Search Results: recent-advances-in-bis-guided-tci-anesthesia-advances-in-biology-and-medicine

Recent Advances in BIS Guided TCI Anesthesia

Author: David A. Ferreira,Luis Antunes,Pedro Amorim,Catarina Nunes

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781616686277

Category: Medical

Page: 66

View: 7438

Anaesthetic drugs with a rapid onset of action and a short half-live, such as the hypnotic propofol and the analgesic opioid remifentanil, allow easy control of the anaesthetic depth and noxious stimuli associated to surgical interventions, and reveal most of the potential of target controlled infusion for general anaesthesia. Furthermore, mathematical models were incorporated in microcomputers in delivery system devices, calculating the drug concentrations in the blood and brain, according to the infusion rate. This book approaches the characteristics of propofol and remifentanil that allow the fast emergence of target controlled infusion for general anaesthesia, and its potential for closed loop control anaesthesia.

Core Topics in Paediatric Anaesthesia

Author: Ian James,Isabeau Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244188

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 5270

This book covers all of the important elements of paediatric anaesthesia in a concise and structured manner. From the premature infant to the teenager, readers are guided through the complexities they may encounter, with key points at the end of each chapter to summarise the most important information. The common surgical conditions encountered in daily practice are covered along with comprehensive discussion of consent and the law, safeguarding children, and the complexity of drug dosing in the paediatric population. Other topics covered include trauma, burns, resuscitation, principles of intensive care, and transporting a sick child. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in their field, sharing a wealth of relevant, practical experience. Covering the whole curriculum necessary for advanced training, this is essential reading for trainees, general anaesthetists managing children in non-specialist hospitals and anyone aspiring to become a paediatric anaesthetist, as well as those established in the field.

Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care

Author: Alan David Kaye,Adam M. Kaye,Richard D. Urman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461489482

Category: Medical

Page: 904

View: 6751

In anesthesiology, pain medicine, and critical care, practitioners at all levels need help to stay current with the continually evolving drug knowledge-base and trainees need tools to prepare for in-training and board exams that increasingly test their knowledge of pharmacology. This practical book is aimed at both readerships. It features a unique and practical chapter on the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) “black box” warnings that describe what safety precautions should be taken with commonly used drugs. The editors and contributors are pharmacology experts representing a cross-section of clinical specialties and institutions in the United States and include pharmacologists, pharmacists, as well as physicians.

Memory and Awareness in Anesthesia

Author: Peter Sebel,Benno Bonke,Eugene Winograd

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 519

View: 9790

Reflecting recent findings by anaesthesiologists and psychologists, these proceedings discuss: implicit memory function, the use of therapeutic suggestion during anaesthesia, effective drug combinations to achieve maximum impact, monitoring the depth of anaesthesia and patient awareness.

Core Topics in Neuroanaesthesia and Neurointensive Care

Author: Basil F. Matta,David K. Menon,Martin Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499858

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 3139

Core Topics in Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care is an authoritative and practical clinical text that offers clear diagnostic and management guidance for a wide range of neuroanesthesia and neurocritical care problems. With coverage of every aspect of the discipline by outstanding world experts, this should be the first book to which practitioners turn for easily accessible and definitive advice. Initial sections cover relevant anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, intraoperative and critical care monitoring and neuroimaging. These are followed by detailed sections covering all aspects of neuroanesthesia and neurointensive care in both adult and pediatric patients. The final chapter discusses ethical and legal issues. Each chapter delivers a state-of-the art review of clinical practice, including outcome data when available. Enhanced throughout with numerous clinical photographs and line drawings, this practical and accessible text is key reading for trainee and consultant anesthetists and critical care specialists.

