Search Results: power-readings-in-social-political-theory

Rational Choice

Author: Jon Elster

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814721699

Category: Philosophy

Page: 266

View: 7903

This series brings together a carefully edited selection of the most influential and enduring articles on central topics in social and political theory. Each volume contains ten to twelve articles and an introductory essay by the editor.

Liberalism and Its Critics

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814778410

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2698

Much contemporary political philosophy has been a debate between utilitarianism on the one hand and Kantian, or rights-based ethic has recently faced a growing challenge from a different direction, from a view that argues for a deeper understanding of citizenship and community than the liberal ethic allows. The writings collected in this volume present leading statements of rights-based liberalism and of the communitarian, or civic republican alternatives to that position. The principle of selection has been to shift the focus from the familiar debate between utilitarians and Kantian liberals in order to consider a more powerful challenge ot the rights-based ethic, a challenge indebted, broadly speaking, to Aristotle, Hegel, and the civic republican tradition. Contributors include Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, Alasdair MacIntyre.

Identity, power, and change

selected readings in political theory

Author: Michael A. Weinstein

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 227

View: 2807

Planning in the Face of Power

Author: John Forester

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520064135

Category: Political Science

Page: 283

View: 7827

Power and inequality are realities that planners of all kinds must face in the practical world. In 'Planning in the Face of Power', John Forester argues that effective, public-serving planners can overcome the traditional--but paralyzing--dichotomies of being either professional or political, detached and distantly rational or engaged and change-oriented. Because inequalities of power directly structure planning practice, planners who are blind to relations of power will inevitably fail. Forester shows how, in the face of the conflict-ridden demands of practice, planners can think politically and rationally at the same time, avoid common sources of failure, and work to advance both a vision of the broader public good and the interests of the least powerful members of society.

Power

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814750311

Category: Political Science

Page: 283

View: 6129

What is power? Is it, as Betrand Russell suggested, "the production of intended effects", or is it the capacity to produce them? And which effects count? Or is Max Weber's definition of power as "the probability that an actor in a social relationship will be in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance" more accurate. What are the outcomes of power and who holds it? These are some of the fundamental questions answered in this colection of classic views of power. Steven Luke's lucid and accessible introduction on the nature of power leads to pieces by Bertrand Russell, Max Weber, Robert Dahl, Hannah Arendt, Jurgen Habermas, Talcott Parsons, Nicos Polantzas, Alvin I. Goldman, Georg Simmel, J. K. Galbraith, Michel Foucault, Gerhard Lenski and Raymond Aron. The book thus provides students of politics and sociology with all the most important readings in a key area of political theory.

Modern Political Thought

Readings from Machiavelli to Nietzsche

Author: David Wootton

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872203419

Category: Philosophy

Page: 946

View: 3850

Presents unabridged works and substantive abridgments in preeminent translations, along withbalanced, lucid, sophisticated introductions.

Readings in Planning Theory

Author: Susan S. Fainstein,James DeFilippis,Scott Campbell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119045061

Category: Architecture

Page: 624

View: 9428

"This fourth edition is the best-available compendium and analysis of planning theory. Remarkably, the editors manage to retain many of the foundational readings while also producing a volume that is overwhelmingly grounded in new scholarship. This expands the canon to show how theory can be inspired and produced by practitioners and scholars engaged with far more than the United States and Europe." Lawrence J. Vale, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Contemporary Latin American Social and Political Thought

An Anthology

Author: Iván Márquez

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742575101

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 1955

This anthology offers the first serious, broad-ranging collection of English translations of significant Latin American contributions to social and political thought spanning the last forty years. Iván Márquez has judiciously selected narratives of resistance and liberation; ground-breaking texts in Latin American fields of inquiry such as liberation theology, philosophy, pedagogy, and dependency theory; and important readings in guerrilla revolution, socialist utopia, and post–Cold War thought, especially in the realms of democracy and civil society, alternatives to neoliberalism, and nationalism in the context of globalization. Highlighting the vitality, diversity, and originality of Latin American thought, this anthology will be invaluable for students and scholars across the social sciences and humanities.

Conspiracy Theories

Secrecy and Power in American Culture

Author: Mark Fenster

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816632421

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 4204

JFK, Karl Marx, the Pope, Aristotle Onassis, Queen Elizabeth II, Howard Hughes, Fox Mulder, Bill Clinton -- all have been linked to vastly complicated global (or even galactic) intrigues. In this enlightening tour of conspiracy theories, Mark Fenster guides readers through this shadowy world and analyzes its complex role in American culture and politics. Fenster argues that conspiracy theories are a form of popular political interpretation and contends that understanding how they circulate through mass culture helps us better understand our society as a whole. To that end, he discusses Richard Hofstadter's The Paranoid Style in American Politics, the militia movement, The X-Files, popular Christian apocalyptic thought, and such artifacts of suspicion as The Turner Diaries, the Illuminatus! trilogy, and the novels of Richard Condon. Fenster analyzes the "conspiracy community" of radio shows, magazine and book publishers, Internet resources, and role-playing games that promote these theories. In this world, the very denial of a conspiracy's existence becomes proof that it exists, and the truth is always "out there." He believes conspiracy theory has become a thrill for a bored subculture, one characterized by its members' reinterpretation of "accepted" history, their deep cynicism about contemporary politics, and their longing for a utopian future. Fenster's progressive critique of conspiracy theories both recognizes the secrecy and inequities of power in contemporary politics and economics and works toward effective political engagement. Probing conspiracy theory's tendencies toward scapegoating, racism, and fascism, as well as Hofstadter's centrist acceptance of a postwar American"consensus, " he advocates what conspiracy theory wants but cannot articulate: a more inclusive, engaging political culture.

