The Russian Revolution of 1917 transformed the face of the Russian empire, politically, economically, socially, and culturally, and also profoundly affected the course of world history for the rest of the twentieth century. Now, to mark the centenary of this epochal event, historian SteveSmith presents a panoramic account of the history of the Russian empire, from the last years of the nineteenth century, through the First World War and the revolutions of 1917 and the establishment of the Bolshevik regime, to the end of the 1920s, when Stalin simultaneously unleashed violentcollectivization of agriculture and crash industrialization upon Russian society. Drawing on recent archivally-based scholarship, Russia in Revolution pays particular attention to the varying impact of the Revolution on the various groups that made up society: peasants, workers, non-Russian nationalities, the army, women and the family, young people, and the Church. In doing so, it provides a fresh way into the big, perennial questions about the Revolution and its consequences: why did the attempt by the tsarist government to implement political reform after the 1905 Revolution fail; why did the First World War bring about the collapse of the tsarist system;why did the attempt to create a democratic system after the February Revolution of 1917 not get off the ground; why did the Bolsheviks succeed in seizing and holding on to power; why did they come out victorious from a punishing civil war; why did the New Economic Policy they introduced in 1921fail; and why did Stalin come out on top in the power struggle inside the Bolshevik party after Lenin's death in 1924. A final chapter then reflects on the larger significance of 1917 for the history of the twentieth century - and, for all its terrible flaws, what the promise of the Revolution might mean for us today.
This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Written by an examiner and experienced teacher of the course, this student revision workbook for Edexcel AS History Unit 1: Russia in Revolution 1881-1924 closely combines course content with revision activities and advice on exam technique. This allows students the opportunity to improve the skills needed to perform well in exam conditions through interacting with the content they need to revise. In addition each section has a model answer with exam tips for students to analyse and better understand what is required in the exam.
Exam Board: Edexcel Level: AS/A-level Subject: History First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2016 Target success in Edexcel AS/A-level History with this proven formula for effective, structured revision; key content coverage is combined with exam preparation activities and exam-style questions to create a revision guide that students can rely on to review, strengthen and test their knowledge. - Enables students to plan and manage a successful revision programme using the topic-by-topic planner - Consolidates knowledge with clear and focused content coverage, organised into easy-to-revise chunks - Encourages active revision by closely combining historical content with related activities - Helps students build, practise and enhance their exam skills as they progress through activities set at three different levels - Improves exam technique through exam-style questions with sample answers and commentary from expert authors and teachers - Boosts historical knowledge with a useful glossary and timeline
General William V. Judson's Accounts from Petrograd, 1917-1918
Author: William Voorhees Judson
Publisher: Kent State University Press
General William V. Judson was Military Attache and Chief of the American Military Mission in Russia at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution. His letters, memoranda, and reports constitute one of the most informed eye-witness accounts of war and revolutionary conditions under the Provisional and Bolshevik Governments of Russia after the February Uprising and abdication of Czar Nicholas II and shed light on the initiation of U.S.-Soviet relations. Judson was convinced of the necessity of direct discussions and negotiations between the U.S. and the Trotsky-Lenin government following the Revolution. However, President Wilson and the three Republican administrations that succeeded him chose a different course. The publication of these papers will contribute to our understanding of both the Revolution and the American struggle to find an appropriate policy to guide relations with Bolshevik Russia.
Unlock your full potential with this revision guide which focuses on the key content and skills you need to know for Edexcel AS History: Russia in Revolution, 1881-1924. Written by experienced teachers, this series closely combines the content of Edexcel AS History: Russia in Revolution, 1881-1924 with revision activities and advice on exam technique. Each section has a model answer with exam tips for you to analyse and better understand what is required in the exam. - Makes revision manageable by condensing topics into easy-to-revise chunks- Encourages active revision by closely combining content with a variety of different activities- Helps improve exam technique through tailor-made activities and plenty of guidance on how to answer questions- Includes access to quick quizzes at www.hodderplus.co.uk/myrevisionnotes CONTENTS: Section 1: The challenges to the Tsarist State, 1881-1906 The extent of change in Russia, 1881-1894 The impact of Witte's policies on Russia, 1892-1903 The nature of Nicholas II's regime and the effectiveness of his rule Political opposition to the Tsarist system of rule The causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution Key events and consequences of the 1905 Revolution Exam focus Section 2: Tsarism's last chance, 1906-1917 The role and impact of the Dumas, 1906-1914 Why was Stolypin important in the period 1906-1911? The impact of the First World War on the Russian armed forces The impact of the First World War on Russian politics and economy Causes of the Russian Revolution, February 1917 The February Revolution Exam focus Section 3: February to October 1917 Difficulties facing the Provisional Government The impact of Lenin's return to Russia in April 1917 The significance of the July Days and General Kornilov The key events of the October 1917 Revolution The extent of Bolshevik support in October 1917 Why did the Bolsheviks succeed in October 1917? Exam focus Section 4: Keeping and consolidating power, 1918-24 Establishment of the Sovnarkom and closing of the Constituent Assembly Early measures to secure Communist control and establishment of the Police State The causes of the Russian Civil War Reasons for the communist victory and the importance of War Communism The causes and impact of New Economic Policy (NEP) The establishment of the USSR in 1922 and the death of Lenin Exam focus