Search Results: remotely-global

Remotely Global

Village Modernity in West Africa

Author: Charles Piot

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226669694

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 8779

At first glance, the remote villages of the Kabre people of northern Togo appear to have all the trappings of a classic "out of the way" African culture—subsistence farming, straw-roofed houses, and rituals to the spirits and ancestors. Arguing that village life is in fact an effect of the modern and the global, Charles Piot suggests that Kabre culture is shaped as much by colonial and postcolonial history as by anything "indigenous" or local. Through analyses of everyday and ceremonial social practices, Piot illustrates the intertwining of modernity with tradition and of the local with the national and global. In a striking example of the appropriation of tradition by the state, Togo's Kabre president regularly flies to the region in his helicopter to witness male initiation ceremonies. Confounding both anthropological theorizations and the State Department's stereotyped images of African village life, Remotely Global aims to rethink Euroamerican theories that fail to come to terms with the fluidity of everyday relations in a society where persons and things are forever in motion.

Techniken der Globalisierung

Globalgeschichte meets Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie

Author: Debora Gerstenberger,Joël Glasman

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839430216

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 1265

Die Globalgeschichte ist derzeit eines der dynamischsten Felder der Geschichtswissenschaft. In den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften gehört die Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie (ANT) zu den gefragtesten Theorieangeboten. Dieser Band prüft Globalgeschichte und Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie auf Kompatibilität und verbindet sie miteinander. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie die theoretischen Annahmen und Methoden Bruno Latours, dem prominentesten Vertreter der Akteur-Netzwerk-Theorie, zur Erneuerung und Schärfung des Profils der Globalgeschichte beitragen können. Ausgegangen wird nicht von einer allmächtigen Kraft namens Globalisierung. Gefragt wird stattdessen nach Menschen und Techniken, die weitreichende Netzwerke zu bilden imstande waren. Die Beiträger_innen liefern Antworten auf die Frage, welche Akteure welches Phänomen globalisiert haben.

African Fashion, Global Style

Histories, Innovations, and Ideas You Can Wear

Author: Victoria L. Rovine

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253014131

Category: Art

Page: 328

View: 8985

African Fashion, Global Style provides a lively look at fashion, international networks of style, material culture, and the world of African aesthetic expression. Victoria L. Rovine introduces fashion designers whose work reflects African histories and cultures both conceptually and stylistically, and demonstrates that dress styles associated with indigenous cultures may have all the hallmarks of high fashion. Taking readers into the complexities of influence and inspiration manifested through fashion, this book highlights the visually appealing, widely accessible, and highly adaptable styles of African dress that flourish on the global fashion market.

Zeitschrift für Ideengeschichte Heft X/4 Winter 2016

Kleine Depressionen

Author: Jost Philipp Klenner,Ulrich Raulff

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406696481

Category: History

Page: 127

View: 7624

"Kleine Depressionen" - die Winterausgabe der Zeitschrift für Ideengeschichte steht im Schatten der Melancholie. Das Heft entfaltet ein Psychogramm der Ideengeschichte - von den Professorenleiden in der Frühen Neuzeit, über die Untergangsstimmung der Avantgarden, den marxistischen Kater der Siebziger Jahre bis zu den selbsternannten politischen "Alternativen" unserer Tage. Angst, Untergang, Depression scheinen politische Stimmungsgefühle der Jetztzeit zu sein. Hier wird einmal ideenhistorisch die Gegenrechnung aufgemacht: die schöpferische Kraft der Schwermut pointiert, mit Lust an der Krise entlangbalanciert. Mit Beiträgen von Peter-André Alt, Durs Grünbein, Ina Hartwig, Paul Nolte, Wolfgang Rihm und vielen weiteren.

Careers and Talent Management

A Critical Perspective

Author: Cristina Reis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317819985

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 98

View: 9772

Careers and Talent Management challenges and deconstructs the notion of the "perfect career" in order to provide new perspectives on talent management and career creation. It argues that the skills that organizations typically look for as indicative of superstar performance are not necessarily those that lead to competitive advantage. Attracting and retaining talent is both challenging and complex for organizations, since it is not known, especially at the top level, which employee skills will be most valuable in helping the organization be competitive globally. In this thoughtful book, Reis bucks the trend on emerging super talents, critically analyzing topics related to the field of general management, careers and talent management – such as leadership, entrepreneurship, gender, and diversity – to demonstrate the range of employee skills that can benefit an organization globally. Chapter focuses include global entrepreneurship, remote business practices, and social responsibility. These new perspectives on talent management will help students of human resource management think critically about the implications of pursuing or encouraging a "perfect" career trajectory.

