Search Results: social-order-and-the-fear-of-crime-in-contemporary-times-clarendon-studies-in-criminology

Social Order and the Fear of Crime in Contemporary Times

Author: Stephen D. Farrall,Jonathan Jackson,Emily Gray

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199540810

Category: Law

Page: 319

View: 4634

The fear of crime has been recognized as an important social problem, affecting a significant number of people. In this book, the authors review the findings from over 35 years of research into attitudes to crime and propose a new model, separating those who only 'expressively' fear crime from those who have actual experience of worrying about it.

Sicherheit und Kriminalprävention in urbanen Räumen

Aktuelle Tendenzen und Entwicklungen

Author: Joachim Häfele,Fritz Sack,Volker Eick,Hergen Hillen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658163151

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8614

Der Sammelband liefert Befunde zu aktuellen Forschungsfeldern der (Un-)Sicherheit und Kriminalprävention in europäischen Städten. So lässt sich beobachten, dass insbesondere genuin urbane Formen abweichenden Verhaltens und abweichender Situationen zunehmend problematisiert, kriminalisiert und sanktioniert werden. Die klassisch europäische Utopie von Stadt als Möglichkeitsraum scheint so sukzessive ad absurdum geführt und durch eine Utopie der Sicherheit in prinzipiell unsicheren Räumen ersetzt zu werden. Neben ihrer wissenschaftlichen Bedeutung sind die Ergebnisse der vorliegenden Beiträge vor allem für Praxisfelder relevant, die sich mit den Bereichen (Un-)Sicherheit, Kriminalität und Kriminalprävention in städtischen Räumen auseinandersetzen.

Sicherheitskultur

Soziale und politische Praktiken der Gefahrenabwehr

Author: Christopher Daase,Philipp Offermann,Valentin Rauer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593396653

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 1019

Der Anspruch auf Sicherheit wächst stetig und fordert staatliche Steuerungskompetenzen heraus. Die Folge ist, dass der Staat und internationale Organisationen immer größere Sicherheitsversprechen machen - und sie immer weniger einlösen können. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes gehen diesem Paradox nach. Sie entwickeln ein komplexes Verständnis von Sicherheitskultur, diskutieren Analysemethoden und beschreiben den Wandel sozialer und politischer Praktiken im Umgang mit Gefahren.

Die Stadt, das Fremde und die Furcht vor Kriminalität

Author: Joachim Häfele

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531942018

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 396

Joachim Häfele untersucht den Einfluss von urbanen Disorder-Phänomenen (Incivilities) auf die Furcht vor und die Einstellungen zu Kriminalität. Damit stehen das Disorder-Modell und/oder ähnliche Ansätze (z. B. Broken-Windows-Ansatz) zur Erklärung personaler Kriminalitätsfurcht auf dem Prüfstand. Mithilfe von statistischen Mehrebenenanalysen gelingt es dem Autor, eigenständige Effekte des sozialräumlichen Kontextes auf Kriminalitätsfurcht und personale Kriminalitätseinstellungen zu untersuchen. Die Ergebnisse zeigen u. a., dass Incivilities eine ambivalente und teilweise durchaus widersprüchliche Wirkung auf die Kriminalitätsfurcht haben. Insbesondere Social Incivilities oder abweichende Handlungen erhöhen die Risikoperzeption und führen zu einem Absinken des kriminalitätsbezogenen Sicherheitsgefühls. Social Incivilities, die häufig sichtbare Erscheinungsformen von Armut darstellen, werden immer stärker als allgemeine Bedrohung interpretiert, was sich auch in einer ansteigenden Risikoeinschätzung, Opfer einer Straftat zu werden, niederschlägt.

Städtische Armutsquartiere - Kriminelle Lebenswelten?

Studien zu sozialräumlichen Kontexteffekten auf Jugendkriminalität und Kriminalitätswahrnehmungen

Author: Dietrich Oberwittler,Susann Rabold,Dirk Baier

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531932446

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 1299

Die Konzentration von Kriminalität und Gewalt in sozial benachteiligten Wohnquartieren erfährt in Zeiten wachsender sozialer Spaltungen zunehmende Aufmerksamkeit. Die Annahme, dass Segregationsprozesse und räumliche Armutskonzentrationen in Großstädten Jugendkriminalität verschärfen können, ist weit verbreitet und hat in der Stadt- und Kriminalsoziologie insbesondere in den USA im letzten Jahrzehnt eine bedeutende Renaissance erfahren. Mithilfe neuer statistischer Verfahren wie der Mehrebenenanalyse ist es möglich, eigenständige Effekte des sozialräumlichen Kontextes auf das Verhalten der Bewohner genauer zu untersuchen. Der Sammelband greift diese neue Forschungsrichtung auf und vereinigt erstmals aktuelle deutsche und internationale Studien zu Kontexteffekten auf Jugendkriminalität und Kriminalitätswahrnehmungen der Bewohner. Die Studien werden ergänzt durch ausführliche theoretische Beiträge aus stadt- und kriminalsoziologischer Perspektive sowie durch methodisch orientierte Beiträge.

