Physics Now! is one of three Pupil's Books that cover the requirements of the National Curriculum for Science at Key Stage 3, the Common Entrance Examination at 13+ syllabus and equivalent junior science courses. Each Pupil's Book is supported by a Teacher's Resource Book that contains: the answers to the questions in the Pupil's Book, practical activities and investigations with notes for the teachers and technicians, photocopiable worksheets to support some activities, end of chapter tests with answers, two tests to be used as preparation for the end of course examinations.
This book aims to familiarize the reader with the essential properties of the chaotic dynamics of Hamiltonian systems by avoiding specialized mathematical tools, thus making it easily accessible to a broader audience of researchers and students. Unique material on the most intriguing and fascinating topics of unsolved and current problems in contemporary chaos theory is presented. The coverage includes: separatrix chaos; properties and a description of systems with non-ergodic dynamics; the distribution of Poincaré recurrences and their role in transport theory; dynamical models of the Maxwell's Demon, the occurrence of persistent fluctuations, and a detailed discussion of their role in the problem underlying the foundation of statistical physics; the emergence of stochastic webs in phase space and their link to space tiling with periodic (crystal type) and aperiodic (quasi-crystal type) symmetries. This second edition expands on pseudochaotic dynamics with weak mixing and the new phenomenon of fractional kinetics, which is crucial to the transport properties of chaotic motion. The book is ideally suited to all those who are actively working on the problems of dynamical chaos as well as to those looking for new inspiration in this area. It introduces the physicist to the world of Hamiltonian chaos and the mathematician to actual physical problems.The material can also be used by graduate students. Contents:Discrete and Continuous ModelsSeparatrix ChaosThe Phase Space of ChaosNonlinearity Versus PerturbationFractals and ChaosPoincaré Recurrences and Fractal TimeChaos and Foundation of Statistical PhysicsChaos and SymmetryMore Degrees of FreedomNormal and Anomalous KineticsFractional KineticsWeak Chaos and Pseudochaos Readership: Graduate students and researchers in physics, mathematics, engineering, chemistry and biophysics. Keywords:Billiards;Separatrix Chaos;Fractal Properties;Stochastic Webs;Kinetics;Chaotic DynamicsKey Features:New sections on the islands in stochastic sea, billiards, persistent fluctuations, and log-periodicityIncludes a new chapter on weak chaos and pseudochaosUseful for graduate and undergraduate courses on the theory of chaosReviews:Reviews of the First Edition:“George Zaslavsky develops ‘fractional kinetics’ in an attempt to give a smoothed, but nondiffusive, description. This phenomenological description captures some aspects of the stickiness of islands, but I believe its mathematical justification remains elusive. Perhaps that is an excellent reason to read this book.”Nature “The book is useful for scientists who are actively working on the problems of dynamical chaos … The material can also be used as a textbook for a graduate course on new and emerging directions in Hamiltonian chaos theory.”Zentralblatt MATH
This unique volume presents the scientific achievements of Nobel laureate Philip Anderson, spanning the many years of his career. In this new edition, the author has omitted some review papers as well as added over 15 of his research papers. As in the first edition, he provides an introduction to each paper by explaining the genesis of the papers or adding some personal history. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the author's work which include significant discoveries and pioneering contributions, such as his work on the Anderson model of magnetic impurities and the concept of localization; the study of spin glasses, the fluctuating valence problem and superexchange; his prediction of the existence of superfluidity in He3; his involvement in the discovery of the Josephson effect; his discovery of the “Higgs” mechanism in elementary particle physics; and so on. The new papers added to this edition include ”Pressure Broadening in the Microwave and Infrared Regions” — a condensation of most of the author's thesis; ”Ordering and Antiferromagnetism in Ferrites” — the best-known of the papers written by the author involving what are known as “frustrated” lattices; and ”Localized Magnetic States in Metals” — a paper mentioned in his Nobel Prize citation along with localization and superexchange; to name a few. A Career in Theoretical Physics is an essential source of reference for physicists, chemists, materials scientists and historians of science. It is also suitable reading for graduate students. Contents:Pressure Broadening in the Microwave and Infrared RegionsAbsence of Diffusion in Certain Random LatticesTheory of Dirty SuperconductorsLocalized Magnetic States in MetalsInfrared Catastrophe in Fermi Gases with Local Scattering PotentialsThe Fermi Glass: Theory and ExperimentPossible Consequences of Negative U Centers in Amorphous MaterialsLocalization ReduxSuggested Model for Prebiotic Evolution: The Use of ChaosPhysics: The Opening to Complexityand other papers Readership: Physicists, chemists and materials scientists. Keywords:Theoretical Physics;Spin Glasses;Localization;High Tc Superconductivity MagnetismKey Features:Comprehensive collection of many significant topics Philip Anderson has worked onSome of the papers included are now hard to find elsewhere, and each has been embellished with commentary on how they came to be writtenAnderson has also provided an interesting introduction setting out his philosophy of what is important in scienceFully updated to include significant new papers (around 120 more pages)
