Search Results: perception

Sensation and Perception

Author: Mike May

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438119615

Category: Medical

Page: 120

View: 1097

Everything that we experience depends on sensing and perceiving. Specialized receptors for the five senses - hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, and touching - capture information from chemical compounds, compressed air, electromagnetic waves, mechanical sensations, and more. From that information, our brain creates an impression of the world around us. Sensation and Perception focuses on how these systems work, from the mechanics of individual cells to the interactions of thousands of cells in the brain. This book also delves into how our sensory capabilities change with age or damage. Readers of this new title from the acclaimed Gray Matter series will learn to understand how sensation and perception prove crucial to interpreting our surroundings, enjoying them, and even surviving in them.

Idee und perception

Eine erkenntnis-theoretische untersuchung aus Descartes

Author: Kazimierz Twardowski

Publisher: N.A


Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 46

View: 5233

Sensation and Perception

Author: E. Bruce Goldstein

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 128567779X

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 5015

Seeing and reading this sentence may seem like a no brainer--but your perception is just a tiny part of what is happening in your brain and body right now (both are much busier than you might think). SENSATION AND PERCEPTION has helped many readers understand the ties between how we sense the world and how the body interprets these senses. A key strength of this book has always been the ability to illustrate concepts through examples and visuals. Dr. Goldstein walks you through an intriguing journey of the senses, combining clear writing, his extensive classroom experience, and innovative research to create a visual, colorful book. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.


A Representative Theory

Author: Frank Jackson

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521215503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 8636

What is the nature of, and what is the relationship between, external objects and our visual perceptual experience of them? In this book, Frank Jackson defends the answers provided by the traditional Representative theory of perception. He argues, among other things that we are never immediately aware of external objects, that they are the causes of our perceptual experiences and that they have only the primary qualities. In the course of the argument, sense data and the distinction between mediate and immediate perception receive detailed defences and the author criticises attempts to reduce perceiving the believing and to show that the Representative theory makes the external world unknowable. Jackson recognises that his views are unfashionable but argues in detail that they are to be preferred to their currently favoured competitors. It will become an obvious point of reference for all future work on the philosophy of perception.

Perception: a Very Short Introduction

Author: Brian J. Rogers,Brian Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198791003


Page: 184

View: 6030

Perception is one of the oldest and most deeply investigated topics in the field of psychology, and it also raises some profound philosophical questions. It is concerned with how we use the information reaching our senses to guide and control our behavior as well as to create our particular, subjective experiences of the surrounding world. In this Very Short Introduction, Brian J. Rogers discusses the philosophical question of what it means to perceive, as well as describing how we are able to perceive the particular characteristics of objects and scenes such as their lightness, color, form, depth, and motion. What we perceive, however, does not always correspond to what exists in the world and, as Rogers shows, the study of illusions can be useful in telling us something about the nature and limitations of our perceptual processes. Rogers also explores perception from an evolutionary perspective, explaining how evolutionary pressures have shaped the perceptual systems of humans and other animals. He shows that perception is not necessarily a separate and independent process but rather part of a "perceptual system," involving both the extraction of perceptual information and the control of action. Rogers goes on to cover the significant progress made recently in the understanding of perception through the use of precise and controlled psychophysical methods, single cell recordings, and imaging techniques. There have also been many insights from attempts to model perceptual processes in artificial systems. As Rogers shows, these attempts have revealed how difficult it is to program machines to perform even the most simple of perceptual tasks that we take for granted. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Perception Gaps between Headquarters and Subsidiary Managers

Differing Perspectives on Subsidiary Roles and their Implications

Author: Andrea Daniel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531920030

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 4913

Andrea Daniel not only compares headquarters and subsidiary managers’ perceptions of a subsidiary’s role, but she analyzes the implications of perception gaps for the headquarters-subsidiary relationship.


Theory, Development and Organisation

Author: Paul Rookes,Jane Willson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415190930

Category: Medical

Page: 141

View: 2936

Paul Rookes and Jane Willson explain perception and perceptual processes in a way that almost anyone can understand. The study of perception, or how the brain processes information from the senses , has fascinated psychologists and philosophers for a long time. Perception takes the key research areas and presents the arguments and findings in a clear, concise form, enabling the reader to have a quick working knowledge of the area. This clear and informative text discusses sensation and perception then looks at theories and explanations of perception. The way visual perception is structured is examined, followed by an analysis of the development of perceptual processes. The authors then consider individual social and cultural variations in perceptual organisation. Perception will be particularly useful to students new to higher-level study. With its helpful textbook features to assist in examination and learning techniques, it should interest all introductory psychology students.


Author: Barry Maund

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317489535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 5053

The philosophical issues raised by perception make it one of the central topics in the philosophical tradition. Debate about the nature of perceptual knowledge and the objects of perception comprises a thread that runs through the history of philosophy. In some historical periods the major issues have been predominantly epistemological and related to scepticism, but an adequate understanding of perception is important more widely, especially for metaphysics and the philosophy of mind. For this reason Barry Maund provides an account of the major issues in the philosophy of perception that highlights the importance of a good theory of perception in a range of philosophical fields, while also seeking to be sensitive to the historical dimension of the subject. The work presents chapters on forms of natural realism; theories of perceptual experience; representationalism; the argument from illusion; phenomenological senses; types of perceptual content; the representationalist/intentionalist thesis; and adverbialist accounts of perceptual experience. The ideas of, among others, Austin, Dretske, Heidegger, Millikan, Putnam and Robinson are considered and the reader is given a philosophical framework within which to consider the issues.