Perioperative Care of the Elderly

Clinical and Organizational Aspects

Author: Gabriella Bettelli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108166784

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 2946

This innovative, comprehensive book covers the key elements of perioperative management of older patients. The book's chapter structure coincides with the clinical path patients tread during their treatment, from preoperative evaluation to post-hospital care. Epidemiological aspects and aging processes are illustrated, providing keys to understanding the quick expansion of geriatric surgery and defining the clinical profile of older surgical patients in a cybernetic perspective. Preoperative evaluation and preparation for surgery, including medication reconciliation and pre-habilitation, are developed in the light of supporting decision-making about surgery in an evidence-based and patient-focused way. Intra- and postoperative management are discussed, aiming to tailor anesthetic, surgical and nursing approaches to specific patients' needs, in order to prevent both general and age-related complications. This volume also addresses issues relevant to geriatric surgery, from different organizational models to clinical risk management and systems engineering applied to hospital organization.

The Wondrous Story of Anesthesia

Author: Edmond I Eger II,Lawrence J. Saidman,Rod N. Westhorpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461484413

Category: Medical

Page: 944

View: 6949

Edited and written by an international "who's who" of more than 100 authors, including anesthesiologists, nurse anesthetists, bench scientists, a surgeon, and representatives of industry, this text provides a comprehensive history of anesthesia, unique in its focus on the people and events that shaped the specialty around the world, particularly during the past 70 years when anesthesia emerged from empiricism and developed into a science-based practice.

The Structured Oral Examination in Anaesthesia

Practice Papers for Teachers and Trainees

Author: Shyam Balasubramanian,Cyprian Mendonca,Colin Pinnock

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521680506

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 3431

Comprising questions and answers which simulate examination format, this is an essential aid for anaesthesia trainees

Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions

A Comprehensive Global Anthology

Author: Anthony R. Absalom,Keira P. Mason

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319476092

Category: Medical

Page: 824

View: 7467

This is a comprehensive and authoritative presentation of total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and target controlled infusion (TCI). The editors’ international reputation has enabled them to recruit leading experts from around the world to write single-author chapters in their area of expertise. Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions is the first multi-disciplinary, globally authored volume on the topic. Providing a single source of information on all aspects of TIVA and TCI, from pharmacologic modeling and the pharmacology of intravenous anesthetic drugs to practical considerations in the clinical setting and the requirements of special populations, Total Intravenous Anesthesia and Target Controlled Infusions examines the debate about the risks and advantages of TIVA, analyze outcome studies, and provides guidance on creating a curriculum to teach TIVA and TCI.

Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation and Difficult Weaning in Critical Care

Key Topics and Practical Approaches

Author: Antonio M. Esquinas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319042599

Category: Medical

Page: 466

View: 9766

This book establishes the indications for the use of NIV in the context of weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation. It provides a comprehensive overview of key topics relevant for correct practical application, including NIV and weaning principles, important aspects of patient care before and after weaning, and pediatric and neonatology weaning. Finally, the book summarizes international guidelines and new perspectives of NIV during weaning. With contributions by international experts in the field on noninvasive mechanical ventilation, the book will serve as a valuable guide for critical care physicians, respiratory physiotherapists, and pulmonologists.

Bioequivalence Studies in Drug Development

Methods and Applications

Author: Dieter Hauschke,Volker Steinijans,Iris Pigeot

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470094754

Category: Medical

Page: 328

View: 7741

Studies in bioequivalence are the commonly accepted method to demonstrate therapeutic equivalence between two medicinal products. Savings in time and cost are substantial when using bioequivalence as an established surrogate marker of therapeutic equivalence. For this reason the design, performance and evaluation of bioequivalence studies have received major attention from academia, the pharmaceutical industry and health authorities. Bioequivalence Studies in Drug Development focuses on the planning, conducting, analysing and reporting of bioequivalence studies, covering all aspects required by regulatory authorities. This text presents the required statistical methods, and with an outstanding practical emphasis, demonstrates their applications through numerous examples using real data from drug development. Includes all the necessary pharmacokinetic background information. Presents parametric and nonparametric statistical techniques. Describes adequate methods for power and sample size determination. Includes appropriate presentation of results from bioequivalence studies. Provides a practical overview of the design and analysis of bioequivalence studies. Presents the recent developments in methodology, including population and individual bioequivalence. Reviews the regulatory guidelines for such studies, and the existing global discrepancies. Discusses the designs and analyses of drug-drug and food-drug interaction studies. Bioequivalence Studies in Drug Development is written in an accessible style that makes it ideal for pharmaceutical scientists, clinical pharmacologists, and medical practitioners, as well as biometricians working in the pharmaceutical industry. It will also be of great value for professionals from regulatory bodies assessing bioequivalence studies.

