Search Results: risk-modeling-for-hazards-and-disasters

Risk Modeling for Hazards and Disasters

Author: Gero Michel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128040939

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 6554

Risk Modeling for Hazards and Disasters covers all major aspects of catastrophe risk modeling, from hazards through to financial analysis. It explores relevant new science in risk modeling, indirect losses, assessment of impact and consequences to insurance losses, and current changes in risk modeling practice, along with case studies. It also provides further insight into the shortcomings of current models and examines model risk and ideas to diversify risk assessment. Risk Modeling for Hazards and Disasters instructs readers on how to assess, price and then hedge the losses from natural and manmade catastrophes. This book reviews current model development and science and explains recent changes in the catastrophe modeling space, including new initiatives covering uncertainty and big data in the assessment of risk for insurance pricing and portfolio management. Edited by a leading expert in both hazards and risk, this book is authored by a global panel including major modeling vendors, modeling consulting firms, and well-known catastrophe modeling scientists. Risk Modeling for Hazards and Disasters provides important insight into how models are used to price and manage risk. Includes high profile case studies such as the Newcastle earthquake, Hurricane Andrew and Hurricane Katrina Provides crucial information on new ideas and platforms that will help address the new demands for risk management and catastrophe risk reporting Presents the theory and practice needed to know how models are created and what is and what is not important in the modeling process Covers relevant new science in risk modeling, indirect losses, assessment of impact and consequences to insurance losses, and current changes in risk modeling practice, along with case studies

Risk Analysis XI

Author: S. Mambretti,A. Fabbri

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1784662674

Category: Nature

Page: 328

View: 463

Containing the papers from the 11th International Conference on Computer Simulation in Risk Analysis and Hazard Mitigation 2018, this book will be of interest to those concerned with all aspects of risk management and hazard mitigation, associated with both natural and anthropogenic hazards. Current events help to emphasise the importance of the analysis and management of risk to planners and researchers around the world. Natural hazards such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, fires and others have always affected human societies. The more recent emergence of the importance of man-made hazards is a consequence of the rapid technological advances made in the last few centuries. The interaction of natural and anthropogenic risks adds to the complexity of the problems. The included papers, presented at the Risk Analysis Conference, cover a variety of topics related to risk analysis and hazard mitigation.

Governance of Risk, Hazards and Disasters

Trends in Theory and Practice

Author: Giuseppe Forino,Sara Bonati,Lina Maria Calandra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315463873

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 9569

Growing debates around governance are taking place among academic, policy-making, and practice-based communities. In light of the increasing focus on governance, this book presents and discusses governance as a framework that is able to both conceptualize and contextualize risks and disasters as currently experienced and managed into social systems. Contributions offer a variety of perspectives, experiences and socio-cultural contexts which have identified the challenges, opportunities and critiques of promoting governance. Part I explores approaches, models, and keywords as applied to risk and disaster governance theory. Part II investigates practices of risk governance and associated issues by focusing on disaster risk reduction policy and practice. Finally, Part III explores practices of disaster governance and associated issues, by focusing on disaster recovery experiences. This book highlights cutting-edge recent theoretical and empirical trends and is a valuable resource for students, academics, practitioners and policy-makers interested in risk and disaster governance.

Hazards Analysis

Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition

Author: John C. Pine

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482228920

Category: Science

Page: 338

View: 3109

The impacts of natural and man-made disasters have increased exponentially over the past few decades. Moreover, with our global interconnectedness and the growing scale of disasters, today's catastrophic disasters can have regional, national, and even global economic consequences. Following in the tradition of the successful first edition, Hazards Analysis: Reducing the Impact of Disasters, Second Edition provides a structure and process for understanding the nature of natural and human-caused disasters. Stressing the role of hazard risk management for public, private, and nonprofit organizations, the author and expert contributors cover problem solving, risk analysis, and risk communications to ensure readers are in a position to identify key problems associated with hazards and the risks that they present. The book details a systematic process of hazards identification, vulnerability determination, and consequence assessment for the natural, built, and human environment. Using a cross-disciplinary approach, this book effectively demonstrates how to use the results of vulnerability assessment, spatial analysis, and community planning to reduce adverse disaster outcomes and foster social, economic, and environmental sustainability. Throughout, the book stresses that hazards analysis is not an isolated process but one that must engage the local community. Complete with clearly set objectives, key terms, discussion questions, satellite images and maps, and ancillary websites for further study, this authoritative guide covers every element of the hazard analysis process in a step-by-step format. Hazards Analysis presents time-proven strategies for building sustainable communities, identifying and prioritizing risks, and establishing successful disaster prevention and relief strategies prior to a disaster.

