Search Results: public-philosophy-essays-on-morality-in-politics

Public Philosophy

Essays on Morality in Politics

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674019287

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 6299

In this book, Michael Sandel takes up some of the hotly contested moral and political issues of our time, including affirmative action, assisted suicide, abortion, gay rights, stem cell research, the meaning of toleration and civility, the gap between rich and poor, the role of markets, and the place of religion in public life. He argues that the most prominent ideals in our political life--individual rights and freedom of choice--do not by themselves provide an adequate ethic for a democratic society. Sandel calls for a politics that gives greater emphasis to citizenship, community, and civic virtue, and that grapples more directly with questions of the good life. Liberals often worry that inviting moral and religious argument into the public sphere runs the risk of intolerance and coercion. These essays respond to that concern by showing that substantive moral discourse is not at odds with progressive public purposes, and that a pluralist society need not shrink from engaging the moral and religious convictions that its citizens bring to public life.

Public Philosophy

Essays on Morality in Politics

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674023659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 3132

In this book, Michael Sandel takes up some of the hotly contested moral and political issues of our time, including affirmative action, assisted suicide, abortion, gay rights, stem cell research, the meaning of toleration and civility, the gap between rich and poor, the role of markets, and the place of religion in public life. He argues that the most prominent ideals in our political life--individual rights and freedom of choice--do not by themselves provide an adequate ethic for a democratic society. Sandel calls for a politics that gives greater emphasis to citizenship, community, and civic virtue, and that grapples more directly with questions of the good life. Liberals often worry that inviting moral and religious argument into the public sphere runs the risk of intolerance and coercion. These essays respond to that concern by showing that substantive moral discourse is not at odds with progressive public purposes, and that a pluralist society need not shrink from engaging the moral and religious convictions that its citizens bring to public life.

Democracy's Discontent

America in Search of a Public Philosophy

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674197459

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 2619

On American democracy

What Money Can't Buy

The Moral Limits of Markets

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 184614471X

Category: Capitalism

Page: 244

View: 6355

Should we pay children to read books or to get good grades? Is it ethical to pay people to test risky new drugs or to donate their organs? What about hiring mercenaries to fight our wars, outsourcing inmates to for-profit prisons, auctioning admission to elite universities, or selling citizenship to immigrants willing to pay? Isn't there something wrong with a world in which everything is for sale? In recent decades, market values have crowded out nonmarket norms in almost every aspect of life-medicine, education, government, law, art, sports, even family life and personal relations. Without quite realizing it, Sandel argues, we have drifted from having a market economy to being a market society. In What Money Can't Buy, Sandel examines one of the biggest ethical questions of our time and provokes a debate that's been missing in our market-driven age: What is the proper role of markets in a democratic society, and how can we protect the moral and civic goods that markets do not honour and money cannot buy?

Encountering China

Michael Sandel and Chinese Philosophy

Author: Michael J. Sandel,Evan Osnos

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674976142

Category: Philosophy

Page: 284

View: 2727

In Michael Sandel the Chinese have found a guide through the ethical dilemmas created by their swift embrace of a market economy--one whose communitarian ideas resonate with China's own rich, ancient philosophical traditions. This volume explores the connections and tensions revealed in this unlikely episode of Chinese engagement with the West.

Liberalism and Its Critics

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814778410

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3835

Much contemporary political philosophy has been a debate between utilitarianism on the one hand and Kantian, or rights-based ethic has recently faced a growing challenge from a different direction, from a view that argues for a deeper understanding of citizenship and community than the liberal ethic allows. The writings collected in this volume present leading statements of rights-based liberalism and of the communitarian, or civic republican alternatives to that position. The principle of selection has been to shift the focus from the familiar debate between utilitarians and Kantian liberals in order to consider a more powerful challenge ot the rights-based ethic, a challenge indebted, broadly speaking, to Aristotle, Hegel, and the civic republican tradition. Contributors include Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, Alasdair MacIntyre.

Liberalism and the Limits of Justice

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521567411

Category: Philosophy

Page: 231

View: 9215

Previous edition published in 1982.

Morality Matters

Author: Roger Trigg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470779934

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 2498

Morality still matters, argues philosopher Roger Trigg, in this accessible introduction to moral thinking. Written for general readers with no background in philosophy. Argues that we need a shared moral vision in order to live together, both nationally and internationally. Considers the need for a shared morality in relation to subjects of vital importance such as human rights. Stresses that private behaviour cannot be kept separate from public choices. Discusses matters of topical debate on both sides of the Atlantic.

Public and Private Morality

Author: Stuart Hampshire

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521293525

Category: Philosophy

Page: 143

View: 6586

Collection of essays by well-known British and American philosophers on the moral principles by which public policies and political decisions should be judged: does effective political action necessarily involve and justify actions which the individual would regard as unacceptable in "private" morality?

Morality, Leadership, and Public Policy

On Experimentalism in Ethics

Author: Eric Thomas Weber

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441157468

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 8479

In Morality, Leadership, and Public Policy, Eric Weber argues for an experimentalist approach to moral theory in addressing practical problems in public policy. The experimentalist approach begins moral inquiry by examining public problems and then makes use of the tools of philosophy and intelligent inquiry to alleviate them. Part I surveys the uses of practical philosophy and answers criticisms - including religious challenges - of the approach, presenting a number of areas in which philosophers' intellectual efforts can prove valuable for resolving public conflicts. Part II presents a new approach to experimentalism in moral theory, based on the insights of John Dewey's pragmatism. Focusing on the elements of good public inquiry and the experimentalist attitude, Weber discusses ways of thinking about the effective construction and reconstruction of particular problems, including practical problems of public policy prioritization. Finally, in Part III the book examines real-world examples in which the experimentalist approach to ethics proves useful, including instances of "bandwidth theft" and the controversies surrounding activist judges in the US Supreme Court.

