Search Results: perception

Idee und perception

Eine erkenntnis-theoretische untersuchung aus Descartes

Author: Kazimierz Twardowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 46

View: 4968

Perception

A Representative Theory

Author: Frank Jackson

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521215503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 488

What is the nature of, and what is the relationship between, external objects and our visual perceptual experience of them? In this book, Frank Jackson defends the answers provided by the traditional Representative theory of perception. He argues, among other things that we are never immediately aware of external objects, that they are the causes of our perceptual experiences and that they have only the primary qualities. In the course of the argument, sense data and the distinction between mediate and immediate perception receive detailed defences and the author criticises attempts to reduce perceiving the believing and to show that the Representative theory makes the external world unknowable. Jackson recognises that his views are unfashionable but argues in detail that they are to be preferred to their currently favoured competitors. It will become an obvious point of reference for all future work on the philosophy of perception.

Perception: a Very Short Introduction

Author: Brian J. Rogers,Brian Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198791003

Category:

Page: 184

View: 9019

Perception is one of the oldest and most deeply investigated topics in the field of psychology, and it also raises some profound philosophical questions. It is concerned with how we use the information reaching our senses to guide and control our behavior as well as to create our particular, subjective experiences of the surrounding world. In this Very Short Introduction, Brian J. Rogers discusses the philosophical question of what it means to perceive, as well as describing how we are able to perceive the particular characteristics of objects and scenes such as their lightness, color, form, depth, and motion. What we perceive, however, does not always correspond to what exists in the world and, as Rogers shows, the study of illusions can be useful in telling us something about the nature and limitations of our perceptual processes. Rogers also explores perception from an evolutionary perspective, explaining how evolutionary pressures have shaped the perceptual systems of humans and other animals. He shows that perception is not necessarily a separate and independent process but rather part of a "perceptual system," involving both the extraction of perceptual information and the control of action. Rogers goes on to cover the significant progress made recently in the understanding of perception through the use of precise and controlled psychophysical methods, single cell recordings, and imaging techniques. There have also been many insights from attempts to model perceptual processes in artificial systems. As Rogers shows, these attempts have revealed how difficult it is to program machines to perform even the most simple of perceptual tasks that we take for granted. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Perception Gaps between Headquarters and Subsidiary Managers

Differing Perspectives on Subsidiary Roles and their Implications

Author: Andrea Daniel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531920030

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 5209

Andrea Daniel not only compares headquarters and subsidiary managers’ perceptions of a subsidiary’s role, but she analyzes the implications of perception gaps for the headquarters-subsidiary relationship.

Perception

Author: Kathleen Akins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195359169

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4145

Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science is an interdisciplinary series bringing together topics of interest to psychologists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and linguists. Each volume is based on conferences organized at Simon Fraser University, with chapters added from nonparticipants to ensure balanced and adequate coverage from the topic under study. The fifth volume examines the role of perception in cognitive psychology in light of recent events. Despite the wide scope of the intended topic, however, papers presented at the conference and solicited for this text all focus on fundamental questions about the nature of visual perception, specifically concerning the form and content of visual representations.

Phenomenology of Perception

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135718601

Category: Philosophy

Page: 696

View: 8668

First published in 1945, Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s monumental Phénoménologie de la perception signalled the arrival of a major new philosophical and intellectual voice in post-war Europe. Breaking with the prevailing picture of existentialism and phenomenology at the time, it has become one of the landmark works of twentieth-century thought. This new translation, the first for over fifty years, makes this classic work of philosophy available to a new generation of readers. Phenomenology of Perception stands in the great phenomenological tradition of Husserl, Heidegger, and Sartre. Yet Merleau-Ponty’s contribution is decisive, as he brings this tradition and other philosophical predecessors, particularly Descartes and Kant, to confront a neglected dimension of our experience: the lived body and the phenomenal world. Charting a bold course between the reductionism of science on the one hand and "intellectualism" on the other, Merleau-Ponty argues that we should regard the body not as a mere biological or physical unit, but as the body which structures one’s situation and experience within the world. Merleau-Ponty enriches his classic work with engaging studies of famous cases in the history of psychology and neurology as well as phenomena that continue to draw our attention, such as phantom limb syndrome, synaesthesia, and hallucination. This new translation includes many helpful features such as the reintroduction of Merleau-Ponty’s discursive Table of Contents as subtitles into the body of the text, a comprehensive Translator’s Introduction to its main themes, essential notes explaining key terms of translation, an extensive Index, and an important updating of Merleau-Ponty’s references to now available English translations. Also included is a new foreword by Taylor Carman and an introduction to Merleau-Ponty by Claude Lefort. Translated by Donald A. Landes.

