Neighbours and Rivals
Author: Beate Dignas,Engelbert Winter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A narrative history, with sourcebook, of the turbulent relations between Rome and the Sasanian Empire.
Rome's Age of Insurrection, AD222-235
Author: John S McHugh
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Alexander Severus' is full of controversy and contradictions. He came to the throne through the brutal murder of his cousin, Elagabalus, and was ultimately assassinated himself. The years between were filled with regular uprisings and rebellions, court intrigue (the Praetorian Guard slew their commander at the Emperor's feet) and foreign invasion. Yet the ancient sources generally present his reign as a golden age of just government, prosperity and religious tolerance Not yet fourteen when he became emperor, Alexander was dominated by his mother, Julia Mammaea and advisors like the historian, Cassius Dio. In the military field, he successfully checked the aggressive Sassanid Persians but some sources see his Persian campaign as a costly failure marked by mutiny and reverses that weakened the army. When Germanic and Sarmatian tribes crossed the Rhine and Danube frontiers in 234, Alexander took the field against them but when he attempted to negotiate to buy time, his soldiers perceived him as weak, assassinated him and replaced him with the soldier Maximinus Thrax. John McHugh reassesses this fascinating emperor in detail.
Author: Fabian Goldbeck,Johannes Wienand
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Die politische Bedeutung des römischen Triumphs hat sich in augusteischer Zeit grundlegend gewandelt. Im römischen Prinzipat verlor das Ritual seine Funktion als Medium inneraristokratischer Konkurrenz und entwickelte sich zum zeremoniellen Brennpunkt der militärischen Repräsentation des Kaisers. Die Forschung hat sich bisher auf den republikanischen Triumph konzentriert, da das Ritual unter den Bedingungen der Alleinherrschaft zu einem monotonen und politisch irrelevanten Spektakel verkommen sei. Das Gegenteil ist der Fall: Seit die historische Forschung erkannt hat, welchem Profilierungsdruck die Figur des römischen Kaisers ausgesetzt war, liegen die konzeptionellen Voraussetzungen bereit, eine Gewinn bringende Untersuchung des kaiserzeitlichen und spätantiken Triumphzeremoniells als Medium politischer Kommunikation durchzuführen. Der vorliegende Band bietet nun erstmals eine umfassende Behandlung des Themas von der spätrepublikanischen Zeit bis in die poströmische (Westen) bzw. frühbyzantinische Ära (Osten) hinein und beleuchtet das Ritual aus unterschiedlichsten historischen, philologischen und archäologischen Perspektiven.
Author: David Brakke,Deborah Deliyannis
Shifting Cultural Frontiers in Late Antiquity explores the transformation of classical culture in late antiquity by studying cultures at the borders - the borders of empires, of social classes, of public and private spaces, of literary genres, of linguistic communities, and of the modern disciplines that study antiquity. Although such canonical figures of late ancient studies as Augustine and Ammianus Marcellinus appear in its pages, this book shifts our perspective from the center to the side or the margins. The essays consider, for example, the ordinary Christians whom Augustine addressed, the border regions of Mesopotamia and Vandal Africa, 'popular' or 'legendary' literature, and athletes. Although traditional philology rightly underlies the work that these essays do, the authors, several among the most prominent in the field of late ancient studies, draw from and combine a range of disciplines and perspectives, including art history, religion, and social history. Despite their various subject matters and scholarly approaches, the essays in Shifting Cultural Frontiers coalesce around a small number of key themes in the study of late antiquity: the ambiguous effects of 'Christianization,' the creation of new literary and visual forms from earlier models, the interaction and spread of ideals between social classes, and the negotiation of ethnic and imperial identities in the contact between 'Romans' and 'barbarians.' By looking away from the core and toward the periphery, whether spatially or intellectually, the volume offers fresh insights into how ancient patterns of thinking and creating became reconfigured into the diverse cultures of the 'medieval.'
