Search Results: psychology-and-constructivism-in-international-relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117998

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 8030

Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Psychology and Constructivism in International Relations

An Ideational Alliance

Author: Vaughn P. Shannon,Paul A. Kowert

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472117998

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 2094

Psychology and constructivism together offer new ways of understanding international relations

Strategien des Gehörtwerdens

Der Völkermord an den Armeniern als Politikum: ein deutsch-französischer Vergleich

Author: Kirsten Staudt

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839430755

Category: Social Science

Page: 362

View: 5349

100 Jahre nach der Vertreibung und Ermordung der Armenier im Osmanischen Reich stößt die Völkermordfrage in Frankreich und Deutschland auf unterschiedliche politische Resonanz. Während die Anliegen der armenischen Diaspora in der französischen Politik immer wieder starke Unterstützung finden, gibt sich Deutschland zurückhaltender. Worin bestehen die Unterschiede zwischen beiden Ländern? Kirsten Staudt untersucht verschiedene Einflussgrößen und zeigt: Minderheiten- und Verbandsstrukturen reichen als Erklärung genauso wenig aus wie so genannte Umstände - denn geschichtspolitische Anerkennung ist vor allem abhängig von der Kompatibilität der identitären Bedürfnisse einer Gruppe mit dem jeweiligen nationalen Narrativ.

Trust in International Relations

Rationalist, Constructivist, and Psychological Approaches

Author: Hiski Haukkala,Carina van de Wetering,Johanna Vuorelma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351807838

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 3334

Trust is a core concept in International Relations (IR), representing a key ingredient in state relations. It was only relatively recently that IR scholars began to probe what trust really is, how it can be studied, and how it affects state relations. In the process three distinct ways of theorising trust in IR have emerged: trust as a rational choice calculation, as a social phenomenon or as a psychological dimension. Trust in International Relations explores trust through these different lenses using case studies to analyse the relative strengths and weaknesses of different approaches. The case studies cover relations between: United States and India ASEAN and Southeast Asian countries Finland and Sweden USA and Egypt The European Union and Russia Turkey’s relations with the West This book provides insights with real-world relevance in the fields of crisis and conflict management, and will be of great interest for students and scholars of IR, security studies and development studies who are looking to develop a more sophisticated understanding of how different theories of trust can be used in different situations.

Rational Choice

Eine Kritik am Beispiel von Anwendungen in der Politischen Wissenschaft. Übersetzung aus dem Amerikanischen von Annette Schmitt

Author: Donald P. Green,Ian Shapiro

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486831607

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

View: 7308

In diesem gut lesbaren und verständlichen Buch bewerten die Autoren die Anwendung der Rational-Choice-Theorie. In ihrer herben Kritik zeigen Green und Shapiro auf, dass die hoch gelobten Ergebnisse der Rational-Choice-Theorie tatsächlich äußerst suspekt sind und dass ein grundsätzliches Umdenken erforderlich ist, um diesen analytischen Ansatz in der Politikwissenschaft wirklich nutzen zu können. Diesen Prozess des Umdenkens wollen die Autoren mit ihrem Buch anstoßen.

The Christian-Muslim Frontier

A Zone of Contact, Conflict Or Co-operation

Author: Mario Apostolov

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134413955

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 3670

The Christian-Muslim Frontier describes the historical formation of this zone, and its contemporary dimensions: geopolitical, psychological, economic and security. Special attention is given to the concept of state-frontiers, to the effects of the uneven development of nation states and the contemporary interspersing of communities, which creates new functional frontiers. Further, the frontier is described as a mental construction, imagined by people in their search for social order, individual and collective security. Apostolov demonstrates that it is the political and economic situation of the local people that determines whether these frontiers result in conflict or cooperation. Rather than imposing unilateral principles of good governance, and to ensure cooperation prevails in Christian-Muslim relations, he argues that world society needs to undertake multilateral efforts to build participatory political institutions that accommodate groups with different identities.

Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

Author: Maja Zehfuss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894661

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 7474

Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.

Groupthink Versus High-Quality Decision Making in International Relations

Author: Mark Schafer,Scott Crichlow

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520182

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 1266

Are good and bad outcomes significantly affected by the decision-making process itself? Indeed they are, in that certain decision-making techniques and practices limit the ability of policymakers to achieve their goals and advance the national interest. The success of policy often turns on the quality of the decision-making process. Mark Schafer and Scott Crichlow identify the factors that contribute to good and bad policymaking, such as the personalities of political leaders, the structure of decision-making groups, and the nature of the exchange between participating individuals. Analyzing thirty-nine foreign-policy cases across nine administrations and incorporating both statistical analyses and case studies, including a detailed examination of the decision to invade Iraq in 2003, the authors pinpoint the factors that are likely to lead to successful or failed decision making, and they suggest ways to improve the process. Schafer and Crichlow show how the staffing of key offices and the structure of central decision-making bodies determine the path of an administration even before topics are introduced. Additionally, they link the psychological characteristics of leaders to the quality of their decision processing. There is no greater work available on understanding and improving the dynamics of contemporary decision making.