Perception

And Our Knowledge of the External World

Author: Don Locke

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415295628

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 5404

This volume is a comprehensive collection of critical essays on The Taming of the Shrew, and includes extensive discussions of the play's various printed versions and its theatrical productions. Aspinall has included only those essays that offer the most influential and controversial arguments surrounding the play. The issues discussed include gender, authority, female autonomy and unruliness, courtship and marriage, language and speech, and performance and theatricality.

Über die Bedeutung der Theorie der "social perception" für die Aussagetüchtigkeit

eine Untersuchung über die Zuverlässigkeit der Beobachtung und Beurteilung von Wahrnehmungssituationen

Author: Iwer Diedrichsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication

Page: 117

View: 2924

Action in Perception

Author: Alva Noë

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262140881

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 4132

An argument that perception is something we do, not something that happens to us: not a process in the brain, but a skillful bodily activity.

Perception, Causation, and Objectivity

Author: Johannes Roessler,Hemdat Lerman,Naomi Eilan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019969205X

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 372

View: 1042

To be a 'commonsense realist' is to hold that perceptual experience is (in general) an immediate awareness of mind-independent objects, and a source of direct knowledge of what such objects are like. Over the past few centuries this view has faced formidable challenges from epistemology, metaphysics, and, more recently, cognitive science. However, in recent years there has been renewed interest in it, due to new work on perceptual consciousness, objectivity, and causal understanding. This volume collects nineteen original essays by leading philosophers and psychologists on these topics. Questions addressed include: What are the commitments of commonsense realism? Does it entail any particular view of the nature of perceptual experience, or any particular view of the epistemology of perceptual knowledge? Should we think of commonsense realism as a view held by some philosophers, or is there a sense in which we are pre-theoretically committed to commonsense realism in virtue of the experience we enjoy or the concepts we use or the explanations we give? Is commonsense realism defensible, and if so how, in the face of the formidable criticism it faces? Specific issues addressed in the philosophical essays include the status of causal requirements on perception, the causal role of perceptual experience, and the relation between objective perception and causal thinking. The scientific essays present a range of perspectives on the development, phylogenetic and ontogenetic, of the human adult conception of perception.

Perception and the Representative Design of Psychological Experiments

Author: Egon Brunswik

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Perception

Page: 154

View: 5268

Perception

Author: R. Held,H.W. Leibowitz,H.L. Teubner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642463541

Category: Psychology

Page: 994

View: 6368

This volume was designed to focus on the problems of perception and originally was to have been solely edited by Professor Hans-Lukas Teuber who was a member of the editorial board which initiated production of the Handbook. Accordingly, he issued invitations to a number of researchers III perception asking them to contribute chapters written in a style described III his words: " . . . Ire hope that no author lI'ill feel COl/strained to undertake a major search of the literature: he could In'ite, instead. on an area in which he has been quite actire himse?t~ and II'here most of the issues are immediately obt"ious to him. In this Iray, the IITiting of the chapter should be cnjoyable rather than a chore . . it should result in a personal account of the state of a given area rather than in an encyclopedic treatise . . . the field deserves this sort of summary ret'iell", particularly (f it is pointed toward the future and speeds the convergence of det'elopments in sensory physiology and psychological studies of perception, " With the growing burden of national and international commitments includ ing departmental headship, Professor Teuber felt that it would be wise to share the editorial responsibilities for this volume and accordingly, asked Professors Richard Held and Herschel Leibowitz to co-edit the volume with him in the same spirit as outlined in his invitation to authors. They agreed to help in this task.

Perception

Author: Barry Maund

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317489535

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 9605

The philosophical issues raised by perception make it one of the central topics in the philosophical tradition. Debate about the nature of perceptual knowledge and the objects of perception comprises a thread that runs through the history of philosophy. In some historical periods the major issues have been predominantly epistemological and related to scepticism, but an adequate understanding of perception is important more widely, especially for metaphysics and the philosophy of mind. For this reason Barry Maund provides an account of the major issues in the philosophy of perception that highlights the importance of a good theory of perception in a range of philosophical fields, while also seeking to be sensitive to the historical dimension of the subject. The work presents chapters on forms of natural realism; theories of perceptual experience; representationalism; the argument from illusion; phenomenological senses; types of perceptual content; the representationalist/intentionalist thesis; and adverbialist accounts of perceptual experience. The ideas of, among others, Austin, Dretske, Heidegger, Millikan, Putnam and Robinson are considered and the reader is given a philosophical framework within which to consider the issues.

