Search Results: organic-chemistry-of-enzyme-catalyzed-reactions-revised-edition-second-edition

Organic Chemistry of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions, Revised Edition

Author: Richard B. Silverman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080513360

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 7273

The Organic Chemistry of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions is not a book on enzymes, but rather a book on the general mechanisms involved in chemical reactions involving enzymes. An enzyme is a protein molecule in a plant or animal that causes specific reactions without itself being permanently altered or destroyed. This is a revised edition of a very successful book, which appeals to both academic and industrial markets. Illustrates the organic mechanism associated with each enzyme-catalyzed reaction Makes the connection between organic reaction mechanisms and enzyme mechanisms Compiles the latest information about molecular mechanisms of enzyme reactions Accompanied by clearly drawn structures, schemes, and figures Includes an extensive bibliography on enzyme mechanisms covering the last 30 years Explains how enzymes can accelerate the rates of chemical reactions with high specificity Provides approaches to the design of inhibitors of enzyme-catalyzed reactions Categorizes the cofactors that are appropriate for catalyzing different classes of reactions Shows how chemical enzyme models are used for mechanistic studies Describes catalytic antibody design and mechanism Includes problem sets and solutions for each chapter Written in an informal and didactic style

Organic Chemistry of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions, Revised Edition

Author: Richard B. Silverman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080513360

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 2990

The Organic Chemistry of Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions is not a book on enzymes, but rather a book on the general mechanisms involved in chemical reactions involving enzymes. An enzyme is a protein molecule in a plant or animal that causes specific reactions without itself being permanently altered or destroyed. This is a revised edition of a very successful book, which appeals to both academic and industrial markets. Illustrates the organic mechanism associated with each enzyme-catalyzed reaction Makes the connection between organic reaction mechanisms and enzyme mechanisms Compiles the latest information about molecular mechanisms of enzyme reactions Accompanied by clearly drawn structures, schemes, and figures Includes an extensive bibliography on enzyme mechanisms covering the last 30 years Explains how enzymes can accelerate the rates of chemical reactions with high specificity Provides approaches to the design of inhibitors of enzyme-catalyzed reactions Categorizes the cofactors that are appropriate for catalyzing different classes of reactions Shows how chemical enzyme models are used for mechanistic studies Describes catalytic antibody design and mechanism Includes problem sets and solutions for each chapter Written in an informal and didactic style

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action

Author: Richard B. Silverman,Mark W. Holladay

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123820316

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 7748

The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drug Action, Third Edition, represents a unique approach to medicinal chemistry based on physical organic chemical principles and reaction mechanisms that rationalize drug action, which allows reader to extrapolate those core principles and mechanisms to many related classes of drug molecules. This new edition includes updates to all chapters, including new examples and references. It reflects significant changes in the process of drug design over the last decade and preserves the successful approach of the previous editions while including significant changes in format and coverage. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry studying medicinal chemistry or pharmaceutical chemistry; research chemists and biochemists working in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. Updates to all chapters, including new examples and references Chapter 1 (Introduction): Completely rewritten and expanded as an overview of topics discussed in detail throughout the book Chapter 2 (Lead Discovery and Lead Modification): Sections on sources of compounds for screening including library collections, virtual screening, and computational methods, as well as hit-to-lead and scaffold hopping; expanded sections on sources of lead compounds, fragment-based lead discovery, and molecular graphics; and deemphasized solid-phase synthesis and combinatorial chemistry Chapter 3 (Receptors): Drug-receptor interactions, cation-π and halogen bonding; atropisomers; case history of the insomnia drug suvorexant Chapter 4 (Enzymes): Expanded sections on enzyme catalysis in drug discovery and enzyme synthesis Chapter 5 (Enzyme Inhibition and Inactivation): New case histories: for competitive inhibition, the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib and Abelson kinase inhibitor, imatinib for transition state analogue inhibition, the purine nucleoside phosphorylase inhibitors, forodesine and DADMe-ImmH, as well as the mechanism of the multisubstrate analog inhibitor isoniazid for slow, tight-binding inhibition, the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, saxagliptin Chapter 7 (Drug Resistance and Drug Synergism): This new chapter includes topics taken from two chapters in the previous edition, with many new examples Chapter 8 (Drug Metabolism): Discussions of toxicophores and reactive metabolites Chapter 9 (Prodrugs and Drug Delivery Systems): Discussion of antibody–drug conjugates