Instructor Solutions Manual to accompany UNIVERSITY PHYSICS, Second Edition Table of Contents PART 1 MECHANICS OF POINT PARTICLES 1 Overview 1 2 Motion in a Straight Line 45 3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions 108 4 Force 163 5 Kinetic Energy, Work, and Power 223 6 Potential Energy and Energy Conservation 255 7 Momentum and Collisions 308 PART 2 EXTENDED OBJECTS, MATTER, AND CIRCULAR MOTION 8 Systems of Particles and Extended Objects 380 9 Circular Motion 430 10 Rotation 474 11 Static Equilibrium 521 12 Gravitation 574 13 Solids and Fluids 628 PART 3 OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES 14 Oscillations 673 15 Waves 713 16 Sound 747 PART 4 THERMAL PHYSICS 17 Temperature 783 18 Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics 806 19 Ideal Gases 835 20 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 870 PART 5 ELECTRICITY 21 Electrostatics 898 22 Electric Fields and Gauss’s Law 934 23 Electric Potential 973 24 Capacitors 1007 25 Current and Resistance 1046 26 Direct Current Circuits 1075 PART 6 MAGNETISM 27 Magnetism 1113 28 Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges 1141 29 Electromagnetic Induction 1171 30 Alternating Current Circuits 1197 31 Electromagnetic Waves 1224 PART 7 OPTICS 32 Geometric Optics 1248 33 Lenses and Optical Instruments 1270 34 Wave Optics 1304 PART 8 RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM PHYSICS 35 Relativity 1324 36 Quantum Physics 1354 37 Quantum Mechanics 1382 38 Atomic Physics 1419 39 Elementary Particle Physics 1444 40 Nuclear Physics 1464
This completely revised second edition of our hugely popular book invites the reader to explore ten of the most important areas of modern physics: Symmetry, Lasers, Superconductivity, Bose–Einstein Condensation, Nanoscience, Quantum Computation, Chaos and Fractals, Stellar Evolution, Particles, and Cosmology. The new edition adds three new chapters in about a third of the book, covering the latest, hottest topics in contemporary physics: Bose–Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get There: Bose Statistics: Counting of the Indistinguishables; Bose–Einstein Condensation (BEC): The Over-Population Crisis; Cooling and Trapping of Atoms: Towards BEC; Doppler Limit and its Break Down; Trapping of Cold Atoms: Magnetic and Magneto-Optic Trap; Evaporative Cooling; BEC Finally: But How do We Know?; BEC: What Good is it? Exploring Nanostructures: Towards the Bottom; The Rise of Nanoscience; Confined Systems; Quantum Devices; The Genius of Carbon; Spintronics; Nanos at Large. Quantum Computation and Information: Classical Computer; Quantum Computer; Quantum Gates; Deutsch's Algorithm; Finding the Period of a Function; Shor's Factorization Algorithm; Grover's Search Algorithm; Hardware and Error Correction; Cryptography; Quantum Teleportation. The authors give a fascinating, up-to-date account of the exciting advances in these fast-moving fields. Their emphasis is as much on describing natural phenomena as on attempting to explain them in terms of basic principles, replacing equations with physical insight. General readers and university undergraduates alike will find this unique book a useful guide to the worlds of modern physics, while the mature scientist will get an insightful survey of neighboring fields of research. For the teacher who takes a thematic approach to teaching physics, this book will be a complete source of current topics at the frontiers of research; and for the student, a valuable tool of study, made even more useful by numerous pertinent problems (with complete solutions) and references found at the end of each chapter. Contents:Symmetry of Nature and Nature of SymmetryLasers and PhysicsSuperconductivityBose-Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get ThereExploring NanostructuresQuantum Computation and InformationChaos: Chance Out of NecessityBright Stars and Black HolesElementary Particles and ForcesCosmology Readership: Students, researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, science writers and general readers. Keywords:Symmetry;Lasers;Superconductivity;Bose-Einstein Condensate;Chaos;Fractals;Nanostructures;Spintronics;Fullerenes;Quantum Computation;Quantum Information;Elementary Particles;Cosmology;White Dwarfs;Neutron Stars;Black HolesReviews:“I am quite impressed both with the choice of highly interesting topics and the pedagogical presentation. This book will provide those with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics, and