Search Results: reputation-and-international-cooperation

Reputation and International Cooperation

Sovereign Debt across Three Centuries

Author: Michael Tomz

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842921

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 7736

How does cooperation emerge in a condition of international anarchy? Michael Tomz sheds new light on this fundamental question through a study of international debt across three centuries. Tomz develops a reputational theory of cooperation between sovereign governments and foreign investors. He explains how governments acquire reputations in the eyes of investors, and argues that concerns about reputation sustain international lending and repayment. Tomz's theory generates novel predictions about the dynamics of cooperation: how investors treat first-time borrowers, how access to credit evolves as debtors become more seasoned, and how countries ascend and descend the reputational ladder by acting contrary to investors' expectations. Tomz systematically tests his theory and the leading alternatives across three centuries of financial history. His remarkable data, gathered from archives in nine countries, cover all sovereign borrowers. He deftly combines statistical methods, case studies, and content analysis to scrutinize theories from as many angles as possible. Tomz finds strong support for his reputational theory while challenging prevailing views about sovereign debt. His pathbreaking study shows that, across the centuries, reputations have guided lending and repayment in consistent ways. Moreover, Tomz uncovers surprisingly little evidence of punitive enforcement strategies. Creditors have not compelled borrowers to repay by threatening military retaliation, imposing trade sanctions, or colluding to deprive defaulters of future loans. He concludes by highlighting the implications of his reputational logic for areas beyond sovereign debt, further advancing our understanding of the puzzle of cooperation under anarchy.

Of Friends and Foes

Reputation and Learning in World Politics

Author: Mark J. C. Crescenzi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190609524

Category: International relations

Page: 208

View: 8976

Do reputations affect world politics? Crescenzi develops a theory of reputation dynamics to identify when reputations form and how they affect world politics. He identifies patterns of reputation's influence in cooperation and conflict. Reputations for conflict exacerbate crises while reputations for cooperation and reliability make future cooperation more likely.

Die Evolution der Kooperation

Aus dem Amerikanischen übersetzt und mit einem Nachwort von Werner Raub und Thomas Voss

Author: Robert Axelrod

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486851748

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

View: 6359

Wie ist Kooperation möglich in einer Welt von Egoisten, in der es keine zentrale Autorität gibt? Axelrod entwickelt aus der Spieltheorie - auf der Basis des "Gefangenendilemmas" - eine verblüffende Lösung. Nicht die raffinierteste, auch nicht die aggressivste, nicht die sanfteste Strategie sichert langfristig Erfolg, sondern die grundsätzlich wohlwollende, aber stets vergeltungsbereite: TIT FOR TAT, "wie Du mir, so ich Dir". Axelrod schließt daraus, dass in der globalen arbeitsteiligen Wirtschaftsweise geradezu ein innerer Zwang zur Kooperation besteht. Gewinnbringende Kooperationen sind für Unternehmen nützlicher als blinder Wettbewerb.

Monetary and Banking History

Essays in Honour of Forrest Capie

Author: Geoffrey Wood,Terence Mills,Nicholas Crafts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136835318

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 7925

Forrest Capie is an eminent economic historian who has published extensively on a wide range of topics, with an emphasis on banking and monetary history, particularly in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but also in other areas such as tariffs and the interwar economy. He is a former editor of the Economic History Review, one of the leading academic journals in this discipline. Under the steely editorship of Geoffrey Wood, this book brings together a stellar line of of contributors - including Charles Goodhart, Harold James, Michael Bordo, Barry Eichengreen, Charles Calomiris, and Anna Schwartz. The book analyzes many of the mainstream themes in economic and financial history - monetary policy, international financial regulation, economic performance, exchange rate systems, international trade, banking and financial markets - where historical perspectives are considered important. The current wave of globalisation has stimulated interest in many of these areas as ‘lessons of history’ are sought. These themes also reflect the breadth of Capie’s work in terms of time periods and topics.

