Search Results: political-psychology-in-international-relations

Political Psychology in International Relations

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472067015

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 4982

A comprehensive account of the field of political psychology with a focus on its implications for international relations

Political psychology and foreign policy

Author: Eric. Singer,Valerie M. Hudson

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 7537

What impact does personality have on the formation of policy? How did group dynamics affect decision making in the Cuban missile crisis? What is the relationship between birth order and leader personality? Combining a critical overview of past scholarship with the latest empirical findings and conceptualizations, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy addresses these issues while placing political psychology in the larger theoretical context of international relations, including a postmodern critique. For anyone interested in the interrelationship between cognition, perception, personality, and politics, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy offers intriguing insights into classic foreign policy dilemmas. A wide range of methods, models, and foreign policy actors are represented in the volume. Foreign policy scholars will appreciate its critical evaluation of the literature as well as its significant component of original, previously unpublished research.

Psychological models in international politics

Author: Lawrence S. Falkowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 1824

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117998

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 3886

Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Introduction to Political Psychology

Author: Martha L. Cottam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0805837701

Category: Political Science

Page: 343

View: 3895

The first comprehensive textbook on political psychology, this user-friendly volume explores the psychological origins of political behavior. Using psychological concepts to explain types of political behavior, the authors introduce a broad range of theories and cases of political activity to illustrate the behavior. The book examines many patterns of political behaviors including leadership, group behavior, voting, race, ethnicity, nationalism, political extremism, terrorism, war, and genocide. Text boxes highlight current and historical events to help students see the connection between the world around them and the concepts they are learning. Examples highlight a variety of research methodologies used in the discipline such as experimentation and content analysis. The "Political Being" is used throughout to remind the reader of the psychological theories and concepts to be explored in each chapter. Introduction to Political Psychology explores some of the most horrific things people do to one another for political purposes, as well as how to prevent and resolve conflict, and how to recover from it. The goal is to help the reader understand the enormous complexity of human behavior and the significant role political psychology can play in improving the human condition. Designed for upper division courses on political psychology or political behavior, this volume also contains material of interest to those in the policymaking community.

Psychology, Strategy and Conflict

Perceptions of Insecurity in International Relations

Author: James W. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136219188

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 5690

This volume examines the explanatory nesting approach in the analysis of international relations and its continuing relevance in the 21st century. International relations theory urgently needs strategies for coping with the growing complexity of the international system following the collapse of the US–Soviet bipolar stalemate, the multiple challenges to US unipolar hegemony, and the rise of powerful non-Western actors. Over the course of this book, leading scholars of international relations and diplomatic history return to an approach to explanation pioneered in the writings of Robert Jervis. The approach calls for nesting multiple layers of explanation--systemic, strategic, and perceptual--in an integrated causal account that is simultaneously parsimonious and nuanced. Highlighting the logic of strategic interactions under uncertainty, it also integrates the effects of psychological biases and the unintended consequences of acting in complex systems to provide explanations that are at once theoretically rigorous and rich in empirical detail. Analyzing the current state of Realist theory, signaling under conditions of uncertainty and anarchy, the role of nuclear weapons in international politics, the role of cognition and emotions in economic and foreign policy decision making, and questions of responsibility in international affairs, the authors provide a compelling guide for the future of international relations theory. This book will be of much interest to students of international relations, foreign policy, and security studies.

Explorations in Political Psychology

Author: Shanto Iyengar

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822313243

Category: History

Page: 484

View: 1811

Mapping the territory where political science and psychology intersect, Explorations in Political Psychology offers a broad overview of the the field of political psychology--from its historical evolution as an area of inquiry to the rich and eclectic array of theories, concepts, and methods that mark it as an emerging discipline. In introductory essays, editors Shanto Iyengar and William J. McGuire identify the points of exchange between the disciplines represented and discuss the issues that make up the subfields of political psychology. Bringing together leading scholars from social psychology and political science, the following sections discuss attitude research (the study of political attitudes and opinions); cognition and information-processing (the relationship between the structures of human information-processing and political and policy preferences); and decision making (how people make decisions about political preferences). As a comprehensive introduction to a growing field of interdisciplinary concern, Explorations in Political Psychology will prove a useful guide for historians, social psychologists, and political scientists with an interest in individual political behavior. Contributors. Stephen Ansolabehere, Donald Granberg, Shanto Iyengar, Robert Jervis, Milton Lodge, Roger D. Masters, William J. McGuire, Victor C. Ottati, Samuel L. Popkin, William M. Runyan, David O. Sears, Patrick Stroh, Denis G. Sullivan, Philip E. Tetlock, Robert S. Wyer, Jr.