At Risk

Natural Hazards, People's Vulnerability and Disasters

Author: Piers Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis,Ben Wisner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134528612

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 1988

The term 'natural disaster' is often used to refer to natural events such as earthquakes, hurricanes or floods. However, the phrase 'natural disaster' suggests an uncritical acceptance of a deeply engrained ideological and cultural myth. At Risk questions this myth and argues that extreme natural events are not disasters until a vulnerable group of people is exposed. The updated new edition confronts a further ten years of ever more expensive and deadly disasters and discusses disaster not as an aberration, but as a signal failure of mainstream 'development'. Two analytical models are provided as tools for understanding vulnerability. One links remote and distant 'root causes' to 'unsafe conditions' in a 'progression of vulnerability'. The other uses the concepts of 'access' and 'livelihood' to understand why some households are more vulnerable than others. Examining key natural events and incorporating strategies to create a safer world, this revised edition is an important resource for those involved in the fields of environment and development studies.

Geomorphological Hazards and Disaster Prevention

Author: Irasema Alcántara-Ayala,Andrew S. Goudie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769256

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 291

View: 541

A state-of-the-art assessment of how geomorphology contributes to the comprehension, mapping and modelling of hazardous Earth surface processes.

Catastrophe Modeling

A New Approach to Managing Risk

Author: Patricia Grossi,Howard Kunreuther

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387230825

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 245

View: 1212

Catastrophe Modeling: A New Approach to Managing Risk is the first book that systematically analyzes how catastrophe models can be used for assessing and managing risks of extreme events. It focuses on natural disaster risk, but also discusses the management of terrorism risk. A unique feature of this book is the involvement of three leading catastrophe modeling firms, AIR Worldwide, EQECAT, and Risk Management Solutions, who examine the role of catastrophe modeling in rate setting, portfolio management and risk financing. Using data from three model cities (Oakland, CA, Long Beach, CA and Miami/Dade County, FLA), experts from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania examine the role of catastrophe modeling to develop risk management strategies for reducing and spreading the losses from future disasters. Given the uncertainties associated with terrorism the book points out the opportunities for utilizing catastrophe models to set insurance rates and to examine public-private partnerships for providing financial assistance in the event of a terrorist attack. "This book fills a critical need in setting forth the role of modern risk analysis in managing catastrophe risk. There is no comparable reference work for this important subject area. The book is well written and well organized. It contains contributions from many of the most distinguished experts in the fields of risk analysis and risk management. It strikes a good balance between the technical aspects of the subject and the practical aspects of decision making." "This book is strongly recommended for individuals who must make decisions regarding the management of impacts of catastrophe risks including those in both the public and private sector." Wilfred D. Iwan Professor of Applied Mechanics, Emeritus Director, Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory California Institute of Technology "The authors have captured the essence of catastrophe modeling: its value, its utility and its limitations. Every practitioner in the catastrophe risk field should read this book." Franklin W. Nutter, President Reinsurance Association of America

Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Author: Hari Krishna Nibanupudi,Rajib Shaw

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431552421

Category: Nature

Page: 284

View: 4637

The Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region is highly vulnerable to earthquakes and water-induced disasters. This fragile mountain region is under tremendous stress from climate change and land-use degradation that has accelerated flash floods, river-line floods, erosion, and wet mass movements during the monsoon period and drought in the non-monsoon period. Against the backdrop of intensifying disasters and in the absence of a focused documentation of disaster risk reduction issues in the HKH region, this volume presents a comprehensive body of knowledge. The main purpose and objective of this publication is to connect existing data, research, conceptual work, and practical cases on risk, resilience, and risk reduction from the HKH region under a common analytical umbrella. The result is a contribution to advancing disaster resilience and risk reduction in the HKH region. The book will be of special interest to policy makers, donors, and researchers concerned with the disaster issues in the region.

