Search Results: parliamentary-versus-presidential-government-oxford-readings-in-politics-and-government

Parliamentary Versus Presidential Government

Author: Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198780443

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 3682

Parliamentary and presidential governments--exemplified by most European countries for the former and the United States and Latin America for the latter--are the two principal forms of democracy in the modern world. Their respective advantages and disadvantages have been long debated, at first mainly by British and American political observers but with increasing frequency in other parts of the world, especially in Latin America, but also in Western and Eastern Europe and Asia. The recent world-wide wave of democratization has intensified both the debate and its significance. This volume brings together the most important statement on the subject by advocates and analysts--from Montesquieu and Madison to Lipset and Linz. It also treats the merits of less frequently used democratic types, such as French-style semi-presidentialism, that may be regarded as intermediate forms between parliamentarism and presidentialism.

Achieving Democracy

Democratization in Theory and Practice

Author: Mary Fran T. Malone

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441183256

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 2055

Democracy is the ability to participate freely and equally in the political and economic affairs of the country. Americans have relied on philosophical pragmatism and on the impulse of political progressivism to express those creedal democratic values. Achieving Democracy argues that, in the last 30 years, however, by focusing on free markets and small government, America has since lost its grasp on these crucial democratic values. Economically, the vast majority of Americans have been made worse off due to a historically unprecedented redistribution of wealth from the lower and middle classes to the top one percent. Politically, partisan gridlock has hampered efforts to seek fairer taxes, responsive and effective regulation, reliable health care, and better education, among other needs. Achieving Democracy critiques the history of the last 30 years of neoliberal government in the United States, and enables an understanding of the dynamic and changing nature of contemporary government and the future of the regulatory state. Sidney A. Shapiro and Joseph P. Tomain demonstrate how lessons from the past can be applied today to regain essential democratic losses within the successful framework of a progressive government to ultimately construct a good society for all citizens.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Choice

Author: Roger D. Congleton,Bernard N. Grofman,Stefan Voigt

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 0190469773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1016

View: 6993

"This two-volume collection provides a comprehensive overview of the past seventy years of public choice research, written by experts in the fields surveyed. The individual chapters are more than simple surveys, but provide readers with both a sense of the progress made and puzzles that remain. Most are written with upper level undergraduate and graduate students in economics and political science in mind, but many are completely accessible to non-expert readers who are interested in Public Choice research. The two-volume set will be of broad interest to social scientists, policy analysts, and historians"--

Zwischen Aufbruch und Zusammenbruch

Demokratisierung im südlichen Afrika

Author: Wolf-Christian Paes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa, Southern

Page: 293

View: 1219

Introduction to Caribbean Politics

Author: Cynthia Barrow-Giles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 3573

This is an introductory text for students of Caribbean Politics at the undergraduate level. It provides a broad historical sweep from the slave era to the contemporary period, characterised by issues of structural adjustments and globalisation, and in between, the years of worker revolt and protest. The text is structured and presented around a number of core concepts used to analyse Caribbean politics and political systems. Understanding of each concept is aided and enriched by selected readings from both published works as well as original articles specially commissioned for this book. This student-friendly text contains summaries of the key concepts discussed in each section, questions to test students' understanding, suggestions for further reading and a self-assessment section. Key concepts/issues include: 1. Imperialism, Colonialism, Neo-Colonialism, Re-Colonisation 2. Struggles of the working class people 3. The politics of constitutional decolonisation and the Westminster model 4. Party systems and electoral politic 5. Trade Unionism 6. The Politics of change: alternative development strategies 7. Regional integration.

Foundations of Comparative Politics

Author: Kenneth Newton,Jan W. van Deth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521199883

Category: Political Science

Page: 439

View: 3850

Now with global coverage, this new edition brings key concepts, theories and methods of comparative politics to life.

Betrachtungen über die Repräsentativregierung

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518735179

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 7908

Die anhaltende Diskussion um die »Krise des Parlamentarismus« zeigt, dass die normative Begründung und systematische Bestimmung von Parlamentsfunktionen und demokratischer Öffentlichkeit von entscheidender Bedeutung für die Zukunft der repräsentativen Demokratie ist. Das Problem ist aber nicht neu, wie John Stuart Mills klassischer Text zeigt. Er kreist um die Frage, wie sich die Gefahr einer »Tyrannei der Mehrheit« mit den Partizipationsanforderungen demokratischen Regierens versöhnen lässt. Mill begründet darin u. a. ein deliberatives Verständnis von Politik und erörtert die Gefahren einer bürokratischen Strangulierung politischer Freiheit. Ein Schlüsselwerk der Demokratietheorie und Parlamentarismusforschung.

Time for Change

Wie ich meiner Tochter die Wirtschaft erkläre

Author: Yanis Varoufakis

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446445250

Category: Political Science

Page: 180

View: 2445

In "Time for Change" entfaltet Yanis Varoufakis die Grundlagen seines Denkens – indem er seiner Tochter in allgemeinverständlicher Sprache die Welt der Wirtschaft erklärt. Behutsam, Schritt für Schritt und doch voller Leidenschaft bringt er ihr und uns seine kritische Perspektive auf die europäische Finanzpolitik nahe.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 735

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Warum Nationen scheitern

Die Ursprünge von Macht, Wohlstand und Armut

Author: Daron Acemoglu,James A. Robinson

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310402247X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 608