Sensation and Perception

Author: E. Goldstein

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495601497

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 2203

E. Bruce Goldstein’s SENSATION AND PERCEPTION has helped a myriad of students understand the ties between how we sense the world and how the body interprets these senses. A key strength of this text has always been the ability to illustrate concepts through examples and visuals. Dr. Goldstein walks students through an intriguing journey of the senses with both clarity and thoroughness, combining his extensive classroom experience and the most innovative research to create a visual, colorful text unparalleled in the field. Complemented by nearly 500 illustrations and photographs, the Eighth Edition has been updated throughout to reflect the latest research, and sharpened to enhance readability based in part on feedback from 2,000 student users. The accompanying VIRTUAL LAB media exercises (available on CD-ROM or online) offer a wide array of animations and examples designed to stimulate understanding of difficult concepts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

The Primacy of Perception

And Other Essays on Phenomenological Psychology, the Philosophy of Art, History, and Politics

Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty,Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.)

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 9780810101647

Category: Philosophy

Page: 228

View: 1930

Selected essays of Maurice Merleau-Ponty published from 1947 to 1961.

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Author: Robert Jervis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885116

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 2181

With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.

Sensation and Perception

Author: Mike May

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438119615

Category: Medical

Page: 120

View: 3513

Everything that we experience depends on sensing and perceiving. Specialized receptors for the five senses - hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting, and touching - capture information from chemical compounds, compressed air, electromagnetic waves, mechanical sensations, and more. From that information, our brain creates an impression of the world around us. Sensation and Perception focuses on how these systems work, from the mechanics of individual cells to the interactions of thousands of cells in the brain. This book also delves into how our sensory capabilities change with age or damage. Readers of this new title from the acclaimed Gray Matter series will learn to understand how sensation and perception prove crucial to interpreting our surroundings, enjoying them, and even surviving in them.

Foundations of Perception

Author: George Mather

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780863778346

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 7177

Foundations of Perception provides a comprehensive general introduction to perception. All the major and minor senses are covered, not only examining them from a perceptual perspective but also taking into account their biological and physical context. In addition to covering all material essential to understanding the functioning of the senses, each chapter also includes a 'Tutorials' section. This provides an opportunity for more advanced students to explore supplementary information on recent or controversial developments in subjects such as: The physics and biology of audition ; Shape and object perception ; Individual differences in perception.

Dialogues on Perception

Author: Bela Julesz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262100526

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 9151

These conversations between two linguistic scholars who were also husband and wife cover such topics as the characterization of the phoneme, symbolist poetry, the genetic basis of language, linguistic universals, semiotic systems, and aphasia and the process of language acquisition by children. In an afterword Pomorska describes Jakobson's acquaintances, friendships, and collaborations with international poets and artists.

The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Perception

Author: Mohan Matthen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199600473

Category: Perception (Philosophy)

Page: 924

View: 4179

Perception has been for philosophers in the last few decades an area of compelling interest and intense investigation. Developments in contemporary cognitive science and neuroscience has thrown up new information about the brain and new conceptions of how sensory information is processed and used. These new conceptions offer philosophers opportunities for reconceptualising the senses--what they tell us, how we use them, and the nature of the knowledge they giveus. Today, the philosophy of perception resonates with ideas that had not even been articulated in the 1970s and 1980s. This Handbook is a survey by leading philosophical thinkers of contemporary issuesand new thinking in philosophy of perception. It includes sections on the history of the subject, introductions to contemporary issues in the epistemology, ontology and aesthetics of perception, treatments of the individual sense modalities and of the things we perceive by means of them, and a consideration of how perceptual information is integrated and consolidated. New analytic tools and applications to other areas of philosophy are discussed in depth. Each of the entries is written by aleading expert, some collaborating with younger figures; each seeks to introduce the reader to a broad range of issues. All contain new ideas on the topics covered; together they demonstrate the vigourand innovative zeal of a young field.

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