Cultural Interaction and the Creation of Identity in Late Antiquity
Author: Danuta Shanzer
One of the most significant transformations of the Roman world in Late Antiquity was the integration of barbarian peoples into the social, cultural, religious, and political milieu of the Mediterranean world. The nature of these transformations was considered at the sixth biennial Shifting Frontiers in Late Antiquity Conference, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in March of 2005, and this volume presents an updated selection of the papers given on that occasion, complemented with a few others,. These 25 studies do much to break down old stereotypes about the cultural and social segregation of Roman and barbarian populations, and demonstrate that, contrary to the past orthodoxy, Romans and barbarians interacted in a multitude of ways, and it was not just barbarians who experienced "ethnogenesis" or cultural assimilation. The same Romans who disparaged barbarian behavior also adopted aspects of it in their everyday lives, providing graphic examples of the ambiguity and negotiation that characterized the integration of Romans and barbarians, a process that altered the concepts of identity of both populations. The resultant late antique polyethnic cultural world, with cultural frontiers between Romans and barbarians that became increasingly permeable in both directions, does much to help explain how the barbarian settlement of the west was accomplished with much less disruption than there might have been, and how barbarian populations were integrated seamlessly into the old Roman world.
Film and History
Author: Martin M. Winkler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The essays collected in this book present the first comprehensiveappreciation of The Fall of the Roman Empire fromhistorical, historiographical, and cinematic perspectives. The bookalso provides the principal classical sources on the period. It isa companion to Gladiator: Film and History (Blackwell, 2004)and Spartacus: Film and History (Blackwell, 2007) andcompletes a triad of scholarly studies on Hollywood’sgreatest films about Roman history. A critical re-evaluation of the 1964 epic film The Fall ofthe Roman Empire, directed by Anthony Mann, fromhistorical, film-historical, and contemporary points of view Presents a collection of scholarly essays and classical sourceson the period of Roman history that ancient and modern historianshave considered to be the turning point toward the eventual fall ofRome Contains a short essay by director Anthony Mann Includes a map of the Roman Empire and film stills, as well astranslations of the principal ancient sources, an extensivebibliography, and a chronology of events
Author: Scott Fitzgerald Johnson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity offers an innovative overview of a period (c. 300-700 CE) that has become increasingly central to scholarly debates over the history of western and Middle Eastern civilizations. This volume covers such pivotal events as the fall of Rome, the rise of Christianity, the origins of Islam, and the early formation of Byzantium and the European Middle Ages. These events are set in the context of widespread literary, artistic, cultural, and religious change during the period. The geographical scope of this Handbook is unparalleled among comparable surveys of Late Antiquity; Arabia, Egypt, Central Asia, and the Balkans all receive dedicated treatments, while the scope extends to the western kingdoms, and North Africa in the West. Furthermore, from economic theory and slavery to Greek and Latin poetry, Syriac and Coptic literature, sites of religious devotion, and many others, this Handbook covers a wide range of topics that will appeal to scholars from a diverse array of disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of Late Antiquity engages the perennially valuable questions about the end of the ancient world and the beginning of the medieval, while providing a much-needed touchstone for the study of Late Antiquity itself.