Constructivism Reconsidered

Past, Present, and Future

Author: Patrick James,Mariano E Bertucci,Jarrod Hayes

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472037153

Category: Political Science

Page: 316

View: 8749

In international relations (IR), the theory of constructivism argues that the complicated web of international relations is not the result of basic human nature or some other unchangeable aspect but has been built up over time and through shared assumptions. Constructivism Reconsidered synthesizes the nature of and debates on constructivism in international relations, providing a systematic assessment of the constructivist research program in IR to answer specific questions: What extent of (dis)agreement exists with regard to the meaning of constructivism? To what extent is constructivism successful as an alternative approach to rationalism in explaining and understanding international affairs? Constructivism Reconsidered explores constructivism’s theoretical, empirical, and methodological strengths and weaknesses, and debates what these say about its past, present, and future to reach a better understanding of IR in general and how constructivism informs IR in particular.

Communitarian International Relations

The Epistemic Foundations of International Relations

Author: Emanuel Adler

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415335911

Category: Political Science

Page: 334

View: 4331

In Adler's constructivist approach to International Relations theory, international practices evolve in tandem with collective knowledge of the material and social worlds. He points IR constructivism in a "communitarian" direction, maintaining that "communities of practice" are the wellspring of collective understandings and social practices in IR.

Jung's Self Psychology

A Constructivist Perspective

Author: Polly Y. Eisendrath,James James Albert Hall

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9780898625530

Category: Psychology

Page: 188

View: 2138

Jung was fascinated by the problem of unity in the personality. If the personality is made up of multiple voices or affective-imaginal states, as he believed it was, then how does an individual achieve a core self? Jung concluded that a coherent and continuous self is the hard won achievement of consciousness, the product of a mature personality in the second half of life. His theory of the integration of multiple subjectivities into an individuating self' anticipates current trends in constructivism and developmental psychology. Jung did not systematize his own work, nor attempt to make accessible many of his most complex ideas about the self. This volume explores his self psychology, its meaning and its application within the context of other contemporary theories of subjectivity. To describe Jung's self psychology more fully in the light of contemporary theories, the authors introduce twelve other self theories in a comparative analysis of the clinical case of a midlife man in psychotherapy. From Kohut and Piaget to Lichtenberg and Loevinger, the authors compare Jung's theories with other clinical and developmental approaches. The book's final chapter offers cogent suggestions for future use of Jung's self psychology. Unique in its treatment and understanding of Jung's theories, this volume illuminates and simplifies many of his central ideas about the self. For Jungians, it provides a contemporary context in which to read and systematize his work. For professionals in the larger therapeutic and educational communities, it offers an up-to-date introduction to a provocative and imaginative body of work that is a central chapter of modern theories of subjectivity.

Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit

Zur Ontologie sozialer Tatsachen

Author: John R. Searle

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296059

Category: Philosophy of mind

Page: 248

View: 7158

Handbook of International Relations

Author: Walter Carlsnaes,Thomas Risse,Beth A Simmons

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144626503X

Category: Political Science

Page: 904

View: 5487

The original Handbook of International Relations was the first authoritative and comprehensive survey of the field of international relations. In this eagerly-awaited new edition, the Editors have once again drawn together a team of the world's leading scholars of international relations to provide a state-of-the-art review and indispensable guide to the field, ensuring its position as the pre-eminent volume of its kind. The Second Edition has been expanded to 33 chapters and fully revised, with new chapters on the following contemporary topics: - Normative Theory in IR - Critical Theories and Poststructuralism - Efforts at Theoretical Synthesis in IR: Possibilities and Limits - International Law and International Relations - Transnational Diffusion: Norms, Ideas and Policies - Comparative Regionalism - Nationalism and Ethnicity - Geopolitics in the 21st Century - Terrorism and International Relations - Religion and International Politics - International Migration A truly international undertaking, this Handbook reviews the many historical, philosophical, analytical and normative roots to the discipline and covers the key contemporary topics of research and debate today. The Handbook of International Relations remains an essential benchmark publication for all advanced undergraduates, graduate students and academics in politics and international relations.

