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Ford's Legendary High-Performance Street and Race Cars
Author: Martyn L. Schorr
Publisher: Motorbooks International
Featuring unpublished period photographs, plus artwork from Ford designers, Ford Total Performance covers all of Ford's classic race and street cars, including Cobras and Shelby Mustangs, from 1961 to 1971.
Automotive Aerodynamics Joseph Katz, San Diego State University, USA The automobile is an icon of modern technology because it includes most aspects of modern engineering, and it offers an exciting approach to engineering education. Of course there are many existing books on introductory fluid/aero dynamics but the majority of these are too long, focussed on aerospace and don’t adequately cover the basics. Therefore, there is room and a need for a concise, introductory textbook in this area. Automotive Aerodynamics fulfils this need and is an introductory textbook intended as a first course in the complex field of aero/fluid mechanics for engineering students. It introduces basic concepts and fluid properties, and covers fluid dynamic equations. Examples of automotive aerodynamics are included and the principles of computational fluid dynamics are introduced. This text also includes topics such as aeroacoustics and heat transfer which are important to engineering students and are closely related to the main topic of aero/fluid mechanics. This textbook contains complex mathematics, which not only serve as the foundation for future studies but also provide a road map for the present text. As the chapters evolve, focus is placed on more applicable examples, which can be solved in class using elementary algebra. The approach taken is designed to make the mathematics more approachable and easier to understand. Key features: • Concise textbook which provides an introduction to fluid mechanics and aerodynamics, with automotive applications • Written by a leading author in the field who has experience working with motor sports teams in industry • Explains basic concepts and equations before progressing to cover more advanced topics • Covers internal and external flows for automotive applications • Covers emerging areas of aeroacoustics and heat transfer Automotive Aerodynamics is a must-have textbook for undergraduate and graduate students in automotive and mechanical engineering, and is also a concise reference for engineers in industry.
In Conjunction with 14th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME) & 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Biomechanics (APBiomech)
Author: Chwee Teck Lim
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Biomechanics covers a wide field such as organ mechanics, tissue mechanics, cell mechanics to molecular mechanics. At the 6th World Congress of Biomechanics WCB 2010 in Singapore, authors presented the largest experimental studies, technologies and equipment. Special emphasis was placed on state-of-the-art technology and medical applications. This volume presents the Proceedings of the 6th WCB 2010 which was hold in conjunction with 14th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME) & 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Biomechanics (APBiomech). The peer reviewed scientific papers are arranged in the six themes Organ Mechanics, Tissue Mechanics, Cell Mechanics, Molecular Mechanics, Materials, Tools, Devices & Techniques, Special Topics.
Anybody who wanted to go toe to toe with the Big Three in the 1960s had to produce credible muscle cars. American Motors Corporation did exactly that with the SC Rambler and the incredibly fast AMX. Some argue, however, that AMC's insistence on pouring its relatively limited resources into the "muscle wars" ultimately led to its demise. Illustrated throughout with modern photography of restored and factory-original cars, archival images, AMC concept drawings, period advertisements, and cutaway illustrations, this color history primarily focuses on the conception, development, production, and performance of the AMX, as well as the Javelin upon which it was based. Special models like the Mark Donohue Signature Edition Javelin, along with the less-than-well-received Marlin, Rebel, SST, Hornet 360, Gremlin X, and others are also included.
The sport of Formula 1 (F1) has been a proving ground for race fanatics and engineers for more than half a century. With every driver wanting to go faster and beat the previous best time, research and innovation in engineering of the car is really essential. Although higher speeds are the main criterion for determining the Formula 1 car's aerodynamic setup, post the San Marino Grand Prix of 1994, the engineering research and development has also targeted for driver's safety. The governing body of Formula 1, i.e. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) has made significant rule changes since this time, primarily targeting car safety and speed. Aerodynamic performance of a F1 car is currently one of the vital aspects of performance gain, as marginal gains are obtained due to engine and mechanical changes to the car. Thus, it has become the key to success in this sport, resulting in teams spending millions of dollars on research and development in this sector each year. Although F1 car aerodynamics is at a highly advanced stage, there is always potential for further development. With the under-body aerodynamics banned by the FIA, the only significant changes that can be made to improve the aerodynamic performance of the car are by modifying the front and rear wings cross-sections, i.e. airfoils, or by developing new diffuser to modify the air flow underneath the car. Airfoil design is one of the important factors to consider while designing the car. Design of the most optimum airfoils is track-dependent, as each track has different aerodynamic requirements. The development of the F1 car is regulated by the rules sanctioned by the FIA. In recent years, the FIA has reduced the allowable operational hours for development at the wind-tunnel by a F1 team. From the 2015 season onwards, use of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software for the development of the F1 car is also being limited. This rule change will result in limited test-runs every season. This study, thus, focuses to provide a preliminary estimate of the most optimum aerodynamic loads acting on the front and rear wings for achieving the best lap times possible around a particular track. This will effectively focus the area of development leading to targeted use of CFD simulations.To perform the optimization, a genetic algorithm (Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy -- CMA-ES) is used. In order to obtain all the telemetric information, a lap simulation tool called AeroLap is used. For simulation, the Sepang F1 race track, which annually hosts the Malaysian Grand Prix (GP), is selected. This track provides a perfect conundrum of whether to design the car for high downforce or low drag configuration, as it contains fast-turning corners and long straights. The optimization is performed for a given F1 car setup used for the 2010 season, with the aerodynamic loads acting on both the front and rear wings as well as the racing line being optimized. First, an optimum racing line is derived for this particular race track using CMA-ES. It is observed that the lap time is reduced by a margin between 0.542 to 1.699 seconds when compared with the best lap time for the actual race during the 2010 Malaysian GP. For this racing line, the optimum values of the aerodynamic loads in the form of lift and drag coefficients for the front and rear wings are calculated. The optimum values of lift coefficients for the front and rear wings are calculated as 1.123 and 1.651 respectively. The optimization of drag coefficients for the obtained lift coefficient values led to the conclusion that the best lap times always occurred for the least value of the drag coefficient that had been set as the lower limit for the simulation. As a result, a parametric study is performed by varying the drag and lift coefficients for the front and rear wings. The results are summarized in form of contour plots, displaying the change in lap times with variation in the aerodynamic loads for the front and rear wings. The best lap time for the minimum set of drag coefficients and the optimized lift coefficients is observed to be at least 2.02 seconds better than the lap time performed by an actual F1 car that raced in the 2010 season.