First published in 1903, Principles of Mathematics was Bertrand Russell’s first major work in print. It was this title which saw him begin his ascent towards eminence. In this groundbreaking and important work, Bertrand Russell argues that mathematics and logic are, in fact, identical and what is commonly called mathematics is simply later deductions from logical premises. Highly influential and engaging, this important work led to Russell’s dominance of analytical logic on western philosophy in the twentieth century.
For a full list of entries and contributors, sample entries, and more, visit the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women website. Featuring comprehensive global coverage of women's issues and concerns, from violence and sexuality to feminist theory, the Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women brings the field into the new millennium. In over 900 signed A-Z entries from US and Europe, Asia, the Americas, Oceania, and the Middle East, the women who pioneered the field from its inception collaborate with the new scholars who are shaping the future of women's studies to create the new standard work for anyone who needs information on women-related subjects.
Winner of the 2012 PROSE Award for Mathematics from The AmericanPublishers Awards for Professional and Scholarly Excellence. "A great book, one that I will certainly add to my personallibrary." —Paul J. Nahin, Professor Emeritus of ElectricalEngineering, University of New Hampshire Classic Problems of Probability presents a lively accountof the most intriguing aspects of statistics. The book features alarge collection of more than thirty classic probability problemswhich have been carefully selected for their interesting history,the way they have shaped the field, and their counterintuitivenature. From Cardano's 1564 Games of Chance to Jacob Bernoulli's 1713Golden Theorem to Parrondo's 1996 Perplexing Paradox, the bookclearly outlines the puzzles and problems of probability,interweaving the discussion with rich historical detail and thestory of how the mathematicians involved arrived at theirsolutions. Each problem is given an in-depth treatment, includingdetailed and rigorous mathematical proofs as needed. Some of thefascinating topics discussed by the author include: Buffon's Needle problem and its ingenious treatment by JosephBarbier, culminating into a discussion of invariance Various paradoxes raised by Joseph Bertrand Classic problems in decision theory, including Pascal's Wager,Kraitchik's Neckties, and Newcomb's problem The Bayesian paradigm and various philosophies ofprobability Coverage of both elementary and more complex problems,including the Chevalier de Méré problems, Fisher and thelady testing tea, the birthday problem and its various extensions,and the Borel-Kolmogorov paradox Classic Problems of Probability is an eye-opening,one-of-a-kind reference for researchers and professionalsinterested in the history of probability and the variedproblem-solving strategies employed throughout the ages. The bookalso serves as an insightful supplement for courses on mathematicalprobability and introductory probability and statistics at theundergraduate level.
Surveying the history, latest developments and potential future directions of contemporary analytic philosophy, this is an essential one-volume reference guide for all those workingin the field. The Continuum Companion to Analytic Philosophy brings together a team of internationally renowned scholars to explore all the major areas of inquiry, key concepts and most important thinkers in the analytic tradition. Topics covered include: The origins of analytic philosophy, from Frege and Russell to Wittgenstein and beyond Philosophy of mind from early developments to the latest contributions of neuroscience Perspectives in moral and political philosophy Contemporary Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Science The latest thinking on free will and personal identity The Continuum Companion to Analytic Philosophy also includes a historical chronology and a full guide to further reading and available resources, making this an invaluable library or desktop reference guide for anyone working in the discipline today.
Alfred Marshall was anxious to do good. Intended by an Evangelical father for the vocation of clergyman, the author of the mould-shaping Principles of Economics remained to the end of his days a great preacher deeply committed to raising the tone of life. First published in 1990, Alfred Marshall’s Mission explains how this most moral of political economists sought to blend the downward sloping utility function of Jevons and Menger with the organic evolutionism of Darwin and Spencer, how this celebrated theorist of social alongside economic growth sought to combine the mathematical marginalism of Cournot. Thunen and Edgeworth with the ethical uplift of Green, Jowett and Toynbee. The conclusion reached is that perhaps Marshall was, after all, too anxious to do good. Far more economists, however, have been not anxious enough; and that in itself gives this study of Marshall’s life and times a present day relevance which would, no doubt, have appealed strongly to the shy Cambridge professor who is its subject.
European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment as a whole. British Philosophy and the Age of Enlightenment includes discussion of Scottish Enlightenment and its influence on the German Aufklarung, and consequently on Kant. French thought, which in turn affected the late radical Enlightenment, especially Bentham, is also considered here. This survey brings together clear, authoritative chapters from leading experts and provides a scholarly introduction to this period in the history of philosophy. It includes a glossary of technical terms and a chronological table of important political, philosophical, scientific and other cultural events.
Essays on Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Economic Thought
Author: Peter Groenewegen
Category: Business & Economics
Peter Groenewegen's reputation as a chronicler of the history of economics is unparalleled. Building on his respected collection on eighteenth century economics, this new book focuses on the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, reprinting essays on classical and modern economics. Several of the included essays have never been published before, whilst many have previously been difficult to access having been written across the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s. This important collection will be an invaluable resource for any historian, student or academic involved in the history of economics.
The Shorter REP presents the very best of the acclaimed ten volume Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy in a single volume. It makes a selection of the most important entries available for the first time and covers all you need to know about philosophy, from Aristotle to Wittgenstein and animals and ethics to scientific method. Comprising over 900 entries and covering the major philosophers and philosophical topics, The Shorter REP includes the following special features: Unrivalled coverage of major philosophers, themes, movements and periods making the volume indispensable for any student or general reader Fully cross-referenced Revised versions of many of the most important entries, including fresh suggestions for further reading Over twenty brand new entries on important new topics such as Cloning and Sustainability entries by many leading philosophers such as Bernard Williams, Martha Nussbaum, Richard Rorty, Onora O'Neill, T.M. Scanlon and Anthony Appiah Striking new text design to help locate key entries quickly and easily An outstanding guide to all things philosophical, The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy provides an unrivalled introduction to the subject for students and general readers alike.
Philosophy of the English-Speaking World in the Twentieth Century 1: Science, Logic and Mathematics
Author: S. G. Shanker
Volume 9 of the Routledge History of Philosophy surveys ten key topics in the philosophy of science, logic and mathematics in the twentieth century. Each of the essays is written by one of the world's leading experts in that field. Among the topics covered are the philosophy of logic, of mathematics and of Gottlob Frege; Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus; a survey of logical positivism; the philosophy of physics and of science; probability theory, cybernetics and an essay on the mechanist/vitalist debates. The volume also contains a helpful chronology to the major scientific and philosophical events in the twentieth century. It also provides an extensive glossary of technical terms in the notes on major figures in these fields.