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Psychological Criminology

An Integrative Approach

Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 270

Psychological Criminology addresses the question: what is it about individuals and their experiences that cause them to commit crime and/or to become criminal? This book provides a comprehensive coverage of psychological theories of crime and criminality, exploring theories focusing on factors present at birth (human nature, heredity); theories that focus on factors that influence the offender over the lifespan (learning, development); and theories focusing on factors present at the crime scene. It emphasizes the connections among the different approaches, and demonstrates how, taken together rather than as rival explanations, they provide a more complete picture of crime and criminality than each provides individually. Theories are arranged throughout the book in a temporal sequence, from distal to proximal causes of crime. The analysis spans 100,000 years, from the evolutionary roots of criminal behaviour in the ancestral environments of early humans on the African savana, to the decision to engage in a specific criminal act. Key features of the book include: a focus on theory – ‘explaining’ crime and criminality, an integrative approach, accessible to readers who do not have a background in psychology. Psychological Criminology highlights the contributions that psychological theory can make to the broader field of criminology; it will be of interest to students, academics, researchers and practitioners in both criminology and forensic psychology.

Routledge Handbook of Crime Science

Author: Richard Wortley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 474

View: 512

Crime science is precisely what it says it is: the application of science to the phenomenon of crime. This handbook, intended as a crime science manifesto, showcases the scope of the crime science field and provides the reader with an understanding of the assumptions, aspirations and methods of crime science, as well as the variety of topics that fall within its purview. Crime science provides a distinctive approach to understanding and dealing with crime: one that is outcome-oriented, evidence-based and that crosses boundaries between disciplines. The central mission of crime science is to find new ways to cut crime and increase security. Beginning by setting out the case for crime science, the editors examine the roots of crime science in environmental criminology and describe its key features. The book is then divided into two sections. The first section comprises chapters by disciplinary specialists about the contributions their sciences can make or have already made to crime science. The second section of the book comprises a series of exemplary case studies in crime science, showing a wide range of the kind of work that crime scientists do. The editors conclude by drawing on the preceding contributions, as well as germane areas of research, to offer a thoughtful consideration of future directions for crime science. This book is essential reading for social scientists and scientists alike and marks a new phase in the study of crime and its detection and prevention.

Crime Science

New Approaches to Preventing and Detecting Crime

Author: Dr. Melissa J. Smith

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 784

Crime science is a multi-disciplinary new discipline that has the aim of understanding better how to prevent and detect crime, drawing on criminology, economics, psychology, mathematics, geography, architecture and other fields to examine crime patterns and to develop solutions to these problems. It provides an integrated approach to crime which its proponents believe will improve detection of crime, reduce the impact of crime and in due course result in less crime in society. This book provides an introduction to crime science, setting out its essentials. It provides a major statement of the nature and aspirations of crime science, and presents a series of case studies providing examples, in different settings, of the approach in action, ranging from preventing crime within correctional institutions to the use of techniques such as DNA fast tracking for burglary. It is structured so as to cover the fundamentals of crime science, with sections on methodology, prevention and detection.

Understanding Psychology and Crime

Author: James McGuire

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 869

"This is an exceptional book that comprehensively covers the interface between psychology and criminology regarding an empirical understanding of crime. It is written in an engaging and accessible manner, nicely linking key themes in order to situate the contribution of psychology to theories of criminal behaviour, strategies for informed practice, and contemporary challenges. It should prove to be an incredible resource for students, but also be of interest to researchers and clinicians. I cannot recommend this text more heartily." Dr Ralph Serin, Carleton University, Canada "James McGuire is one of the leading international experts on what works in reducing reoffending, and he has written an extremely valuable and accessible textbook on psychology and crime. The book is a clearly written, well-researched and up-to-date survey of important contributions of psychology to key criminological issues. It is especially noteworthy for its illuminating reviews of cognitive-social learning theories, risk factors and longitudinal studies, risk assessment, cognitive-behavioural programmes and meta-analyses of treatment effectiveness." Professor David Farrington, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge What contributions can psychology make to our understanding of crime? How can psychological models and research help to prevent crime and reduce repeat offending? This highly readable book discusses the complex relationships between psychology, criminology and criminal justice. Challenging the assumptions of those who object to the use of psychology within criminology, this book shows how a methodical approach to the study of criminal behaviour can generate both systematic findings and practical solutions to problems. McGuire argues for a broader understanding of crime, based on factors such as the individual's cognitive and emotional development, in addition to the influences of socialization, peer groups, and the social and economic environment. He highlights the value of understanding 'pathways' to offending behaviour, and the critical points at which choices are made. Topics include: Theoretical and empirical research foundations of 'criminogenic risk factors' Theory turned into practice - the development of offending behaviour programmes A psychological perspective on some core concepts in criminology: retribution, deterrence and incapacitation Major practical applications of psychology in policing, prosecution and sentencing This authoritative and stimulating text is essential reading for students in criminology and psychology and for criminal justice practitioners and policy makers.

