Search Results: politics-of-risk-taking

Politics of Risk-taking

Welfare State Reform in Advanced Democracies

Author: Barbara Vis

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642277

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 2887

Barbara Vis is assistant professor in comparative politics at the vu University Amsterdam. A Veni grant from the Netherlands Organisation of Scientific Research (NWO) supports her current research. --

Politics of Risk-taking

Welfare State Reform in Advanced Democracies

Author: Barbara Vis

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089642277

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 2402

Barbara Vis is assistant professor in comparative politics at the vu University Amsterdam. A Veni grant from the Netherlands Organisation of Scientific Research (NWO) supports her current research. --

An Age of Risk

Politics and Economy in Early Modern Britain

Author: Emily C. Nacol

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883016

Category: Philosophy

Page: 184

View: 3917

In An Age of Risk, Emily Nacol shows that risk, now treated as a permanent feature of our lives, did not always govern understandings of the future. Focusing on the epistemological, political, and economic writings of Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, David Hume, and Adam Smith, Nacol explains that in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Britain, political and economic thinkers reimagined the future as a terrain of risk, characterized by probabilistic calculation, prediction, and control. In these early modern sources, Nacol contends, we see three crucial developments in thought on risk and politics. While early modern thinkers differentiated uncertainty about the future from probabilistic calculations of risk, they remained attentive to the ways uncertainty and risk remained in a conceptual tangle, a problem that constrained good decision making. They developed sophisticated theories of trust and credit as crucial background conditions for prudent risk-taking, and offered complex depictions of the relationships and behaviors that would make risk-taking more palatable. They also developed two narratives that persist in subsequent accounts of risk—risk as a threat to security, and risk as an opportunity for profit. Looking at how these narratives are entwined in early modern thought, Nacol locates the origins of our own ambivalence about risk-taking. By the end of the eighteenth century, she argues, a new type of political actor would emerge from this ambivalence, one who approached risk with fear rather than hope. By placing a fresh lens on early modern writing, An Age of Risk demonstrates how new and evolving orientations toward risk influenced approaches to politics and commerce that continue to this day.

Risk-Taking in International Politics

Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4192

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions

Endangered City

The Politics of Security and Risk in Bogotá

Author: Austin Zeiderman

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822374188

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3689

Security and risk have become central to how cities are planned, built, governed, and inhabited in the twenty-first century. In Endangered City, Austin Zeiderman focuses on this new political imperative to govern the present in anticipation of future harm. Through ethnographic fieldwork and archival research in Bogotá, Colombia, he examines how state actors work to protect the lives of poor and vulnerable citizens from a range of threats, including environmental hazards and urban violence. By following both the governmental agencies charged with this mandate and the subjects governed by it, Endangered City reveals what happens when logics of endangerment shape the terrain of political engagement between citizens and the state. The self-built settlements of Bogotá’s urban periphery prove a critical site from which to examine the rising effect of security and risk on contemporary cities and urban life.

Gender and Risk-Taking

Economics, Evidence, and Why the Answer Matters

Author: Julie A Nelson

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351980416

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4083

The belief that men and women have fundamentally distinct natures, resulting in divergent preferences and behaviours, is widespread. Recently, economists have also engaged in the search for gender differences, with a number claiming to find fundamental gender differences regarding risk-taking, altruism, and competition. In particular, the idea that "women are more risk-averse than men" has become accepted as a truism. But is it true? And what are its causes and consequences? Gender and Risk Taking makes three contributions. First, it asks whether the belief that men and women have distinct risk preferences is backed up by high quality empirical evidence. The answer turns out to be "no." This leads to a second question: Why, then, does so much of the literature claim to find evidence of "difference"? This, it will be shown, can be attributed to biases arising from too-easy categorical thinking, widespread stereotyping, and a tendency to prefer results that are publishable and that fit one's prior beliefs. Third, the book explores the economic implications of the conventional association of risk-taking with masculinity and risk-aversion with femininity. Not only fairness in employment, but also the health of the financial sector and national responses to climate change, this book argues, are being compromised. This volume will be eye-opening for anyone interested in gender, decision-making, cognition, and/or risk, especially in areas relating to employment, finance, management, or public policy.

