Search Results: social-memory-and-history-anthropological-perspectives

Social Memory and History

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Robert R. Archibald

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759101784

Category: Education

Page: 237

View: 9431

An examination of social memory developed within communities from the perspective of anthropology. Many case studies from around the world.

Social Memory and History

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Jacob J. Climo,Maria G. Cattell

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759116431

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 7301

An examination of social memory developed within communities from the perspective of anthropology. Many case studies from around the world.

Landscape, Memory And History

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Pamela J. Stewart,Andrew Strathern

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745319667

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6041

How do people perceive the land around them, and how is that perception changed by history? The contributors explore this question from an anthropological angle, assessing the connections between place, space, identity, nationalism, history and memory in a variety of different settings around the world. Taking historical change and memory as key themes, they offer a broad study that will appeal to a readership across the social sciences. Contributors from North America, Australia, New Zealand, Taiwan, and Europe explore a wide variety of case studies that includes seascapes in Jamaica; the Solomon Islands; the forests of Madagascar; Aboriginal and European notions of landscape in Australia; place and identity in 19th century maps and the bogs of Ireland; contemporary concerns over changing landscapes in Papua New Guinea; and representations of landscape and history in the poetry of the Scottish Borders.

Anthropological Perspectives on Social Memory

Author: Helena Jerman

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3825898970

Category: Social Science

Page: 147

View: 5106

This volume of articles explores social memory as a phenomenon by addressing the complex relationship between embodied memory, history, time and space. The studies richly demonstrate how objects and substances may be significant media through which past and present are shared within communities, and also how specific sites, such as bodies, dwellings or geopolitical places, may be so as well. Articles also present reflections on the challenges of gathering field material, of being reflexive and of reaching beyond the time and space of the immediate field context. All of the articles in this volume are based on high quality ethnographic research. While all are self-standing and grounded in individual research projects, they nevertheless complement each other and can be seen as interconnected. They not only address the complex relationship between history and memory, and between past and present, but also - in many different and challenging ways - show how social memory is implicated in orientations towards the future.

Productive Remembering and Social Agency

Author: Teresa Strong-Wilson,Claudia Mitchell,Susann Allnutt,Kathleen Pithouse-Morgan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462093474

Category: Education

Page: 264

View: 8709

Productive Remembering and Social Agency examines how memory can be understood, used and interpreted in forward-looking directions in education to support agency and social change. The edited collection features contributions from established and new scholars who take up the idea of productive remembering across diverse contexts, positioning the work at the cutting edge of research and practice. Contexts range across geographical locations (Canada, China, Rwanda, South Africa) and across critical social issues, from HIV & AIDS to the legacy of genocide and Indian residential schools, from issues of belonging, place, and media to interrogations of identity. This interdisciplinary collection is relevant not only to education itself but also to memory studies and related disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.

A Grounded Identidad

Making New Lives in Chicago's Puerto Rican Neighborboods

Author: Merida M. Rua

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190257806

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 1126

Chicago is home to the third-largest concentration of Puerto Ricans in the United States, but scholarship on the city rarely accounts for their presence. This book is part of an effort to include Puerto Ricans in Chicago's history. Rúa traces Puerto Ricans' construction of identity in a narrative that begins in 1945, when a small group of University of Puerto Rico graduates earned scholarships to attend the University of Chicago and a private employment agency recruited Puerto Rican domestics and foundry workers. They arrived from an island colony where they had held U.S. citizenship and where most thought of themselves as "white." But in Chicago, Puerto Ricans were considered "colored" and their citizenship was second class. They seemed to share few of the rights other Chicagoans took for granted. In her analysis of the following six decades--during which Chicago witnessed urban renewal, loss of neighborhoods, emergence of multiracial coalitions, waves of protest movements, and everyday commemorations of death and life--Rúa explores the ways in which Puerto Ricans have negotiated their identity as Puerto Ricans, Latinos, and U.S. citizens. Through a variety of sources, including oral history interviews, ethnographic observation, archival research, and textual criticism, A Grounded Identidad attempts to redress this oversight of traditional scholarship on Chicago by presenting not only Puerto Ricans' reconstitution from colonial subjects to second-class citizens, but also by examining the implications of this political reality on the ways in which Puerto Ricans have been racially imagined and positioned in comparison to blacks, whites, and Mexicans over time.

