Search Results: regulating-autonomy

Regulating Autonomy

Sex, Reproduction and Family

Author: Shelley Day Sclater,Fatemeh Ebtehaj,Emily Jackson,Martin Richards

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847314996

Category: Law

Page: 298

View: 5397

These essays explore the nature and limits of individual autonomy in law, policy and the work of regulatory agencies. Authors ask searching questions about the nature and scope of the regulation of 'private' lives, from intimacies, personal relationships and domestic lives to reproduction. They question the extent to which the law does, or should, protect individual autonomy. Recent rapid advances in the development of new technologies - particularly those concerned with human genetics and assisted reproduction - have generated new questions (practical, social, legal and ethical) about how far the state should intervene in individual decision making. Is there an inevitable tension between individual liberty and the common good? How might a workable balance between the public and the private be struck? How, indeed, should we think about 'autonomy'? The essays explore the arguments used to create and maintain the boundaries of autonomy - for example, the protection of the vulnerable, public goods of various kinds, and the maintenance of tradition and respect for cultural practices. Contributors address how those boundaries should be drawn and interventions justified. How are contemporary ethical debates about autonomy constructed, and what principles do they embody? What happens when those principles become manifest in law?

Advance Directives: Rethinking Regulation, Autonomy & Healthcare Decision-Making

Author: Hui Yun Chan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030009769

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8400

End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Care

Principles and Policies for Regulating the Dying Process

Author: Stephen W. Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005388

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 8778

Stephen W. Smith explores the legal and ethical issues involved in end-of-life decision making.

Regulating Reproduction

Law, Technology and Autonomy

Author: Emily Jackson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847311458

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 581

This new book provides a clear and accessible analysis of the various ways in which human reproduction is regulated. A comprehensive exposition of the law relating to birth control,abortion, pregnancy, childbirth, surrogacy and assisted conception is accompanied by an exploration of some of the complex ethical dilemmas that emerge when one of the most intimate areas of human life is subjected to regulatory control. Throughout the book, two principal themes recur. First, particular emphasis is placed upon the special difficulties that arise in regulating new technological intervention in all aspects of the reproductive process. Second, the concept of reproductive autonomy is both interrogated and defended. This book offers a readable and engaging account of the complex relationships between law, technology and reproduction. It will be useful for lecturers and students taking medical law or ethics courses. It should also be of interest to anyone with a more general interest in women's bodies and the law, or with the profound regulatory consequences of new technologies.

Caring Autonomy

Author: Katri Lõhmus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107081777

Category: Law

Page: 260

View: 1946

Argues that European human rights law must acknowledge that autonomy is dependent on the existence of trusting and caring relationships.

(Re)Discovering University Autonomy

The Global Market Paradox of Stakeholder and Educational Values in Higher Education

Author: Romeo V. Turcan,John E. Reilly,Larissa Bugaian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137388722

Category: Education

Page: 268

View: 3746

(Re)Discovering University Autonomy has far reaching implications for leaders and managers, researchers, educators, practitioners, and policy makers by addressing modern challenges to university autonomy in Europe and beyond in a new and innovative way.

Children, Home and School

Regulation, Autonomy or Connection?

Author: Ros Edwards

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134532520

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 4052

In contemporary western societies, there are increasing emphases on children being the responsibility of their parents, contained within the home, and on their compartmentalisation into separate and protected organised educational settings. Thus 'home' and 'school' form a crucial part of children's lives and experiences. This book explores the key institutional settings of home and school, and other educationally linked organised spaces, in children's lives, and the relationships between these. It presents in-depth discussions concerning new research findings from a range of national contexts and focuses on various aspects of children's, and sometimes adult's, own understandings and activities in home and school, and after school settings, and the relationship between these. The contributors assess children from a variety of backgrounds and circumstances and consider how these children see and position themselves as autonomous within, connected to or regulated by home and school. Discussion of the impact of policy and practice developments on the everyday lives of these children is also included.

