Search Results: risk-taking-and-decision-making

Risk Taking and Decision Making

Foreign Military Intervention Decisions

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804765073

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5726

Contraceptive Risk-taking

A Test of a Decision-making Model

Author: Kathleen McKinney Rehfeldt

Publisher: N.A


Category: Contraceptives

Page: 160

View: 5128

Overconfidence and Risk Taking in Foreign Policy Decision Making

The Case of Turkey’s Syria Policy

Author: Imran Demir

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319526057

Category: Political Science

Page: 142

View: 1928

This book introduces a new perspective on risk seeking behaviour, developing a framework based on various cognitive theories, and applying it to the specific case-study of Turkey’s foreign policy toward Syria. The author examines why policy makers commit themselves to polices that they do not have the capacity to deliver, and develops an alternative theoretical model to prospect theory in explaining risk taking behaviour based on the concept of overconfidence. The volume suggests that overconfident individuals exhibit risk seeking behaviour that contradicts the risk averse behaviour of individuals in the domain of gain, as predicted by prospect theory. Using a set of testable hypothesis deduced from the model, it presents an empirical investigation of the causes behind Turkish decision makers’ unprecedented level of risk taking toward the uprising in Syria and the consequences of this policy.

Risk Taking

A Managerial Perspective

Author: Zur Shapira

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610444922

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 9131

Classical economic theory assumes that people in risk situations follow a course of action based on a rational, consistent assessment of likely outcomes. But as Zur Shapira demonstrates in Risk Taking, corporate managers consistently stray from the prescribed path into far more subjective territory. Risk Taking offers a critical assessment of the relationship between theory and action in managerial decision making. Shapira offers a definitive account of the classical conception of risky decision making, which derives behavioral prescriptions from a calculation of both the value and the likelihood of possible outcomes. He then demonstrates how theories in this vein have been historically at odds with empirical observations. Risk Taking reports the results of an extensive survey of seven hundred managers that probed their attitudes and beliefs about risk and examined how they had actually made decisions in the face of uncertainty. The picture that emerges is of a dynamic, flexible process in which each manager's personal expertise and perceptions play profound roles. Managerial strategies are continually modified to suit changing circumstances. Rather than formulating probability estimates, executives create potential scenarios based not only on the possible outcomes but also on the many arbitrary factors inherent in their own situations. As Shapira notes, risk taking propensities vary among managers, and the need to maintain control and avoid particularly dangerous results exercises a powerful influence. Shapira also examines the impact of organizational structure, long-term management objectives, and incentives on decision making. With perceptive observations of the cognitive, emotional, and organizational dimensions of corporate decision making, Risk Taking propels the study of managerial risk behavior into new directions. This volume signals the way toward improving managerial decision making by revealing the need for more inclusive choice models that augment classical theory with vital behavioral observations.

The Nature and Development of Decision-making

A Self-regulation Model

Author: James P. Byrnes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135809119

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 7994

Although everyone has goals, only some people successfully attain their respective goals on a regular basis. With this in mind, the author attempts to answer the question of why some people are more successful than others. He begins with the assumption that the key to personal success is effective decision-making, and then utilizes his own theory--The Self-Regulation Model--to explain the origin and nature of individual differences in decision-making competence. The author also summarizes a number of existing models of decision-making and risk-taking. This book has two primary goals: * to provide a comprehensive review of the developmental literature on the decision-making skills of children, adolescents, and adults, and * to propose a theoretical model of decision-making skill that offers a better description of this skill than prior accounts. Taken together, the literature review and theoretical model help the reader acquire a clear sense of the development of decision-making skills as well as reasons for the developmental differences that seem to emerge.

Risk Taking

A Guide for Decision Makers

Author: Herbert S. Kindler

Publisher: Crisp Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781560525257

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 83

View: 4415

Risk is everywhere and often avoiding one risk backs us into another. This revised edition looks at the anatomy of decisions in a new way and integrates new studies and information developed over the 8 years since the original publication.

Self-regulatory Behavior and Risk Taking

Causes and Consequences

Author: Lewis Paeff Lipsitt,Leonard L. Mitnick

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780893918187

Category: Psychology

Page: 414

View: 4564

Emerging from two conferences sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health, this volume discusses scientific and clinical knowledge in areas of health concern where behavioral factors are known causes of, or are implicated in, death, disease, and disability. The 24 papers are in six parts: e

Decision Making in Complex Environments

Author: Jan Noyes,Malcolm Cook,Yvonne Masakowshi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1317153936

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 458

View: 9249

Many complex systems in civil and military operations are highly automated with the intention of supporting human performance in difficult cognitive tasks. The complex systems can involve teams or individuals working on real-time supervisory control, command or information management tasks where a number of constraints must be satisfied. Decision Making in Complex Environments addresses the role of the human, the technology and the processes in complex socio-technical and technological systems. The aim of the book is to apply a multi-disciplinary perspective to the examination of the human factors in complex decision making. It contains more than 30 contributions on key subjects such as military human factors, team decision making issues, situation awareness, and technology support. In addition to the major application area of military human factors there are chapters on business, medical, governmental and aeronautical decision making. The book provides a unique blend of expertise from psychology, human factors, industry, commercial environments, the military, computer science, organizational psychology and training that should be valuable to academics and practitioners alike.

Risk-Taking Behavior

Author: Frank Yates

Publisher: Wiley


Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 5135

Provides a single source of current information which critically reviews and synthesizes scholarship on risk-taking behavior by cutting across multiple contexts and points of view. Offers detailed insights into concepts of risk, changes in risk-taking over the life cycle, research on the issue of risk-taking in group settings, models and evidence concerning people's behavior as well as recommendations on adapting design considerations and personnel training to encourage more appropriate risk-taking behavior and future research on this subject.