The Politics of Risk Society

Author: Jane Franklin,Institute for Public Policy Research (London, England)

Publisher: Institute for Public Policy Research

ISBN: 9780745619255

Category: Political Science

Page: 138

View: 8117

We live in a runaway world. New patterns of risk and uncertainty threaten the stability of our traditional institutions. To make sense of these profound changes in our lives, and invent new politics for the twenty-first century, we must understand the dynamic forces which are transforming our society. The Politics of Risk Society opens a dialog between Ulrich Beck's sociology of Risk Society and key thinkers and opinion leaders from the world of politics and policy making. It explores the way we perceive risk and integrate change into our lives - insisting that these are essential forces driving policy development today. A new politics must engage actively with people's lived experience. Contributions from Ulrich Beck, Anthony Giddens, Susie Orbach, John Gray, Ray Pahl, Martin Woollacott, Anna Coote, Patricia Hewitt and others explore the daily experience of risk - from intimate relationships to global warming - and offer their analysis and insight into how we understand this changing world. This book captures part of the spirit of the age and will be of absorbing interest to students of sociology, politics and social policy.

Edgework

The Sociology of Risk-taking

Author: Stephen Lyng

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415932172

Category: Social Science

Page: 297

View: 8697

What do skydiving, rock climbing, and downhill skiing have in common with stock-trading, unprotected sex, and sadomasochism? All are high risk pursuits. Edgework explores the world of voluntary risk-taking, investigating the seductive nature of pursuing peril and teasing out the boundaries between legal and criminal behavior; conscious and unconscious acts; sanity and insanity; acceptable risk and stupidity. The distinguished contributors to this collection profile high risk-takers and explore their experiences with risk through such topics as juvenile delinquency, street anarchism, sadomasochism, avant-garde art, business risks, and extreme sport.

Criminal Justice, Mental Health and the Politics of Risk

Author: Nicola S. Gray,Judith M. Laing,Lecturer in Law at the Liverpool Law School Judith M Laing,Lesley Noaks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135339597

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 9930

Criminal Justice, Mental Health and the Politics of Risk addresses the important issues which lie at the forefront of decision making and policy in criminal justice and health care. The book brings together several perpectives from a number of distinguished academic lawyers, criminologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. It is multi-disciplinary in its approach and is jointly edited by a lawyer, a criminologist and a psychologist - all of whom have expertise and experience in this field. The book is written in the light of the current emphasis on risk assessment and management as well as the recent government proposals to reform mental health law and detain dangerous and severely personality disordered individuals. It provides a theoretical overview for academics and students in the fields of medical law, mental health law, criminal justice, psychology, sociology, criminology and psychiatry. In addition, the book's highly topical and pragmatic approach will appeal to numerous professionals and practitioners

Risk Taking and Decision Making

Foreign Military Intervention Decisions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804765073

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3733

The Politics of Precaution

Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States

Author: David Vogel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691124167

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 3607

"This is comparative politics at its very best. Vogel takes the reader on a fascinating transatlantic journey to show how and why regulatory leadership shifts with political pressures, elite preferences, and new views on risk management. His book should be required reading for everyone concerned about the safety of man and environment."--Lennart J. Lundqvist, University of Gothenburg, Sweden "Written by an eminent and eloquent scholar in the field, "The Politics of Precaution" addresses a major issue in risk regulation and transatlantic relations. The book's central claim is that there has been an overall shift from greater American to greater European relative precaution and stringency in risk regulation. Whether one agrees with that claim or not, one must contend with Vogel's argument."--Jonathan B. Wiener, Duke University and coeditor of "The Reality of Precaution: Comparing Risk Regulation in the United States and Europe" ""The Politics of Precaution" challenges some commonly held views about the political economy of regulation. The book will serve as a useful counter to those given to easy assumptions about the differences in how Europeans and Americans regulate similar consumer and environmental risks."--Keith Hawkins, professor emeritus of law and society, University of Oxford ""The Politics of Precaution" addresses an intriguing transatlantic topic, contains a wealth of interesting case studies, and is written by a seasoned and perceptive scholar. It is a serious contribution to the literature."--John D. Graham, Indiana University

