Search Results: protagoras-by-plato

Plato’s Protagoras

Essays on the Confrontation of Philosophy and Sophistry

Author: Olof Pettersson,Vigdis Songe-Møller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319455850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 8601

This book presents a thorough study and an up to date anthology of Plato’s Protagoras. International authors' papers contribute to the task of understanding how Plato introduced and negotiated a new type of intellectual practice – called philosophy – and the strategies that this involved. They explore Plato’s dialogue, looking at questions of how philosophy and sophistry relate, both on a methodological and on a thematic level. While many of the contributing authors argue for a sharp distinction between sophistry and philosophy, this is contested by others. Readers may consider the distinctions between philosophy and traditional forms of poetry and sophistry through these papers. Questions for readers' attention include: To what extent is Socrates’ preferred mode of discourse, and his short questions and answers, superior to Protagoras’ method of sophistic teaching? And why does Plato make Socrates and Protagoras reverse positions as it comes to virtue and its teachability? This book will appeal to graduates and researchers with an interest in the origins of philosophy, classical philosophy and historical philosophy.

How Philosophy Became Socratic

A Study of Plato's "Protagoras," "Charmides," and "Republic"

Author: Laurence Lampert

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226470970

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 4660

Plato’s dialogues show Socrates at different ages, beginning when he was about nineteen and already deeply immersed in philosophy and ending with his execution five decades later. By presenting his model philosopher across a fifty-year span of his life, Plato leads his readers to wonder: does that time period correspond to the development of Socrates’ thought? In this magisterial investigation of the evolution of Socrates’ philosophy, Laurence Lampert answers in the affirmative. The chronological route that Plato maps for us, Lampert argues, reveals the enduring record of philosophy as it gradually took the form that came to dominate the life of the mind in the West. The reader accompanies Socrates as he breaks with the century-old tradition of philosophy, turns to his own path, gradually enters into a deeper understanding of nature and human nature, and discovers the successful way to transmit his wisdom to the wider world. Focusing on the final and most prominent step in that process and offering detailed textual analysis of Plato’s Protagoras, Charmides, and Republic, How Philosophy Became Socratic charts Socrates’ gradual discovery of a proper politics to shelter and advance philosophy.

Plato and Protagoras

Truth and Relativism in Ancient Greek Philosophy

Author: Oded Balaban

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 5434

Drawing on his years of teaching the two Greek thinkers to graduate students, Balaban (philosophy, U. of Haifa) compares their thought. He explains that Plato adopts the point of the view of the content of knowledge, which can be either true or false, and insists that a criterion for determining truth is available and that salvation consists in learning it by instruction. Protagoras he describes as adopting the perspective of the form of knowledge, which is the aspect of it that is neither true nor false, and concluding that such a criterion for determining truth is not available, and therefore all we need to do is change our natural dispositions, a task he reserves for education. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Socrates and the Sophists

Plato's Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias and Cratylus

Author: Plato

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1585105058

Category: Philosophy

Page: 234

View: 2645

This is an English translation of four of Plato’s dialogue (Protagoras, Euthydemus, Hippias Major, and Cratylus) that explores the topic of sophistry and philosophy, a key concept at the source of Western thought. Includes notes and an introductory essay. Focus Philosophical Library translations are close to and are non-interpretative of the original text, with the notes and a glossary intending to provide the reader with some sense of the terms and the concepts as they were understood by Plato’s immediate audience.

Epistemology After Protagoras

Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Author: Mi-Kyoung Lee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199262229

Category: Philosophy

Page: 291

View: 8198

"Relativism was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras in the fifth century BC. Protagoras is famous for his claim that 'man is the measure of all things'. Mi-Kyoung Lee examines this and the work of Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus"--Provided by publisher.

Plato's Anti-hedonism and the Protagoras

Author: J. Clerk Shaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107046653

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 3738

"In this book, Clerk Shaw removes this apparent tension by arguing that the Protagoras as a whole actually reflects Plato's anti-hedonism"--