Self-Regulation and Autonomy

Social and Developmental Dimensions of Human Conduct

Author: Bryan W. Sokol,Frederick M. E. Grouzet,Ulrich Müller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107654068

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 9374

Self-regulation and autonomy have emerged as key predictors of health and well-being in several areas of psychology. This timely volume brings together eminent scholars at the forefront of this research, which is taking place in disciplines including developmental psychology, developmental neuroscience, social psychology and educational psychology. The contributors present ideas and research findings on the development of self-regulation and autonomy, including their biological bases, antecedents and consequences. Editors Bryan W. Sokol, Frederick M. E. Grouzet and Ulrich Müller have shaped the volume's multidisciplinary perspective on self-regulation and autonomy to reflect the legacy of Jean Piaget, the trailblazing developmental psychologist whose work drew on a diverse body of research.

The State and the Body

Legal Regulation of Bodily Autonomy

Author: Elizabeth Wicks

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509909974

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 6654

This book investigates the limits of the legitimate role of the state in regulating the human body. It questions whether there is a public interest in issues of bodily autonomy, with particular focus on reproductive choices, end of life choices, sexual autonomy, body modifications and selling the body. The main question addressed in this book is whether such autonomous choices about the human body are, and should be, subject to state regulation. Potential justifications for the state's intervention into these issues through mechanisms such as the criminal law and regulatory schemes are evaluated. These include preventing harm to others and/or to the individual involved, as well as more abstract concepts such as public morality, the sanctity of human life, and the protection of human dignity. The State and the Body argues that the state should be particularly wary about encroaching upon exercises of autonomy by embodied selves and concludes that only interventions based upon Mill's harm principle or, in tightly confined circumstances, the dignity of the human species as a whole should suffice to justify public intervention into private choices about the body.

The Labor of Luck

Casino Capitalism in the United States and South Africa

Author: Jeff Sallaz

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520944658

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 3479

In this gripping ethnography, Jeffrey J. Sallaz goes behind the scenes of the global casino industry to investigate the radically different worlds of work and leisure he found in identically designed casinos in the United States and South Africa. Seamlessly weaving political and economic history with his own personal experience, Sallaz provides a riveting account of two years spent working among both countries' casino dealers, pit bosses, and politicians. While the popular imagination sees the Nevada casino as a hedonistic world of consumption, The Labor of Luck shows that the "Vegas experience" is made possible only through a variety of systems regulating labor, capital, and consumers, and that because of these complex dynamics, the Vegas casino cannot be seamlessly picked up and replicated elsewhere. Sallaz's fresh and path-breaking approach reveals how neo-liberal versus post-colonial forms of governance produce divergent worlds at the tables, and how politics, profits, and pleasure have come together to shape everyday life in the new economy.

National Regulation and Trade Liberalization in Services

The Legal Impact of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) on National Regulatory Autonomy

Author: Markus Krajewski

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041121412

Category: Law

Page: 245

View: 9251

Like tariffs and other border measures, national regulatory barriers impede international trade. Unlike tariffs, however, such barriers usually indicate an important domestic policy choice. This 'conflict of interest' has emerged as a crucial issue in international law, particularly with regard to services, such as telecommunications and health services. This study is the first to analyze the potential impact of incompatibilities between national regulatory regimes and the rules and obligations imposed by the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). In the process of arriving at his challenging concluding theses, the author investigates such relevant concepts as the following: the political and ideological dynamics of GATS negotiations services trade liberalization in regional integration systems, particularly in EC law policies common to diverse national regulatory systems the notions of 'deregulation' and 'privatization' the human rights implications of international trade law the GATS obligations of market access, national treatment, and most-favoured-nation treatment the role of the WTO's dispute settlement organs GATS transparency obligations Professor Krajewski's study is of enormous significance to specialists in regulatory policies and instruments at all national and sectoral levels, especially in the context of ongoing GATS negotiations. As the author warns: Unless GATS negotiators and national regulators have a thorough understanding of the relationship between GATS obligations and regulatory policies and instruments, they cannot effectively use the flexible elements of GATS and could reach an agreement which they may later regret.

Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management

4th International Conference, KSEM 2010, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, September 1-3, 2010, Proceedings

Author: Yaxin Bi,Mary Anne Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642152791

Category: Computers

Page: 618

View: 4311

The proceedings contains the papers selected for the 4th International Conf- ence on Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management (KSEM). The c- lection of papers represent the wide range of research activities that have been carriedout,coveringknowledgerepresentationandreasoning,knowledgeextr- tion, knowledge integration, data mining and knowledge discovery, etc. Ad- tionally, two special sessions:“Theoryand Practiceof Ontologyfor the Semantic Web” and “Application of Data Mining to Seismic Data Analysis for Earthquake Study” have been included along with the main conference program. All of the papers havebeen peer reviewedby the members of the ProgramCommittee and external reviewers; 45 regular papers and 12 short papers were selected. They represent the state of the art of research in KSEM-related research areas. The International Conference on Knowledge Science, Engineering and M- agement in 2010 was the fourth event in the series of successful conferences, previously held in Guilin, China, Melbourne, Australia, and Vienna, Austria. It speci?cally focused on becoming a premier forum for prototype and deployed knowledge engineering and knowledge-based systems. KSEM o?ers an exc- tional opportunity for presenting original work, the latest scienti?c and te- nological advances on knowledge-related systems, and discussing and debating practical challenges and opportunities for the research community. A great many people contributed to making KSEM2010 a successful conf- ence. First of all, we would like to thank the KSEM2010 Organizing Committee and the School of Computing and Mathematics and the University of Ulster for providing crucial support throughout the organization of the conference.

Language Rights

From Free Speech to Linguistic Governance

Author: V. Pupavac

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284048

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 317

View: 2781

Exploring language rights politics in theoretical, historical and international context, this book brings together debates from law, sociolinguistics, international politics, and the history of ideas. The author argues that international language rights advocacy supports global governance of language and questions freedoms of speech and expression.

Law, Policy and Reproductive Autonomy

Author: Erin Nelson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782251553

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 5135

Reproductive choices are at once the most private and intimate decisions we make in our lives and undeniably also among the most public. Reproductive decision making takes place in a web of overlapping concerns - political and ideological, socio-economic, health and health care - all of which engage the public and involve strongly held opinions and attitudes about appropriate conduct on the part of individuals and the state. Law, Policy and Reproductive Autonomy examines the idea of reproductive autonomy, noting that in attempting to look closely at the contours of the concept, we begin to see some uncertainty about its meaning and legal implications - about how to understand reproductive autonomy and how to value it. Both mainstream and feminist literature about autonomy contribute valuable insights into the meaning and implications of reproductive autonomy. The developing feminist literature on relational autonomy provides a useful starting point for a contextualised conception of reproductive autonomy that creates the opportunity for meaningful exercise of reproductive choice. With a contextualised approach to reproductive autonomy as a backdrop, the book traces aspects of the regulation of reproduction in Canadian, English, US and Australian law and policy, arguing that not all reproductive decisions necessarily demand the same level of deference in law and policy, and making recommendations for reform.

The Autonomy of European Union Agencies

A Comparative Study of Institutional Development

Author: Martijn Groenleer

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9059723465

Category: Administrative agencies

Page: 427

View: 6876

Autonomy

Applications and Implications

Author: Markku Suksi

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041105639

Category: Political Science

Page: 370

View: 8531

Autonomy arrangements have gradually become more numerous, & different developments in respect of autonomy can be discerned in the fields of international & domestic law. The patterns of autonomy are quite disparate, but because various fields of law treat autonomy in different ways, it is fruitful to inquire into the applications of autonomy & to ask what autonomy as such implies. Autonomy is a multi-faceted phenomenon which on the one hand contains the issue of devolution or decentralization of law-making or other normative powers in the institutional fabric of the country without any minority protection component; on the other hand it may in addition contain an explicit minority protection component designed to offer special protection to minority groups in society. Especially in the latter sense, the issue of effective participation of a minority in the government is an important issue, & in this respect, there is a connection between autonomy & a general understanding of democracy.