View: 7417

Der Klassiker - von sechs Wirtschaftsnobelpreisträgern empfohlen, eine Pflichtlektüre! Warum sind Nationen reich oder arm? Starökonom Daron Acemoglu und Harvard-Politologe James Robinson geben eine ebenso schlüssige wie eindrucksvolle Antwort auf diese grundlegende Frage. Anhand zahlreicher, faszinierender Fallbeispiele – von den Conquistadores über die Industrielle Revolution bis zum heutigen China, von Sierra Leone bis Kolumbien – zeigen sie, mit welcher Macht die Eliten mittels repressiver Institutionen sämtliche Regeln zu ihren Gunsten manipulieren - zum Schaden der vielen Einzelnen. Ein spannendes und faszinierendes Plädoyer dafür, dass Geschichte und Geographie kein Schicksal sind. Und ein überzeugendes Beispiel, dass die richtige Analyse der Vergangenheit neue Wege zum Verständnis unserer Gegenwart und neue Perspektiven für die Zukunft eröffnet. Ein provokatives, brillantes und einzigartiges Buch. »Dieses Buch werden unsere Ur-Ur-Urenkel in zweihundert Jahren noch lesen.« George Akerlof, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Eine absolut überzeugende Studie.« Gary S. Becker, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wirklich wichtiges Buch.« Michael Spence, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Acemoglu und Robinson begeistern und regen zum Nachdenken an.« Robert Solow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiges, unverzichtbares Werk.« Peter Diamond, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Ein wichtiger Beitrag zur Debatte, warum Staaten mit gleicher Vorrausetzung sich so wesentlich in wirtschaftlichen und politischen Entwicklungen unterscheiden.« Kenneth J. Arrow, Nobelpreisträger für Wirtschaftswissenschaften »Diese faktenreiche und ermutigende Streitschrift lehrt uns, dass die Geschichte glücklich enden kann, wenn ihr kein Mensch mehr als Versuchsobjekt dient.« Michael Holmes, NZZ am Sonntag »Anderthalb Jahrzehnte Arbeit eines Pools von Wissenschaftlern, auf 600 Seiten zusammengefasst durch zwei Forscher von Weltrang – und dies kommt heraus: eine Liebeserklärung an Institutionen, die im Sinne ihrer Bürger funktionieren. [...] bestechend.« Elisabeth von Thadden, Die Zeit »Sie werden von diesem Buch begeistert sein.« Jared Diamond, Pulitzer Preisträger und Autor der Weltbestseller »Kollaps« und »Arm und Reich« » Ein höchst lesenswertes Buch.« Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Bestsellers »Das Ende der Geschichte« »Ein phantastisches Buch. Acemoglu und Robinson gehen das wichtigste Problem der Sozialwissenschaften an – eine Frage, die führende Denker seit Jahrhunderten plagt – und liefern eine in ihrer Einfachheit und Wirkmächtigkeit brillante Antwort. Eine wunderbar lesbare Mischung aus Geschichte, Politikwissenschaft und Ökonomie, die unser Denken verändern wird. Pflichtlektüre.« Steven Levitt, Autor von »Freakonomics«

Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht

Author: Viktor Bruns

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public law

Page: N.A

View: 1972

Der Fürst

Author: Niccolò Machiavelli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political ethics

Page: 60

View: 4421

Recent Acquisitions

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law libraries

Page: N.A

View: 1185

Politics and Government in Turkey

Author: Clement Henry Dodd

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719003653

Category: Turkey

Page: 335

View: 3814

Communitarianism and individualism

Author: Shlomo Avineri,Avner De-Shalit

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 2557

This volume is the most up-to-date collection of essays on the nature of the individual self and its relationship to society. It raises such questions such as: can we understand human behavior without considering social and cultural attachments held by individuals? Can or should the Statepromote an idea of the good? Contributors include Ronald Dworkin, David Gauthier, Amy Gutmann, Will Kymlicka, John Rawls, Robert Nozick, and Michael Sandel.

Schach dem Parlament!

Regierungssysteme und Staatspräsidenten in den Demokratisierungsprozessen Osteuropas

Author: Friedbert W. Rüb

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Comparative government

Page: 517

View: 1552

The political science toolbox

a research companion to American government

Author: Stephen E. Frantzich,Howard R. Ernst

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 323

View: 7559

The Political Science Toolbox serves as a bridge between research methods classes and student research, making it a valuable supplement for an applied research methods class, as well as a useful supplement for introduction to American government courses or introduction to political science courses. Moreover, students completing honors papers, capstone assignments, or any substantial research projects in the field of American government will find the ideas and guidance provided in this work to be invaluable. Book jacket.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

Author: R. A. W. Rhodes,Paul 't Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645869

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 9668

Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—as the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.

Pressure groups

Author: Jeremy John Richardson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 3807

The readings in this series are chosen from a variety of journals and other sources to cover major areas or issues in the study of politics, government, and political theory. Each volume contains an introductory essay by the editor and a select guide to further reading. Since the early 1950s pressure groups have been recognized as playing a key role in the policy process in western democracies. As legislatures and political parties have declined in influence, the relationship between pressure groups and government has become highly developed. This has presented both problems and opportunities for the participation of ordinary citizens in the governmental process. This book reviews some of the key theoretical concepts developed in the study of pressure groups and presents a series of up-to-date studies of their role in particular countries, including the UK, USA, France, and the former Soviet Union. It is an authoritative collection, edited by one of Britain's leading pressure group analysts, and will be invaluable for both students and practitioners who want to understand current developments in the lobbying process.

Die Federalist papers

Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547546

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 583

View: 1978

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