Search Results: political-parties-and-democracy-5-volumes-political-parties-in-context

Political Parties and Democracy [5 volumes]

Author: Kay Lawson

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313083495

Category: Political Science

Page: 1412

View: 4464

Native scholars explore the relationship between political parties and democracy in regions around the world.

Democracy and the Organization of Political Parties

Author: Moisei Ostrogorski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351522930

Category: Political Science

Page: 350

View: 2510

Democracy and the Organization of Political Parties, originally published in 1902, represented the first serious attempt to analyze the consequences of democratic suffrage by a comparative analysis of political systems. As such, Ostrogorski's two-volume study of the party system in Britain and the United States exerted profound influence on the subsequent writings of Max Weber and Robert Michels. A descriptive analyst of the party system in these two countries, Ostrogorski developed concepts and methods that an-ticipated by nearly half a century those later used by American and British political scientists. The core of Ostrogorski's analysis is a detailed history of the rise of and changes within the party system in Britain and the United States, the first nations to introduce mass suffrage. While the emphasis of Democracy and the Organization of Political Parties is on the similar trends in the political parties of both countries, Ostrogorski also showed concern with the sources of differences between them. Seeking to explain these variations, he suggested a number of fundamental hypotheses about these two societies that con-tinue to be of relevance today. Lipset's substantial introduction places Os-trogorski's work within its historical context and assesses Ostrogorski's im-pact and influence on both his contemporaries and on later political scien-tists.

Political Parties and Democratic Linkage

How Parties Organize Democracy

Author: Russell J. Dalton,David M. Farrell,Ian McAllister

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199599351

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 741

Political Parties and Democratic Linkage examines how political parties ensure the functioning of the democratic process in contemporary societies. Based on unprecedented cross-national data, the authors find that the process of party government is still alive and well in most contemporary democracies.

Dynamics of the Party System

Alignment and Realignment of Political Parties in the United States

Author: James L. Sundquist

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815723189

Category: Political Science

Page: 466

View: 6705

Since the original edition of Dynamics of the Party System was published in 1973, American politics have continued on a tumultuous course. In the vacuum left by the decline of the Democratic and Republican parties, single-interest groups have risen and flourished. Protest movements on the left and the New Right at the opposite pole have challenged and divided the major parties, and the Reagan Revolution--in reversing a fifty-year trend toward governmental expansion--may turn out to have revolutionized the party system too. In this edition, as in the first, current political trends and events are placed in a historical and theoretical context. Focusing upon three major realignments of the past--those of the 1850s, the 1890s, and the 1930s--Sundquist traces the processes by which basic transformations of the country's two-party system occur. From the historical case studies, he fashions a theory as to the why and how of party realignment, then applies it to current and recent developments, through the first two years of the Reagan presidency and the midterm election of 1982. The theoretical sections of the first edition are refined in this one, the historical sections are revised to take account of recent scholarship, and the chapters dealing with the postwar period are almost wholly rewritten. The conclusion of the original work is, in general, confirmed: the existing party system is likely to be strengthened as public attention is again riveted on domestic economic issues, and the headlong trend of recent decades toward political independence and party disintegration reversed, at least for a time.

Party System Institutionalization in Asia

Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past

Author: Allen Hicken,Erik Martinez Kuhonta

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041570

Category: Political Science

Page: 374

View: 5260

This book provides a comprehensive empirical and theoretical analysis of the development of parties and party systems in Asia. The studies included advance a unique perspective in the literature by focusing on the concept of institutionalization and by analyzing parties in democratic settings as well as in authoritarian settings. The countries covered in the book range from East Asia to Southeast Asia to South Asia.

Political Parties in Western Democracies

Author: Leon D. Epstein

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412831178

Category: Political Science

Page: 387

View: 3449

What chiefly distinguishes this work is the inclusion of considerable material on American partics in a comparative context to the analysis of British, Scandinavian, European, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand political parties.

Political Parties and Democracy

Contemporary Western Europe and Asia

Author: T. Inoguchi,J. Blondel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137277203

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 1342

Well-reputed political scientists residing and teaching in ten countries, five in Asia and five in Europe, comparatively examine the place of political parties in democracy, and provide an empirically rigorous, up-to-date, comprehensive synthesis of the organization of political parties and their links with citizens in a democracy.

Political Parties

A Sociological Study of the Oligarchical Tendencies of Modern Democracy

Author: Robert Michels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: 416

View: 6635

The Life of the Parties

A History of American Political Parties

Author: James Reichley

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742508880

Category: Political Science

Page: 402

View: 3318

In this classic work, James Reichley traces the decline of political parties resulting in divided government and an ineffectual political process—but he also shows us what it will take to restore the party system and how it could work to revitalize our democracy. For the first time in paperback, The Life of the Parties includes updates on third party movements, political cycles and realignments, campaign finance reform, and other electoral trends.

The Selection of Political Party Leaders in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies

A Comparative Study

Author: Jean-Benoit Pilet,William Cross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317929454

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 1764

This book explores the ways in which political parties, in contemporary parliamentary democracies, choose their leaders and then subsequently hold them accountable. The authors provide a comprehensive examination of party leadership selection and accountability both through examination of parties and countries in different institutional settings and through a holistic analysis of the role of party leaders and the methods through which they assume, and exit, the office. The collection includes essays on Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Norway and the United Kingdom which have important differences in their party systems, their degree of democratization, the role assigned to party leaders and their methods of leadership selection. Each country examination provides significant data relating to party rules and norms of leadership selection, leadership tenures and leadership contests. The book concludes with a chapter that merges the country data analyses to provide a truly comparative examination of the theoretical questions underlying the volume. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of legislative studies, elections, democracy, political parties, party systems, political elites and comparative politics.

