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Presidential Risk Behavior in Foreign Policy

Prudence or Peril?

Author: William A. Boettcher III

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 137

Bringing together research on the situational determinants of risk propensity and on individual personality predispositions, Boettcher draws on findings from political science, psychology, economics, business, and sociology to develop a Risk Explanation Framework (REF) to study the 'person in the situation'. Using structured, focused comparison, he examines six foreign policy cases from the Truman and Eisenhower administrations to explore how aspirations, fears, time pressures, and other factors influence risk taking. This is thus an important contribution to the study of international relations, foreign policy decision making, prospect theory and risk behavior, personality theory, and information processing.

Presidential Risk Behavior in Foreign Policy

Prudence Or Peril?

Author: William A. Boettcher

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 920

Bringing together research on the situational determinants of risk propensity and on individual personality predispositions, Boettcher draws on findings from political science, psychology, economics, business, and sociology to develop a Risk Explanation Framework (REF) to study the 'person in the situation'. Using structured, focused comparison, he examines six foreign policy cases from the Truman and Eisenhower administrations to explore how aspirations, fears, time pressures, and other factors influence risk taking. This is thus an important contribution to the study of international relations, foreign policy decision making, prospect theory and risk behavior, personality theory, and information processing.

Risk and Presidential Decision-making

The Emergence of Foreign Policy Crises

Author: Trenta Luca

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 800

This book aims at gauging whether the nature of US foreign policy decision-making has changed after the Cold War as radically as a large body of literature seems to suggest, and develops a new framework to interpret presidential decision-making in foreign policy. It locates the study of risk in US foreign policy in a wider intellectual landscape that draws on contemporary debates in historiography, international relations and Presidential studies. Based on developments in the health and environment literature, the book identifies the President as the ultimate risk-manager, demonstrating how a President is called to perform a delicate balancing act between risks on the domestic/political side and risks on the strategic/international side. Every decision represents a ‘risk vs. risk trade-off,’ in which the management of one ‘target risk’ leads to the development ‘countervailing risks.’ The book applies this framework to the study three major crises in US foreign policy: the Cuban Missile Crisis, the seizure of the US Embassy in Tehran in 1979, and the massacre at Srebrenica in 1995. Each case-study results from substantial archival research and over twenty interviews with policymakers and academics, including former President Jimmy Carter and former Senator Bob Dole. This book is ideal for postgraduate researchers and academics in US foreign policy, foreign policy decision-making and the US Presidency as well as Departments and Institutes dealing with the study of risk in the social sciences. The case studies will also be of great use to undergraduate students.

U.S. Presidents and Foreign Policy Mistakes

Author: Stephen G. Walker

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 774

Mistakes, in the form of bad decisions, are a common feature of every presidential administration, and their consequences run the gamut from unnecessary military spending, to missed opportunities for foreign policy advantage, to needless bloodshed. This book analyzes a range of presidential decisions made in the realm of US foreign policy—with a special focus on national security—over the past half century in order to create a roadmap of the decision process and a guide to better foreign policy decision-making in the increasingly complex context of 21st century international relations. Mistakes are analyzed in two general categories—ones of omission and ones of commission within the context of perceived threats and opportunities. Within this framework, the authors discuss how past scholarship has addressed these questions and argue that this research has not explicitly identified a vantage point around which the answers to these questions revolve. They propose game theory models of complex adaptive systems for minimizing bad decisions and apply them to test cases in the Middle East and Asia.

Dissertation Abstracts International

The humanities and social sciences

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Humanities

Page:

View: 385

Prospect Theory and Foreign Policy Analysis in the Asia Pacific

Rational Leaders and Risky Behavior

Author: Kai He

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 155

View: 108

Why does North Korea behave erratically in pursuing its nuclear weapons program? Why did the United States prefer bilateral alliances to multilateral ones in Asia after World War II? Why did China become "nice"—no more military coercion—in dealing with the pro-independence Taiwan President Chen Shuibian after 2000? Why did China compromise in the negotiation of the Chunxiao gas exploration in 2008 while Japan became provocative later in the Sino-Japanese disputes in the East China Sea? North Korea’s nuclear behavior, U.S. alliance strategy, China’s Taiwan policy, and Sino-Japanese territorial disputes are all important examples of seemingly irrational foreign policy decisions that have determined regional stability and Asian security. By examining major events in Asian security, this book investigates why and how leaders make risky and seemingly irrational decisions in international politics. The authors take the innovative step of integrating the neoclassical realist framework in political science and prospect theory in psychology. Their analysis suggests that political leaders are more likely to take risky actions when their vital interests and political legitimacy are seriously threatened. For each case, the authors first discuss the weaknesses of some of the prevailing arguments, mainly from rationalist and constructivist theorizing, and then offer an alternative explanation based on their political legitimacy-prospect theory model. This pioneering book tests and expands prospect theory to the study of Asian security and challenges traditional, expected-utility-based, rationalist theories of foreign policy behavior.

Quagmires in the periphery

foreign wars and escalating commitment in international conflict

Author: Jeffrey W. Taliaferro

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 50

View: 498

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 821

Presidential Decisionmaking In Foreign Policy

The Effective Use Of Information And Advice

Author: Alexander L George

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 267

View: 715

Lives at Risk

Hostages and Victims in American Foreign Policy

Author: Russell D. Buhite

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 409

This study of American foreign policy focuses on the issue of how the United States dealt with the holding of its citizens as hostages on foreign territory and how it responded in other cases in which Americans were victimized while living or conducting business aboard.

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