Irish Journalism in Mid-Victorian England
Author: Anthony McNicholas
Publisher: Peter Lang
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The decade of the 1860s was a turbulent period in Irish politics, both at home and abroad, and saw the rise and apparent failure of the separatist Fenian movement. In England, this period also witnessed the first realistic attempt at establishing a genuinely popular press amid Irish migrants to Britain. This was to be an ideological battle as both secular nationalists and the Roman Catholic Church, for their very distinct reasons, desperately wished to communicate with a reading public which owed its existence in large measure to the massive immigration of the years of the Famine. Based on extensive archival research, this book provides the first serious study of the Irish press in Britain for any period, through a detailed analysis of three London newspapers, "The Universal News" (1860-9), "The Irish Liberator" (1863-4) and "The Irish News" (1867). In so doing, it provides us with a window onto the complex of relationships which shaped the lives of the migrants: with each other, with their English fellow Catholics, with the Catholic Church and with the state. A central question for this press was how to reconcile the twin demands of faith and fatherland.
Author: Laurel Brake,Marysa Demoor
Publisher: Academia Press
A large-scale reference work covering the journalism industry in 19th-Century Britain.
More a disease than a profession
Author: Kevin Rafter
Publisher: Oxford University Press
They reported wars, outraged monarchs and promoted the case for their country's freedom. The pages of Irish Journalism Before Independence: More a Disease than a Profession are filled with the remarkable stories of reporters, proprietors and propagandists. Sixteen leading writers celebrate the emergence of Irish Journalism in this original and engaging volume. These leading media academics, historians and scholars join in what is a festschrift travelling the long Irish nineteenth century to 1922. Their stories, narratives and histories illustrate the emergence of Irish journalism chronicling the evolution and development of the profession, and the various challenges confronted by the first generation of modern journalists. The profession's past is framed by reference to its practitioners and their practice. Readers are treated to studies of foreign correspondents, editorial writers, provincial newspaper owners, sports journalists and the challenges of minority language journalism. The volume goes beyond Ireland to explore the work of Irish journalists abroad and shows how the great political debates about Ireland's place in the United Kingdom served as a backdrop to newspaper publication in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In his preface Professor James Curran concludes that the volume "advances by leaps and bounds the history of the Irish press". The collection makes valuable and important contribution to our knowledge of Irish journalism - and like all good reportage it offers its readers a very good read.
The Dublin Nationalist Press in the Mid-Nineteenth Century
Author: Ann Andrews
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Focusing on the years 1842 to 1867, Newspapers and Newsmakers evaluates the impact of the Dublin nationalist press on the Irish nationalist cause in its aspirations to overthrow the 1800 Act of Union and establish an independent Irish nation. The Dublin nationalist journalists were totally immersed in Irish nationalist activities, whether by reporting news or creating it, often risking danger to themselves from the British government. Beginning with The Nation, a newspaper that heralded a new era of Irish political and cultural nationalism, this book charts the Dublin nationalist press's emphatic role in the promotion of Daniel O'Connell's Repeal of the Union campaign with its impressive peaceful mass mobilizations, the bitter and turbulent splits between leading Irish nationalists in 1846 and 1848, and the attempted Young Ireland rebellion. Following the temporary downfall of the nationalist movement, and in response to the Great Famine, the Dublin nationalist journalists sought an ideological reconstruction of the Irish nationalist cause that included a long-term commitment to revolutionary nationalism leading to the rise of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. Drawing upon critical analyses of the political and literary contents of the Dublin nationalist newspapers, emphasis is placed upon the power of ideas, particularly the impassioned dynamics between constitutional nationalism and revolutionary nationalism. This book also focuses on the thinking of high-profile nationalist writers such as Thomas Davis and John Mitchel and the inspiration they gave to their contemporaries and future Irish nationalists alike. Newspapers and Newsmakers establishes that what was written in the Dublin nationalist press during the mid-nineteenth century had a powerful and enduring influence on the development of Irish nationalism.
