Search Results: nation-building-as-necessary-effort-in-fragile-states

Nation-building as necessary effort in fragile states

Author: René Grotenhuis

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048532124

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 4731

Policies intended to bring stability to fragile states tend to focus almost exclusively on building institutions and systems to get governance right. Simply building the state is often seen as sufficient for making it stable and legitimate. But policies like these, René Grotenhuis shows in this book, ignore the question of what makes people belong to a nation-state, arguing that issues of identity, culture, and religion are crucial to creating the sense of belonging and social cohesion that a stable nation-state requires.

A State Built on Sand

How Opium Undermined Afghanistan

Author: David Mansfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190694718

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 8921

Oscillations in opium poppy production in Afghanistan have long been associated with how the state was perceived, such as after the Taliban imposed a cultivation ban in 2000-1. The international community's subsequent attempts to regulate opium poppy became intimately linked with its own state-building project, and rising levels of cultivation were cited as evidence of failure by those international donors who spearheaded development in poppy-growing provinces like Helmand, Nangarhar and Kandahar. Mansfield's book examines why drug control - particularly opium bans - have been imposed in Afghanistan; he documents the actors involved; and he scrutinizes how prohibition served divergent and competing interests. Drawing on almost two decades of fieldwork in rural areas, he explains how these bans affected farming communities, and how prohibition endured in some areas while in others opium production bans undermined livelihoods and destabilized the political order, fuelling violence and rural rebellion. Above all this book challenges how we have come to understand political power in rural Afghanistan. Far from being the passive recipients of violence by state and non-state actors, Mansfield highlights the role that rural communities have played in shaping the political terrain, including establishing the conditions under which they could persist with opium production.

Conflict and Fragility Monitoring the Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926409167X

Category:

Page: 54

View: 8396

Based on stakeholder consultations and supported by data, this report reviews the implementation of the Fragile States Principles in Timor-Leste, and identifies priority areas to improve the impact of international engagement.

Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160876554

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3508

The Ideology of Failed States

Author: Susan L. Woodward

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107176425

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 747

Contests to reorganize the international system after the Cold War agree on the security threat of failed states: this book asks why.

Peacekeeping/Stabilization and Conflict Transitions

Backgrnd. and Congress. Action on the Civilian Response/Reserve Corps and Other Civilian Stabilization and Reconstruction Capabilities

Author: Nina M. Serafino

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437930425

Category:

Page: 26

View: 9680

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The second session of the 111th Congress faces several issues regarding the continuing development of the Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI), the effort to develop a three-component ¿ready response¿ civilian force of 4,250 members. Contents of this report: (1) Proposals for New Civilian Forces; Creating Civilian Reconstruction and Stabilization (CRS) Capabilities; (2) Codifying CRS Assistance and State Dept. Capabilities; (3) Development of the CRS Office, Responsibilities, and Capabilities; Monitoring and Planning for Potential Conflicts; Developing and Carrying Out Conflict Response Activities; (4) Development of the Civilian Response Corps (CRC); (5) Issues for Congress: CRS Capacity and Status; Appropriate Size for the CRC; Flexible Funding. Illus.

Building Militaries in Fragile States

Challenges for the United States

Author: Mara E. Karlin

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249267

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 4594

With a rich comparative case-study approach that spans Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, Building Militaries in Fragile States unearths provocative findings that suggest the traditional way of working with foreign militaries needs to be rethought.

Failed and Failing States

The Challenges to African Reconstruction

Author: Muna Ndulo,Margaret Grieco

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 217

View: 1522

State collapse is one of the major threats to peace, stability, and economic development in sub-Saharan Africa today. In a collapsed state the regime finally wears out its ability to satisfy the demands of the various groups in society; it fails to govern or to keep the state together. The collapse is marked by the loss of control over political and economic space. A collapsed state can no longer perform its basic security and development functions and has no effective control over its territory and borders. Efforts to avoid drawing other nations into a wider conflict created by the collapse of a state and creating favorable conditions for reconciliation and reconstruction of a failed state after it has collapsed present major challenges. In April, 2008 the Cornell Institute for African Development called a symposium on 'Failed and Failing States in Africa: Lessons from Darfur and Beyond' to address these critical issues. Key contributions to the symposium are brought together in this volume. Taken together these essays represent a significant discussion on the challenges presented by the presence of failing states within Africa.

Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264098089

Category:

Page: 13

View: 6247

Beyond its principles on effective aid, the Paris Declaration lays out a practical, action-oriented roadmap to improve the quality of aid and its impact on development by 2010.

Global Strategic Assessment 2009

America's Security Role in a Changing World

Author: DEFENSE DEPARTMENT

Publisher: Defense Department

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 9884

Offers a conceptual pathway for U.S. policymakers to begin recalibrating America's security role to reverse what has appeared to be a widening gap between U.S. ends and means, now and in the future. Provides an overview of eight broad trends shaping the international security environment; a global analysis of the world's seven regions, to consider important developments in their distinctive neighborhoods; and, an examination of prospective U.S. contributions, military capabilities and force structure, national security organization, alliances and partnerships, and strategies.

Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Conference

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: National security

Page: N.A

View: 379

Dwight D. Eisenhower National Security Conference 2003

September 25-26, 2003 ... Washington, D.C. 20004

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Iraq

Page: 289

View: 6650

Journal of Peacebuilding and Development

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Conflict management

Page: N.A

View: 5536

Compendium

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: National security

Page: N.A

View: 5596

Accra Agenda for Action

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264098100

Category:

Page: 7

View: 6560

Designed to strengthen and deepen implementation of the Paris Declaration, the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA) takes stock of progress and sets the agenda for accelerated advancement towards improving the quality and impact of aid.

A United Nations for the 21st Century: from Reaction to Prevention

Towards an Effective and Efficient International Regime for Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding

Author: Detlev Wolter

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: 9783832923440

Category: Political Science

Page: 473

View: 8554

This book analyzes the achievements of the UN World Summit of September 2005 in the field of conflict prevention, human security, and the advancement of the security development nexus. The book examines the Summit Outcome Document, which contains important general endorsements of the objective to strengthen conflict prevention capacities at the UN and fully supports the mission of the Special Advisor of the Secretary General on the Prevention of Genocide. This document commits all Member States for the first time to develop a notion of "human security" that recognizes that all individuals, in particular vulnerable people, are entitled to freedom from fear and freedom from want. It embraces the concept of a "responsibility to protect" against genocide, ethnic cleansing, and crimes against humanity. The book looks at how the newly established Peacebuilding Commission can play an important overall preventive role, in particular by ensuring that post-conflict countries do not relapse into armed conflict. It suggests the upcoming Comprehensive Report on Conflict Prevention by the UN Secretary General and a new General Assembly Resolution should operationalize and implement the shift from reaction to prevention. The United Nations for the 21st Century supports the call for a special summit meeting in 2010 on conflict prevention and human security with the objective to adopt a Global Action Plan on Conflict Prevention and Human Security, which should specify concrete agreements for allocating the resources necessary to bring peace planning, conflict prevention, and peacebuilding strategies to fruition.

Auf den Spuren von Mr. Kurtz

Mobutus Aufstieg und Kongos Fall

Author: Michela Wrong

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783893200580

Category: Congo (Democratic Republic)

Page: 334

View: 9196

The New Challenges to International, National and Human Security Policy

A Report to the Trilateral Commission

Author: Anne-Marie Slaughter,Carl Bildt,Kazuo Ogura

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 66

View: 5506

This broad-ranging report addresses differing national, regional, and cultural views on today's most pressing security issues. The authors discuss questions of national vs. human security policy, military intervention, unilateralism, legality, legitimacy, and efficiency in evaluating potential responses to such global threats as terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and massive human rights violations.

Development Co-operation Report 2010

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264079878

Category:

Page: 278

View: 9860

This 2010 edition of the OECD Development Co-operation Report describes how the Development Assistance Committee has responded to the economic, food and climate change crises of recent years and how DAC countries are working to make aid more effective.

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