Decision Making, Assessment and Risk in Social Work

Author: Brian J. Taylor

Publisher: Learning Matters

ISBN: 1526412543

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8450

This book, written for practicing social workers undertaking their ASYE and compulsory CPD, has been designed to help professionals make sound judgments in increasingly complex contexts and under pressure.

Knowingly Taking Risk

Investment Decision Making in Real Estate Development

Author: Ellen Gehner

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9059722884


Page: 311

View: 2170

Beyond Groupthink

Political Group Dynamics and Foreign Policy-making

Author: Paul 't Hart,Eric K. Stern,Bengt Sundelius

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472066537

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 4496

Effects of group dynamics on decision making

Risk-Taking in International Politics

Prospect Theory in American Foreign Policy

Author: Rose McDermott

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472087877

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8603

Discusses the way leaders deal with risk in making foreign policy decisions

Professional Risk and Working with People

Decision-Making in Health, Social Care and Criminal Justice

Author: Andy Bain,David Carson

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 9781846427572

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 2157

Professional Risk and Working with People provides advice on assessing and managing risks for all those employed to take risks with or on behalf of other people. The authors explore issues of risk assessment and management that provides readers with a broad knowledge of risk practices that can be applied across a range of disciplines. They detail the benefits of risk as well as the potential harm and explain relevant legislation and concepts of negligence in clear and accessible language. Examples of risk policies, systems and effective judgement in managing complex risk decisions are also included. In the current climate of blame and readiness to pursue legal action against professionals, this book will prove essential reading for all practitioners who come into contact with risk, including doctors and other health and care professionals, probation officers and social workers. Leaders of professional courses and their students will also find this an invaluable guide.

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

Author: Valerie F. Reyna,Vivian Zayas

Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)

ISBN: 9781433816628

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 3914

Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, have an extra piece of pie, or spend rather than save for retirement, risky decisions permeate our lives, and sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications. Yet many questions remain about how neurobiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors influence decision-making. This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision by integrating findings from a number of disciplines, including development and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioral economic, and addiction. The result is a rich scientific framework for understanding the causal mechanisms of risky decision making across the lifespan. Book jacket.

Decide and Conquer

The Ultimate Guide for Improving Your Decision Making

Author: Stephen P. Robbins

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0133966879

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 7767

Make better decisions – every day, everywhere! Decide and Conquer, Second Edition brings together all the practical skills you need to do just that. This quick, concise book identifies every key obstacle to quality decision-making and shows exactly how to overcome them. You'll discover how your personality impacts your decision-making, why instincts and experience can lead you astray, how to simplify complex decisions without oversimplifying them and much more. Renowned management author Dr. Stephen P. Robbins translates cutting-edge research findings about human behavior and decision-making into language anyone can understand – and act upon. In this Second Edition, he provides many new and updated examples, updated research, and new coverage, including these crucial new topics: Are you a Maximizer or a Satisficer – and what it means for your decision-making Overcoming the familiarity bias, adaptation bias, and fear-of-loss bias How to stop throwing good money after bad Knowing when doing nothing is your best option Accounting for gendered decision-making styles Decide and Conquer, Second Edition covers everything from goal-setting and risk-taking to overconfidence to procrastination, and offers indispensable insights for overcoming the multiple biases that are built into all human decision-makers. You'll use Robbins' powerful techniques to improve every decision you make – about your relationships, career, finances, everything!

Decisions: Risk and Reward

Author: Johnnie E.V. Johnson,Alistair Bruce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134092512

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 6182

In recent years leading figures in a variety of fields - political, financial, medical, and organizational - have become acutely aware of the need to effectively incorporate aspects of risk into their decision-making. This book addresses a wide range of contemporary issues in decision research, such as how individuals deal with uncertainty and complexity, gender-based differences in decision-making, what determines decision performance and why people choose risky activities. The book presents results from academic research carried out over the last twenty years. A common theme is the study of decisions made in horserace betting markets, a research medium which offers a rich insight into decision-making in general and one which enjoys particular methodological advantages over laboratory-based simulations. This set of naturalistic studies explores the variety of individual motivations for betting, how people perceive and respond to the presence of uncertainty, the challenges of complex and turbulent information and the use of heuristics as a response, how decision-making performance is affected by structural or process-related features of the decision environment, and how men and women differ in their decision behaviour. The authors’ interesting and novel findings offer a richer understanding of the psychological and economic underpinnings of betting behaviour which should inform practitioners, policymakers and regulators in an industry which is undergoing unprecedented global growth. The book is also relevant to courses covering subject areas such as financial markets, decision-making and behavioural finance.

Handbook of Decision Making

Author: Paul C. Nutt,David C. Wilson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444323122

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 720

View: 4089

Wiley's new Handbook of Decision Making is a vital reference text for all students and professionals of management, organization and decision making. The handbook offers a wide range of theoretical and empirical approaches to the understanding of organizational and strategic decisions. Contributors are internationally known experts drawn from North America, Canada and Europe who have spent many years in the study of decision making, and decision making relevant topics. We believe the handbook will become a tour de force in the understanding decision making, offering a wide variety of perspectives, topics, and summative understanding of the field. Chapters in the Handbook were prepared by the leading experts in their field and include cutting edge empirical, theoretical, and review chapters. The chapters bring together for the first time a critical mass of writing on decision making as an organizational and research activity. The Editors are two of the leading international experts in decision making and contribute to the Handbook with five original Chapters that offer an appraisal of the field and suggestions for research, as well as the current status of decision making practice and suggestion for improvement.

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