Race, Nation, and the Popular Press, 1840-1880
Author: Cian T. McMahon
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Though Ireland is a relatively small island on the northeastern fringe of the Atlantic, 70 million people worldwide--including some 45 million in the United States--claim it as their ancestral home. In this wide-ranging, ambitious book, Cian T. McMahon explores the nineteenth-century roots of this transnational identity. Between 1840 and 1880, 4.5 million people left Ireland to start new lives abroad. Using primary sources from Ireland, Australia, and the United States, McMahon demonstrates how this exodus shaped a distinctive sense of nationalism. By doggedly remaining loyal to both their old and new homes, he argues, the Irish helped broaden the modern parameters of citizenship and identity. From insurrection in Ireland to exile in Australia to military service during the American Civil War, McMahon's narrative revolves around a group of rebels known as Young Ireland. They and their fellow Irish used weekly newspapers to construct and express an international identity tailored to the fluctuating world in which they found themselves. Understanding their experience sheds light on our contemporary debates over immigration, race, and globalization.
The Fenians and History
Author: James McConnel,Queen's University of Belfast. School of History and Anthropology,University of Ulster. School of History & International Affairs
Established in 1858, the Irish Republican Brotherhood was a secret, oath-bound movement dedicated to bringing about revolution in Ireland. This book is a result of a major conference to mark the l50th anniversary ofthe founding ofthe Irish Republican Brotherhood and includes essays on Fenianism in its diasporic, transnational and imperial context; political violence; republican ideology and popular politicisation; culture, religion and identity; and memory and commemoration. This is the fIrst publication to consider Fenianism as the truly international phenomenon it represented and includes essays from international scholars assessing the impact of Fenianism -a movement founded in America by the Irish immigrant community -throughout Ireland, Britain, continental Europe, the Americas and Australasia. The book spans the full chronological range of Fenian movement, from its origins in the aftermath of the Young Ireland movement, through its existence as a mass revolutionary movement in the 1860's, the long period as an underground revolutionary conspiracy, culminating in its role as the driving force of the Irish revolution between 1916 and 1921.
Gewalt, Propaganda und politische Strategie im Irischen Bürgerkrieg 1922/23
Author: Nikolaus Braun
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Anders als die bisher überwiegend an militärischen Fakten interessierte Forschung verfolgt Nikolaus Braun einen primär legitimatorischen Konflikt, einen politischen Glaubenskrieg, in dem die symbolische Ebene genauso entscheidend war wie militärische Realitäten. Die Untersuchung geht dabei weit über eine herkömmliche Geschichte von Propaganda und Presse hinaus: Nicht nur Fahnen, Lieder, Briefmarken, Uniformen etc. gerieten zu Trägern nationaler Propaganda, ebenso wurden Beerdigungen, Hungerstreiks, Exekutionen, aber auch die gesamte Außenpolitik und weite Teile der Kriegführung regelrecht inszeniert. Braun verfolgt, wie sich Denk- und Handlungsmöglichkeiten gegenseitig antrieben, bedingten und blockierten, und macht damit die innere Logik eines scheinbar irrationalen Konflikts sichtbar.
Author: Tom O'Malley,Janet Jones
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Category: Performing Arts
This is the first full-length scholarly study of the genesis and influence of Alan Peacock's intellectually radical "Report of the Committee on Financing the BBC" (1986), which fundamentally altered the principles governing the development of broadcasting policy in the UK.
