Search Results: social-democracy-in-the-global-periphery-origins-challenges-prospects

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery

Origins, Challenges, Prospects

Author: Richard Sandbrook,Marc Edelman,Patrick Heller,Judith Teichman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139460919

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2008

Social Democracy in the Global Periphery focuses on social-democratic regimes in the developing world that have, to varying degrees, reconciled the needs of achieving growth through globalized markets with extensions of political, social and economic rights. The authors show that opportunities exist to achieve significant social progress, despite a global economic order that favours core industrial countries. Their findings derive from a comparative analysis of four exemplary cases: Kerala (India), Costa Rica, Mauritius and Chile (since 1990). Though unusual, the social and political conditions from which these developing-world social democracies arose are not unique; indeed, pragmatic and proactive social-democratic movements helped create these favourable conditions. The four exemplars have preserved or even improved their social achievements since neoliberalism emerged hegemonic in the 1980s. This demonstrates that certain social-democratic policies and practices - guided by a democratic developmental state - can enhance a national economy's global competitiveness.

Democratization in the Global South

The Importance of Transformative Politics

Author: K. Stokke,O. Törnquist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370047

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 607

Given the weaknesses of mainstream democratisation since the 1980s, the authors present a cutting edge examination of dynamics of political change in the direction of more substantive democracy. While focusing on the Global South, they also draw comparisons from historical and contemporary experiences from Scandinavia.

The Routledge Handbook on Cities of the Global South

Author: Susan Parnell,Sophie Oldfield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136678271

Category: Architecture

Page: 658

View: 7766

The renaissance in urban theory draws directly from a fresh focus on the neglected realities of cities beyond the west and embraces the global south as the epicentre of urbanism. This Handbook engages the complex ways in which cities of the global south and the global north are rapidly shifting, the imperative for multiple genealogies of knowledge production, as well as a diversity of empirical entry points to understand contemporary urban dynamics. The Handbook works towards a geographical realignment in urban studies, bringing into conversation a wide array of cities across the global south – the ‘ordinary’, ‘mega’, ‘global’ and ‘peripheral’. With interdisciplinary contributions from a range of leading international experts, it profiles an emergent and geographically diverse body of work. The contributions draw on conflicting and divergent debates to open up discussion on the meaning of the city in, or of, the global south; arguments that are fluid and increasingly contested geographically and conceptually. It reflects on critical urbanism, the macro- and micro-scale forces that shape cities, including ideological, demographic and technological shifts, and constantly changing global and regional economic dynamics. Working with southern reference points, the chapters present themes in urban politics, identity and environment in ways that (re)frame our thinking about cities. The Handbook engages the twenty-first-century city through a ‘southern urban’ lens to stimulate scholarly, professional and activist engagements with the city.

Growth, Inequality and Social Development in India

Is Inclusive Growth Possible?

Author: R Nagaraj

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137000767

Category: Political Science

Page: 238

View: 9317

With six essays exploring different aspects of economic growth, poverty, inequality and social security, this book offers a critical perspective on India's development experience since independence. Incisive and empirically rich, the book opens up new vistas in development discourse and informs current policy debates.

Alternatives to Privatization

Public Options for Essential Services in the Global South

Author: David A. McDonald,Greg Ruiters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113650947X

Category: Political Science

Page: 536

View: 2134

There is a vast literature for and against privatizing public services. Those who are against privatization are often confronted with the objection that they present no alternative. This book takes up that challenge by establishing theoretical models for what does (and does not) constitute an alternative to privatization, and what might make them ‘successful’, backed up by a comprehensive set of empirical data on public services initiatives in over 40 countries. This is the first such global survey of its kind, providing a rigorous and robust platform for evaluating different alternatives and allowing for comparisons across regions and sectors. The book helps to conceptualize and evaluate what has become an important and widespread movement for better public services in the global South. The contributors explore historical, existing and proposed non-commercialized alternatives for primary health, water/sanitation and electricity. The objectives of the research have been to develop conceptual and methodological frameworks for identifying and analyzing alternatives to privatization, and testing these models against actually existing alternatives on the ground in Asia, Africa and Latin America. Information of this type is urgently required for practitioners and analysts, both of whom are seeking reliable knowledge on what kind of public models work, how transferable they are from one place to another and what their main strengths and weaknesses are.