The Foundations of International Investment Law

Bringing Theory into Practice

Author: Zachary Douglas,Joost Pauwelyn,Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508586

Category: Law

Page: 586

View: 5188

International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law. The first part of the book focuses on the 'infrastructure' of the investment regime or, more specifically, on the structural arrangements that have been developed to manage foreign investment transactions and the potential disputes arising from them. The second part of the book identifies the common conceptual bases of an array of seemingly unconnected practical problems in order to clarify the main stakes and offer balanced solutions. The third part addresses the main sources of 'regime stress' as well as the main legal mechanisms available to manage such challenges to the operation of the regime. Overall, the book offers a thorough investigation of the conflicting theoretical positions underlying international investment law, testing their worth by reference to concrete issues that have arisen in the jurisprudence. It demonstrates that many of the most important practical questions arising in practice can be addressed by a carefully dosed resort to theory.

The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation

Theoretical Perspectives

Author: Eyal Benvenisti,Moshe Hirsch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139456067

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 1655

This 2004 book aims at advancing our understanding of the influences international norms and international institutions have over the incentives of states to cooperate on issues such as environment and trade. Contributors adopt two different approaches in examining this question. One approach focuses on the constitutive elements of the international legal order, including customary international law, soft law and framework conventions, and on the types of incentives states have, such as domestic incentives and reputation. The other approach examines specific issues in the areas of international environment protection and international trade. The combined outcome of these two approaches is an understanding of the forces that pull states toward closer cooperation or prevent them from doing so, and the impact of different types of international norms and diverse institutions on the motivation of states. The insights gained suggest ways for enhancing states' incentives to cooperate through the design of norms and institutions.

Sovereign Debt

From Safety to Default

Author: Robert W. Kolb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118017555

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 2150

An intelligent analysis of the dangers, opportunities, and consequences of global sovereign debt Sovereign debt is growing internationally at a terrifying rate, as nations seek to prop up their collapsing economies. One only needs to look at the sovereign risk pressures faced by Greece, Spain, and Ireland to get an idea of how big this problem has become. Understanding this dilemma is now more important than ever, that's why Robert Kolb has compiled Sovereign Debt. With this book as your guide, you'll gain a better perspective on the essential issues surrounding sovereign debt and default through discussions of national defaults, systemic risk, associated costs, and much more. Historical studies are also included to provide a realistic framework of reference. Contains up-to-date research and analysis on sovereign debt from today's leading practitioners and academics Details the dangers of defaults and their associated systemic risks Explores the past, present, and future of sovereign debt The repercussions of a national default are all-encompassing as global markets are intricately interwoven in the modern world. Sovereign Debt examines what it will take to overcome the challenges of this market and how you can deal with the uncertainty surrounding it.

Nuclear Energy Safety and International Cooperation

Closing the World's Most Dangerous Reactors

Author: Spencer Barrett Meredith, III

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317700236

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 9576

Twenty-five years after the Chernobyl explosion, disaster struck once again after a tsunami overwhelmed the considerable safety measures at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan. However, Fukushima had in place a solid containment structure to reduce the spread of radiation in the event of a worst-case scenario; Chernobyl did not. These two incidents highlight the importance of such safety measures, which were critically lacking in an entire class of Soviet-designed reactors. This book examines why five countries operating these dangerous reactors first signed international agreements to close them within a few years, then instead delayed for almost two decades. It looks at how political decision makers weighed the enormous short-term costs of closing those reactors against the long-term benefits of compliance, and how the political instability that dominated post-Communist transitions impacted their choices. The book questions the efficacy of Western governments’ efforts to convince their Eastern counterparts of the dangers they faced, and establishes a causal relationship between political stability and compliance behavior. This model will also enable more effective assistance policies in similar situations of political change where decision makers face considerable short-term costs to gain greater future rewards. This book provides a valuable resource for postgraduate students, academics and policy makers in the fields of nuclear safety, international agreements, and democratization.

Comparative Responses to Globalization

Experiences of British and Japanese Enterprises

Author: M. Umemura,R. Fujioka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137263636

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 261

View: 5604

Explores how British and Japanese firms have responded to globalization from a long-term perspective. Incorporates studies from the 18th century and sheds light on the impact of the institutional setting, the influence of government and entrepreneurs, and the weight of historical contingency in conditioning firm responses to globalization.