Integrated Catastrophe Risk Modeling

Supporting Policy Processes

Author: Aniello Amendola,Tatiana Ermolieva,Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer,Reinhard Mechler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400722265

Category: Nature

Page: 290

View: 6580

Efficient and equitable policies for managing disaster risks and adapting to global environmental change are critically dependent on development of robust options supported by integrated modeling. The book is based on research and state-of-the art models developed at IIASA (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) and within its cooperation network. It addresses the methodological complexities of assessing disaster risks, which call for stochastic simulation, optimization methods and economic modeling. Furthermore, it describes policy frameworks for integrated disaster risk management, including stakeholder participation facilitated by user-interactive decision-support tools. Applications and results are presented for a number of case studies at different problem scales and in different socio-economic contexts, and their implications for loss sharing policies and economic development are discussed. Among others, the book presents studies for insurance policies for earthquakes in the Tuscany region in Italy and flood risk in the Tisza river basin in Hungary. Further, it investigates the economic impact of natural disasters on development and possible financial coping strategies; and applications are shown for selected South Asian countries. The book is addressed both to researchers and to organizations involved with catastrophe risk management and risk mitigation policies.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Potentials and Challenges

Author: Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128127120

Category: Nature

Page: 524

View: 9067

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Modeling Spatial and Economic Impacts of Disasters

Author: Yasuhide Okuyama,Stephanie E. Chang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540214496

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 7098

This book brings together a collection of innovative papers on strategies for analyzing the spatial and economic impacts of disasters. Natural and human-induced disasters pose several challenges for conventional modeling. For example, disasters entail complex linkages between the natural, built, and socio-economic environments. They often create chaos and economic disequilibrium, and can also cause unexpected long-term, structural changes. Dynamic interactions among agents and behavioral adjustments in a disaster become complicated. The papers in this volume make notable progress in tackling these challenges through refinements of conventional methods, as well as new modeling frameworks and multidisciplinary, integrative strategies. The papers also provide case study applications that afford new insights on disaster processes and loss reduction strategies.

Risk and Uncertainty Assessment for Natural Hazards

Author: Jonathan Rougier,Steve Sparks,Lisa J. Hill,Robert Stephen John Sparks

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006198

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 4845

A state-of-the-art overview of natural hazard risk assessment, for researchers and professionals in natural-hazard science, risk management and environmental science.

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction

Author: Ben Wisner,J.C. Gaillard,Ilan Kelman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113691868X

Category: Science

Page: 912

View: 9199

The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools. Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors. The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.

Extreme Natural Hazards, Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Author: Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107033861

Category: Science

Page: 413

View: 3608

A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Disasters by Design

A Reassessment of Natural Hazards in the United States

Author: Dennis Mileti

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309518490

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 6254

Disasters by Design provides an alternative and sustainable way to view, study, and manage hazards in the United States that would result in disaster-resilient communities, higher environmental quality, inter- and intragenerational equity, economic sustainability, and improved quality of life. This volume provides an overview of what is known about natural hazards, disasters, recovery, and mitigation, how research findings have been translated into policies and programs; and a sustainable hazard mitigation research agenda. Also provided is an examination of past disaster losses and hazards management over the past 20 years, including factors--demographic, climate, social--that influence loss. This volume summarizes and sets the stage for the more detailed books in the series.

Earthquake Hazard, Risk and Disasters

Author: Max Wyss

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123964725

Category: Nature

Page: 606

View: 5001

Earthquake Hazard, Risk, and Disasters presents the latest scientific developments and reviews of research addressing seismic hazard and seismic risk, including causality rates, impacts on society, preparedness, insurance and mitigation. The current controversies in seismic hazard assessment and earthquake prediction are addressed from different points of view. Basic tools for understanding the seismic risk and to reduce it, like paleoseismology, remote sensing, and engineering are discussed. Contains contributions from expert seismologists, geologists, engineers and geophysicists selected by a world-renowned editorial board Presents the latest research on seismic hazard and risk assessment, economic impacts, fatality rates, and earthquake preparedness and mitigation Includes numerous illustrations, maps, diagrams and tables addressing earthquake risk reduction Features new insights and reviews of earthquake prediction, forecasting and early warning, as well as basic tools to deal with earthquake risk

Risk Assessment, Modeling and Decision Support

Strategic Directions

Author: Ann Bostrom,Steven P. French,Sara J. Gottlieb

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540711582

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 3377

The papers in this volume integrate results from current research efforts in earthquake engineering with research from the larger risk assessment community. The authors include risk and hazard researchers from the major U.S. hazard and earthquake centers. The volume lays out a road map for future developments in risk modeling and decision support, and positions earthquake engineering research within the family of risk analysis tools and techniques.