Liverpool Through the Journalism of Hugh Shimmin
Author: Hugh Shimmin
Publisher: Burns & Oates
Category: Social Science
Victorian Liverpool - the setting, indeed the hero, of this book - appalled and fascinated social commentators who took the trouble to inspect it. As well as the early sociologists and distinguished overseas visitors who came to wonder (men like Nathaniel Hawthorne and Frederick Olmsted) the city has its own articulate and opinionated reporter - Hugh Shimmin, journalist and newspaper proprietor. This book is an introduction to, commentary upon, and collection of his best journalism. Here is a Victorian shock city examined, judged and sentenced by a man with a keen journalistic eye, ferocious nonconformist beliefs, articulate and telling journalistic tales. From the grog shop to the dog fight, from the presentation of scientific experiments to the self-improving middle classes to the courts and alleys of Liverpool, virtually every aspect of Victorian urban life is here. The contemporary journalism is explained, placed into context and analyzed by the two social historians who have edited the book. This should appeal to anyone interested in 19th century urban history, and in the society and economics of life in the Victorian slum.
Irish identity and the British press, 1798-1882
Author: Michael Willem De Nie
Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Pr
In The Eternal Paddy, Michael de Nie examines anti-Irish prejudice, Anglo-Irish relations, and the construction of Irish and British identities in nineteenth-century Britain. This book provides a new, more inclusive approach to the study of Irish identity as perceived by Britons and demonstrates that ideas of race were inextricably connected with class concerns and religious prejudice in popular views of both peoples. De Nie suggests that while traditional anti-Irish stereotypes were fundamental to British views of Ireland, equally important were a collection of sympathetic discourses and a self-awareness of British prejudice. In the pages of the British newspaper press, this dialogue created a deep ambivalence about the Irish people, an ambivalence that allowed most Britons to assume that the root of Ireland’s difficulties lay in its Irishness. Drawing on more than ninety newspapers published in England, Scotland, and Wales, The Eternal Paddy offers the first major detailed analysis of British press coverage of Ireland over the course of the nineteenth century. This book traces the evolution of popular understandings and proposed solutions to the "Irish question," focusing particularly on the interrelationship between the press, the public, and the politicians. The work also engages with ongoing studies of imperialism and British identity, exploring the role of Catholic Ireland in British perceptions of their own identity and their empire.
Author: Daniel M. Jackson
This book is a salutary reminder that the realities of British politics before 1914 were more complex and rather different from the ‘whiggish’ stereotypes about New Liberalism, and the rise of Labour and class politics which have dominated our understanding of late Edwardian Britain. Jackson’s groundbreaking research shows that from the start of the Third Home Rule Bill crisis, there was in Britain considerable popular interest in the Irish issue, and that the Curragh army mutiny of 1914 was not an isolated incident, but part of a wider popular movement. A well-orchestrated campaign of agitation led by Unionist leaders Sir Edward Carson and Andrew Bonar Law had so exploited patriotic and sectarian resentment at the prospect of Irish Home Rule that by 1914 the United Kingdom was on the verge of civil war. Jackson locates this movement at the end of a ‘long nineteenth century’, where communal and confessional identities were still as powerful as class, and where native hostility to Catholicism and Irish migration still prevailed. This work shows that the rhetoric and street-theatre of Carsonism had as much resonance in Britain as ‘Protestant Ulster’, where enormous crowds turned out to protest against Home Rule throughout Great Britain (and not just in the sectarian cauldrons of Liverpool and Glasgow). For Jackson, the study of these massive demonstrations becomes a way of capturing the opinions of those rendered voiceless by history, and shows how the Ulster question allowed Conservative politicians to bridge the gap between elites and masses, and elicit a degree of popular enthusiasm unmatched in the years before the Great War.
Author: Steve Garner
Publisher: Pluto Pr
Academically rigourous study which situates the Irish experience within both the historical development of an Irish 'racial' consciousness and contemporary patterns of migration.