Africa and International Relations in the 21st Century

Author: S. Cornelissen,F. Cheru,T. Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230355749

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 7358

This book examines key emergent trends related to aspects of power, sovereignty, conflict, peace, development, and changing social dynamics in the African context. It challenges conventional IR precepts of authority, politics and society, which have proven to be so inadequate in explaining African processes. Rather, this edited collection analyses the significance of many of the uncharted dimensions of Africa's international relations, such as the respatialisation of African societies through migration, and the impacts this process has had on state power; the various ways in which both formal and informal authority and economies are practised; and the dynamics and impacts of new transnational social movements on African politics. Finally, attention is paid to Africa's place in a shifting global order, and the implications for African international relations of the emergence of new world powers and/or alliances. This edition includes a new preface by the editors, which brings the findings of the book up-to-date, and analyses the changes that are likely to impact upon global governance and human development in policy and practice in Africa and the wider world post-2015.

Anthropology and Humanism

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2042

Okinawa and the U.S. Military

Identity Making in the Age of Globalization

Author: Masamichi S. Inoue

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511140

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 7440

In 1995, an Okinawan schoolgirl was brutally raped by several U.S. servicemen. The incident triggered a chain of protests by women's groups, teachers' associations, labor unions, reformist political parties, and various grassroots organizations across Okinawa prefecture. Reaction to the crime culminated in a rally attended by some 85,000 people, including business leaders and conservative politicians who had seldom raised their voices against the U.S. military presence. Using this event as a point of reference, Inoue explores how Okinawans began to regard themselves less as a group of uniformly poor and oppressed people and more as a confident, diverse, middle-class citizenry embracing the ideals of democracy, human rights, and women's equality. As this identity of resistance has grown, however, the Japanese government has simultaneously worked to subvert it, pressuring Okinawans to support a continued U.S. presence. Inoue traces these developments as well, revealing the ways in which Tokyo has assisted the United States in implementing a system of governance that continues to expand through the full participation and cooperation of residents. Inoue deftly connects local social concerns with the larger political processes of the Japanese nation and the global strategies of the United States. He critically engages social-movement literature along with postmodern/structural/colonial discourses and popular currents and themes in Okinawan and Japanese studies. Rich in historical and ethnographical detail, this volume is a nuanced portrait of the impact of Japanese colonialism, World War II, and U.S. military bases on the formation of contemporary Okinawan identity.

Sacred Sites and the Colonial Encounter

A History of Meaning and Memory in Ghana

Author: Sandra E. Greene

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253108890

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 2132

"Greene gives the reader a vivid sense of the Anlo encounter with western thought and Christian beliefs... and the resulting erasures, transferences, adaptations, and alterations in their perceptions of place, space, and the body." -- Emmanuel Akyeampong Sandra E. Greene reconstructs a vivid and convincing portrait of the human and physical environment of the 19th-century Anlo-Ewe people of Ghana and brings history and memory into contemporary context. Drawing on her extensive fieldwork, early European accounts, and missionary archives and publications, Greene shows how ideas from outside forced sacred and spiritual meanings associated with particular bodies of water, burial sites, sacred towns, and the human body itself to change in favor of more scientific and regulatory views. Anlo responses to these colonial ideas involved considerable resistance, and, over time, the Anlo began to attribute selective, varied, and often contradictory meanings to the body and the spaces they inhabited. Despite these multiple meanings, Greene shows that the Anlo were successful in forging a consensus on how to manage their identity, environment, and community.

Democracy as Death

The Moral Order of Anti-Liberal Politics in South Africa

Author: Jason Hickel

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520959868

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3611

The revolution that brought the African National Congress (ANC) to power in South Africa was fractured by internal conflict. Migrant workers from rural Zululand rejected many of the egalitarian values and policies fundamental to the ANC’s liberal democratic platform and organized themselves in an attempt to sabotage the movement. This anti-democracy stance, which persists today as a direct critique of "freedom" in neoliberal South Africa, hinges on an idealized vision of the rural home and a hierarchical social order crafted in part by the technologies of colonial governance over the past century. In analyzing this conflict, Jason Hickel contributes to broad theoretical debates about liberalism and democratization in the postcolonial world. Democracy as Death interrogates the Western ideals of individual freedom and agency from the perspective of those who oppose such ideals, and questions the assumptions underpinning theories of anti-liberal movements. The book argues that both democracy and the political science that attempts to explain resistance to it presuppose a model of personhood native to Western capitalism, which may not operate cross-culturally.