Representing Youth

Methodological Issues in Critical Youth Studies

Author: Amy L. Best

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814709176

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 3847

From youth culture to adolescent sexuality to the consumer purchasing power of children en masse, studies are flourishing. Yet doing research on this unquestionably more vulnerable—whether five or fifteen—population also poses a unique set of challenges and dilemmas for researchers. How should a six-year-old be approached for an interview? What questions and topics are appropriate for twelve year olds? Do parents need to give their approval for all studies? In Representing Youth, Amy L. Best has assembled an important group of essays from some of today’s top scholars on the subject of youth that address these concerns head on, providing scholars with thoughtful and often practical answers to their many methodological concerns. These original essays range from how to conduct research on youth in ways that can be empowering for them, to issues of writing and representation, to respecting boundaries and to dealing with issues of risk and responsibility to those interviewed. For anyone doing research or working with children and young adults, Representing Youth offers an indispensable guide to many of the unique dilemmas that research with kids entails. Contributors include: Amy L. Best, Sari Knopp Biklen, Elizabeth Chin, Susan Driver, Marc Flacks, Kathryn Gold Hadley, Madeline Leonard, C.J. Pascoe, Rebecca Raby, Alyssa Richman, Jessica Taft, Michael Ungar, Yvonne Vissing, and Stephani Etheridge Woodson.

The Force of Family

Repatriation, Kinship, and Memory on Haida Gwaii

Author: Cara Krmpotich

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666072

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8643

Over the course of more than a decade, the Haida Nation triumphantly returned home all known Haida ancestral remains from North American museums. In the summer of 2010, they achieved what many thought was impossible: the repatriation of ancestral remains from the Pitt Rivers Museum at the University of Oxford. The Force of Family is an ethnography of those efforts to repatriate ancestral remains from museums around the world. Focusing on objects made to honour the ancestors, Cara Krmpotich explores how memory, objects, and kinship connect and form a cultural archive. Since the mid-1990s, Haidas have been making button blankets and bentwood boxes with clan crest designs, hosting feasts for hundreds of people, and composing and choreographing new songs and dances in the service of repatriation. The book comes to understand how shared experiences of sewing, weaving, dancing, cooking and feasting lead to the Haida notion of “respect,” the creation of kinship and collective memory, and the production of a cultural archive.

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930

Author: Tanja Bueltmann

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688773

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7768

This book makes an original contribution to the growing body of knowledge on the Scots abroad, presenting a coherent and comprehensive account of the Scottish immigrant experience in New Zealand.

Beyond Borders

Stories of Yunnanese Chinese Migrants of Burma

Author: Wen-Chin Chang

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454506

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5910

The Yunnanese from southwestern China have for millennia traded throughout upland Southeast Asia. Burma in particular has served as a "back door" to Yunnan, providing a sanctuary for political refugees and economic opportunities for trade explorers. Since the Chinese Communist takeover in 1949 and subsequent political upheavals in China, an unprecedented number of Yunnanese refugees have fled to Burma. Through a personal narrative approach, Beyond Borders is the first ethnography to focus on the migration history and transnational trading experiences of contemporary Yunnanese Chinese migrants (composed of both Yunnanese Han and Muslims) who reside in Burma and those who have moved from Burma and resettled in Thailand, Taiwan, and China. Since the 1960s, Yunnanese Chinese migrants of Burma have dominated the transnational trade in opium, jade, and daily consumption goods. Wen-Chin Chang writes with deep knowledge of this trade's organization from the 1960s of mule-driven caravans to the use of modern transportation, and she reconstructs trading routes while examining embedded sociocultural meanings. These Yunnanese migrants’ mobility attests to the prevalence of travel not only by the privileged but also by different kinds of people. Their narratives disclose individual life processes as well as networks of connections, modes of transportation, and differences between the experiences of men and women. Through traveling they have carried on the mobile livelihoods of their predecessors, expanding overland trade beyond its historical borderlands between Yunnan and upland Southeast Asia to journeys further afield by land, sea, and air.

Polio Wars

Sister Kenny and the Golden Age of American Medicine

Author: Naomi Rogers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199334137

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 6557

During World War II, polio epidemics in the United States were viewed as the country's "other war at home": they could be neither predicted nor contained, and paralyzed patients faced disability in a world unfriendly to the disabled. These realities were exacerbated by the medical community's enforced orthodoxy in treating the disease, treatments that generally consisted of ineffective therapies. Polio Wars is the story of Sister Elizabeth Kenny -- "Sister" being a reference to her status as a senior nurse, not a religious designation -- who arrived in the US from Australia in 1940 espousing an unorthodox approach to the treatment of polio. Kenny approached the disease as a non-neurological affliction, championing such novel therapies as hot packs and muscle exercises in place of splinting, surgery, and immobilization. Her care embodied a different style of clinical practice, one of optimistic, patient-centered treatments that gave hope to desperate patients and families. The Kenny method, initially dismissed by the US medical establishment, gained overwhelming support over the ensuing decade, including the endorsement of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (today's March of Dimes), America's largest disease philanthropy. By 1952, a Gallup Poll identified Sister Kenny as most admired woman in America, and she went on to serve as an expert witness at Congressional hearings on scientific research, a foundation director, and the subject of a Hollywood film. Kenny breached professional and social mores, crafting a public persona that blended Florence Nightingale and Marie Curie. By the 1980s, following the discovery of the Salk and Sabin vaccines and the March of Dimes' withdrawal from polio research, most Americans had forgotten polio, its therapies, and Sister Kenny. In examining this historical arc and the public's process of forgetting, Naomi Rogers presents Kenny as someone worth remembering. Polio Wars recalls both the passion and the practices of clinical care and explores them in their own terms.