Protagoras and Logos

A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric

Author: Edward Schiappa

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 1611171814

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 7365

Protagoras and Logos brings together in a meaningful synthesis the contributions and rhetoric of the first and most famous of the Older Sophists, Protagoras of Abdera. Most accounts of Protagoras rely on the somewhat hostile reports of Plato and Aristotle. By focusing on Protagoras's own surviving words, this study corrects many long-standing misinterpretations and presents significant facts: Protagoras was a first-rate philosophical thinker who positively influenced the theories of Plato and Aristotle, and Protagoras pioneered the study of language and was the first theorist of rhetoric. In addition to illustrating valuable methods of translating and reading fifth-century B.C.E. Greek passages, the book marshals evidence for the important philological conclusion that the Greek word translated as rhetoric was a coinage by Plato in the early fourth century. In this second edition, Edward Schiappa reassesses the philosophical and pedagogical contributions of Protagoras. Schiappa argues that traditional accounts of Protagoras are hampered by mistaken assumptions about the Sophists and the teaching of the art of rhetoric in the fifth century. He shows that, contrary to tradition, the so-called Older Sophists investigated and taught the skills of logos, which is closer to modern conceptions of critical reasoning than of persuasive oratory. Schiappa also offers interpretations for each of Protagoras's major surviving fragments and examines Protagoras's contributions to the theory and practice of Greek education, politics, and philosophy. In a new afterword Schiappa addresses historiographical issues that have occupied scholars in rhetorical studies over the past ten years, and throughout the study he provides references to scholarship from the last decade that has refined his views on Protagoras and other Sophists.

The Portable Plato

Author: Plato

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 110112749X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 704

View: 5594

Writing in the fourth century B.C., in an Athens that had suffered a humiliating defeat in the Peloponnesian War, Plato formulated questions that have haunted the moral, religious, and political imagination of the West for more than 2,000 years: what is virtue? How should we love? What constitutes a good society? Is there a soul that outlasts the body and a truth that transcends appearance? What do we know and how do we know it? Plato's inquiries were all the more resonant because he couched them in the form of dramatic and often highly comic dialogues, whose principal personage was the ironic, teasing, and relentlessly searching philosopher Socrates. In this splendid collection, Scott Buchanan brings together the most important of Plato's dialogues, including Protagoras, The Symposium, with its barbed conjectures about the relation between love and madness, Phaedo and The Republic, his monumental work of political philosophy. Buchanan's learned and engaging introduction allows us to see Plato both as a commentator on his society and as a shaper of the societies that followed, who bequeathed to us a hunger for the ideal as well as a redeeming habit of humane skepticism.

The Office of Assertion

An Art of Rhetoric for the Academic Essay

Author: Scott F Crider

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1497646766

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 170

View: 839

A frivolous argument or inflated claim is often dismissed with the reply, “That’s just rhetoric!” But as Scott Crider explains in The Office of Assertion, the classical tradition of rhetoric is both a productive and a liberal art. The ability to employ rhetoric successfully can enable the student, as an effective communicator, to reflect qualities of soul through argument. In that sense, rhetoric is much more than a technical skill. Crider addresses the intelligent university student with respect and humor. This short but serious book is informed by both the ancient rhetorical tradition and recent discoveries concerning the writing process. Though practical, it is not simply a “how-to” manual; though philosophical, it never loses sight of writing itself. Crider combines practical guidance about how to improve an academic essay with reflection on the final purposes —educational, political, and philosophical—of such improvement.

Socrates and the Sophistic Enlightenment

A Commentary on Plato's Protagoras

Author: Patrick Coby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781611480603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 214

View: 5000

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Plato: Gorgias, Menexenus, Protagoras

Author: Malcolm Schofield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521546003

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2457

Presented in the popular Cambridge Texts format are three early Platonic dialogues in a new English translation by Tom Griffith that combines elegance, accuracy, freshness and fluency. Together they offer strikingly varied examples of Plato's critical encounter with the culture and politics of fifth and fourth century Athens. Nowhere does he engage more sharply and vigorously with the presuppositions of democracy. The Gorgias is a long and impassioned confrontation between Socrates and a succession of increasingly heated interlocutors about political rhetoric as an instrument of political power. The short Menexenus contains a pastiche of celebratory public oratory, illustrating its self-delusions. In the Protagoras, another important contribution to moral and political philosophy in its own right, Socrates takes on leading intellectuals (the 'sophists') of the later fifth century BC and their pretensions to knowledge. The dialogues are introduced and annotated by Malcolm Schofield, a leading authority on ancient Greek political philosophy.

Early Socratic Dialogues

Author: Emlyn-Jones Chris,Plato

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141914076

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 4639

Rich in drama and humour, they include the controversial Ion, a debate on poetic inspiration; Laches, in which Socrates seeks to define bravery; and Euthydemus, which considers the relationship between philosophy and politics. Together, these dialogues provide a definitive portrait of the real Socrates and raise issues still keenly debated by philosophers, forming an incisive overview of Plato's philosophy.