The Land of Weddings and Rain

Nation and Modernity in Post-Socialist Lithuania

Author: Gediminas Lankauskas

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442699361

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3367

In The Land of Weddings and Rain, Gediminas Lankauskas examines the components of the contemporary urban wedding – religious and civil ceremonies, “traditional” imagery and practices, and the conspicuous consumption of domestic and imported goods – in the context of the Western-style modernization of post-socialist Lithuania. Studying the tensions between “tradition” and “modernity” that surround this important ritual event, Lankauskas highlights the ways in which nationalism serves to negotiate the impact of modernity in the aftermath of state socialism’s collapse. His analysis also shows the importance of consumption and commodification to Lithuania’s ongoing “Westernization.” Based on more than a decade of ethnographic research, The Land of Weddings and Rain is a fascinating account of the tensions – between national and transnational, East and West, and old and new – that shape life in post-socialist Eastern Europe.

Catechizing Culture

Missionaries, Aymara, and the "New Evangelization"

Author: Andrew Orta

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023150392X

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 5036

Nearly five centuries after the first wave of Catholic missionaries arrived in the New World to spread their Christian message, contemporary religious workers in the Bolivian highlands have begun to encourage Aymara Indians to return to traditional ritual practices. All but eradicated after hundreds of years of missionization, the "old ways" are now viewed as local cultural expressions of Christian values. In order to become more Christian, the Aymara must now become more Indian. This groundbreaking study of the contemporary encounter between Catholic missionaries and Aymara Indians is the first ethnography to focus both on the evangelizers and the evangelized. Andrew Orta explores the pastoral shift away from liberation theology that dominated Latin American missionization up until the mid-1980s to the recent "theology of inculturation," which upholds the beliefs and practices of a supposedly pristine Aymara culture as indigenous expressions of a more universal Christianity. Addressing essential questions in cultural anthropology, religious studies, postcolonial studies, and globalization studies, Catechizing Culture is a sophisticated documentation of the widespread shift from the politics of class to the politics of ethnicity and multiculturalism.

Oxford Street, Accra

City Life and the Itineraries of Transnationalism

Author: Ato Quayson

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822376296

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 4944

In Oxford Street, Accra, Ato Quayson analyzes the dynamics of Ghana's capital city through a focus on Oxford Street, part of Accra's most vibrant and globalized commercial district. He traces the city's evolution from its settlement in the mid-seventeenth century to the present day. He combines his impressions of the sights, sounds, interactions, and distribution of space with broader dynamics, including the histories of colonial and postcolonial town planning and the marks of transnationalism evident in Accra's salsa scene, gym culture, and commercial billboards. Quayson finds that the various planning systems that have shaped the city—and had their stratifying effects intensified by the IMF-mandated structural adjustment programs of the late 1980s—prepared the way for the early-1990s transformation of a largely residential neighborhood into a kinetic shopping district. With an intense commercialism overlying, or coexisting with, stark economic inequalities, Oxford Street is a microcosm of historical and urban processes that have made Accra the variegated and contradictory metropolis that it is today.

Lose Your Mother

A Journey Along the Atlantic Slave Route

Author: Saidiya Hartman

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429966904

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 9937

In Lose Your Mother, Saidiya Hartman journeys along a slave route in Ghana, following the trail of captives from the hinterland to the Atlantic coast. She retraces the history of the Atlantic slave trade from the fifteenth to the twentieth century and reckons with the blank slate of her own genealogy. There were no survivors of Hartman's lineage, nor far-flung relatives in Ghana of whom she had come in search. She traveled to Ghana in search of strangers. The most universal definition of the slave is a stranger—torn from kin and country. To lose your mother is to suffer the loss of kin, to forget your past, and to inhabit the world as a stranger. As both the offspring of slaves and an American in Africa, Hartman, too, was a stranger. Her reflections on history and memory unfold as an intimate encounter with places—a holding cell, a slave market, a walled town built to repel slave raiders—and with people: an Akan prince who granted the Portuguese permission to build the first permanent trading fort in West Africa; an adolescent boy who was kidnapped while playing; a fourteen-year-old girl who was murdered aboard a slave ship. Eloquent, thoughtful, and deeply affecting, Lose Your Mother is a powerful meditation on history, memory, and the Atlantic slave trade.

Spirits and Slaves in Central Sudan

The Red Wind of Sennar

Author: Susan M. Kenyon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137027509

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 461

This historical ethnography from Central Sudan explores the century-old intertwining of zar , spirit possession, with past lives of ex-slaves and shows that, despite very different social and cultural contexts, zar has continued to be shaped by the experience of slavery.

