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Covering an exciting and active area of research at the crossroads of several different fields in mathematics and physics, and drawing on the author's previous work, this text has been written to explain the advanced mathematics involved simply and clearly to graduate students in both disciplines.

This book consists of two lecture notes on geometric flow equations (O. Schnürer) and Lorentzian geometry - holonomy, spinors and Cauchy Problems (H. Baum and T. Leistner) written by leading experts in these fields. It grew out of the summer school “Geometric flows and the geometry of space-time” held in Hamburg (2016) and provides an excellent introduction for students of mathematics and theoretical physics to important themes of current research in global analysis, differential geometry and mathematical physics

In these notes, we provide a summary of recent results on the cohomological properties of compact complex manifolds not endowed with a Kähler structure. On the one hand, the large number of developed analytic techniques makes it possible to prove strong cohomological properties for compact Kähler manifolds. On the other, in order to further investigate any of these properties, it is natural to look for manifolds that do not have any Kähler structure. We focus in particular on studying Bott-Chern and Aeppli cohomologies of compact complex manifolds. Several results concerning the computations of Dolbeault and Bott-Chern cohomologies on nilmanifolds are summarized, allowing readers to study explicit examples. Manifolds endowed with almost-complex structures, or with other special structures (such as, for example, symplectic, generalized-complex, etc.), are also considered.

This book presents four survey articles on different topics in mathematical analysis that are closely linked to concepts and applications in physics. Specifically, it discusses global aspects of elliptic PDEs, Berezin-Toeplitz quantization, the stability of solitary waves, and sub-Riemannian geometry. The contributions are based on lectures given by distinguished experts at a summer school in Göttingen. The authors explain fundamental concepts and ideas and present them clearly. Starting from basic notions, these course notes take the reader to the point of current research, highlighting new challenges and addressing unsolved problems at the interface between mathematics and physics. All contributions are of interest to researchers in the respective fields, but they are also accessible to graduate students.

This volume contains a collection of papers from the conference on Vector Bundles held at Miraflores de la sierra, Madrid, Spain on June 16-20, 2008, which honored S. Ramanan on his 70th birthday. The main areas covered in this volume are vector bundles, parabolic bundles, abelian varieties, hilbert schemes, contact structures, index theory, Hodge theory, and geometric invariant theory. Professor Ramanan has made important contributions in all of these areas.

Beginning with the concept of random processes and Brownian motion and building on the theory and research directions in a self-contained manner, this book provides an introduction to stochastic analysis for graduate students, researchers and applied scientists interested in stochastic processes and their applications.

In the past century, different branches of mathematics have become more widely separated. Yet, there is an essential unity to mathematics which still springs up in fascinating ways to solve interdisciplinary problems. This text provides a bridge between the subjects of algebraic topology, including differential topology, and geometry. It is a survey book dedicated to a large audience of researchers and graduate students in these areas. Containing a generalintroduction to the algebraic theory of rational homotopy and giving concrete applications of algebraic models to the study of geometrical problems, mathematicians in many areas will find subjects that are of interest to them in the book.

A graduate level text on a subject which brings together several areas of mathematics and physics: partial differential equations, differential geometry and general relativity. It explains the basics of the theory of partial differential equations in a form accessible to physicists and the basics of general relativity in a form accessible to mathematicians. In recent years the theory of partial differential equations has come to play an ever more important role in research on general relativity. This is partly due to the growth of the field of numerical relativity, stimulated in turn by work on gravitational wave detection, but also due to an increased interest in general relativity among pure mathematicians working in the areas of partial differential equations and Riemannian geometry, who have realized the exceptional richness of the interactions between geometry and analysis which arise. This book provides the background for those wishing to learn about these topics. It treats key themes in general relativity including matter models and symmetry classes and gives an introduction to relevant aspects of the most important classes of partial differential equations, including ordinary differential equations, and material on functional analysis. These elements are brought together to discuss a variety of important examples in the field of mathematical relativity, including asymptotically flat spacetimes, which are used to describe isolated systems, and spatially compact spacetimes, which are of importance in cosmology.