Strategies for Research in Constructivist International Relations

Author: Audie Klotz,Cecelia M. Lynch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317459253

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 4036

Constructivism's basic premise - that individuals and groups are shaped by their world but can also change it - may seem intuitively true. Yet this process-oriented approach can be more difficult to apply than structural or rational choice frameworks. Based on their own experiences and exemplars from the IR literature, well-known authors Audie Klotz and Cecelia Lynch lay out concepts and tools for anyone seeking to apply the constructivist approach in research. Written in jargon-free prose and relevant across the social sciences, this book is essential for anyone trying to sort out appropriate methods for empirical research.

International Relations Theory

A Critical Introduction

Author: Cynthia Weber

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415249744

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 2086

International Relations Theory: A Critical Introduction is an innovative new textbook, which introduces students to the main theories in International Relations. It also deconstructs each theory allowing students not only to understand them, but also to critically engage with the assumptions and myths that underpin them. It does this by using five familiar films as tools for first understanding each theory and then for understanding the myths that make them so persuasive for some people. Key features of this textbook include: * coverage of the main theories and traditions including: Realism & Neo-realism; Idealism and Neo-idealism; Liberalism; Constructivism; Postmodernism; Gender; Globalisation and the 'End of History' * innovative use of narratives from five famous films that students will be familiar with: Lord of the Flies; Independence Day; Wag the Dog; Fatal Attraction; and The Truman Show * clearly written, providing students with boxed key concepts, guides to further reading and thinking. This breakthrough textbook has been designed to unravel the complexities of International Relations theory in a way that allows students a clearer idea of how the theories work and some of the myths that are associated with them.

Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen

Author: Frank Sauer,Carlo Masala

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531199188

Category: Political Science

Page: 1172

View: 5618

Das Handbuch Internationale Beziehungen ist die zweite, vollständig überarbeitete und erweiterte Auflage des Handbuchs der Internationalen Politik. Das neue Handbuch vermittelt einen umfassenden Überblick über den state of the art der politikwissenschaftlichen Teildisziplin Internationale Beziehungen in deutscher Sprache. Es präsentiert theoretische und methodische Grundlagen der Forschung in den Internationalen Beziehungen und stellt die wesentlichen Akteure und Problemfelder der internationalen Politik vor. Das Nachschlagewerk richtet sich sowohl an Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftler als auch an Studierende und die interessierte Öffentlichkeit.

Zum ewigen Frieden, ein philosophischer Entwurf

Author: Immanuel Kant

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5405

Politik als Lernprozess

Wissenszentrierte Ansätze der Politikanalyse

Author: Matthias Leonhard Maier,Achim Hurrelmann,Frank Nullmeier,Tanja Pritzlaff,Achim Wiesner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663110613

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 8360

In den 1990er Jahren hat die internationale Politikwissenschaft verstärkt argumentative, interpretative, (sozial)konstruktivistische, kognitive und lerntheoretische Ansätze der Politikanalyse hervorgebracht. Diese haben die politische Funktion und Bedeutung von Wissen, Ideen und Argumentationen betont und im Detail untersucht. Das Buch bietet eine Zusammenschau und Bilanz dieser in der Bundesrepublik nur vereinzelt rezipierten Ansätze. Wissenszentrierte Politikanalysen legen nahe, Politik als argumentativ oder von neuen Erkenntnissen geprägten Lernprozess zu verstehen. Die gegenwartsdiagnostische Fragestellung lautet daher: - Befördert die aufziehende Wissensgesellschaft eine lernende Politik? - Ist Politik lernfähig? - Was heißt Lernen in politischen Kontexten?

Social Power in International Politics

Author: Peter van Ham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135159998

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 1652

Social power, defined as "the ability to set standards, create norms and values that are deemed legitimate and desirable, without resorting to coercion or payment", is a central part of contemporary international politics. This text introduces and defines the concept of social power and considers how it works in international politics. It demonstrates how social power is a complex phenomenon that manifests itself in a wide variety of ways and circumstances, particularly in culture, institutions, law, and the media. Providing a global perspective on the role of social power from the EU, the US, the Middle East, and China, this book: Focuses on the key aspects of social power: centrality, complexity, and comprehensiveness. Examines the complex relationship between soft and hard power, the role of the media, and new communications technologies. Explores the interplay between state and non-state actors in framing the public discourse, setting the agenda, molding identities, and ultimately determining the outcome of policy processes. Features a broad range of international case studies and addresses issues including: culture and pop culture, media, public diplomacy, and branding. With particular focus on the social power of non-state actors, such as non-governmental organizations, the media, and consumers, Social Power in International Politics offers a thought-provoking new perspective on how power is exercised in the complex reality of the contemporary world. It will be of particular interest to students and scholars of international relations, political science, and media and communications studies.

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