Feminism and Equality

Author: Anne Phillips

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814766057

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 1550

Power, Second Edition

A Radical View

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333420928

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 9943

Steven Lukes' Power: A Radical View is a seminal work still widely used some 30 years after publication. The second edition includes the complete original text alongside two major new essays. One assesses the main debates about how to conceptualize and study power, including the influential contributions of Michel Foucault. The other reconsiders Steven Lukes' own views in light of these debates and of criticisms of his original argument. With a new introduction and bibliographical essay, this book will consolidate its reputation as a classic work and a major reference point within social and political theory.

Pathways to Power

Readings in Contextual Social Work Practice

Author: Michael O'Melia,Karla Krogsrud Miley

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205323142

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 896

These readings offer critical perspectives and practice applications to define and illustrate an empowerment method of social work. The organizing theme, pathways to power, focuses on how people acquire and maintain power. This book goes beyond traditional practice perspectives to include methods that emphasize social justice, environmental contexts, strengths, and collaborative partnerships with clients and others. The authors of each chapter speak directly with the reader to present their concepts, reflections, and practice examples. Their voices, whether telling personal stories or conveying professional experiences are compelling; they draw readers into the material and help readers understand the context from which their view of social work practice evolves. This book covers key theoretical perspectives, including contextual social work, social justice, multicultural competence, and social constructionism. Practice methods exemplifying empowerment social work feature policy practice, community action research, self-directed group work, grassroots community change, organizational redevelopment, community collaboration, and strengths-based approaches.

Readings in Classical Political Thought

Author: Peter J. Steinberger

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872205123

Category: Political Science

Page: 625

View: 913

Designed to include all of the texts from Presocratics through Machiavelli likely to be read in an undergraduate course on classical political thought, this anthology has at its core generous selections from Plato and Aristotle. Building on this core is a sufficiently diverse and substantial selection of texts from other writers--including Thucydides and the Sophists--to allow for inquiry into the variety of Classical Greek approaches to politics, as well as into Roman, Medieval and Renaissance developments of the classical tradition. Preeminent translations and the editor’s own thoughtful introductions further distinguish this unique anthology.

Social Theory of International Politics

Author: Alexander Wendt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268435

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 908

Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

War and Change in World Politics

Author: Robert Gilpin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521273763

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 5598

War and Change in World Politics introduces the reader to an important new theory of international political change. Arguing that the fundamental nature of international relations has not changed over the millennia, Professor Gilpin uses history, sociology, and economic theory to identify the forces causing change in the world order. The discussion focuses on the differential growth of power in the international system and the result of this unevenness. A shift in the balance of power - economic or military - weakens the foundations of the existing system, because those gaining power see the increasing benefits and the decreasing cost of changing the system. The result, maintains Gilpin, is that actors seek to alter the system through territorial, political, or economic expansion until the marginal costs of continuing change are greater than the marginal benefits. When states develop the power to change the system according to their interests they will strive to do so- either by increasing economic efficiency and maximizing mutual gain, or by redistributing wealth and power in their own favour.

Anthropology and Social Theory

Culture, Power, and the Acting Subject

Author: Sherry B. Ortner

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822338642

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 5453

The award-winning anthropologist Sherry B. Ortner draws on her longstanding interest in theories of cultural practice to rethink key concepts of culture, agency, and subjectivity.

Envisioning Power

Ideologies of Dominance and Crisis

Author: Eric R. Wolf

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520215362

Category: Philosophy

Page: 339

View: 2517

This text explores the historical relationship of ideas, power and culture. Looking at several case studies, it analyses how the regnant ideology intertwines with power around the pivotal relationships that govern social labour.

Social and Political Philosophy

Readings From Plato to Gandhi

Author: John Somerville,Ronald Santoni

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 030782635X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 1630

An anthology of basic statements by the most influential social and political philosophers of Western civilization. Includes Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Jefferson, Thoreau, Mill, Marx and Engels, Lenin, Mussolini, Hitler, Dewey, and Gandhi.

Contemporary Readings in Social Problems

Author: Anna Leon-Guerrero,Kristine Zentgraf

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412965306

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8126

This reader was developed to be used in several courses taught in sociology; it can be used in an introductory social problems course as well as a theory or special topics course. It can also be used in an introduction to sociology course where social problems are stressed as well as in a global issues course. The readings have been selected from numerous, well-respected sociology journals and they have been edited to make them more "user friendly" for the undergraduate student. Numerous articles from SAGE social science journals are included.

Social and Political Philosophy

Classic and Contemporary Readings

Author: Andrea Veltman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 487

View: 8896

Social and Political Philosophy: Classic and Contemporary Readings is a comprehensive reader that offers a carefully balanced perspective of modern-day social and political philosophy, and the ways in which classic thought has shaped it. Editor Andrea Veltman seamlessly integrates the work of contemporary philosophers, Canadian scholarship, and feminist perspectives with some of the most valued readings in political thought. Suited to both one- and two-semester courses, Social and Political Philosophy is a uniquely Canadian text that brings fresh insight into many of the issues facing today's society. Pedagogical features, including biographical sketches, recommended readings, and end-of-chapter review questions engage readers, and helps students foster important connections between the past and present.

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