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124967120

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 2312

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

Enzymatic Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Perry A. Frey,Adrian D. Hegeman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199880743

Category: Science

Page: 848

View: 983

Books dealing with the mechanisms of enzymatic reactions were written a generation ago. They included volumes entitled Bioorganic Mechanisms, I and II by T.C. Bruice and S.J. Benkovic, published in 1965, the volume entitled Catalysis in Chemistry and Enzymology by W.P. Jencks in 1969, and the volume entitled Enzymatic Reaction Mechanisms by C.T. Walsh in 1979. The Walsh book was based on the course taught by W.P. Jencks and R.H. Abeles at Brandeis University in the 1960's and 1970's. By the late 1970's, much more could be included about the structures of enzymes and the kinetics and mechanisms of enzymatic reactions themselves, and less emphasis was placed on chemical models. Walshs book was widely used in courses on enzymatic mechanisms for many years. Much has happened in the field of mechanistic enzymology in the past 15 to 20 years. Walshs book is both out-of-date and out-of-focus in todays world of enzymatic mechanisms. There is no longer a single volume or a small collection of volumes to which students can be directed to obtain a clear understanding of the state of knowledge regarding the chemicals mechanisms by which enzymes catalyze biological reactions. There is no single volume to which medicinal chemists and biotechnologists can refer on the subject of enzymatic mechanisms. Practitioners in the field have recognized a need for a new book on enzymatic mechanisms for more than ten years, and several, including Walsh, have considered undertaking to modernize Walshs book. However, these good intentions have been abandoned for one reason or another. The great size of the knowledge base in mechanistic enzymology has been a deterrent. It seems too large a subject for a single author, and it is difficult for several authors to coordinate their work to mutual satisfaction. This text by Perry A. Frey and Adrian D. Hegeman accomplishes this feat, producing the long-awaited replacement for Walshs classic text.

Structure and Mechanism in Protein Science

A Guide to Enzyme Catalysis and Protein Folding

Author: Alan Fersht

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813225181

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 936

This book is a guide for advanced undergraduates, post-graduates and researchers to the fundamental principles in studying kinetics and mechanism of processes concerning proteins. It provides a rare broad overview that concentrates on fundamental principles and understanding underlying the physics and chemistry. It is a single author text by someone who has direct experience in all of the areas covered.

Enzymes

A Practical Introduction to Structure, Mechanism, and Data Analysis

Author: Robert A. Copeland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471461857

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 3292

Fully updated and expanded-a solid foundation for understanding experimental enzymology. This practical, up-to-date survey is designed for a broad spectrum of biological and chemical scientists who are beginning to delve into modern enzymology. Enzymes, Second Edition explains the structural complexities of proteins and enzymes and the mechanisms by which enzymes perform their catalytic functions. The book provides illustrative examples from the contemporary literature to guide the reader through concepts and data analysis procedures. Clear, well-written descriptions simplify the complex mathematical treatment of enzyme kinetic data, and numerous citations at the end of each chapter enable the reader to access the primary literature and more in-depth treatments of specific topics. This Second Edition of Enzymes: A Practical Introduction to Structure, Mechanism, and Data Analysis features refined and expanded coverage of many concepts, while retaining the introductory nature of the book. Important new features include: A new chapter on protein-ligand binding equilibria Expanded coverage of chemical mechanisms in enzyme catalysis and experimental measurements of enzyme activity Updated and refined discussions of enzyme inhibitors and multiple substrate reactions Coverage of current practical applications to the study of enzymology Supplemented with appendices providing contact information for suppliers of reagents and equipment for enzyme studies, as well as a survey of useful Internet sites and computer software for enzymatic data analysis, Enzymes, Second Edition is the ultimate practical guide for scientists and students in biochemical, pharmaceutical, biotechnical, medicinal, and agricultural/food-related research.

Essential Organic Chemistry

Author: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321596956

Category: Science

Page: 567

View: 9019

Designed for a one-term course, this organic chemistry helps students see organic chemistry as an interesting and exciting science and to give them an opportunity to develop critical thinking skills.