The Art of Risk

The New Science of Courage, Caution, and Chance

Author: Kayt Sukel

Publisher: National Geographic Books

ISBN: 1426214731

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 9647

Are risk-takers born or made? Why are some more willing to go out on a limb (so to speak) than others? How do we weigh the value of opportunities large or small that may have the potential to change the course of our lives? These are just a few of the questions that author Kayt Sukel tackles, applying the latest research in neuroscience and psychology to compelling real-world situations. Building on a portfolio of work that has appeared in such publications as Scientific American, Atlantic Monthly, The Washington Post, and more, Sukel offers an in-depth look at risk-taking and its role in the many facets of life that resonates on a personal level. Smart, progressive, and truly enlightening, The Art of Risk blends riveting case studies and hard-hitting science to explore risk-taking and how it impacts decision-making in work, play, love, and life, providing insight in understanding individual behavior and furthering personal success.

The Politics of Financial Risk, Audit and Regulation

A Case Study of HBOS

Author: Atul K. Shah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135185707X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 164

View: 1527

The biggest corporate failure ever in British history occurred in 2008 with very little forewarning. The management of HBOS, a major national bank with a long history of prudence prior to the merger in 2001, were allowed to act incompetently. Auditors and regulators failed to act, ignoring a key senior whistleblower, and the ‘competitive’ stock market failed to spot management failure in time. This book is the first academic study of this collapse, uncovering some surprising evidence on the power and politics of large financial institutions. It details the processes and degrees to which financial challenge and regulation are undermined by this power. The research exposes a pro-active process of regulatory risk management by these institutions; the ease with which auditors and regulators can be captured; and how politicians and investors can be all too happy to hop on the stock market and management spin ride – with other people’s money. The study questions the ideology and politics which supported and encouraged the management hubris, raising profound questions about the ‘politics’ of the academic disciplines of banking, finance and accounting today, and the theories they underpin. This account of management gone wrong is essential reading for students, researchers and professionals involved in banking, finance, credit infrastructure, economics and management studies.

The Politics of Pact-Making

Hungary's Negotiated Transition to Democracy in Comparative Perspective

Author: J. Schiemann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403978573

Category: Political Science

Page: 217

View: 5708

Contributing to the literature on democratic transitions and with a focus on institutional bargaining, in this fascinating book the Hungarian case is contrasted with those of Poland, South Africa and China to explore the contours of what bargaining strategies affect outcomes. The result is an increased understanding of how actors and their interaction can make peaceful transition possible.

Culture of Fear

Risk-Taking and the Morality of Low Expectation Revised Edition

Author: Frank Furedi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826459299

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 337

Fear has become an ever-expanding part of life in the West in the twenty-first century. We live in terror of disease, abuse, stranger danger, environmental devastation and terrorist onslaught. We are bombarded with reports of new concerns for our safety and that of our children, and urged to take greater precautions and seek more protection. But compared to the past, or to the developing world, people in contemporary Western societies have much less familiarity with pain, suffering, debilitating disease and death. We actually enjoy an unprecedented level of personal safety. When confronted with events like the destruction of the World Trade Center, fear for the future is inevitable. But what happened on September 11th, 2001 was in many ways an old fashioned act of terror, representing the destructive side of human passions. Frank Furedi argues that the greater danger in our culture is the tendency to fear achievements that represent a more constructive side of humanity. We panic about genetically engineered food, about genetic research, about the health dangers of mobile phones. The facts, however, often fail to support the scare stories about new or growing risks to our health and safety. Instead, it is our obsession with theoretical risks that is in danger of distracting us from dealing with the old-fashioned dangers that have always threatened our lives.

Freaks of Fortune

The Emerging World of Capitalism and Risk in America

Author: Jonathan Levy

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674067207

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 9282

Until the nineteenth century, “risk” was a specialized term: it was the commodity exchanged in a marine insurance contract. Freaks of Fortune tells how the modern concept of risk emerged in the United States. Born on the high seas, risk migrated inland and became essential to the financial management of an inherently uncertain capitalist future.

International Relations under Risk

Framing State Choice

Author: Jeffrey D. Berejikian

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 079148548X

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 8810

Argues that international relations ought to be anchored in realistic models of human decision making.

Risk Taking and Decision Making

Foreign Military Intervention Decisions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804765073

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8482

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