Political Parties in South Asia

Author: Subrata Kumar Mitra,Mike Enskat,Clemens Spiess

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275968328

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 9648

Analyzes the political parties in South Asia and the variance of the party landscape in the region in terms of geographic diversity, party building, social base, and ideological inclinations.

Political Parties and Democracy: Volume I: The Americas

The Americas

Author: Kay Lawson,Jorge Lanzaro

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: 0313383146

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 4034

Scholars offer clearly written coverage of the relationship between political parties and democracy in the Western Hemisphere.

Political Parties in Post-Soviet Space

Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, and the Baltics

Author: Anatoly Kulik,Susanna Pshizova

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275973445

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 6342

Due in large part to the authors' unique connections to the region, this collection of essays provides a valuable look inside the party politics of the post-Soviet states.

Party Politics in Turkey

A Comparative Perspective

Author: Sabri Sayar?,Pelin Ayan Musil,Özhan Demirkol

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315461870

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 5975

Although the literature on party politics has significantly advanced both methodologically and theoretically in recent years, the study of political parties in Turkey has been noticeably disconnected and lacking from such conversations. This book evaluates well-established theories and trends in exiting party politics literature and relates them to the case of Turkey. It explores fundamental questions such as: Who controls party organizations and how does the locus of control change over time? What kinds of power struggles are observed inside a party and between whom? What do the present and past records of party membership imply for party organizations? What role do grassroots activists play in local and national politics? How do the ideological orientations of party members differ from party leaders and other voters? What types of social cleavages shape political parties and how do they change over time? What constitutes the relationship between the state and parties today? Who finances political parties and what does this imply about the quality of democracy? How and why do party systems change? The various chapters show that party politics in the Turkish context is significantly different to Western and new democracies. By highlighting the significant contribution the Turkish case can make to existing conceptual frameworks and theories, this book will be a valuable resource for anyone studying political parties, party systems and comparative politics, as well as Turkish politics.

Political Parties in the Pacific Islands

Author: Roland Rich,Luke Hambly,Michael G. Morgan

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921313757

Category: Pacific Area

Page: 229

View: 4720

While political parties remain an indispensable institutional framework for representation and governance in a democracy, the democracies of many Pacific Islands nations are undermined by the weakness and inefficacy of their local political parties. Addressing the implications of the lack of established party systems across the Pacific, this collection seeks to illuminate the underlying assumptions and suppositions behind the importance of coherent and effective parties to overall democratic functioning. Focusing on the political systems of East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa, the coherent structure of the volume makes it consistently useful as both an articulate analytical text and a reference tool concerning the political composition, history and direction of Pacific states. Featuring contributions from scholars who are familiar names to even the most casual of Pacificists, Political Parties in the Pacific is the benchmark reference work on the political parties of the Pacific: an invaluable resource for students, scholars and researchers of the Pacific and international politics.

American Political Parties and Elections: a Very Short Introduction

Author: L. Sandy Maisel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019045816X

Category:

Page: 168

View: 9409

Few Americans and even fewer citizens of other nations understand the electoral process in the United States. Still fewer understand the role played by political parties in the electoral process or the ironies within the system. Participation in elections in the United States is much lower than in the vast majority of mature democracies. Perhaps this is because of the lack of competition in a country where only two parties have a true chance of winning, despite the fact that a large number of citizens claim allegiance to neither and think badly of both. Or perhaps it is because in the U.S. campaign contributions disproportionately favor incumbents in most legislative elections, or that largely unregulated groups such as the now notorious 527s have as much impact on the outcome of a campaign as do the parties or the candidates' campaign organizations. These factors offer a very clear picture of the problems that underlay our much trumpeted electoral system. The second edition of this Very Short Introduction introduces the reader to these issues and more. Drawing on updated data and new examples from the 2016 presidential nominations, L. Sandy Maisel provides an insider's view of how the system actually works while shining a light on some of its flaws. He also illustrates the growing impact of campaigning through social media, the changes in campaign financing wrought by the Supreme Court recent decisions, and the Tea Party's influence on the sub-presidential nominating process. As the United States enter what is sure to be yet another highly contested election year, it is more important than ever that Americans take the time to learn the system that puts so many in power.

The Madisonian Turn

Political Parties and Parliamentary Democracy in Nordic Europe

Author: Torbjörn Bergman,Kaare Strøm

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117475

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 2495

Parliamentary democracy is the most common regime type in the contemporary political world, but the quality of governance depends on effective parliamentary oversight and strong political parties. Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden have traditionally been strongholds of parliamentary democracy. In recent years, however, critics have suggested that new challenges such as weakened popular attachment, the advent of cartel parties, the judicialization of politics, and European integration have threatened the institutions of parliamentary democracy in the Nordic region. This volume examines these claims and their implications. The authors find that the Nordic states have moved away from their previous resemblance to a Westminster model toward a form of parliamentary democracy with more separation-of-powers features—a Madisonian model. These features are evident both in vertical power relations (e.g., relations with the European Union) and horizontal ones (e.g., increasingly independent courts and central banks). Yet these developments are far from uniform and demonstrate that there may be different responses to the political challenges faced by contemporary Western democracies.

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