Search Results: social-democracy-in-the-global-periphery-origins-challenges-prospects

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery

Origins, Challenges, Prospects

Author: Richard Sandbrook,Marc Edelman,Patrick Heller,Judith Teichman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139460919

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6615

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery focuses on social-democratic regimes in the developing world that have, to varying degrees, reconciled the needs of achieving growth through globalized markets with extensions of political, social and economic rights. The authors show that opportunities exist to achieve significant social progress, despite a global economic order that favours core industrial countries. Their findings derive from a comparative analysis of four exemplary cases: Kerala (India), Costa Rica, Mauritius and Chile (since 1990). Though unusual, the social and political conditions from which these developing-world social democracies arose are not unique; indeed, pragmatic and proactive social-democratic movements helped create these favourable conditions. The four exemplars have preserved or even improved their social achievements since neoliberalism emerged hegemonic in the 1980s. This demonstrates that certain social-democratic policies and practices - guided by a democratic developmental state - can enhance a national economy's global competitiveness.

Bootstrapping Democracy

Transforming Local Governance and Civil Society in Brazil

Author: Gianpaolo Baiocchi,Patrick Heller,Marcelo Kunrath Silva,Marcelo Silva

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080476056X

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 9665

This book investigates participatory budgeting—a mainstay now of World Bank, UNDP, and USAID development programs—to ask whether its reforms truly make a difference in deepening democracy and empowering civil society.

Social Forces and States

Poverty and Distributional Outcomes in South Korea, Chile, and Mexico

Author: Judith Teichman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804782547

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7140

With the failure of market reform to generate sustained growth in many countries of the Global South, poverty reduction has become an urgent moral and political issue in the last several decades. In practice, considerable research shows that high levels of inequality are likely to produce high levels of criminal and political violence. On the road to development, states cannot but grapple with the challenges posed by poverty and wealth distribution. Social Forces and States explains the reasons behind distinct distributional and poverty outcomes in three countries: South Korea, Chile, and Mexico. South Korea has successfully reduced poverty and has kept inequality low. Chile has reduced poverty but inequality remains high. Mexico has confronted higher levels of poverty and high inequality than either of the other countries. Judith Teichman takes a comparative historical approach, focusing upon the impact of the interaction between social forces and states. Distinct from approaches that explain social well-being through a comparative examination of social welfare regimes, this book probes more deeply, incorporating a careful consideration of how historical contexts and political struggles shaped very different development trajectories, welfare arrangements, and social possibilities.

The Emergence of Social Democracy in Turkey

The Left and the Transformation of the Republican People's Party

Author: Yunus Emre

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 1786724618

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 3681

The Republican People’s Party (RPP), also know as the CHP (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi), stands as the main opposition party – one of two major political currents, second only to the Erdogan’s AK Party. Established as the founding party of Atatürk’s republican regime, the RPP has a history of hostility of leftist parties. Despite this, by the mid-1960s, the RPP had re-orientated itself as left of centre, as the growing influence of the left inside the RPP pushed it in a new direction. This is hailed as the entry point of social democratic politics into Turkey, and is the focus of Yunus Emre’s impressively researched book.

Crafting State-Nations

India and Other Multinational Democracies

Author: Alfred Stepan,Juan J. Linz,Yogendra Yadav

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801899427

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6117

Empirically thorough and conceptually clear, Crafting State-Nations will have a substantial impact on the study of comparative political institutions and the conception and understanding of nationalism and democracy.

The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South

Author: Susan Parnell,Sophie Oldfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136678271

Category: Architecture

Page: 658

View: 5996

The renaissance in urban theory draws directly from a fresh focus on the neglected realities of cities beyond the west and embraces the global south as the epicentre of urbanism. This Handbook engages the complex ways in which cities of the global south and the global north are rapidly shifting, the imperative for multiple genealogies of knowledge production, as well as a diversity of empirical entry points to understand contemporary urban dynamics. The Handbook works towards a geographical realignment in urban studies, bringing into conversation a wide array of cities across the global south – the ‘ordinary’, ‘mega’, ‘global’ and ‘peripheral’. With interdisciplinary contributions from a range of leading international experts, it profiles an emergent and geographically diverse body of work. The contributions draw on conflicting and divergent debates to open up discussion on the meaning of the city in, or of, the global south; arguments that are fluid and increasingly contested geographically and conceptually. It reflects on critical urbanism, the macro- and micro-scale forces that shape cities, including ideological, demographic and technological shifts, and constantly changing global and regional economic dynamics. Working with southern reference points, the chapters present themes in urban politics, identity and environment in ways that (re)frame our thinking about cities. The Handbook engages the twenty-first-century city through a ‘southern urban’ lens to stimulate scholarly, professional and activist engagements with the city.

Growth, Inequality and Social Development in India

Is Inclusive Growth Possible?

Author: R Nagaraj

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137000767

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 7954

With six essays exploring different aspects of economic growth, poverty, inequality and social security, this book offers a critical perspective on India's development experience since independence. Incisive and empirically rich, the book opens up new vistas in development discourse and informs current policy debates.

