Search Results: psychological-models-in-international-politics

Psychological models in international politics

Author: Lawrence S. Falkowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 312

View: 4071

Risk-Taking in International Politics

Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7769

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions

Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making in International Relations

Author: Mark Schafer,Scott Crichlow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520182

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2758

Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making.

Political Psychology in International Relations

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472067015

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 7802

A comprehensive account of the field of political psychology with a focus on its implications for international relations

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

Author: R. A. W. Rhodes,Paul 't Hart

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645869

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 4082

Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—as the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.

Madness in International Relations

Psychology, Security, and the Global Governance of Mental Health

Author: Alison Howell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136810269

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 7371

Madness in International Relations provides an important and innovative account of the role of psychology and psychiatry in global politics, showing how mental health governance has become a means of securing various populations, often with questionable effects. Through the analysis of three key case studies Howell illustrates how such therapeutic interventions can at times be coercive and sovereign, at other times disciplinary, and at still other times benevolent, though not benign. In each case a ‘diagnostic competition’ is traced, that is, a contestation over how best to diagnose and treat the population in question. The book examines the populations of Guantánamo Bay, post-conflict societies and western militaries, identifying how these diagnostic competitions ultimately rest on shared assumptions about the value of psychology and psychiatry in managing global security, about the value of achieving security through mental health governance, and ultimately about the medicalization of security. This work will be of great interest to all scholars of International relations, critical theory and security studies.

The Political Psychology of Israeli Prime Ministers

When Hard-Liners Opt for Peace

Author: Yael S. Aronoff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113995251X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2172

This book examines leaders of the seemingly intractable conflict between Israel and its Palestinian neighbors. It takes as an intellectual target of opportunity six Israeli prime ministers, asking why some of them have persisted in some hard-line positions but others have opted to become peacemakers. This book argues that some leaders do change, and above all it explains why and how such changes come about. This book goes beyond arguing simply that 'leaders matter' by analyzing how their particular belief systems and personalities can ultimately make a difference to their country's foreign policy, especially toward a long-standing enemy. Although no hard-liner can stand completely still in the face of important changes, only those with ideologies that have specific components that act as obstacles to change and who have an orientation toward the past may need to be replaced for dramatic policy changes to take place.

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117998

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 5847

Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Behavioral Modeling and Simulation

From Individuals to Societies

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Organizational Modeling: From Individuals to Societies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030911862X

Category: Social Science

Page: 422

View: 2968

Today's military missions have shifted away from fighting nation states using conventional weapons toward combating insurgents and terrorist networks in a battlespace in which the attitudes and behaviors of civilian noncombatants may be the primary effects of military actions. To support these new missions, the military services are increasingly interested in using models of the behavior of humans, as individuals and in groups of various kinds and sizes. Behavioral Modeling and Simulation reviews relevant individual, organizational, and societal (IOS) modeling research programs, evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the programs and their methodologies, determines which have the greatest potential for military use, and provides guidance for the design of a research program to effectively foster the development of IOS models useful to the military. This book will be of interest to model developers, operational military users of the models and their managers, and government personnel making funding decisions regarding model development.

Never Forget National Humiliation

Historical Memory in Chinese Politics and Foreign Relations

Author: Zheng Wang

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520166

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 1328

How could the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) not only survive but even thrive, regaining the support of many Chinese citizens after the Tiananmen Square crackdown of 1989? Why has popular sentiment turned toward anti-Western nationalism despite the anti-dictatorship democratic movements of the 1980s? And why has China been more assertive toward the United States and Japan in foreign policy but relatively conciliatory toward smaller countries in conflict? Offering an explanation for these unexpected trends, Zheng Wang follows the Communist government's ideological reeducation of the public, which relentlessly portrays China as the victim of foreign imperialist bullying during "one hundred years of humiliation." By concentrating on the telling and teaching of history in today's China, Wang illuminates the thinking of the young patriots who will lead this rising power in the twenty-first century. Wang visits China's primary schools and memory sites and reads its history textbooks, arguing that China's rise should not be viewed through a single lens, such as economics or military growth, but from a more comprehensive perspective that takes national identity and domestic discourse into account. Since it is the prime raw material for constructing China's national identity, historical memory is the key to unlocking the inner mystery of the Chinese. From this vantage point, Wang tracks the CCP's use of history education to glorify the party, reestablish its legitimacy, consolidate national identity, and justify one-party rule in the post-Tiananmen and post–Cold War era. The institutionalization of this manipulated historical consciousness now directs political discourse and foreign policy, and Wang demonstrates its important role in China's rise.

Psychological Processes in International Negotiations

Theoretical and Practical Perspectives

Author: Francesco Aquilar,Mauro Galluccio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387713808

Category: Psychology

Page: 172

View: 727

A unique collaboration between experts in cognitive psychotherapy and political science, this book emphasizes the value of human psychology in negotiation and mediation. Drawing on a wide range of theory and data, from neuroscientific findings and historical events to the rational-emotive model of behavior, the book explains how the negotiation process works, under both adverse and optimum conditions.

Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences

Author: Alexander L. George,Andrew Bennett,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262572224

Category: Political Science

Page: 331

View: 4711

A text that emphasizes the importance of case studies in social science scholarship and shows how to make case study practices more rigorous.

