Search Results: parliamentary-versus-presidential-government-oxford-readings-in-politics-and-government

Parliamentary Versus Presidential Government

Author: Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198780443

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 7055

Parliamentary and presidential governments--exemplified by most European countries for the former and the United States and Latin America for the latter--are the two principal forms of democracy in the modern world. Their respective advantages and disadvantages have been long debated, at first mainly by British and American political observers but with increasing frequency in other parts of the world, especially in Latin America, but also in Western and Eastern Europe and Asia. The recent world-wide wave of democratization has intensified both the debate and its significance. This volume brings together the most important statement on the subject by advocates and analysts--from Montesquieu and Madison to Lipset and Linz. It also treats the merits of less frequently used democratic types, such as French-style semi-presidentialism, that may be regarded as intermediate forms between parliamentarism and presidentialism.

The Oxford Handbook of Public Choice

Author: Roger D. Congleton,Bernard N. Grofman,Stefan Voigt

Publisher: Oxford Handbooks

ISBN: 0190469773

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1016

View: 9118

"This two-volume collection provides a comprehensive overview of the past seventy years of public choice research, written by experts in the fields surveyed. The individual chapters are more than simple surveys, but provide readers with both a sense of the progress made and puzzles that remain. Most are written with upper level undergraduate and graduate students in economics and political science in mind, but many are completely accessible to non-expert readers who are interested in Public Choice research. The two-volume set will be of broad interest to social scientists, policy analysts, and historians"--

Legislatures

Author: Philip Norton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 336

View: 907

Collecting fifteen essays by some of the world's most respected scholars and political theorists, Legislatures offers the first substantial anthology of original writings on this important topic. The volume spans three centuries of political thought, presenting selections from Montesquieu, Bagehot, and Bryce--three scholar-politicians who established the model for legislative studies--as well as works by such contemporary pioneers as Bernard Crick, Anthony King, Samuel Beer, and Nelson Polsby. The volume is divided into five thematic sections, each preceded by an introduction explaining the significance of the writings that follow; the final section includes extracts from official publications that have had a practical impact upon legislative development.

The West European Party System

Author: Peter Mair

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198275838

Category: Nature

Page: 364

View: 8176

The analysis of party systems in Western Europe has long constituted a major focus of concern in comparative political science. Now for the first time, many of the classic writings in this field have been collected into a single volume. The collection contains seminal writings by Weber, Neumann, Duverger, Kirchheimer, Daalder, Rokkan, and Sartori, as well as a selection from the more recent debates on changes in European party systems, including the contributions of Pedersen, Wolinetz, and Inglehart. The writings cover the development, stabilization, and transformation of party systems and include some of the key analyses which have sought to distinguish between different types of party systems.

Bicameralism

Author: George Tsebelis,Anatol Rapoport Collegiate Professor of Political Science George Tsebelis,Jeannette Money

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521589727

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 2436

This book examines how the chambers of bicameral legislatures interact when they produce legislation.

Electoral Laws and Their Political Consequences

Author: Bernard Grofman,Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875862675

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 3848

..." a usful volume on the impact of electoral laws...includes a very good bibliography and index...establishes a broader international and interdisciplinary perspective on the methods of representation." - American Political Science Review

The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics

Author: Erik Jones,Gianfranco Pasquino

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199669740

Category: Italy

Page: 664

View: 9002

The Oxford Handbook of Italian Politics provides a comprehensive look at the political life of one of Europe's most exciting and turbulent democracies. Under the hegemonic influence of Christian Democracy in the early post-World War II decades, Italy went through a period of rapid growth and political transformation. In part this resulted in tumult and a crisis of governability; however, it also gave rise to innovation in the form of Eurocommunism and new forms of political accommodation. The great strength of Italy lay in its constitution; its great weakness lay in certain legacies of the past. Organized crime - popularly but not exclusively associated with the mafia - is one example. A self-contained and well entrenched 'caste' of political and economic elites is another. These weaknesses became apparent in the breakdown of political order in the late 1980s and early 1990s. This ushered in a combination of populist political mobilization and experimentation with electoral systems design, and the result has been more evolutionary than transformative. Italian politics today is different from what it was during the immediate post-World War II period, but it still shows many of the influences of the past.

The Politics of Parliamentary Debate

Author: Sven-Oliver Proksch,Jonathan B. Slapin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110707276X

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 3421

Explains how parties and their members of parliament structure parliamentary debate, providing novel insights into intra-party politics and representation.

Introduction to Caribbean Politics

Author: Cynthia Barrow-Giles

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 6354

This is an introductory text for students of Caribbean Politics at the undergraduate level. It provides a broad historical sweep from the slave era to the contemporary period, characterised by issues of structural adjustments and globalisation, and in between, the years of worker revolt and protest. The text is structured and presented around a number of core concepts used to analyse Caribbean politics and political systems. Understanding of each concept is aided and enriched by selected readings from both published works as well as original articles specially commissioned for this book. This student-friendly text contains summaries of the key concepts discussed in each section, questions to test students' understanding, suggestions for further reading and a self-assessment section. Key concepts/issues include: 1. Imperialism, Colonialism, Neo-Colonialism, Re-Colonisation 2. Struggles of the working class people 3. The politics of constitutional decolonisation and the Westminster model 4. Party systems and electoral politic 5. Trade Unionism 6. The Politics of change: alternative development strategies 7. Regional integration.