American Hazardscapes

The Regionalization of Hazards and Disasters

Author: Susan L. Cutter

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 030951214X

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 7339

Barrier islands. Flood plains. Earthquake faults. Sometimes the environment poses threats to our well being, yet many of us continue to choose to live in risky or dangerous places. And on top of the “knowns” are the other, more hidden hazards related to environmental contamination that pose equally serious threats to our health and well being. But where are these places and what types of hazards are found there? American Hazardscapes examines the risks associated with living and owning property in diverse regions across the United States, offering dual perspectives: that of the geographer and that of the social science hazards researcher. The book summarizes what we already know about regional patterns of hazard events and losses during the previous three decades and goes further to shed light on the nature of the events themselves and their impact on society. Written for the relocating citizen and the policy maker alike, American Hazardscapes presents a regional ecology of disaster-prone or disaster-resistant states. It also offers thoughts on what local, state, and federal managers need to do to meet the challenge of reducing hazard losses in the next century.

Foreign Exchange and Disaster Risk Management in Microfinance Institutions

Author: Jan-Hendrik Boerse

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640220242

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 89

View: 4081

Master's Thesis from the year 2008 in the subject Business economics - Banking, Stock Exchanges, Insurance, Accounting, grade: 1,00, Wiesbaden University of Applied Sciences, course: International Finance, 69 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Microfinance Institutions (MFI) have left the role of altruistic instruments for donor-assistance and turned into profitable financial institutions and interesting investment opportunities for international financial investors. However, well-intentioned investments can dramatically increase a MFIs risk exposure and institutions without proper risk management can easily be forced into closure in the aftermath of environmental or economical distress. Moreover MFIs operate predominant in developing countries counting for 94% of all natural disasters worldwide and the vulnerability of their clients is exorbitant high due to their establishment in simple accommodation facilities and the strong dependence on agricultural business. Foreign exchange and disaster risks are considered to be two of the most jeopardising threats for MFIs characterised by close interrelations and ignored by the majority of institutions, investors and credit users. This work compiles a holistic risk management approach starting with the sound assessment of foreign exchange and disaster risks with the aid of modern tools such as hazard modelling and the value-at-risk model. Based on the institutions particular risk-bearing capacity different strategies to minimise and transfer these risks have been evaluated. More than twenty methods from operational hedges to innovative instruments like indexed weather derivatives or currency and catastrophe swaps are investigated concerning their availability, applicability, effectiveness and efficiency in the microfinance context. Furthermore this work seeks to design the strategies in a way that overcomes particular obstacles like the Samaritans dilemma to create sustainable security along with rising self responsibility. Consequently the employed instruments have been modified regarding their trigger concepts and payment schemes. As the implementation of many useful tools would be hampered due to the MFIs size, pooling alternatives between MFIs have been analysed as well as cooperation models with international companies or public private partnerships. In interviews with global experts from MunichRe, SwissRe and FMO specific issues have been discussed and the feasibility of the strategies could be affirmed. This work can provide useful guidance for risk managers, investors, donors and all persons that are directly or indirectly responsible for the sustainable development of one or several microfinance institutions.

Promoting Community Resilience in Disasters

The Role for Schools, Youth, and Families

Author: Kevin Ronan,David Johnston

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387238212

Category: Psychology

Page: 210

View: 8506

A myriad of models are available to guide practice before, during, and following disasters. As emphasized in this book, we value the role of research in informing our assessment, education, and intervention efforts in this area. Keeping an eye on those elements that have research backing certainly assists with quality control generally. However, more specifically, we also stress the idea that there is evidence to support a role for hope and positive expectations in the motivation and engagement process. In addition, the more that people, including youth and adults, actively participate in efforts designed to help, the more benefits they tend to receive. The role of research in providing that initial hope and inspiring more active engagement with internal and external resources before, during, and after a disaster is part of the foundation of our practice in this area. In fact, in the clinical psychology training program directed by the senior author, the idea that we attempt to inculcate with our trainees is the idea of “hope and engagement on an evidence-based foundation.” Consequently, we do advocate for models of practice that have identified “active ingredients” that are included: those particularly identified through controlled evaluation research. However, it is also the case that a number of risk and protective factors identified through a number of studies (e.g., see Chapter 2) have as yet to be systematically included.

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