Uncertain Tastes

Memory, Ambivalence, and the Politics of Eating in Samburu, Northern Kenya

Author: Jon Holtzman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520944828

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5775

This richly drawn ethnography of Samburu cattle herders in northern Kenya examines the effects of an epochal shift in their basic diet-from a regimen of milk, meat, and blood to one of purchased agricultural products. In his innovative analysis, Jon Holtzman uses food as a way to contextualize and measure the profound changes occurring in Samburu social and material life. He shows that if Samburu reaction to the new foods is primarily negative—they are referred to disparagingly as "gray food" and "government food"—it is also deeply ambivalent. For example, the Samburu attribute a host of social maladies to these dietary changes, including selfishness and moral decay. Yet because the new foods save lives during famines, the same individuals also talk of the triumph of reason over an antiquated culture and speak enthusiastically of a better life where there is less struggle to find food. Through detailed analysis of a range of food-centered arenas, Uncertain Tastes argues that the experience of food itself—symbolic, sensuous, social, and material-is intrinsically characterized by multiple and frequently conflicting layers.

African Film and Literature

Adapting Violence to the Screen

Author: Lindiwe Dovey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519389

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9370

Analyzing a range of South African and West African films inspired by African and non-African literature, Lindiwe Dovey identifies a specific trend in contemporary African filmmaking-one in which filmmakers are using the embodied audiovisual medium of film to offer a critique of physical and psychological violence. Against a detailed history of the medium's savage introduction and exploitation by colonial powers in two very different African contexts, Dovey examines the complex ways in which African filmmakers are preserving, mediating, and critiquing their own cultures while seeking a united vision of the future. More than merely representing socio-cultural realities in Africa, these films engage with issues of colonialism and postcolonialism, "updating" both the history and the literature they adapt to address contemporary audiences in Africa and elsewhere. Through this deliberate and radical re-historicization of texts and realities, Dovey argues that African filmmakers have developed a method of filmmaking that is altogether distinct from European and American forms of adaptation.

Advanced Image Processing Techniques for Remotely Sensed Hyperspectral Data

Author: Pramod K. Varshney,Manoj K. Arora

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540216681

Category: Computers

Page: 322

View: 1709

Over the last fifty years, a large number of spaceborne and airborne sensors have been employed to gather information regarding the earth's surface and environment. As sensor technology continues to advance, remote sensing data with improved temporal, spectral, and spatial resolution is becoming more readily available. This widespread availability of enormous amounts of data has necessitated the development of efficient data processing techniques for a wide variety of applications. In particular, great strides have been made in the development of digital image processing techniques for remote sensing data. The goal has been efficient handling of vast amounts of data, fusion of data from diverse sensors, classification for image interpretation, and development of user-friendly products that allow rich visualization. This book presents some new algorithms that have been developed for high dimensional datasets, such as multispectral and hyperspectral imagery. The contents of the book are based primarily on research carried out by some members and alumni of the Sensor Fusion Laboratory at Syracuse University.

Atlas of Satellite Observations Related to Global Change

Author: Robert J. Gurney,James L. Foster,Claire L. Parkinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521434676

Category: Nature

Page: 470

View: 357

Global environmental change is one of the most pressing international issues of the next century. There is a need to monitor the Earth's vital signs, from atmospheric ozone to tropical deforestation to sea level change. Models used to predict global changes have not yet fully used global observational data sets. Satellite data sets will be vital in addressing global change issues, in determining natural variability and monitoring global and regional changes. This timely volume provides an illustration of the variety of satellite-derived global data sets now available, their uses, advantages and limitations, and the range of variation that has already been observed with these data. A team of distinguished contributors provide a highly illustrated and accessible account suitable for the general scientific reader.

E-maintenance

Author: Kenneth Holmberg,Adam Adgar,Aitor Arnaiz,Erkki Jantunen,Julien Mascolo,Samir Mekid

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1849962057

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 511

View: 6501

E-maintenance is the synthesis of two major trends in today’s society: the growing importance of maintenance as a key technology and the rapid development of information and communication technology. E-maintenance gives the reader an overview of the possibilities offered by new and advanced information and communication technology to achieve efficient maintenance solutions in industry, energy production and transportation, thereby supporting sustainable development in society. Sixteen chapters cover a range of different technologies, such as: new micro sensors, on-line lubrication sensors, smart tags for condition monitoring, wireless communication and smart personal digital assistants. E-maintenance also discusses semantic data-structuring solutions; ontology structured communications; implementation of diagnostics and prognostics; and maintenance decision support by economic optimisation. It includes four industrial cases that are both described and analysed in detail, with an outline of a global application solution. E-maintenance is a useful tool for engineers and technicians who wish to develop e-maintenance in industrial sites. It is also a source of new and stimulating ideas for researchers looking to make the next step towards sustainable development.

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