Economic Transitions to Neoliberalism in Middle-Income Countries

Policy Dilemmas, Crises, Mass Resistance

Author: Alfredo Saad-Filho,Galip L. Yalman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135233675

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 2097

Neoliberalism is based on the systematic use of state power to impose, under the veil of ‘non-intervention’, a hegemonic project of recomposition of capitalist rule in most areas of social life. The tensions and displacements embedded within global neoliberalism are nowhere more evident than in the middle-income countries. At the domestic level, the neoliberal transitions have transformed significantly the material basis of social reproduction in these countries. These transformations include, but they are not limited to, shifts in economic and social policy. They also encompass the structure of property, the modality of insertion of the country into the international economy, and the domestic forms of exploitation and social domination. The political counterpart of these processes is the limitation of the domestic political sphere through the insulation of ‘markets’ and investors from social accountability and the imposition of a stronger imperative of labour control, allegedly in order to secure international competitiveness. These economic and political shifts have reduced the scope for universal welfare provision and led to regressive distributive shifts and higher unemployment and job insecurity in most countries. They have also created an income-concentrating dynamics of accumulation that has proven immune to Keynesian and reformist interventions. This book examines these challenges and dilemmas analytically, and empirically in different national contexts. This edited collection offers a theoretical critique of neoliberalism and a review of the contrasting experiences of eight middle-income countries (Brazil, China, India, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and Venezuela). The studies included are interdisciplinary, ranging across economics, sociology, anthropology, international relations, political science and related social sciences. The book focuses on a materialist understanding of the workings of neoliberalism as a modality of social and economic reproduction, and its everyday practices of dispossession and exploitation. It will therefore be of particular interest to scholars in industrial policy, neoliberalism and development strategy.

Reinventing the Left in the Global South

The Politics of the Possible

Author: Richard Sandbrook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107072786

Category: Political Science

Page: 309

View: 3713

A fresh appraisal of the nature and significance of the democratic left in the Global South.

Social Forces and States

Poverty and Distributional Outcomes in South Korea, Chile, and Mexico

Author: Judith Teichman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804782547

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 4990

With the failure of market reform to generate sustained growth in many countries of the Global South, poverty reduction has become an urgent moral and political issue in the last several decades. In practice, considerable research shows that high levels of inequality are likely to produce high levels of criminal and political violence. On the road to development, states cannot but grapple with the challenges posed by poverty and wealth distribution. Social Forces and States explains the reasons behind distinct distributional and poverty outcomes in three countries: South Korea, Chile, and Mexico. South Korea has successfully reduced poverty and has kept inequality low. Chile has reduced poverty but inequality remains high. Mexico has confronted higher levels of poverty and high inequality than either of the other countries. Judith Teichman takes a comparative historical approach, focusing upon the impact of the interaction between social forces and states. Distinct from approaches that explain social well-being through a comparative examination of social welfare regimes, this book probes more deeply, incorporating a careful consideration of how historical contexts and political struggles shaped very different development trajectories, welfare arrangements, and social possibilities.

Civilizing Globalization, Revised and Expanded Edition

A Survival Guide

Author: Richard Sandbrook,Ali Burak Güven

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 143845211X

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 1840

Discusses the many facets of globalization and its feasible reform in easy-to-understand language. Is it possible to harness the benefits of economic globalization without sacrificing social equity, ecological sustainability, and democratic governance? The first edition of Civilizing Globalization (2003) explored this question at a time of widespread popular discontent. This fully revised and expanded edition comes at an equally crucial juncture. The period of relative stability and prosperity in the world economy that followed the release of the first edition ended abruptly in 2008 with a worldwide economic crisis that illustrated in dramatic fashion the enduring problems with our global order. Yet despite the gravity of the challenges, concrete initiatives for change remain insubstantial. Richard Sandbrook and Ali Burak Güven bring together international scholars and veteran activists to discuss in clear, nontechnical language the innovative political strategies, participatory institutional frameworks, and feasible regulatory designs capable of taming global markets so that they assume the role of useful servants rather than tyrannical masters. “Civilizing Globalization develops a social democratic vision of globalization and global governance for the twenty-first century. The book presents a powerful case for regulating global markets so that the economy serves society and the environment, not the reverse. It is a wonderful contribution by an eminent group of scholars.” — Ziya Öniş, Koç University

Sweden and the "third Way"

A Macroeconomic Evaluation

Author: Philip Whyman

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754617976

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 251

View: 3698

Philip Whyman here evaluates internal and external challenges to Swedish macroeconomic policy - including globalisation, European integration, post-Fordist technological change and the relative empowerment of capital - to discover the extent to which national economic autonomy is constrained.

Redrawing the Global Economy

Elements of Integration and Fragmentation

Author: Alice Landau

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780333802403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 277

View: 7964

Discusses aspects of globalization and regionalization, highlighting their integrative and disintegrative effects. The analysis includes an empirical investigation of the geographical distribution of trade, capital, investments, and corporations, explaining its significance.

Theorie der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322873595

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 6871

Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.

Immiserizing Growth

When Growth Fails the Poor

Author: Ravi Kanbur,Richard Sandbrook,Paul Shaffer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780198832317


Page: 336

View: 3561

Immiserizing growth occurs when economic growth fails to benefit, or even harms, the poor. This first book-length examination of this phemonenon combines discussion of the mechanisms of immiserizing growth with empirical data on trends in growth, poverty, and related welfare indicators.