Neuroanesthesia and Cerebrospinal Protection

Author: Hiroyuki Uchino,Kazuo Ushijima,Yukio Ikeda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431544909

Category: Medical

Page: 725

View: 7919

This book is a knowledge-based text that covers the anatomy, neurophysiology, and neuropharmacology needed to carry out the necessary management and cerebrospinal protection during neuroanesthesia. Especially to make the subject of neuroanesthesia more approachable, we introduce surgical measures utilized in neurosurgery, cardiovascular surgery, neuromodulation, and related procedures. The main purpose of neuroanesthesia/neurocritical care is to deliver cerebrospinal protection in neurosurgical and cardiovascular surgeries. How should we select the best anesthetic management to prevent neurological complications for patients who, for instance, undergo different types of surgery for subarachnoid hemorrhage, stroke, head trauma, carotid endarterectomy, or cardiovascular surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass? These pathological conditions include the risk of transient cerebrospinal ischemia, and if our management is not precise, it may induce serious neurological sequelae. Although there is an urgent need to establish the treatment and elucidate the molecular mechanisms of cerebrospinal injury, many components are intertwined, making this a challenge we have not completely solved yet. This volume makes the management of neuroanesthesia more accessible not only for primary residents but also for specialists, providing a valuable resource on the current perspectives of neuroanesthesia.

Critical Care Sedation

Author: Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio,Stefano Romagnoli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319593129

Category: Medical

Page: 263

View: 8150

This book provides a comprehensive guide to delivering analgesia and sedation to critically ill patients for professionals and caregivers being involved in the management of these patients. It discusses and explains in detail the advantages and limitations of each drug and device using clear flowcharts, diagrams and tables. Furthermore, it explores the new drugs and – above all – new sedation delivery systems, particularly those for administering volatile anesthetics on ICUs. This book is a valuable and practical resource for anesthesists, intensivists and emergency physicians interested in sedation.

The I-Gel Supraglottic Airway

Author: Pavel Michalek,William Donaldson

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781624178979

Category: Medical

Page: 231

View: 8672

The I-Gel supraglottic airway is a diposable, latex-free device for airway management during anaesthesia. The design of this device is significantly different from the previously used devices, notably laryngeal mask airways. Its bowl is made of a soft, non-inflatable thermoplastic elastomer, anatomically preformed to mirror the perilaryngeal structure. The I-Gel contains an additional epiglottis rest, which helps to prevent the epiglottis from down-folding or obstructing the laryngeal inlet. The device also includes a gastric channel, allowing drainage of air and gastric contents or passage of a gastric tube. This book provides a brief history of airway management and the classification of supraglottic airway devices; the mechanisms and forces contributing to their seal, and highlights the main differences between the devices. Also discussed is the process of I-Gel development including an initial mannequin and cadaver studies, with a description of the I-Gel's use in clinical practice, indications and description of its use in the operating room, and use of the I-Gel in different surgical subspecialities including laparoscopic procedures.