Neural and Mental Representations

Author: Amit Atad

Publisher: Aa Pub

ISBN: 9789659043125

Category: Psychology

Page: 122

View: 4223

The answer to why, in spite of all the effort, knowledge, and technological means, the human mind has not been explained is provided in this look at the brain-mind connection. This analysis argues that the transformation from physical processes in the brain to mental representations and conscious perception can be explained by accepted, easy-to-understand scientific data. Various mental phenomena are examined, including choice capabilities, time perception, sleep, and dreams.


Author: Kathleen Akins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195359169

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 9425

Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science is an interdisciplinary series bringing together topics of interest to psychologists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and linguists. Each volume is based on conferences organized at Simon Fraser University, with chapters added from nonparticipants to ensure balanced and adequate coverage from the topic under study. The fifth volume examines the role of perception in cognitive psychology in light of recent events. Despite the wide scope of the intended topic, however, papers presented at the conference and solicited for this text all focus on fundamental questions about the nature of visual perception, specifically concerning the form and content of visual representations.

Handbook of Perception and Action


Author: Wolfgang Prinz,Bruce Bridgeman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080533663

Category: Medical

Page: 456

View: 6348

This volume combines the classical fields of perception research with the major theoretical attitudes of today's research, distinguishing between experience- versus performance-related approaches, transformational versus interactional approaches, and approaches that rely on the processing versus discovery of information. Perception is separated into two parts. The first part deals with basic processes and mechanisms, and discusses early vision and later, yet still basic, vision. The second covers complex achievements with accounts of perceptual constancies and the perception of patterns, objects, events, and actions. Gives an overview of the current status of research in classical areas and of current approaches to perception Covers research areas and theoretical approaches Combines American and European research Emphasizes complex achievements of perception: auditory patterns, object identification, event perception, and perception of action


And Our Knowledge of the External World

Author: Don Locke

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415295628

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 6743

This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.

Action in Perception

Author: Alva Noë

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262140881

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 9852

An argument that perception is something we do, not something that happens to us: not a process in the brain, but a skillful bodily activity.

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Author: Robert Jervis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885116

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 4611

With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.


a cognitive-stage approach

Author: Ronald H. Forgus,Lawrence E. Melamed

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies


Category: Psychology

Page: 413

View: 7795

Perception and the Representative Design of Psychological Experiments

Author: Egon Brunswik

Publisher: Univ of California Press


Category: Perception

Page: 154

View: 692


Author: Howard Robinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134533020

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8765

Questions about perception remain some of the most difficult and insoluble in both epistemology and in the philosophy of mind. This controversial but highly accessible introduction to the area explores the philosophical importance of those questions by re-examining what had until recent times been the most popular theory of perception - the sense-datum theory. Howard Robinson surveys the history of the arguments for and against the theory from Descartes to Husserl. He then shows that the objections to the theory, particularly Wittgenstein's attack on privacy and those of the physicalists, have been unsuccessful. He argues that we should return to the theory sense-data in order to understand perception. In doing so he seeks to overturn a consensus that has dominated the philosophy of perception for nearly half a century.


Author: Rao

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125006404


Page: 107

View: 2415

This Anthology Features A Selection Of Modern Prose Drawn Mainly From Books And Serious Journalistic Writings. The Underlying Theme Is People Men, Women, Children In A Variety Of Encounters With The World Around Them. Exercises Provided, Following Each Piece Of Text, Are Intended To Help The Student Gain Global Comprehension Of The Material As Well As An Understanding Of Specific Aspects Of It. The Vocabulary Exercises Involving Matching, Transformation And Extension Aim To Build On The Student S Word-Store.

Foundations of Perception

Author: George Mather

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863778346

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 4095

Foundations of Perception provides a comprehensive general introduction to perception. All the major and minor senses are covered, not only examining them from a perceptual perspective but also taking into account their biological and physical context. In addition to covering all material essential to understanding the functioning of the senses, each chapter also includes a 'Tutorials' section. This provides an opportunity for more advanced students to explore supplementary information on recent or controversial developments in subjects such as: The physics and biology of audition ; Shape and object perception ; Individual differences in perception.

The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception

Author: Mohan Matthen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199600473

Category: Perception (Philosophy)

Page: 924

View: 8068

Perception has been for philosophers in the last few decades an area of compelling interest and intense investigation. Developments in contemporary cognitive science and neuroscience has thrown up new information about the brain and new conceptions of how sensory information is processed and used. These new conceptions offer philosophers opportunities for reconceptualising the senses--what they tell us, how we use them, and the nature of the knowledge they giveus. Today, the philosophy of perception resonates with ideas that had not even been articulated in the 1970s and 1980s. This Handbook is a survey by leading philosophical thinkers of contemporary issuesand new thinking in philosophy of perception. It includes sections on the history of the subject, introductions to contemporary issues in the epistemology, ontology and aesthetics of perception, treatments of the individual sense modalities and of the things we perceive by means of them, and a consideration of how perceptual information is integrated and consolidated. New analytic tools and applications to other areas of philosophy are discussed in depth. Each of the entries is written by aleading expert, some collaborating with younger figures; each seeks to introduce the reader to a broad range of issues. All contain new ideas on the topics covered; together they demonstrate the vigourand innovative zeal of a young field.

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