Xadrez Internacional e Social-Democracia

Author: Fernando Henrique Cardoso

Publisher: Leya

ISBN: 9722050214

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2443

Xadrez Internacional reúne análises recentes sobre os efeitos das transformações económicas e políticas globais no Brasil e na América Latina. O tema da democracia, central na obra de Fernando Henrique Cardoso, articula-se aqui com as suas reflexões sobre o crescimento económico, o desenvolvimento e as relações mundiais de poder.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 8462

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Thomas Piketty

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406671322

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 9836

Wie entstehen die Akkumulation und die Distribution von Kapital? Welche Dynamiken sind dafür maßgeblich? Fragen der langfristigen Evolution von Ungleichheit, der Konzentration von Wohlstand in wenigen Händen und nach den Chancen für ökonomisches Wachstum bilden den Kern der Politischen Ökonomie. Aber befriedigende Antworten darauf gab es bislang kaum, weil aussagekräftige Daten und eine überzeugende Theorie fehlten. In Das Kapital im 21. Jahrhundert analysiert Thomas Piketty ein beeindruckendes Datenmaterial aus 20 Ländern, zurückgehend bis ins 18. Jahrhundert, um auf dieser Basis die entscheidenden ökonomischen und sozialen Abläufe freizulegen. Seine Ergebnisse stellen die Debatte auf eine neue Grundlage und definieren zugleich die Agenda für das künftige Nachdenken über Wohlstand und Ungleichheit. Piketty zeigt uns, dass das ökonomische Wachstum in der Moderne und die Verbreitung des Wissens es uns ermöglicht haben, den Ungleichheiten in jenem apokalyptischen Ausmaß zu entgehen, das Karl Marx prophezeit hatte. Aber wir haben die Strukturen von Kapital und Ungleichheit andererseits nicht so tiefgreifend modifiziert, wie es in den prosperierenden Jahrzehnten nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg den Anschein hatte. Der wichtigste Treiber der Ungleichheit – nämlich die Tendenz von Kapitalgewinnen, die Wachstumsrate zu übertreffen – droht heute extreme Ungleichheiten hervorzubringen, die am Ende auch den sozialen Frieden gefährden und unsere demokratischen Werte in Frage stellen. Doch ökonomische Trends sind keine Gottesurteile. Politisches Handeln hat gefährliche Ungleichheiten in der Vergangenheit korrigiert, so Piketty, und kann das auch wieder tun.

Bootstrapping Democracy

Transforming Local Governance and Civil Society in Brazil

Author: Gianpaolo Baiocchi,Patrick Heller,Marcelo Silva

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804777799

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1223

Despite increasing interest in how involvement in local government can improve governance and lead to civic renewal, questions remain about participation's real impact. This book investigates participatory budgeting—a mainstay now of World Bank, UNDP, and USAID development programs—to ask whether its reforms truly make a difference in deepening democracy and empowering civil society. Looking closely at eight cities in Brazil, comparing those that carried out participatory budgeting reforms between 1997 and 2000 with those that did not, the authors examine whether and how institutional reforms take effect. Bootstrapping Democracy highlights the importance of local-level innovations and democratic advances, charting a middle path between those who theorize that globalization hollows out democracy and those who celebrate globalization as a means of fostering democratic values. Uncovering the state's role in creating an "associational environment," it reveals the contradictory ways institutional reforms shape the democratic capabilities of civil society and how outcomes are conditioned by relations between the state and civil society.

Jenseits des Neoliberalismus

Ein Plädoyer für soziale Gerechtigkeit

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3709250064

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 7865

Im Widerstand gegen den Neoliberalismus muss das soziale Denken und damit die Sozialdemokratie aus ihrer defensiven Haltung aufgerüttelt und durchsetzungsfähiger gemacht werden. Der Neoliberalismus hat unsere Gesellschaft bereits nachhaltig geprägt, die Veränderungen der vergangenen Jahrzehnte sind nicht mehr rückgängig zu machen. Aus diesem Grund ist für Colin Crouch ein gestalterischer Eingriff nur systemimmanent denkbar: Die Sozialdemokratie muss den Schwerpunkt ihrer Aktivität auf die Beseitigung unerwünschter Auswirkungen der strukturell ineffizienten Marktwirtschaft legen. Ihre Aufgabe ist es, den Wohlfahrtsstaat zu einem Staat der sozialen Investitionen zu machen. Besonderes Gewicht legt der Autor dabei auf eine familienfreundliche Arbeitspolitik, gute Infrastruktur und auf die Stärkung der Gewerkschaften, die im Einklang mit statt gegen Markteinwirkungen arbeiten müssten. Crouch argumentiert in diesem Buch, warum ausschließlich die sozialdemokratische Bewegung in der Lage ist, die notwendigen Maßnahmen einzufordern und durchzusetzen.

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