Anti-ritualism and the Division of Anglican Evangelicalism in the Nineteenth Century
Author: James C. Whisenant
'Between Horror and Hope' is a study of Paul's metaphorical language of death in Romans 6:1-11. The scholarly debate focuses on two main issues; the origin of the 'commentatio mortis' tradition and its development. Dr. Sabou argues that the origin of this terminology is original to Paul; that it was the apostle's own insight into the meaning of Christ's death (a "death to sin") and his understanding of the identity of Christ in his death (as the anointed davidic king) which guided him to create this metaphor of "dying to sin" as a way of describing the relationship of the believer with sin. On the development of this language of death, the author argues that this language conveys two aspects — horror and hope. The first is discussed in the context of crucifixion in which Paul explains the believer's "death to sin" by presenting Christ's death as the death of the anointed davidic king who won the victory over sin and death by rising from the dead. Paul affirms that believers are "coalesced" with what was "proclaimed" about Christ's death and resurrection, thereby allowing him to assert that the releasing of the body from the power of sin is a result of "crucifixion." This "crucifixion" is the "condemnation" inflicted on our past lives in the age inaugurated by Adam's sin and this is such a horrible event that believers have to stay away from sin since sin leads to such punishment. In contrast, hope is presented in the context of "burial." The believers' "burial with" Christ points to the fact that they are part of Christ's family and this is accomplished by the overwhelming action of God by which he pushes us toward the event of Christ's death, an act pictured in baptism. It is this "burial with" Christ that allows believers to share with Christ in newness of life.
Representations of Death and Burial in Victorian England
Author: Mary Elizabeth Hotz
Publisher: SUNY Press
Explores Victorian responses to death and burial in literature, journalism, and legal writing. Literary Remains explores the unexpectedly central role of death and burial in Victorian England. As Alan Ball, creator of HBO’s Six Feet Under, quipped, “Once you put a dead body in the room, you can talk about anything.” So, too, with the Victorians: dead bodies, especially their burial and cremation, engaged the passionate attention of leading Victorians, from sanitary reformers like Edwin Chadwick to bestselling novelists like Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Thomas Hardy, and Bram Stoker. Locating corpses at the center of an extensive range of concerns, including money and law, medicine and urban architecture, social planning and folklore, religion and national identity, Mary Elizabeth Hotz draws on a range of legal, administrative, journalistic, and literary writing to offer a thoughtful meditation on Victorian attitudes toward death and burial, as well as how those attitudes influenced present-day deathway practices. Literary Remains gives new meaning to the phrase that serves as its significant theme: “Taught by death what life should be.” “...Literary Remains is a fantastic literary companion and is worth reading even if you’re not initially interested in burial practices.” — M/C Reviews “…Hotz not only contextualizes her readings within a historical framework surrounding the passage of the Burial Acts, the building of large public cemeteries in the suburbs, and the late-century introduction of cremation as a widespread social practice, but offers a perceptive and compelling rhetorical analysis of the sociological, political, and theological discourse about burial.” — Victorian Studies “…the painstaking research on debates about funerary reform that Hotz brings together will be valuable for future investigations of death in Victorian culture.” — Studies in English Literature “This is an ambitious, energetic and rigorous attempt to do that very difficult thing, integrate detailed and historically informed analysis of the documents of nineteenth-century burial reform and of major literary texts into a lucid and complex argument that doesn’t fight shy of contradiction and difficulty.” — Mortality “Drawing on a vast range of primary sources—official documents, newspapers and periodicals, travel guides—and the work of anthropologists, historians, and the substantial engagements within literary studies dealing with representations of death and the dead, Hotz’s perceptive, engaging, and eloquent study will be welcomed by a range of scholars in the humanities and social sciences.” — CHOICE “I read this fascinating book with great pleasure. It makes a valuable contribution to the study of Victorian practices of death and burial and will be an essential supplement to existing studies of the culture of Victorian melancholy and bereavement.” — Joel Faflak, author of Romantic Psychoanalysis: The Burden of the Mystery
Author: Pamela Dear
Publisher: Gale Cengage
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This volume of Contemporary Authors® New Revision Series brings you up-to-date information on approximately 250 writers. Editors have scoured dozens of leading journals, magazines, newspapers and online sources in search of the latest news and criticism.