Philosophy and Real Politics

Author: Raymond Geuss

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691137889

Category: Philosophy

Page: 116

View: 2013

Many contemporary political thinkers are gripped by the belief that their task is to develop an ideal theory of rights or justice for guiding and judging political actions. This book argues that philosophers should first try to understand why real political actors behave as they actually do.

Ethics in the Public Domain

Essays in the Morality of Law and Politics

Author: Joseph Raz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198260695

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 8497

In the past twenty years Joseph Raz has consolidated his reputation as one of the most acute, inventive, and energetic scholars currently at work in analytic moral and political theory. This new collection of essays forms a representative selection of his most significant contributions to a number of important debates, including the extent of political duty and obligation, and the issue of self-determination. He also examines aspects of the common (and ancient) theme of the relations between law and morality. This volume of essays, available in one volume for the first time, will be essential to legal philosophers and political theorists.

Morality, Culture, and History

Essays on German Philosophy

Author: Raymond Geuss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521635684

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 7208

A collection of essays on ethics, aesthetics, and the philosophy of history.

Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy

Author: John Rawls

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042565

Category: Philosophy

Page: 496

View: 6483

This last book by the late John Rawls, derived from written lectures and notes for his long-running course on modern political philosophy, offers readers an account of the liberal political tradition from a scholar viewed by many as the greatest contemporary exponent of the philosophy behind that tradition. Rawls's goal in the lectures was, he wrote, "to identify the more central features of liberalism as expressing a political conception of justice when liberalism is viewed from within the tradition of democratic constitutionalism." He does this by looking at several strands that make up the liberal and democratic constitutional traditions, and at the historical figures who best represent these strands--among them the contractarians Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau; the utilitarians Hume, Sidgwick, and J. S. Mill; and Marx regarded as a critic of liberalism. Rawls's lectures on Bishop Joseph Butler also are included in an appendix. Constantly revised and refined over three decades, Rawls's lectures on these figures reflect his developing and changing views on the history of liberalism and democracy--as well as how he saw his own work in relation to those traditions. With its clear and careful analyses of the doctrine of the social contract, utilitarianism, and socialism--and of their most influential proponents--this volume has a critical place in the traditions it expounds. Marked by Rawls's characteristic patience and curiosity, and scrupulously edited by his student and teaching assistant, Samuel Freeman, these lectures are a fitting final addition to his oeuvre, and to the history of political philosophy as well.

When the State Meets the Street

Public Service and Moral Agency

Author: Bernardo Zacka

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674545540

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 320

View: 2328

Street level discretion -- Three pathologies: the indifferent, the enforcer, and the caregiver -- A gymnastics of the self: coping with the everyday pressures of street-level work -- When the rules run out: informal taxonomies and peer-level accountability -- Impossible situations: on the breakdown of moral integrity at the frontlines of public service

Neoconservatism

The Autobiography of an Idea

Author: Irving Kristol

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0028740211

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 2457

Neoconservatism is the movement that has provided the intellectual foundation for the resurgence of American conservatism in our time. And if neoconservatism can be said to have a father or an architect, that person is Irving Kristol. Neoconservatism is the most comprehensive selection of Kristol's influential writings on politics and economics, as well as the best of his now-famous essays on society, religion, culture, literature, education, and - above all - the "values" issues that have come to define the neo-conservative critique of contemporary life. These essays provide an unparalleled insight into the 50-year development of Kristol's social and political ideas, from an uneasy socialism tempered with religious orthodoxy, to a vigilant optimism about the future of the American experiment. Those already familiar with Kristol's work will especially enjoy the new autobiographical essay that introduces this volume; it is sprinkled with personal recollections about such luminaries as Lionel Trilling, Leo Strauss, Saul Bellow, Sidney Hook, Daniel Patrick Moynihan, and historian Gertrude Himmelfarb (who is also Mrs. Kristol). Those relatively new to Kristol's writings will be treated to some of the most lucid, insightful, entertaining, and intellectually challenging essays of our time.

Politics and Morality

Author: Susan Mendus

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745654452

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 6049

Public disenchantment with politics has become a key feature of the world in which we live. Politicians are increasingly viewed with suspicion and distrust, and electoral turnout in many modern democracies continues to fall. But are we right to display such contempt towards our elected representatives? Can politicians be morally good or is politics destined to involve dirty hands or the loss of integrity, as many modern philosophers claim? In this book, Susan Mendus seeks to address these important questions to assess whether this apparent tension between morality and politics is real and, if so, why. Beginning with an account of integrity as involving a willingness to stand by ones most fundamental moral commitments, the author discusses three reasons for thinking that politics undermines integrity and is incompatible with morality. These are: the relationship between politics and utilitarian calculation; the possibility that the realm of politics is a separate realm of value; and the difficulty of reconciling the demands of different social roles. She concludes that, in the modern world, we all risk losing our integrity. To that extent, we are all politicians. Moreover, we have reason to be glad that politicians are not always morally good. Written with verve and clarity, this book provides students and general readers an accessible guide to the philosophical debates about the complex relationship between politics and morality in the contemporary world.

A Theory of Justice

Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674042603

Category: Philosophy

Page: 623

View: 4620

Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

The Case against Perfection

Author: Michael J Sandel

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674043065

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 6834

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