Plato's Philosophers

The Coherence of the Dialogues

Author: Catherine H. Zuckert

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226993388

Category: Political Science

Page: 896

View: 7309

Faced with the difficult task of discerning Plato’s true ideas from the contradictory voices he used to express them, scholars have never fully made sense of the many incompatibilities within and between the dialogues. In the magisterial Plato’s Philosophers, Catherine Zuckert explains for the first time how these prose dramas cohere to reveal a comprehensive Platonic understanding of philosophy. To expose this coherence, Zuckert examines the dialogues not in their supposed order of composition but according to the dramatic order in which Plato indicates they took place. This unconventional arrangement lays bare a narrative of the rise, development, and limitations of Socratic philosophy. In the drama’s earliest dialogues, for example, non-Socratic philosophers introduce the political and philosophical problems to which Socrates tries to respond. A second dramatic group shows how Socrates develops his distinctive philosophical style. And, finally, the later dialogues feature interlocutors who reveal his philosophy’s limitations. Despite these limitations, Zuckert concludes, Plato made Socrates the dialogues’ central figure because Socrates raises the fundamental human question: what is the best way to live? Plato’s dramatization of Socratic imperfections suggests, moreover, that he recognized the apparently unbridgeable gap between our understandings of human life and the nonhuman world. At a time when this gap continues to raise questions—about the division between sciences and the humanities and the potentially dehumanizing effects of scientific progress—Zuckert’s brilliant interpretation of the entire Platonic corpus offers genuinely new insights into worlds past and present.

Plato and the Stoics

Author: A. G. Long

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107040590

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 4807

Seven essays providing new and detailed explorations of the complex relationship between Plato and the Greek and Roman Stoic traditions.

Protagoras of Abdera

The Man, His Measure

Author: Johannes M. van Ophuijsen,Marlein van Raalte,Peter Stork

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004251243

Category: Philosophy

Page: 344

View: 965

Protagoras of Abdera: The Man, His Measure makes a case for the Sophist Protagoras as a philosopher in his own right, while at the same time giving due weight to the complicated doxographical situation.

The works of Plato

Author: Plato

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780394309712

Category: Philosophy, Ancient

Page: 577

View: 854

Presents a selection of ten dialogues of Plato that represent the range and diversity of his human and intellectual interests.

Sophistry and Political Philosophy

Protagoras' Challenge to Socrates

Author: Robert C. Bartlett

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022639428X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 3081

It was Nietzsche who first identified the similarities between the radical sophistry of antiquity and the contemporary relativism that has come to characterize modern thought. The anti-foundationalism of contemporary thought can be said to have been born with the Sophists, and, of all the Sophists who have come down to us, Protagoras is the most famous and challenging of them. Robert Bartlett s masterful book is the first to examine Plato s Protagoras and Theaetetus together to uncover what lies at the heart of Protagoras teaching, both its moral and political components and its theoretical and epistemological groundings. His superb exegesis of these two dialogues allows one to see more clearly the power of radical relativism: its strengths and its deficiencies. Bartlett notes that political philosophy has been supplanted in the modern era either by the study of the history of political philosophy or by relativism. Although "Understanding Political Philosophy and Sophistry" can certainly be taken as an example of the former, it is much more than that. It seeks to uncover what Socrates, in responding to that teaching, begins to reveal of his own understanding and characteristic activity. It helps us begin to understand, in other words, the phenomenon of philosophy, not just as a system of thought, but as Socrates lived it."

Phaedrus

Author: Plato

Publisher: Trajectory Inc

ISBN: 163209794X

Category: Fiction

Page: 111

View: 4421

Trajectory presents classics of world literature with 21st century features! Our original-text editions include the following visual enhancements to foster a deeper understanding of the work: Word Clouds at the start of each chapter highlight important words. Word, sentence, paragraph counts, and reading time help readers and teachers determine chapter complexity. Co-occurrence graphs depict character-to-character interactions as well character to place interactions. Sentiment indexes identify positive and negative trends in mood within each chapter. Frequency graphs help display the impact this book has had on popular culture since its original date of publication. Use Trajectory analytics to deepen comprehension, to provide a focus for discussions and writing assignments, and to engage new readers with some of the greatest stories ever told. "Phaedrus", by Plato, is a discussion between Socrates, and Phaedrus as Socrates is in prison awaiting execution.

Protagoras

Author: Plato,Aeterna Press

Publisher: Aeterna Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 52

View: 5025

THE Protagoras, like several of the Dialogues of Plato, is put into the mouth of Socrates, who describes a conversation which had taken place between himself and the great Sophist at the house of Callias—’the man who had spent more upon the Sophists than all the rest of the world’ (Apol. 20 A), and in which the learned Hippias and the grammarian Prodicus had also shared, as well as Alcibiades and Critias, both of whom said a few words—in the presence of a distinguished company consisting of disciples of Protagoras and of leading Athenians belonging to the Socratic circle. The dialogue commences with a request on the part of Hippocrates that Socrates would introduce him to the celebrated teacher. He has come before the dawn had risen—so fervid is his zeal. Socrates moderates his excitement and advises him to find out ‘what Protagoras will make of him,’ before he becomes his pupil. Aeterna Press

Republic. Timaeus. Critias

Author: Plato

Publisher: Arkose Press

ISBN: 9781345346732

Category:

Page: 630

View: 5310

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