Presidents and Democracy in Latin America

Author: Manuel Alcántara,Jean Blondel,Jean-Louis Thiébault

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351622706

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 7371

This new textbook provides students with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the presidents and presidential leadership in Latin America. Unlike other texts, Presidents and Democracy in Latin America integrates both political analysis and major theoretical perspectives with extensive country-specific material. Part One examines the developments in recent years in Latin American presidentialism and identifies different characteristics of society and politics which have influenced Latin American governments. The personalization of political life and of presidential government help to illustrate the character of Latin American politics, specifically on the type of political career of those who occupied the presidential office, the leadership style of these presidents and the type of government which they led. Part Two studies two presidents in each of six countries in the region which reflect the broad trends in the political and electoral life: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. Each case study first provides the biographical background of the president; it outlines the political career of the president both inside and outside of a party, including at the local level; the popularity of the president at the time of the presidential election is given, as well as the mode of selection of the candidates (selection by party leaders only, by party members or by a primary). The relation of the president with the government or ministers, especially if there is a coalition government, is detailed. This textbook will be essential reading for all students of Latin American Politics and is highly recommended for those studying executive politics, political leadership, and the state of democratic governance in Latin America.

Politics

An Introduction to Modern Democratic Government

Author: Munroe Eagles,Larry Johnston

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1551118580

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 2702

"Extremely thorough and well-researched. The inclusion of a discussion of political science and of political philosophy is welcome, as it helps ground the discussion of modern institutions and processes in the history of political thought." - Robert Kelly, University of the Pacific

Patterns of Democracy

Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries

Author: Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300172028

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6868

In this updated and expanded edition of his classic text, Arend Lijphart offers a broader and deeper analysis of worldwide democratic institutions than ever before. Examining thirty-six democracies during the period from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important—and unexpected—conclusions about what type of democracy works best. Praise for the previous edition: "Magnificent. . . . The best-researched book on democracy in the world today."—Malcolm Mackerras, American Review of Politics "I can't think of another scholar as well qualified as Lijphart to write a book of this kind. He has an amazing grasp of the relevant literature, and he's compiled an unmatched collection of data."—Robert A. Dahl, Yale University "This sound comparative research . . . will continue to be a standard in graduate and undergraduate courses in comparative politics."—Choice

Politics And Society In Ukraine

Author: Paul D'anieri

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429977794

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6003

With NATO expanding into central Europe, Ukraine has become a pivotal state for the future of European stability, yet it is a country about which little is known in the west. Politics and Society in Ukraine fills that gap, providing the first comprehensive and detailed study of the contemporary Ukrainian political system. Beginning with a discussion of the legacy of the Soviet Union, the authors illuminate Ukraines regional and ethnic tensions, governmental system, efforts at reform, and foreign policy. They consider all of those issues from a comparative perspective that readers unfamiliar with Ukraine will find illuminating. The authors are three of the leading authorities on Ukrainian politics, and each has extensive experience in the country. This book provides much-needed analysis of a crucial country. }With the expansion of NATO, Ukraine is frequently described as the linchpin of security in Central Europe. And after Russia, it is the largest and most important of the post-Soviet states. Yet it is a country about which most westerners know very little, subsumed as it was for decades beneath the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. Ukrainian Politics and Society is the first comprehensive study of politics in post-Soviet Ukraine, and is therefore vital reading for anyone concerned with European security, or with politics in the former Soviet Union.The authors extensive experience in Ukraine allows them to explain the paradoxes of Ukrainian politics that have led to so many false predictions concerning the future of the Ukrainian state. Their examination of nationality politics shows why ethnic and regional differences have tended to recede rather than to spin out of control, as they have elsewhere in the region. At the same time, these differences hamstring the countrys political system, and the authors show how difficult a task it is for democratic institutions to provide effective government in a country with little consensus. By viewing economic reform in its profoundly political context, the authors expose the chasm between the theory and practice of economic reform. Understanding of how to make profits has not been lacking, but government regulation to ensure that profit-seeking behavior leads to functioning markets has been conspicuously absent.By examining in detail how Ukrainian politics has followed theoretical expectations and where it has contradicted them, the authors arrive at conclusions with implications well beyond Ukraine. Ukraine must first build a state and a nation before it can successfully reform its economy or build a genuine democracy. For Ukraine and its people, the task is daunting. For the west, whose security increasingly relies on stability in Ukraine, this book provides the knowledge necessary to approach the problem, as well as good reason not to ignore it. }

Presidents with Prime Ministers

Do Direct Elections Matter?