Future Directions in Biocatalysis

Author: Tomoko Matsuda

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444637508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 460

View: 7959

Future Directions in Biocatalysis, Second Edition, presents the future direction and latest research on how to utilize enzymes, i.e., natural catalysts, to make medicines and other necessities for humans. It emphasizes the most important and unique research on biocatalysis instead of simply detailing the ABC’s on the topic. This book is an indispensable tool for new researchers in the field to help identify specific needs, start new projects that address current environmental concerns, and develop techniques based on green technology. It provides invaluable hints and clues for conducting new research on enzymes, with final sections outlining future directions in biocatalysis further expanding the science into new applications. Gives future directions in the area of biocatalysis research Presents research topics based on their uniqueness, originality, and novelty Includes many explanatory figures to demonstrate concepts to both organic chemists and biochemists Shows that there is no boundary between organic chemistry and biochemistry

Introduction to Enzyme and Coenzyme Chemistry

Author: T. D. H. Bugg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118348990

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 3630

Enzymes are giant macromolecules which catalyse biochemical reactions. They are remarkable in many ways. Their three-dimensional structures are highly complex, yet they are formed by spontaneous folding of a linear polypeptide chain. Their catalytic properties are far more impressive than synthetic catalysts which operate under more extreme conditions. Each enzyme catalyses a single chemical reaction on a particular chemical substrate with very high enantioselectivity and enantiospecificity at rates which approach “catalytic perfection”. Living cells are capable of carrying out a huge repertoire of enzyme-catalysed chemical reactions, some of which have little or no precedent in organic chemistry. The popular textbook Introduction to Enzyme and Coenzyme Chemistry has been thoroughly updated to include information on the most recent advances in our understanding of enzyme action, with additional recent examples from the literature used to illustrate key points. A major new feature is the inclusion of two-colour figures, and the addition of over 40 new figures of the active sites of enzymes discussed in the text, in order to illustrate the interplay between enzyme structure and function. This new edition provides a concise but comprehensive account from the perspective of organic chemistry, what enzymes are, how they work, and how they catalyse many of the major classes of enzymatic reactions, and will continue to prove invaluable to both undergraduate and postgraduate students of organic, bio-organic and medicinal chemistry, chemical biology, biochemistry and biotechnology.

Enzyme Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

A Comprehensive Handbook

Author: Karlheinz Drauz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527325476

Category: Catalysis

Page: 1985

View: 7309

Computational Organic Chemistry

Author: Steven M. Bachrach

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671228

Category: Science

Page: 632

View: 1208

The Second Edition demonstrates how computational chemistry continues to shed new light on organic chemistry The Second Edition of author Steven Bachrach’s highly acclaimed Computational Organic Chemistry reflects the tremendous advances in computational methods since the publication of the First Edition, explaining how these advances have shaped our current understanding of organic chemistry. Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover new and revised material in all chapters, including new case studies and examples. There’s also a new chapter dedicated to computational enzymology that demonstrates how principles of quantum mechanics applied to organic reactions can be extended to biological systems. Computational Organic Chemistry covers a broad range of problems and challenges in organic chemistry where computational chemistry has played a significant role in developing new theories or where it has provided additional evidence to support experimentally derived insights. Readers do not have to be experts in quantum mechanics. The first chapter of the book introduces all of the major theoretical concepts and definitions of quantum mechanics followed by a chapter dedicated to computed spectral properties and structure identification. Next, the book covers: Fundamentals of organic chemistry Pericyclic reactions Diradicals and carbenes Organic reactions of anions Solution-phase organic chemistry Organic reaction dynamics The final chapter offers new computational approaches to understand enzymes. The book features interviews with preeminent computational chemists, underscoring the role of collaboration in developing new science. Three of these interviews are new to this edition. Readers interested in exploring individual topics in greater depth should turn to the book’s ancillary website www.comporgchem.com, which offers updates and supporting information. Plus, every cited article that is available in electronic form is listed with a link to the article.

Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis

Author: Iwao Ojima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118678443

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 723

Praise for the previous editions "An excellent text . . . will no doubt provide the benchmark for comparative works for many years." —Journal of the American Chemical Society "An excellent state-of-the-art compilation of catalytic asymmetric chemistry . . . should be included in any chemistry reference collection." —Choice "This is a tremendous resource and an excellent read. I recommend immediate purchase." —Perkin Transactions Since this important work was first published in 1993, the field of catalytic asymmetric synthesis has grown explosively, spawning effective new methods for obtaining enantiomerically pure compounds on a large scale and stimulating new applications in diverse fields—from medicine to materials science. Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis, Third Edition addresses these rapid changes through contributions from highly recognized world leaders in the field. This seminal text presents detailed accounts of the most important catalytic asymmetric reactions known today, and discusses recent advances and essential information on the initial development of certain processes. An excellent working resource for academic researchers and industrial chemists alike, the Third Edition features: Six entirely new chapters focusing on novel approaches to catalytic asymmetric synthesis including non-conventional media/conditions, organocatalysis, chiral Lewis and Bronsted acids, CH activation, carbon-heteroatom bond-forming reactions, and enzyme-catalyzed asymmetric synthesis A new section focusing on the important new reaction, asymmetric metathesis, in carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions Updated chapters on hydrogenation, carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions, hydrosilylations, carbonylations, oxidations, amplifications and autocatalysis, and polymerization reactions Retaining the best of its predecessors but now thoroughly up to date, Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis, Third Edition serves as an excellent desktop reference and text for researchers and students from the upper-level undergraduates through experienced professionals in industry or academia.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317563743