Art and Ritual of Kingship Between Rome and Sasanian Iran
Author: Matthew P. Canepa
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This book is a true tour de force in the scholarship of the late ancient world. Canepa has bridged the traditional divide between Classical and Iranian studies to illuminate the long-running artistic dialogue between the late Roman and Sasanian Empires. Every chapter offers exciting new insights into the development of late antique art and rituals of power."Joel Walker, author of The Legend of Mar Qardagh: Narrative and Christian Heroism in Late Antique Iraq "The Two Eyes of the Earth is a masterly synthesis of a theme of the utmost importance for the political culture of the late antique world."Peter Brown, author of Power and Persuasion "
Author: Jill Graw
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2014 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, Note: 1,3, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster (Institut für Epigraphik), Veranstaltung: Das römische Reich im 3. Jh. n. Chr., Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Diese Arbeit stellt einen Versuch dar, die Probleme der Jahre 235 bis 244 unter der Herrschaft Severus Alexanders bis Gordian III. aufzugreifen und näher zu beleuchten, um die Stellung Roms im Hinblick auf römisch-persische Kriege näher zu definieren. Gerade die Soldatenkaiserzeit stellt in diesem Kontext eine passende Schnittstelle für die leitende Fragestellung dar, weil Krisenerscheinungen und Konflikte mit den Persern signifikant ausgeprägt waren. Des Weiteren soll aufgezeigt werden, wie und warum das Imperium Romanum gegen Sabuhr I. solche Verluste erleiden musste und wie dies möglich war. War das Imperium Romanum wirklich ein unbesiegbares Reich, welches nicht in seiner Macht beschnitten werden konnte? Ein besonderes Augenmerk liegt in diesem Kontext auf den persisch-römischen Auseinandersetzungen von Maximinus Thrax bis Gordian III. In diesem Zusammenhang soll die Schlacht zwischen Sabuhr I. (241-272) und Gordian III. gesondert dargestellt und untersucht werden, da gerade diese erste Feldzugsepisode der Sasaniden unter Sabuhr I. repräsentativ ist im Hinblick auf die politische Interaktion zwischen beiden Reichen innerhalb des Kaisertums der Soldatenkaiser.
Author: Touraj Daryaee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This Handbook is a current, comprehensive single-volume history of Iranian civilization. The authors, all leaders in their fields, emphasize the large-scale continuities of Iranian history while also describing the important patterns of transformation that have characterized Iran's past. Each of the chapters focuses on a specific epoch of Iranian history and surveys the general political, social, cultural, and economic issues of that era. The ancient period begins with chapters considering the anthropological evidence of the prehistoric era, through to the early settled civilizations of the Iranian plateau, and continuing to the rise of the ancient Persian empires. The medieval section first considers the Arab-Muslim conquest of the seventh century, and then moves on to discuss the growing Turkish influence filtering in from Central Asia beginning in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The last third of the book covers Iran in the modern era by considering the rise of the Safavid state and its accompanying policy of centralization, the introduction of Shi'ism, the problems of reform and modernization in the Qajar and Pahlavi periods, and the revolution of 1978-79 and its aftermath. The book is a collaborative exercise among scholars specializing in a variety of sub-fields, and across a number of disciplines, including history, art history, classics, literature, politics, and linguistics. Here, readers can find a reliable and accessible narrative that can serve as an authoritative guide to the field of Iranian studies.
An Ancient Faith Rediscovered
Author: Nicholas J. Baker-Brian
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This is the first general comprehensive introduction to Manichaeism aimed at a non-specialist and undergraduate readership. This study will be a historical and theological introduction to Manichaeism. It will comprise a biographical treatment of the founder Mani, situating his personality, his writings and his ideas within the Aramaic Christian tradition of third century (CE) Mesopotamia. It will provide a historical treatment of the Manichaean church in late antiquity (250-700 CE), detailing the emergence of Manichaeism in the late Roman and Byzantine empires, in addition to examining the continuation of Manichaean traditions in the eastern world (China) up to the thirteenth century and beyond. The book will consider the theology of Mani's system, with the aim of providing a clear-eyed treatment of the cosmogonic, scriptural and ecclesiological ideas forming its foundations. The study will base its analysis on original Manichaean literary sources, together with rehabilitating the representation of Manichaeism in those writings that polemicised against the religion. The study will aim to demonstrate the highly syncretic nature of Manichaeism, and will look to move forward 'traditional' perceptions of the religion as being simply a form of Christian Gnostic Dualism.
Rome's Final Conflict in the West
Author: Torsten Cumberland Jacobsen
Publisher: Westholme Publishing
Traces the efforts of the emperor Justinian to recapture areas of the Western Roman Empire that had been lost to invading barbarians in preceding centuries, discussing the long campaigns for Italy and the three sieges of Rome that left the city a ruin.