Heart Replacement

Artificial Heart 6

Author: Tetsuzo Akutsu,Hitoshi Koyanagi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431659218

Category: Medical

Page: 524

View: 3658

The 6th International Symposium on Artificial Heart and Assist Devices met in Tokyo in July 1996, bringing together researchers and specialists from around the world. The symposiums proceedings in this volume comprise papers from nine sessions, each opening with contributions by leading scientists: TAH, heart transplantation, biomaterials, VAS, clinical application, pathophysiology, engineering, new approaches, and special sessions. Of special note is the inclusion, for the first time, of pathophysiology related to clinical use of assist devices. The clinical application section includes a paper by Dr. Michael DeBakey on the progress made in recent years. With descriptions of the scientific exhibition, accompanied by photographs of all artificial heart devices and systems displayed by major laboratories and manufacturers, Artificial Heart 6 presents the latest information on developments in the field of artificial heart, biomaterials, and heart transplantation.

Anesthetic Pharmacology 2 Part Set

Basic Principles and Clinical Practice

Author: Alex S. Evers,Mervyn Maze,Evan D. Kharasch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521896665

Category: Medical

Page: 1210

View: 4764

In recent years our understanding of molecular mechanisms of drug action and interindividual variability in drug response has grown enormously. Meanwhile, the practice of anesthesiology has expanded to the preoperative environment and numerous locations outside the OR. Anesthetic Pharmacology: Basic Principles and Clinical Practice, second edition, is an outstanding therapeutic resource in anesthesia and critical care: Section 1 introduces the principles of drug action, Section 2 presents the molecular, cellular and integrated physiology of the target organ/functional system and Section 3 reviews the pharmacology and toxicology of anesthetic drugs. The new Section 4, Therapeutics of Clinical Practice, provides integrated and comparative pharmacology and the practical application of drugs in daily clinical practice. Edited by three highly acclaimed academic anesthetic pharmacologists, with contributions from an international team of experts, and illustrated in full colour, this is a sophisticated, user-friendly resource for all practitioners providing care in the perioperative period.

Cardiac Arrhythmias

From Basic Mechanism to State-of-the-Art Management

Author: Ambrose S. Kibos,Bradley P. Knight,Vidal Essebag,Steven B. Fishberger,Mark Slevin,Ion C. Țintoiu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447153162

Category: Medical

Page: 678

View: 1985

This book covers all the major aspects associated with pathophysiological development of cardiac arrhythmias (covering enhanced or suppressed automaticity, triggered activity, or re-entry), from basic concepts through disease association, limitations of current pharmacotherapy and implant therapies and on-going trials and analysis of new biomarkers based on current knowledge of cellular interaction and signalling. The book describes novel and state-of-the-art methods for differentiating between the major types of arrhythmia, structural abnormalities and current practice guidelines and determination of risk stratification associated with sudden cardiac death. A particular focus is on arrhythmias associated with atrial fibrillation and includes details of associations with cardiac disease, current detection, analysis and imaging and future perspectives.​

The Anaesthesia Science Viva Book

Author: Simon Bricker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108326412

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 5499

This third edition of the highly successful The Anaesthesia Science Viva Book contains detailed, accessible summaries of the core questions in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology and clinical measurement that may be asked in the oral section of the Final FRCA exam. In addition to comprehensive updating of all the topics, this edition includes new subject material in each of the four basic sciences, with almost 200 detailed summaries of the most relevant topics in the examination. This volume once again gives candidates an insight into the way the viva works, offering general guidance on exam technique, and providing readily accessible information relating to a wide range of potential questions. Written by a former senior examiner for the diploma of the Fellowship of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and listed as recommended reading by AnaesthesiaUK, the prime educational resource for trainee anaesthetists, it remains an essential purchase for every Final FRCA candidate.

Springer Handbook of Medical Technology

Author: Rüdiger Kramme,Klaus-Peter Hoffmann,Robert Pozos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746584

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1497

View: 2090

This concise, user-oriented and up-to-date desk reference offers a broad introduction to the fascinating world of medical technology, fully considering today’s progress and further development in all relevant fields. The Springer Handbook of Medical Technology is a systemized and well-structured guideline which distinguishes itself through simplification and condensation of complex facts. This book is an indispensable resource for professionals working directly or indirectly with medical systems and appliances every day. It is also meant for graduate and post graduate students in hospital management, medical engineering, and medical physics.

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