Handbook of Behavioral Criminology

Author: Vincent B. Van Hasselt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page: 762

View: 717

This multidisciplinary volume assembles current findings on violent crime, behavioral, biological, and sociological perspectives on its causes, and effective methods of intervention and prevention. Noted experts across diverse fields apply a behavioral criminology lens to examine crimes committed by minors, extremely violent offenses, sexual offending, violence in families, violence in high-risk settings, and crimes of recent and emerging interest. The work of mental health practitioners and researchers is shown informing law enforcement response to crime in interrogation, investigative analysis, hostage negotiations, and other core strategies. In addition, chapters pay special attention to criminal activities that violate traditional geographic boundaries, from cyberstalking to sex trafficking to international terrorism. Among the topics in the Handbook: · Dyadic conceptualization, measurement, and analysis of family violence. · School bullying and cyberbullying: prevalence, characteristics, outcomes, and prevention. · A cultural and psychological perspective on mass murder. · Young people displaying problematic sexual behavior: the research and their words. · Child physical abuse and neglect. · Criminal interviewing and interrogation in serious crime investigations. · Violence in correctional settings. · Foundations of threat assessment and management. The Handbook of Behavioral Criminology is a meticulous resource for researchers in criminology, psychology, sociology, and related fields. It also informs developers of crime prevention programs and practitioners assessing and intervening with criminal clients and in correctional facilities.

Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach

An Integrated Approach

Author: James Burfeind

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 386

View: 341

Juvenile Delinquency: An Integrated Approach, Second Edition offers a comprehensive introduction to juvenile delinquency. Now in a more concise and accessible format, this text cultivates an understanding of juvenile delinquency by examining and linking key sociological and criminological theories and research. Biological and psychological apporaches to delinquency are covered, as well as responses to deliquent behavior includuing prevention, early intervention, and contemporary juvenile justice.

Criminal Psychology: Topics in Applied Psychology

Author: David Canter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Psychology

Page: 316

View: 353

Topics in Applied Psychology offers a range of accessible, integrated texts ideal for courses in applied psychology. The books are written by leading figures in their field and provide a comprehensive academic and professional insight into each topic. They incorporate a range of features to bring psychology to life including case histories, research methods, ethical debate and learner activities. Each chapter opens with learning objectives to consolidate key points. A reading list and sample essay questions at the end of chapters enable further independent study. The series also offers an appreciation of multiple perspectives, examines the relationship between psychology and other cognate disciplines and discusses recent developments in each field. Topics in Applied Psychology will provide you with the tools you need to engage with, enjoy and understand your applied psychology discipline, ultimately ensuring confidence and success in exams as well as a comprehensive grounding in the profession. Criminal Psychology examines the contributions that psychology is making to our understanding of criminals, the investigation of their crimes, processes in court and the management and treatment of offenders in prison. The psychological contributions to investigations are assessed with regard to interviewing and detecting deception as well as examining the nature and meaning of offender profiling. The role of psychologists as experts in court is reviewed followed by a look at how psychologists work with prisoners. The psychology of the victim is also examined. The book concludes with a discussion of the future of crime and the growing contribution that psychology is making to understanding criminals and reducing their activities. The integrated and interactive approach, combined with the comprehensive coverage, makes this book the ideal companion for courses in applied criminal psychology. Other books in this series include: Clinical Psychology, Educational Psychology, Health Psychology, Organizational and Work Psychology and Sport and Exercise Psychology.

Preventing Child Sexual Abuse

Evidence, Policy and Practice

Author: Stephen Smallbone

Publisher: Willan

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 354

This book integrates clinical and criminological concepts and knowledge to inform a more comprehensive and effective public policy approach to preventing child sexual abuse. It will be essential reading for anybody with interests in this field.

Journal of Legal and Political Sociology

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Political sociology

Page:

View: 993

Behavioural Analysis of Crime

Studies in David Canter's Investigative Psychology

Author: Donna Youngs

Publisher: Gower Publishing Company, Limited

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 313

View: 211

Editor's note / Donna Youngs -- Investigative psychology: David Canter's approach to studying criminals and criminal action / Donna Youngs -- On David Canter's IP theories and models -- Violent self-narratives and the hostile attribution bias / Shadd Maruna and Michelle Butler -- Action systems models of criminal differentiation / Katarina Frizton -- Differentiation of hostage barricade incidents: through the application of the acton system model / Kaeko Yokota -- Test of Canter's sexual behavioural models in a sample of young people who had sexually harmed / Louise Almond -- Emotions as explanations for crime / Maria Ioannou -- On David Canter's IP methods -- Introducing the Jaccard-Canter coefficient: a common range index of inter-variable similarity for smallest space analysis / Sean Hammond -- Homicide crime scene analysis: an investigative psychology approach / Gabrielle Salfati -- Investigative psychology and suicide: the facet structure of investigative material / Susan Giles -- Questions and answers about the faceted analysis of criminal actions / Jamie Lee -- IP: a problem-solving discipline -- Offending spatial behaviour and geographical profiling / Laura Hammond and Donna Youngs -- Linking crimes in criminal investigations / Craig Bennell -- Contemporary challenges in investigative psychology: revisiting the Canter offender profiling equations / Donna Youngs and Elizabeth Spruin -- Closing remarks / From Professor Canter -- Selected IP works of David Canter -- Selected IP commentaries / by David Canter -- Commentary on a debate in geographical offender profiling -- Commentary on "offender profiling" -- Commentary on potential of research on offenders' narratives -- Selected writings for UK newspapers -- Selected bibliography.

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