Prior Informed Consent and Hazardous Trade

Regulating Trade in Hazardous Goods at the Intersection of Sovereignty, Free Trade and Environmental Protection

Author: David Langlet

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041128212

Category: Law

Page: 339

View: 5016

This ground-breaking study is the first book to take a comprehensive approach to the subject of transboundary shipments of hazardous substances and the instruments employed for regulating such shipments. It fully explains which types of trade regulating instruments are employed by which agreements, and then goes on to evaluate the pros and cons of these instruments with respect to their compatibility with international legal norms, especially WTO law. Taken in conjunction with other trade-regulating measures, this analysis assesses the PIC concept/ procedure from three perspectives: its effect on state sovereignty, its potential for enhancing environmental and health protection in importing states, and its relationship with the free-trade regime, represented primarily by the GATT and the SPS and TBT Agreements of the WTO. The analysis also includes coverage of the pertinent export laws of the EU and the United-States, and of the export and import laws of India pertaining to potentially hazardous substances and products.

Domestic Regulation and Service Trade Liberalization

Author: Pierre Sauve,Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383434

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 7828

Trade in services, far more than trade in goods, is affected by a variety of domestic regulations, ranging from qualification and licensing requirements in professional services to pro-competitive regulation in telecommunications services. Experience shows that the quality of regulation strongly influences the consequences of trade liberalization. WTO members have agreed that a central task in the ongoing services negotiations will be to develop a set of rules to ensure that domestic regulations support rather than impede trade liberalization. Since these rules are bound to have a profound impact on the evolution of policy, particularly in developing countries, it is important that they be conducive to economically rational policy-making. This book addresses two central questions: What impact can international trade rules on services have on the exercise of domestic regulatory sovereignty? And how can services negotiations be harnessed to promote and consolidate domestic policy reform across highly diverse sectors? The book, with contributions from several of the world's leading experts in the field, explores a range of rule-making challenges arising at this policy interface, in areas such as transparency, standards and the adoption of a necessity test for services trade. Contributions also provide an in-depth look at these issues in the key areas of accountancy, energy, finance, health, telecommunications and transportation services.

Finnish Yearbook of International Law

Author: Jan Klabbers

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847318347

Category: Law

Page: 476

View: 6076

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law aspires to honour and strengthen the Finnish tradition in international legal scholarship. Open to contributions from all over the world and from all persuasions, the Finnish Yearbook stands out as a forum for theoretically informed, high-quality publications on all aspects of public international law, including the international relations law of the European Union. The Finnish Yearbook publishes in-depth articles and shorter notes, commentaries on current developments, book reviews and relevant overviews of Finland's state practice. While firmly grounded in traditional legal scholarship, it is open for new approaches to international law and for work of an interdisciplinary nature. The Finnish Yearbook is published for the Ius Gentium Association (the Finnish Society of International Law) by Hart Publishing. Further information may be found at www.fybil.org INDIVIDUAL CHAPTERS Please click on the link below to purchase individual chapters from Volume 20 through Ingenta Connect: www.ingentaconnect.com SUBSCRIPTION TO SERIES To place an annual online subscription or a print standing order through Hart Publishing please click on the link below. Please note that any customers who have a standing order for the printed volumes will now be entitled to free online access. www.hartjournals.co.uk/fyil/subs

Federalism and Subsidiarity

NOMOS LV

Author: James E. Fleming,Jacob T Levy

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479875554

Category: Law

Page: 464

View: 7287

In Federalism and Subsidiarity, a distinguished interdisciplinary group of scholars in political science, law, and philosophy address the application and interaction of the concept of federalism within law and government. What are the best justifications for and conceptions of federalism? What are the most useful criteria for deciding what powers should be allocated to national governments and what powers reserved to state or provincial governments? What are the implications of the principle of subsidiarity for such questions? What should be the constitutional standing of cities in federations? Do we need to “remap” federalism to reckon with the emergence of translocal and transnational organizations with porous boundaries that are not reflected in traditional jurisdictional conceptions? Examining these questions and more, this latest installation in the NOMOS series sheds new light on the allocation of power within federations.

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