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 5279

As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

The Chemistry of Radical Polymerization

Author: Graeme Moad,David Henry Solomon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080442884

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 4378

This book commences with a general introduction outlining the basic concepts of radical polymerization. This is followed by a chapter on radical reactions that is intended to lay the theoretical ground-work for the succeeding chapters on initiation, propagation and termination.

Catalytic Kinetics

Chemistry and Engineering

Author: Dmitry Yu Murzin,Tapio Salmi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444634630

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 8679

Catalytic Kinetics: Chemistry and Engineering, Second Edition offers a unified view that homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic catalysis form the cornerstone of practical catalysis. The book has an integrated, cross-disciplinary approach to kinetics and transport phenomena in catalysis, but still recognizes the fundamental differences between different types of catalysis. In addition, the book focuses on a quantitative chemical understanding and links the mathematical approach to kinetics with chemistry. A diverse group of catalysts is covered, including catalysis by acids, organometallic complexes, solid inorganic materials, and enzymes, and this fully updated second edition contains a new chapter on the concepts of cascade catalysis. Finally, expanded content in this edition provides more in-depth discussion, including topics such as organocatalysis, enzymatic kinetics, nonlinear dynamics, solvent effects, nanokinetics, and kinetic isotope effects. Fully revised and expanded, providing the latest developments in catalytic kinetics Bridges the gaps that exist between hetero-, homo- and enzymatic-catalysis Provides necessary tools and new concepts for researchers already working in the field of catalytic kinetics Written by internationally-renowned experts in the field Examples and exercises following each chapter make it suitable as an advanced course book

Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Thomas Wirth

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527659749

Category: Science

Page: 478

View: 5916

For the second edition of 'Microreactors in Organic Chemistry and Catalysis' all chapters have been revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing field. This new edition has 60% more content, and it remains a comprehensive publication covering most aspects of the topic. The use of microreactors in homogeneous, heterogeneous as well as biphasic reactions is covered in the main part of the book, together with catalytic, bioorganic and automation approaches. The initial chapters also provide a solid physical chemistry background on fluidics in microdevices. Finally, a chapter on industrial applications and developments covers recent progress in process chemistry. An excellent reference for beginners and experts alike.

Fundamentals of Industrial Catalytic Processes

Author: C. H. Bartholomew,Robert J. Farrauto

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118209737

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 992

View: 5416

Catalysis is central to the chemical industry, as it is directly or involved in the production of almost all useful chemical products. In this book the authors, present the definitive account of industrial catalytic processes. Throughout Fundamentals of Industrial Catalytic Processes the information is illustrated with many case studies and problems. This book is valuable to anyone wanting a clear account of industrial catalytic processes, but is particularly useful to industrial and academic chemists and engineers and graduate working on catalysis. This book also: Covers fundamentals of catalytic processes, including chemistry, catalyst preparation, properties and reaction engineering. Addresses heterogeneous catalytic processes employed by industry. Provides detailed data on existing catalysts and catalytic reactions, process design and chemical engineering. Covers catalysts used in fuel cells.

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

Author: Wei Zhang,Berkeley Cue

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470711515

Category: Medical

Page: 742

View: 6768

Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Intermediate Organic Chemistry

Author: Ann M. Fabirkiewicz,John C. Stowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118308816

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 457

This book presents key aspects of organic synthesis stereochemistry, functional group transformations, bond formation, synthesis planning, mechanisms, and spectroscopy and a guide to literature searching in a reader–friendly manner. Helps students understand the skills and basics they need to move from introductory to graduate organic chemistry classes Balances synthetic and physical organic chemistry in a way accessible to students Features extensive end–of–chapter problems Updates include new examples and discussion of online resources now common for literature searches Adds sections on protecting groups and green chemistry along with a rewritten chapter surveying organic spectroscopy

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