first-century social science. Many studies have shown that public institutions are an important determinant of long-run rates of economic growth. This book argues that to understand the difficulties and pitfalls of state building in the contemporary world, it is necessary to analyze previous efforts to create institutional capacity in conflictive contexts. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the process of state and nation building in Latin America and Spain from independence to the 1930s. The book examines how Latin American countries and Spain tried to build modern and efficient state institutions for more than a century - without much success. The Spanish and Latin American experience of the nineteenth century was arguably the first regional stage on which the organizational and political dilemmas that still haunt states were faced. This book provides an unprecedented perspective on the development and contemporary outcome of those state and nation-building projects.

Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan

Author: Dipali Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110772919X

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 8538

Warlords have come to represent enemies of peace, security, and 'good governance' in the collective intellectual imagination. This book asserts that not all warlords are created equal. Under certain conditions, some become effective governors on behalf of the state. This provocative argument is based on extensive fieldwork in Afghanistan, where Mukhopadhyay examined warlord-governors who have served as valuable exponents of the Karzai regime in its struggle to assert control over key segments of the countryside. She explores the complex ecosystems that came to constitute provincial political life after 2001 and exposes the rise of 'strongman' governance in two provinces. While this brand of governance falls far short of international expectations, its emergence reflects the reassertion of the Afghan state in material and symbolic terms that deserve our attention. This book pushes past canonical views of warlordism and state building to consider the logic of the weak state as it has arisen in challenging, conflict-ridden societies like Afghanistan.

The Ideology of Failed States

Author: Susan L. Woodward

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176425

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 1757

Contests to reorganize the international system after the Cold War agree on the security threat of failed states: this book asks why.

Institutions Taking Root

Building State Capacity in Challenging Contexts

Author: Naazneen H. Barma,Elisabeth Huybens,Lorena Viñuela

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 146480270X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 412

View: 1254

Building and operating successful public institutions is a perennial and long-term challenge for governments, which is compounded by the volatile conditions found in fragile settings. Yet some government agencies do manage to take root and achieve success in delivering results earning legitimacy and forging resilience in otherwise challenging contexts. Drawing on mixed-method empirical research carried out on nine public agencies in Lao PDR, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, and Timor Leste, this volume identifies the shared causal mechanisms underpinning institutional success in fragile states by examining the inner workings of these institutions, along with the external operational environment and sociopolitical context in which they exist. Successful institutions share and deploy a common repertoire of internal and external operational strategies. In addition they connect this micro-institutional repertoire to the macro-sociopolitical context along three discernible pathways to institutional success. Institutional development is a heavily contextual, dynamic, and non-linear process but certain actionable lessons emerge for policy-makiers and development partners.

Conflict and Fragility International Engagement in Fragile States Can't We Do Better?

Can't We Do Better?

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264086129


Page: 66

View: 1588

This report synthesises main findings and recommendations from a survey of 13 countries on international engagement in fragile states.

Asian Cities: Colonial to Global

Author: G. Bracken

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048528240

Category: Social Science

Page: 383

View: 6035

When people look at success stories among postcolonial nations, the focus almost always turns to Asia, where many cities in former colonies have become key locations of international commerce and culture. This book brings together a stellar group of scholars from a number of disciplines to explore the rise of Asian cities, including Singapore, Macau, Hong Kong, and more. Dealing with history, geography, culture, architecture, urbanism, and other topics, the book attempts to formulate a new understanding of what makes Asian cities such global leaders.

Fragile States and Insecure People?

Violence, Security, and Statehood in the Twenty-First Century

Author: L. Andersen,B. Møller,F. Stepputat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230605575

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 7086

This book provides a unique account of the pursuit of security at the edge of the global order. It sheds light on reform of state police and armed forces, and analyses the alternative security structures that emerge in the absence of the state. This book remains open-minded as to which 'model' for security is better.

US Nation-Building in Afghanistan

Author: Conor Keane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317003187

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 8390

Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The main objective of the book is to deepen readers understanding of the impact of bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the Bush Administration. It rejects the ’rational actor’ model, according to which the US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160876554


Page: N.A

View: 6434

A State Built on Sand

How Opium Undermined Afghanistan

Author: David Mansfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190694718

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6697

Oscillations in opium poppy production in Afghanistan have long been associated with how the state was perceived, such as after the Taliban imposed a cultivation ban in 2000-1. The international community's subsequent attempts to regulate opium poppy became intimately linked with its own state-building project, and rising levels of cultivation were cited as evidence of failure by those international donors who spearheaded development in poppy-growing provinces like Helmand, Nangarhar and Kandahar. Mansfield's book examines why drug control - particularly opium bans - have been imposed in Afghanistan; he documents the actors involved; and he scrutinizes how prohibition served divergent and competing interests. Drawing on almost two decades of fieldwork in rural areas, he explains how these bans affected farming communities, and how prohibition endured in some areas while in others opium production bans undermined livelihoods and destabilized the political order, fuelling violence and rural rebellion. Above all this book challenges how we have come to understand political power in rural Afghanistan. Far from being the passive recipients of violence by state and non-state actors, Mansfield highlights the role that rural communities have played in shaping the political terrain, including establishing the conditions under which they could persist with opium production.

Conflict and Fragility Preventing Violence, War and State Collapse The Future of Conflict Early Warning and Response

The Future of Conflict Early Warning and Response

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264059814


Page: 134

View: 1472

Based on literature review and inputs from surveyed agencies, this book assesses the value and role of early warning for the prevention of violent conflict and identifies the most effective systems.

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