Handbook of International Relations

Author: Walter Carlsnaes,Thomas Risse-Kappen,Beth A Simmons

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761963042

Category: Political Science

Page: 571

View: 5345

"This is an excellent compilation of work on the discipline of international relations (IR). . . . This handbook will become indispensable for libraries serving graduate programs in IR. It will also be a good reference for faculty and scholars in the field, and its individual entries will be of interest to advanced undergraduate students." --CHOICE, November 2002 --CHOICE, November 2002 This major Handbook brings together the worlds leading scholars of international relations to provide a state of the art review and indispensable guide to the field. A genuinely international undertaking, the Handbook reviews the many historical, philosophical, analytical and normative roots to the discipline and the key contemporary topics of research and debate today. An essential benchmark publication for all advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in politics and international relations.

International Community Psychology

History and Theories

Author: Stephanie Reich,Manuel Riemer,Isaac Prilleltensky,Maritza Montero

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387495002

Category: Psychology

Page: 444

View: 3283

This is the first in-depth guide to global community psychology research and practice, history and development, theories and innovations, presented in one field-defining volume. This book will serve to promote international collaboration, enhance theory utilization and development, identify biases and barriers in the field, accrue critical mass for a discipline that is often marginalized, and to minimize the pervasive US-centric view of the field.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology

Author: Leonie Huddy,David O. Sears,Jack S. Levy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199760101

Category: Philosophy

Page: 986

View: 9471

Political psychology applies what is known about human psychology to the study of politics. It examines how people reach political decisions on topics such as voting, party identification, and political attitudes as well as how leaders mediate political conflicts and make foreign policy decisions. The Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology gathers together a distinguished group of scholars from around the world to shed light on these vital questions. Focusing first on political psychology at the individual level (attitudes, values, decision-making, ideology, personality) and then moving to the collective (group identity, mass mobilization, political violence), this fully interdisciplinary volume covers models of the mass public and political elites and addresses both domestic issues and foreign policy. Now with new material providing an up-to-date account of cutting-edge research within both psychology and political science, this is an essential reference for scholars and students interested in the intersection of the two fields.

Political psychology and foreign policy

Author: Eric. Singer,Valerie M. Hudson

Publisher: Westview Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 276

View: 3578

What impact does personality have on the formation of policy? How did group dynamics affect decision making in the Cuban missile crisis? What is the relationship between birth order and leader personality? Combining a critical overview of past scholarship with the latest empirical findings and conceptualizations, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy addresses these issues while placing political psychology in the larger theoretical context of international relations, including a postmodern critique. For anyone interested in the interrelationship between cognition, perception, personality, and politics, Political Psychology and Foreign Policy offers intriguing insights into classic foreign policy dilemmas. A wide range of methods, models, and foreign policy actors are represented in the volume. Foreign policy scholars will appreciate its critical evaluation of the literature as well as its significant component of original, previously unpublished research.

Political Psychology

Author: Linda E. Shepherd

Publisher: Barbara Budrich Esser

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 3103

Political psychology exists as an interdisciplinary subfield of two well-established disciplines. From this position it naturally came to encompass a wide range of components, each uniquely equipped for investigations at the intersection of human psychology and political phenomena. Political Psychology provides detailed information describing the state of research in this developing field. The book reviews the evolution of concepts and theories, international influences, methodology, infrastructure, and future trends of the enterprise. Contributors to this volume were chosen for their significant influence in the field of political psychology and their present and past leadership roles in international organizations devoted to the development of the transdiscipline. As a result, the volume includes several critical evaluations of research in political psychology as well as suggestions for continued research which will, in an increasingly globalized context, make important contributions

Personal Identity, National Identity and International Relations

Author: William Bloom

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447843

Category: Political Science

Page: 194

View: 8739

Drawing on Freud, Mead, Erikson, Parsons and Habermas, William Bloom relates mass psychological processes to international relations.

Role Theory in International Relations

Author: Sebastian Harnisch,Cornelia Frank,Hanns W Maull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136738363

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9479

Role Theory in International Relations provides a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of recent theoretical scholarship on foreign policy roles and extensive empirical analysis of role behaviour of a variety of states in the current era of eroding American hegemony. Taking stock of the evolution of role theory within foreign policy analysis, international relations and social science theory, the authors probe role approaches in combination with IR concepts such as socialization, learning and communicative action. They draw upon comparative case studies of foreign policy roles of states (the United States, Japan, PR China, Germany, France, UK, Poland, Sweden, and Norway) and international institutions (NATO, EU) to assess NATO’s transformation, the EU as a normative power as well as the impact of China’s rise on U.S. hegemony under the Bush and Obama administrations. The chapters also offer compelling theoretical arguments about the nexus between foreign policy role change and the evolution of the international society. This important new volume advances current role theory scholarship, offering concrete theoretical suggestions of how foreign policy analysis and IR theory could benefit from a closer integration of role theory. It will be of great interest to all scholars and students of international relations, foreign policy and international politics.

Role Theory and the Cognitive Architecture of British Appeasement Decisions

Symbolic and Strategic Interaction in World Politics

Author: Stephen G. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135055734

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 3485

Appeasement is a controversial strategy of conflict management and resolution in world politics. Its reputation is sullied by foreign policy failures ending in war or defeat in which the appeasing state suffers diplomatic and military losses by making costly concessions to other states. Britain’s appeasement policies toward Germany, Italy, and Japan in the 1930s are perhaps the most notorious examples of the patterns of failure associated with this strategy. Is appeasement’s reputation deserved or is this strategy simply misunderstood and perhaps improperly applied? Role theory offers a general theoretical solution to the appeasement puzzle that addresses these questions, and the answers should be interesting to political scientists, historians, students, and practitioners of cooperation and conflict strategies in world politics. As a social-psychological theory of human behavior, role theory has the capacity to unite the insights of various existing theories of agency and structure in the domain of world politics. Demonstrating this claim is the methodological aim in this book and its main contribution to breaking new ground in international relations theory.

Find eBook