Search Results: second-treatise-of-government-and-a-letter-concerning-toleration-oxford-world-s-classics

Second Treatise of Government and a Letter Concerning Toleration

Author: John Locke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198732449

Category:

Page: 240

View: 418

'Man being born...to perfect freedom...hath by nature a power...to preserve his property, that is, his life, liberty and estate.' Locke's Second Treatise of Government (1689) is one of the great classics of political philosophy, widely regarded as the foundational text of modern liberalism. In it Locke insists on majority rule, and regards no government as legitimate unless it has the consent of the people. He sets aside people's ethnicities, religions, and cultures and envisages political societies which command our assent because they meet our elemental needs simply as humans. His work helped to entrench ideas of a social contract, human rights, and protection of property as the guiding principles for just actions and just societies. Published in the same year, A Letter Concerning Toleration aimed to end Christianity's wars of religion and called for the separation of church and state so that everyone could enjoy freedom of conscience. In this edition of these two major works, Mark Goldie considers the contested nature of Locke's reputation, which is often appropriated by opposing political and religious ideologies. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.

Second Treatise of Government

Author: John Locke,C. B. Macpherson

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603844963

Category: Political science

Page: 148

View: 3996

The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since.

Two treatises of government

Author: John Locke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8546

Letters Concerning the English Nation

Author: Voltaire

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: 199

View: 7741

Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486111865

Category: Philosophy

Page: 64

View: 8304

A powerful, passionate explanation of the roots of social inequality, Rousseau's Discourse influenced virtually every major philosopher of the Enlightenment. It remains among the 18th-century's most provocative and frequently studied works.

Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Author: John Locke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 262

View: 9204

On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199670803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 547

View: 6612

Previous edition: published as On liberty and other essays. 1991.

The Italian Renaissance

Author: J.H. Plumb

Publisher: New Word City

ISBN: 1640190996

Category: History

Page: 490

View: 5728

Spanning an age that witnessed great achievements in the arts and sciences, this definitive overview of the Italian Renaissance will both captivate ordinary readers and challenge specialists. J. H. Plumb's impressive and provocative narrative is accompanied by contributions from leading historians, including Morris Bishop, Jacob Bronowski, Maria Bellonci, and many more, who have further illuminated the lives of some of the era's most unforgettable personalities, from Petrarch to Pope Pius II, Michelangelo to Isabella d'Este, Machiavelli to Leonardo. A highly readable and engaging volume, The Italian Renaissance is a perfect introduction to the movement that shaped the Western world.

A Letter Concerning Toleration

Author: John Locke

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Toleration

Page: 70

View: 5518

The Will to Believe and Human Immortality

Author: William James

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486119076

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 657

Two books bound together, from religious period of one of the most renowned and representative thinkers. Illuminations of age-old religious questions from a pragmatic perspective, written in a luminous style.

Why We Should Call Ourselves Christians

The Religious Roots of Free Societies

Author: Marcello Pera

Publisher: Encounter Books

ISBN: 1594035652

Category: Religion

Page: 220

View: 2663

The intellectual and political elite of the West is nowadays taking for granted that religion, in particular Christianity, is a cultural vestige, a primitive form of knowledge, a consolation for the poor minded, an obstacle to coexistence. In all influential environments, the widespread watchword is “We are all secular” or “We are all post-religious.” As a consequence, we are told that states must be independent of religious creed, politics must take a neutral stance regarding religious values, and societies must hold together without any reference to religious bonds. Liberalism, which in some form or another is the prevailing view in the West, is considered to be “free-standing,” and the Western, liberal, open society is taken to be “self-sufficient.” Not only is anti-Christian secularism wrong, it is also risky. It's wrong because the very ideas on which liberal societies are based and in terms of which they can be justified—the concept of the dignity of the human person, the moral priority of the individual, the view that man is a “crooked timber” inclined to prevarication, the limited confidence in the power of the state to render him virtuous—are typical Christian or, more precisely, Judeo-Christian ideas. Take them away and the open society will collapse. Anti-Christian secularism is risky because it jeopardizes the identity of the West, leaves it with no self-conscience, and deprives people of their sense of belonging. The Founding Fathers of America, as well as major intellectual European figures such as Locke, Kant, and Tocqueville, knew how much our civilization depends on Christianity. Today, American and European culture is shaking the pillars of that civilization. Written from a secular and liberal, but not anti-Christian, point of view, this book explains why the Christian culture is still the best antidote to the crisis and decline of the West. Pera proposes that we should call ourselves Christians if we want to maintain our liberal freedoms, to embark on such projects as the political unification of Europe as well as the special relationship between Europe and America, and to avoid the relativistic trend that affects our public ethics. “The challenges of our particular historical moment”, as Pope Benedict XVI calls them in the Preface to the book, can be faced only if we stress the historical and conceptual link between Christianity and free society.

Patrick Henry

First Among Patriots

Author: Thomas S. Kidd,S Kidd

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465028101

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 8054

Most Americans know Patrick Henry as a fiery speaker whose pronouncement ÒGive me liberty or give me death!Ó rallied American defiance to the British Crown. But HenryÕs skills as an oratorÑsharpened in the small towns and courtrooms of colonial VirginiaÑare only one part of his vast, but largely forgotten, legacy. As historian Thomas S. Kidd shows, Henry cherished a vision of America as a virtuous republic with a clearly circumscribed central government. These ideals brought him into bitter conflict with other Founders and were crystallized in his vociferous opposition to the U.S. Constitution. In Patrick Henry, Kidd pulls back the curtain on one of our most radical, passionate Founders, showing that until we understand Henry himself, we will neglect many of the RevolutionÕs animating values.