Richard Ned Lebow: Key Texts in Political Psychology and International Relations Theory

Author: Richard Ned Lebow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319399640

Category: Science

Page: 159

View: 4865

This third out of four volumes by Richard Ned Lebow in this book series includes texts on psychology and international relations, causation, counterfactual analysis. The political psychology contributions draw on richer, ancient Greek understandings of the psyche and offer novel insights into strategies of conflict management, the role of emotions in international relations, and the modern fixation on identity.

Political Psychology

Author: Linda E. Shepherd

Publisher: Barbara Budrich Esser

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 1434

Political psychology exists as an interdisciplinary subfield of two well-established disciplines. From this position it naturally came to encompass a wide range of components, each uniquely equipped for investigations at the intersection of human psychology and political phenomena. Political Psychology provides detailed information describing the state of research in this developing field. The book reviews the evolution of concepts and theories, international influences, methodology, infrastructure, and future trends of the enterprise. Contributors to this volume were chosen for their significant influence in the field of political psychology and their present and past leadership roles in international organizations devoted to the development of the transdiscipline. As a result, the volume includes several critical evaluations of research in political psychology as well as suggestions for continued research which will, in an increasingly globalized context, make important contributions

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Political Psychology

Author: Paul Nesbitt-Larking,Catarina Kinnvall,Tereza Capelos

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137291192

Category: Political Science

Page: 504

View: 4033

This ground-breaking collection recalibrates the study of political psychology by providing a detailed and much needed analysis of the discipline's most important and hotly contested issues. Advancing our understanding of the psychological mechanisms that drive political phenomena, this study showcases a range of approaches in the study of these phenomena in Europe and the world and underscores the valuable contribution political psychology has made in generating answers to timely research questions. Individual chapters from the world's top experts in the field explores the ways in which political psychology impacts on issues as diverse as migration, conflict and violence as well as electoral politics while also situating the discipline within the realm of political decision-making and policy on important debates relating to foreign policy and relations, political participation and terrorism amongst a variety of other issues. Furthermore, the collection offers analytical illustrations of Social Identity Theory, psychoanalytic approaches, Dialogical Self Theory, Social Representations Theory and Self-Categorisation Theory, allowing for an in-depth engagement across theoretical contributions to the field. Using theoretical and methodological approaches in conjunction with empirical evidence, this Handbook maps the diverse field of political psychology in its entirety and explores its future direction. The resulting volume is a KEY addition to the libraries of all those who study or harbour an interest in political psychology.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology

Author: Leonie Huddy,David O. Sears,Jack S. Levy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199760101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 986

View: 5339

Political psychology applies what is known about human psychology to the study of politics. It examines how people reach political decisions on topics such as voting, party identification, and political attitudes as well as how leaders mediate political conflicts and make foreign policy decisions. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology gathers together a distinguished group of scholars from around the world to shed light on these vital questions. Focusing first on political psychology at the individual level (attitudes, values, decision-making, ideology, personality) and then moving to the collective (group identity, mass mobilization, political violence), this fully interdisciplinary volume covers models of the mass public and political elites and addresses both domestic issues and foreign policy. Now with new material providing an up-to-date account of cutting-edge research within both psychology and political science, this is an essential reference for scholars and students interested in the intersection of the two fields.

Political Psychology

Situations, Individuals, and Cases

Author: David Patrick Houghton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113505178X

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 7538

What shapes political behavior more: the situations in which individuals find themselves, or the internal psychological makeup---beliefs, values, and so on---of those individuals? This is perhaps the leading division within the psychological study of politics today. Political Psychology: Situations, Individuals, and Cases, 2nd edition, provides a concise, readable, and conceptually organized introduction to the topic of political psychology by examining this very question. Using this situationism--dispositionism framework—which roughly parallels the concerns of social and cognitive psychology—this book focuses on such key explanatory mechanisms as behaviorism, obedience, personality, groupthink, cognition, affect, emotion, and neuroscience to explore topics ranging from voting behavior and racism to terrorism and international relations. The new edition includes a new chapter on the psychology of the media and communication. Houghton has also updated the text to analyze recent political events such as the 2012 election, and to include up-and-coming research in the areas of neuroscience, behavioral economics, and more. Houghton's clear and engaging examples directly challenge students to place themselves in both real and hypothetical situations which involve intense moral and political dilemmas. This highly readable text will provide students with the conceptual foundation they need to make sense of the rapidly changing and increasingly important field of political psychology.

Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making in International Relations

Author: Mark Schafer,Scott Crichlow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520182

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 6016

Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making.

Resolve in International Politics

Author: Joshua D. Kertzer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883644

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 7630

Why do some leaders and segments of the public display remarkable persistence in confrontations in international politics, while others cut and run? The answer given by policymakers, pundits, and political scientists usually relates to issues of resolve. Yet, though we rely on resolve to explain almost every phenomenon in international politics—from prevailing at the bargaining table to winning on the battlefield—we don't understand what it is, how it works, or where it comes from. Resolve in International Politics draws on a growing body of research in psychology and behavioral economics to explore the foundations of this important idea. Joshua Kertzer argues that political will is more than just a metaphor or figure of speech: the same traits social scientists and decision-making scholars use to comprehend willpower in our daily lives also shape how we respond to the costs of war and conflict. Combining laboratory and survey experiments with studies of great power military interventions in the postwar era from 1946 to 2003, Kertzer shows how time and risk preferences, honor orientation, and self-control help explain the ways leaders and members of the public define the situations they face and weigh the trade-offs between the costs of fighting and the costs of backing down. Offering a novel in-depth look at how willpower functions in international relations, Resolve in International Politics has critical implications for understanding political psychology, public opinion about foreign policy, leaders in military interventions, and international security.

Perception and Misperception in International Politics

Author: Robert Jervis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400885116

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 9494

With a new preface by the authorSince its original publication in 1976, Perception and Misperception in International Politics has become a landmark book in its field, hailed by the New York Times as "the seminal statement of principles underlying political psychology." This new edition includes an extensive preface by the author reflecting on the book's lasting impact and legacy, particularly in the application of cognitive psychology to political decision making, and brings that analysis up to date by discussing the relevant psychological research over the past forty years. Jervis describes the process of perception (for example, how decision makers learn from history) and then explores common forms of misperception (such as overestimating one's influence). He then tests his ideas through a number of important events in international relations from nineteenth- and twentieth-century European history. Perception and Misperception in International Politics is essential for understanding international relations today.

Theory and Evidence in Comparative Politics and International Relations

Author: Richard Ned Lebow,Mark Lichbach

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403976611

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 3425

Contributing authors offer a variety of answers, addressing the purpose and methods of research and analysing concepts, including the relationship of theory and evidence, the changing formulation of neopositivism, and the importance of medicine to social science.

Introduction to Political Psychology

Author: Beth Dietz-Uhler,Elena Mastors

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1848728816

Category: Political Science

Page: 404

View: 3946

Focuses on political psychology. This volume explores the psychological origins of political behavior. Using psychological concepts to explain types of political behavior, it introduces a broad range of theory, with the use of many case studies.

Theory and History in International Relations

Author: Donald James Puchala

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415945363

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 666

Theory and History in International Relations is an eloquent plea to scholars of global politics to turn away from the "manufacture" of data and return to a systematic study of history as a basic for theory. While the modest use of empiricism will always be important, Puchala rejects the logical positivism of the so-called "scientific revolution" in the field in favor of a more complex, even intuitive, vision of global politics. He addresses the potential uses of history in studying some of the major debates of our time-the Cold War as a struggle between empires, the collision of civilizations, cultural encounters and colonies in the ancient world, and liberal approaches to the understanding of history and ethical contributions to the dialogue over theory.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152644X

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 2696

The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Presidential Leadership, Illness, and Decision Making

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468898

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4275

Examines the impact of medical and psychological illness on foreign policy decision making. Illness provides specific, predictable, and recognizable shifts in attention, time perspective, cognitive capacity, judgment, and emotion, which systematically affect impaired leaders. In particular, this book discusses the ways in which processes related to aging, physical and psychological illness, and addiction influence decision making. This book provides detailed analysis of four cases among the American presidency. Woodrow Wilson's October 1919 stroke affected his behavior during the Senate fight over ratifying the League of Nations. Franklin Roosevelt's severe coronary disease influenced his decisions concerning the conduct of war in the Pacific from 1943–1945 in particular. John Kennedy's illnesses and treatments altered his behavior at the 1961 Vienna conference with Soviet Premier Khrushchev. And Nixon's psychological impairments biased his decisions regarding the covert bombing of Cambodia in 1969–1970.

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