Author: Margit Tavits

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199553327

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 8618

This book is about presidents in parliamentary systems. One commonly recurring political debate within parliamentary systems is over whether or not the public should directly elect the head of state. Despite the importance of this topic in practical politics, political scientists have offered little empirical evidence, yet made bold assumptions about the consequences of popular elections for heads of state. A common argument is that direct elections enhance presidents' legitimacythereby increasing their activism and encouraging authoritarian tendencies. Another popular assumption is that direct presidential elections are more heavily contested and partisan, polarizing and dividing political elites and the electorate. Proponents of direct elections argue that such electionswill help decrease voter alienation and apathy. This book challenges the conventional wisdom. Using both quantitative and qualitative empirical evidence from democratic systems across the world, this book demonstrates that compared to indirect selection methods, direct elections do not yield more active and contentious presidents, do not polarize political elites or society, and do not remedy political apathy. Rather, presidential activism in both "semi-presidential" and "pure parliamentary"systems is shaped by political opportunity framework - the institutional strength and partisan composition of both parliament and government. Further, because holding the presidency provides parties with an electoral asset, direct and indirect presidential elections can be equally contentious andpolarizing. Last, but not least, rather than decreasing apathy, direct election is associated with increased voter fatigue and decreased turnout in parliamentary elections by about seven percentage points.

Britain Votes 2017

Author: Jonathan Tonge,Cristina Leston-Bandeira,Stuart Wilks-Heeg

Publisher: Hansard Society Series in Poli

ISBN: 9780198820307

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 3509

Britain Votes 2017 offers a comprehensive analysis of one of the most extraordinary elections ever, with an outcome few predicted. It contains dedicated chapters on the results; the fortunes of each the major parties; the campaign and outcomes in each country of the UK; the Brexit context; campaign finance; party campaigning and digital strategies; engagement, disengagement and populism; women voters; young voters; the roles of the media; and much more. The latest in a distinguished series of election volumes produced by the Hansard Society and Oxford University Press, Britain Votes 2017 features the work of a range of top academics, including Tim Bale and Paul Webb on the Conservatives, John Curtice analysing the outcome, Eunice Goes on Labour, Matthew Flinders on engagement, disengagement and populism, Emily Harmer and Rosalynd Southern on women voters, James Dennison on UKIP, Sarah Harrison on young voters, and Sara Hagemann on the Brexit context. Britain Votes 2017 is essential reading for anyone interested in the campaign, outcome and consequences of the 2017 General Election.

The Canadian Regime

An Introduction to Parliamentary Government in Canada, Sixth Edition

Author: Patrick Malcolmson,Richard Myers,Gerald Baier,Tom Bateman

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442635983

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 1268

Now in its sixth edition, The Canadian Regime continues to provide the most accessible introduction to the institutions, processes, and principles of the Canadian political system. The book's focus on the inner logic of parliamentary government explains the rationale for Canada's relatively complex political system, which the authors encourage readers to think of as an organic entity, where change in one area inevitably ripples through the rest of the system. The new edition includes the results of Canada’s 2015 federal election and looks ahead to consider changes resulting from the Liberal victory. It has been thoroughly updated and revised and introduces several new topics, such as the impact of the previous Conservative government on the conventions and practices of parliamentary government and the important influence of social media on politics. Two new co-authors, Gerald Baier and Thomas M.J. Bateman, join Patrick Malcolmson and Richard Myers to bring new expertise in the areas of federalism, judicial politics, Charter jurisprudence, political parties, and the ongoing health care debate.

Governing By Committee

Collegial Leadership in Advanced Societies

Author: Thomas A. Baylis

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780887069444

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 5145

Governing by Committee is the first book-length study to examine decision-making among political executives. It examines sixteen advanced Western and Communist states and shows that collegial and semi-collegial patterns are far more common than is generally assumed. Contrary to the assertions of Max Weber, Baylis contends that modern bureaucracy, with its growing role in policy-making and its intimate association with neocorporatist forms of interest group representation, offers a particularly congenial setting for collegial leadership. A timely study, Governing by Committee opens a new dimension in the comparative study of political executives. But it also complements and contributes to the existing literature on political leadership, decision-making, consociationalism, and neocorporatism. It belongs as well to the still relatively small number of works comparing the politics of advanced Western and Communist states.

Justice

Author: Alan Ryan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198780389

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 7595

This collection of essays by philosophers, political theorists, and social critics ranges over two millennia--from the ideas of Plato and Aristotle to those of contemporary thinkers such as John Rawls and Robert Nozick. It examines the nature of justice, its importance in human life, and its place among the other virtues. The scope of the collection gives a clear picture of the differences and continuities that have marked the debate: Plato's emphasis on the ideal of "sticking to one's task" contrasts with the modern emphasis on individual rights, while the account of justice as part of the law of nature offered by Aristotle and Cicero contrasts with Hume's analysis of justice as an artificial virtue. Alan Ryan's introductory essay emphasizes the stringency of justice--showing how its demands can conflict with considerations of the general welfare. The book concludes with a discussion of Marx's view that justice is perhaps merely a concession to a world of scarcity and selfishness created by capitalist necessities. An excellent guide to interpretations of one of the central values of political life and thought, this book will interest students and scholars of political theory and philosophy.

Political Order in Changing Societies

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116205

Category: Political Science

Page: 488

View: 7228

This now classic examination of the development of viable political institutions in emerging nations is an enduring contribution to modern political analysis. The foreword by Fukuyama assesses Huntingdon's achievement.

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