an urge to learn more about Nature, with a precious source of information. I commend World Scientific for publishing this book. There is a need for this type of presentation, which lies in between non-technical, popular discussions and professional articles.”Professor Paul Hoyer University of Helsinki “This book invites readers to an up-to-date account of the ever changing world of modern physics from the smallest of elementary particles and strings to the vast of the whole cosmos. The authors have done an excellent job of explaining in simple language the physical principles and the complex phenomena. The book is a delightful reading to everyone who is interested in understanding the physical world around us. I especially enjoy the exposition of the fascinating subject of quantum computing.”Professor Tung-Mow Yan Cornell University “This is a very entertaining book — much like an extended banquet with a choice of intellectual delicacies. Not to be consumed in one sitting, but savored over many readings. The book addresses many of the most exciting topics of the day: quantum computation, Bose–Einstein condensation, cosmology, and nanotechnology. The presentation is engaging and smooth, and the book is very enlightening and informative.”Professor S “Sri” Sridhar Northeastern University “It is an impressive feat by the authors to cover such a wide panorama of physics from particles to cosmos and at a consistently high scientific level of information and explanation. This level is excellent and is at the frontier of current research … the great strength of this book, and the main reason why it is worth reading by anyone interested in modern science, lies in the text itself, which provides a fascinating and lively guide to the world of contemporary physics. And, as with any guide, this is truly an invitation to go beyond.”European Journal of Physics “This book is a must-read for those wanting to put their finger back on the pulse of physics research today … Ho-Kim, Kumar, and Lam successfully create a relaxed learning atmosphere, teach difficult topics, and generate reader excitement and interest in important research areas. Many guests will accept this invitation to contemporary physics.”The Industrial Physicist
Edited by internationally recognized authorities in the field, this expanded and updated new edition of the bestselling Handbook, containing more than 100 new articles, is aimed at the design and operation of modern particle accelerators. It is intended as a vade mecum for professional engineers and physicists engaged in these subjects. With a collection of more than 2000 equations, 300 illustrations and 500 graphs and tables, here one will find, in addition to the common formulae of previous compilations, hard-to-find, specialized formulae, recipes and material data pooled from the lifetime experience of many of the world's most able practitioners of the art and science of accelerators.The eight chapters include both theoretical and practical matters as well as an extensive glossary of accelerator types. Chapters on beam dynamics and electromagnetic and nuclear interactions deal with linear and nonlinear single particle and collective effects including spin motion, beam-environment, beam-beam, beam-electron, beam-ion and intrabeam interactions. The impedance concept and related calculations are dealt with at length as are the instabilities associated with the various interactions mentioned. A chapter on operational considerations includes discussions on the assessment and correction of orbit and optics errors, real-time feedbacks, generation of short photon pulses, bunch compression, tuning of normal and superconducting linacs, energy recovery linacs, free electron lasers, cooling, space-charge compensation, brightness of light sources, collider luminosity optimization and collision schemes. Chapters on mechanical and electrical considerations present material data and important aspects of component design including heat transfer and refrigeration. Hardware systems for particle sources, feedback systems, confinement and acceleration (both normal conducting and superconducting) receive detailed treatment in a subsystems chapter, beam measurement techniques and apparatus being treated therein as well. The closing chapter gives data and methods for radiation protection computations as well as much data on radiation damage to various materials and devices.A detailed name and subject index is provided together with reliable references to the literature where the most detailed information available on all subjects treated can be found.
Chemistry Now! is one of three Pupil's Books that cover the requirements of the National Curriculum for Science at Key Stage 3, the Common Entrance Examination at 13+ syllabus and equivalent junior science courses. Each Pupil's Book is supported by a Teacher's Resource Book that contains: the answers to the questions in the Pupil's Book, practical activities and investigations with notes for the teachers and technician,s photocopiable worksheets to support some activities, end of chapter tests with answers, two tests to be used as preparation for the end of course examinations.