Financing the Raj

The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940

Author: David Sunderland

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 1843837951

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 1034

A detailed analysis of how government in India was financed during the period of direct British rule.

Warum wir kooperieren

Author: Michael Tomasello

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518260364

Category: Altruism

Page: 140

View: 3675

Seit vielen Jahrhunderten wird die Frage nach der Natur des Menschen von zwei grundsätzlichen Positionen bestimmt: Hobbes' Meinung, daß die Menschen egoistisch zur Welt kommen und die Gesellschaft sie zur Kooperation erziehen muß, und Rousseaus Darstellung, nach der die Menschen von Natur aus kooperativ sind und später von ihrem Umfeld zu Egoisten gemacht werden. In "Warum wir kooperieren" berichtet Tomasello von wegweisenden Studien mit Kindern und Schimpansen, die neues Licht auf diese uralte Frage werfen. Kinder sind von Geburt an hilfsbereit und kooperativ, lernen aber im Laufe ihres Heranwachsens, eher selektiv zu kooperieren und beginnen den sozialen Normen ihrer Gruppe zu folgen.

Institutionen und gesellschaftlicher Konflikt

Author: Jack Knight

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161464652

Category: Political Science

Page: 252

View: 5566

Trust, Reputation, and Security: Theories and Practice

AAMAS 2002 International Workshop, Bologna, Italy, July 15, 2002. Selected and Invited Papers

Author: Rino Falcone,Suzanne Barber,Larry Korba,Munindar Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540009884

Category: Computers

Page: 242

View: 9121

Paradoxes of Peace in Nineteenth Century Europe

Author: Thomas Hippler,Miloš Vec

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191043877

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 1084

'Peace' is often simplistically assumed to be war's opposite, and as such is not examined closely or critically idealized in the literature of peace studies, its crucial role in the justification of war is often overlooked. Starting from a critical view that the value of 'restoring peace' or 'keeping peace' is, and has been, regularly used as a pretext for military intervention, this book traces the conceptual history of peace in nineteenth century legal and political practice. It explores the role of the value of peace in shaping the public rhetoric and legitimizing action in general international relations, international law, international trade, colonialism, and armed conflict. Departing from the assumption that there is no peace as such, nor can there be, it examines the contradictory visions of peace that arise from conflict. These conflicting and antagonistic visions of peace are each linked to a set of motivations and interests as well as to a certain vision of legitimacy within the international realm. Each of them inevitably conveys the image of a specific enemy that has to be crushed in order to peace being installed. This book highlights the contradictions and paradoxes in nineteenth century discourses and practices of peace, particularly in Europe.

Die Logik des kollektiven Handelns

Kollektivgüter und die Theorie der Gruppen

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485046

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

View: 8010

Global Cooperation and the Human Factor in International Relations

Author: Dirk Messner,Silke Weinlich

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131743076X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5735

This book aims to pave the way for a new interdisciplinary approach to global cooperation research. It does so by bringing in disciplines whose insights about human behaviour might provide a crucial yet hitherto neglected foundation for understanding how and under which conditions global cooperation can succeed. As the first profoundly interdisciplinary book dealing with global cooperation, it provides the state of the art on human cooperation in selected disciplines (evolutionary anthropology and biology, decision-sciences, social psychology, complex system sciences), written by leading experts. The book argues that scholars in the field of global governance should know and could learn from what other disciplines tell us about the capabilities and limits of humans to cooperate. This new knowledge will generate food for thought and cause creative disturbances, allowing us a different interpretation of the obstacles to cooperation observed in world politics today. It also offers first accounts of interdisciplinary global cooperation research, for instance by exploring the possibilities and consequences of global we-identities, by describing the basic cooperation mechanism that are valid across disciplines, or by bringing an evolutionary perspective to diplomacy. This book will be of great interest to scholars and postgraduates in International Relations, Global Governance and International Development.

The Netherlands Yearbook on International Cooperation 2008

Author: N.A

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023245865

Category:

Page: 231

View: 3818

Homo sacer

Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 594

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.

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