Democratization in the Global South

The Importance of Transformative Politics

Author: K. Stokke,O. Törnquist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370047

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8186

Given the weaknesses of mainstream democratisation since the 1980s, the authors present a cutting edge examination of dynamics of political change in the direction of more substantive democracy. While focusing on the Global South, they also draw comparisons from historical and contemporary experiences from Scandinavia.

Civilizing Globalization

A Survival Guide

Author: Richard Sandbrook

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791456675

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 3946

Discusses the many facets of globalization in easy to understand language.

Globalization and Egalitarian Redistribution

Author: Pranab K. Bardhan,Samuel Bowles,Michael Wallerstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691125190

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 326

View: 1113

Demonstrates that the free flow of goods, capital, and labor has increased the inequality or volatility of labor earnings in advanced industrial societies, while constraining governments' ability to tax the winners to compensate the workers for their loss. This book looks at how globalization affects policies aimed at reducing inequalities.

The Development Reader

Author: Sharad Chari,Stuart Corbridge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415415057

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 575

View: 765

The Development Reader brings together fifty-four key readings on development history, theory and policy: Adam Smith and Karl Marx meet, among others, Robert Wade, Amartya Sen and Jeffrey Sachs. It shows how debates around development have been structured by different readings of the roles played by markets, empire, nature and difference in the organization of world affairs. For example, present-day concerns about economic liberalization echo long-standing debates around free-trade, extended divisions of labour and national economic policy. Likewise, old debates about empire are re-appearing in critical perspectives on US policy in the Middle East. While there is little room today for old-fashioned environmental or cultural determinism, the attention now being given to climate change and a clash of civilisations shows that questions of nature and difference remain at the centre of development politics. Section and individual extract introductions guide students through the material and bind the readings into a coherent whole. Organized chronologically as well as thematically, it offers an intellectual history of the debates and political struggles that swirl around development. By bringing together intellectual history and contemporary development issues in this way, The Development Reader breaks fresh ground. It will have broad appeal across the humanities and social sciences, and is essential reading for students of contemporary development issues, practitioners and campaigners.

Reinventing the Left in the Global South

The Politics of the Possible

Author: Richard Sandbrook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072786

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 4918

A fresh appraisal of the nature and significance of the democratic left in the Global South.

Development, Democracy, and Welfare States

Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe

Author: Stephan Haggard,Robert R. Kaufman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691135960

Category: Political Science

Page: 473

View: 5717

This is the first book to compare the distinctive welfare states of Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman trace the historical origins of social policy in these regions to crucial political changes in the mid-twentieth century, and show how the legacies of these early choices are influencing welfare reform following democratization and globalization. After World War II, communist regimes in Eastern Europe adopted wide-ranging socialist entitlements while conservative dictatorships in East Asia sharply limited social security but invested in education. In Latin America, where welfare systems were instituted earlier, unequal social-security systems favored formal sector workers and the middle class. Haggard and Kaufman compare the different welfare paths of the countries in these regions following democratization and the move toward more open economies. Although these transformations generated pressure to reform existing welfare systems, economic performance and welfare legacies exerted a more profound influence. The authors show how exclusionary welfare systems and economic crisis in Latin America created incentives to adopt liberal social-policy reforms, while social entitlements from the communist era limited the scope of liberal reforms in the new democracies of Eastern Europe. In East Asia, high growth and permissive fiscal conditions provided opportunities to broaden social entitlements in the new democracies. This book highlights the importance of placing the contemporary effects of democratization and globalization into a broader historical context.

Sweden and the "third Way"

A Macroeconomic Evaluation

Author: Philip Whyman

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754617976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 1043

Philip Whyman here evaluates internal and external challenges to Swedish macroeconomic policy - including globalisation, European integration, post-Fordist technological change and the relative empowerment of capital - to discover the extent to which national economic autonomy is constrained.

Al día

the newsletter of the Program in Latin American Studies at Princeton University

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9704

Renewal

Journal of Labour Politics

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Great Britain

Page: N.A

View: 2432

Latin American Research Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 931

Which Way Latin America?

Hemispheric Politics Meets Globalization

Author: Andrew Fenton Cooper,Jorge Heine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 2316

In this book, some of the worlds leading Latin Americanists explore the ways in which the region has re-engaged globalization. At the time when a new administration in the United States is shifting gears in foreign policy, and the global crisis is leading many to question the very survival of capitalism as we have known it, Latin America is especially well-positioned to make the most of this new international conjuncture. This book provides a sharp, up-to-date analysis of the new sources of political power and allegiances in the region today.

Racial Redress & Citizenship in South Africa

Author: Adam Habib,Kristina A. Bentley

Publisher: Human Sciences Research Council

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 369

View: 4286

Confronting the central political dilemma of new South Africa—its democratic reform under a national identity that rectifies its history of racial injustices—this scholarly debate challenges the racially-defined approach to redress and its alternate proposition, an organizing principle based on class. Touching upon the hot-button issues of economic policy, affirmative action, and skills shortages, each perspective offers realistic possibilities for the future of South Africa via its economy, education system, civil service structure, and athletics department.

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