Flores Florentino

Dead Sea Scrolls and Other Early Jewish Studies in Honour of Florentino García Martínez

Author: Anthony Hilhorst,Émile Puech,Eibert J. C. Tigchelaar

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004162925

Category: Religion

Page: 836

View: 2489

This volume comprises forty-eight essays, presented by friends, colleagues and students in honour of Florentino Garcia Martinez. The articles are primarily in the field of the Dead Sea Scrolls, but also cover many other fields of Second Temple Judaism, from late biblical texts and Septuagint up to the pseudepigrapha and early rabbinic writings.

Early Medieval Mortuary Practices

Author: Sarah Semple,Howard Williams

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 4557

Volume 14 of the Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History series is dedicated to the archaeology of early medieval death, burial and commemoration. Incorporating studies focusing upon Anglo-Saxon England as well as research encompassing western Britain, Continental Europe and Scandinavia, this volume originated as the proceedings of a two-day conference held at the University of Exeter in February 2004. It comprises of an Introduction that outlines the key debates and new approaches in early medieval mortuary archaeology followed by eighteen innovative research papers offering new interpretations of the material culture, monuments and landscape context of early medieval mortuary practices. Papers contribute to a variety of ongoing debates including the study of ethnicity, religion, ideology and social memory from burial evidence. The volume also contains two cemetery reports of early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries from Cambridgeshire.

Shared Society or Benign Apartheid?

Understanding Peace-Building in Divided Societies

Author: John Nagle,Mary-Alice C. Clancy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230290639

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 9485

This book analyses the role power sharing, social movements, economic regeneration, urban space, memorialisation and symbols play in transforming divided societies into shared peaceful ones. It explains why some projects are counterproductive while others assist peace-building.

Memory and the Mountain

Environmental Relations of the Wachagga of Kilimanjaro and Implications for Landscape Archaeology

Author: Timothy Clack

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

View: 9327

This book considers the relationships between memory, experience and landscape from insights gained conducting ethnographic research; its primary focus is the Wachagga of Kilimanjaro, East Africa. In so doing it aims to raise issues relating to interdisciplinary work involving ethnography and landscape archaeology.

Memory Work

Archaeologies of Material Practices

Author: Barbara J. Mills,William H. Walker

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 5447

Memory making is a social practice that links people and things together across time and space and ultimately has material consequences. The intersection of matter and social practice becomes archaeologically visible through the deposits created during social activities. The contributors to this volume share a common goal to map out the different ways in which to study social memories in past societies programmatically and tangibly.

International Journal of Contemporary Sociology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 4837

At home in the Chinese diaspora

memories, identities and belongings

Author: Andrew P. Davidson

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230506985

Category: History

Page: 259

View: 2971

This book considers how memory, identity, and sense of belonging has helped shape Chinese migrants' understanding of self, the diasporic community(ies), and the wider society in which they live.

Viking and Medieval Scandinavia

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Scandinavia

Page: N.A

View: 4365

Remembering the Dead in Anglo-Saxon England

Memory Theory in Archaeology and History

Author: Zoe Devlin

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 9985

In this study, the author examines the remembrance of the dead during the Anglo-Saxon period. Her work is based on monuments and remains from four cemeteries selected from the south-east of England, covering the date range from the late fifth to early tenth centuries. The first cemetery, Spong Hill, Norfolk, is a mixed cemetery dated to the late fifth to late sixth centuries and was the site of intensive excavations in the 1970s and '80s, which uncovered the whole site. The second cemetery, Edix Hill (Barrington A), Cambridgeshire, was a site for inhumation burial in the sixth and early seventh centuries. This site was partially excavated in the nineteenth century and again in the late twentieth. Although only half the cemetery was excavated and ploughing and drainage works at the site damaged some skeletons, the recovered skeletons are believed to be a representative sample of the whole cemetery. The third cemetery, Apple Down, Sussex, is another mixed-rite cemetery, which dates from the late fifth/early sixth to late seventh/early eighth centuries. The final cemetery, Rivenhall cemetery 1, Essex, has been radiocarbon-dated to the late eighth to early tenth centuries. All these cemeteries were selected on the basis of the quality of the data and of the excavation reports. Each provided a significant number of burials, usually with good survival, and the reports were thorough, with sufficient primary data to allow new analysis to be carried out.

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