Freedom Without Violence

Author: Dustin Ells Howes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199337012

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6225

There is a long tradition in Western political thought suggesting that violence is necessary to defend freedom. But nonviolence and civil disobedience have played an equally long and critical role in establishing democratic institutions. Freedom Without Violence explores the long history of political practice and thought that connects freedom to violence in the West, from Athenian democracy and the Roman republic to the Age of Revolutions and the rise of totalitarianism. It is the first comprehensive examination of the idea that violence is necessary to obtain, defend, and exercise freedom. The book also brings to the fore the opposing theme of nonviolent freedom, which can be found both within the Western tradition and among critics of that tradition. Since the plebs first vacated Rome to refuse military service and win concessions from the patricians in 494 B.C., nonviolence and civil disobedience have played a critical role in republics and democracies. Abolitionists, feminists and anti-colonial activists all adopted and innovated the methods of nonviolence. With the advent of the Velvet Revolutions, the end of apartheid in South Africa and, most recently, the Arab Spring, nonviolence has garnered renewed interest in both scholarly publications and the popular imagination. In this book, Dustin Ells Howes traces the intellectual history of freedom as it relates to the concepts and practices of violence and nonviolence. Through a critique and reappraisal of the Western political tradition, Freedom Without Violence constructs a conception of nonviolent freedom. The book argues that cultivating and practicing this brand of freedom is the sine qua non of a vibrant democracy that resists authoritarianism, imperialism and oligarchy.

The Iliad

Author: Homer

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 0977626903

Category: Poetry

Page: 563

View: 6195

Translated by a noted Canadian scholar, this translation of the Iliad was created to provide an accurate text of the Iliad in a modern English poetic form. It was designed first and foremost for people who are reading Homer's Iliad for the first time. The book is accompanied by a complete glossary, maps and other study aids intended to ensure that one's initial venture into the world of the Iliad is a fruitful one. It is no accident that this tranlation has formed the basis for dramatic presentations of the Iliad in Philadelphia and Oxford and was chosen by Naxos Audiobooks for its full-length recording of the poem (available in August 2006).

Conjectures and Refutations

The Growth of Scientific Knowledge

Author: Karl Popper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135971374

Category: Philosophy

Page: 608

View: 979

Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Candide

A Dual-Language Book

Author: Voltaire

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486117634

Category: Fiction

Page: 176

View: 8800

DIVVoltaire's brilliant satire on the follies of man, in the original French, with a new and exacting English translation on the opposing page. Weller's critical introduction illuminates the satire's enduring appeal. /div

A Book Forged in Hell

Spinoza's Scandalous Treatise and the Birth of the Secular Age

Author: Steven Nadler

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069113989X

Category: History

Page: 279

View: 5109

When it appeared in 1670, Baruch Spinoza's Theological-Political Treatise was denounced as the most dangerous book ever published--"godless," "full of abominations," "a book forged in hell . . . by the devil himself." Religious and secular authorities saw it as a threat to faith, social and political harmony, and everyday morality, and its author was almost universally regarded as a religious subversive and political radical who sought to spread atheism throughout Europe. Yet Spinoza's book has contributed as much as the Declaration of Independence or Thomas Paine's Common Sense to modern liberal, secular, and democratic thinking. In A Book Forged in Hell, Steven Nadler tells the fascinating story of this extraordinary book: its radical claims and their background in the philosophical, religious, and political tensions of the Dutch Golden Age, as well as the vitriolic reaction these ideas inspired. It is not hard to see why Spinoza's Treatise was so important or so controversial, or why the uproar it caused is one of the most significant events in European intellectual history. In the book, Spinoza became the first to argue that the Bible is not literally the word of God but rather a work of human literature; that true religion has nothing to do with theology, liturgical ceremonies, or sectarian dogma; and that religious authorities should have no role in governing a modern state. He also denied the reality of miracles and divine providence, reinterpreted the nature of prophecy, and made an eloquent plea for toleration and democracy. A vivid story of incendiary ideas and vicious backlash, A Book Forged in Hell will interest anyone who is curious about the origin of some of our most cherished modern beliefs.

Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings

Author: Rene Descartes

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141936061

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3590

Of all the works of the man claimed by many as the father of modern philosophy, the MEDITATIONS, first published in 1641, must surely be Rene Descartes' masterpiece. This volume consists of not only a new translation of the original Latin text and the expanded objections and replies, but also includes selected correspondence and other metaphysical writings from the period 1641-49.

Toleration and Understanding in Locke

Author: Nicholas Jolley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198791704

Category:

Page: 208

View: 504

Despite recent advances in Locke scholarship, philosophers and political theorists have paid little attention to the relations among his three greatest works: An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Two Treatises of Government, and Epistola de Tolerantia. As a result our picture of Locke'sthought is a curiously fragmented one. Toleration and Understanding in Locke argues that these works are unified by a concern to promote the cause of religious toleration. Making extensive use of Locke's neglected replies to Proast, Nicholas Jolley shows how Locke draws on his epistemologicalprinciples to criticize religious persecution - for Locke, since revelation is an object of belief, not knowledge, coercion by the state in religious matters is not morally justified. In this volume Jolley also seeks to show how the Two Treatises of Government and the letters for toleration adoptthe same contractualist approach to political theory; Locke argues for toleration from the function of the state where this is determined by the decisions of rational contracting parties. Throughout, attention is paid to demonstrating the range of Locke's arguments for toleration and to defendingthem, where possible, against recent criticisms. The book includes an account of the development of Locke's views about religious toleration from the beginning to the end of his career; it also includes discussions of his individualism about knowledge and belief, his critique of religious enthusiasm, his commitment to the minimal creed, and histeachings about natural law. Locke emerges as a rather systematic thinker whose arguments are highly relevant to modern debates about religious toleration.

Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

Hume

Author: Norman K. Smith,David Hume

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780024129307

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 5062

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