The Culture of Control

Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society

Author: David Garland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198299370

Category: Law

Page: 307

View: 1066

This work charts the changes in crime control & criminal justice that have occurred in Britain & America over the last 25 years. It then explains these transformations by showing how social organisation has prompted political and cultural adaptations.

The Legacy of Thatcherism

Assessing and Exploring Thatcherite Social and Economic Policies

Author: Stephen Farrall,Colin Hay

Publisher: OUP/British Academy

ISBN: 9780197265703

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 971

Examining the policies of the Thatcher governments helps us understand the economic and social conditions in Britain today. The book explores Thatcherite policies on the economy, social welfare, housing, education, crime, families, and social inequality, and examines what can be said about the legacy of Thatcherism for the 21st century.

Sociology 2009

International Bibliography of the Social Sciences

Author: British Library

Publisher: International Bibliography of

ISBN: 9780415599283

Category: Reference

Page: 625

View: 6974

First published in 1952, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) is well established as a major bibliographic reference for students, researchers & librarians.

Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 532

Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.

Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie

Sonderheft

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 4029

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 6814

Crime and Justice

Author: Michael H. Tonry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780226808635

Category: Crime

Page: 673

View: 9480

Crime and the Criminal Justice System in Australia

2000 and Beyond

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 344

View: 8784

Oberst Hannes

Author: Daniel Defoe

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3842406738

Category:

Page: 208

View: 9624

Dieses Buch ist Teil der "Edition Projekt Gutenberg-DE", welche mehr als 3.000 Klassiker der deutschsprachigen Literatur umfasst. Die Werke dieser Edition umfassen Romane, Erzählungen, Novellen, Dramen, Gedichte und Sachbücher in deutscher Sprache von über 1.200 Autoren. Neben den Standardwerken deutscher Literatur sind so viele zum Teil seit Jahren vergriffene Titel wieder erhältlich. Die Edition erscheint im zeitlosen, klassischen Design, das zum Sammeln einlädt. Der tredition Verlag bietet alle Werke der "Edition Gutenberg-DE" als Paperback, als Hardcover und auch als Großdruck-Ausgaben an.

Cross-National Drug Policy

Author: Robert MacCoun,Peter Reuter

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 229

View: 6744

While citizens experiment with illegal drugs, their governments experiment with regulations to prohibit drugs. Scholars, analysts, and policy makers who know what legal prohibitions other countries have tried and found successful will have a better chance of crafting effective drug policy for their countries. This special issue of The Annals describes the experiences of eleven countries: Australia, Canada, Columbia, Denmark, France, Iran, Jamaica, Mexico, Portugal, Russia, and Sweden. Articles are grouped by geography and wealth: the wealthy West, the western hemisphere, and the transition countries. The drug problems of wealthy Western nations have generally worsened since the 1960s. Some have no clearly articulated vision behind their drug policy (e.g. Denmark); others have tough policies (e.g. Sweden). France and Portugal both recently instituted sharp changes in drug policy. While no outcome results are yet available from Portugal, France has experience a huge increase in the number of users in treatment. Australia’s strong harm-reduction policy remains in place despite increasing heroin deaths and other drug-related problems. U.S. consumption and U.S. international drug policies affect western hemisphere countries’ policy as well as generate problems for them. Although Mexican drug use remains at modest levels, the country faces violent and powerful criminal groups. The groups’ creation is related to Mexico’s role as the principal source and primary transshipment route for drugs bound for the U.S. IN Jamaica, another route for cocaine shipped to the U.S. and another focus of U.S. international drug policy, drug trafficking has exacerbated the long-standing problem of politically related gang violence by increasing the moneys and weapons involved. Drug use is a relatively minor concern of Columbian policy, also under U.S. pressure; instead, it focuses on trafficking and related corruption and violence. Iran and Russia are countries in transition. Contending with fundamental economic and social change following the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has had little political debate regarding its highly intolerant drug policy. Iran’s drug policies have frequently shifted during its long history of dealing with opiate abuse, from harsh punishment to regulation of use and back again. Most recently, more therapeutically oriented approaches have been tried. Two articles address geographically broader issues. One shows how U.S. politicians distorted results from a study of needle exchange in Vancouver. The other discusses creation of a new regulatory regime for governing developed nations’ banking systems, in the belief that illegal drugs account for a substantial fraction of suspicious financial transactions, particularly across national borders.

Hard cop, soft cop

dilemmas and debates in contemporary policing

Author: Roger Hopkins Burke

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 8007

The 16 chapters of this book examine policing styles and their effects in the context of and in response to the characteristics and threats of contemporary societies, with attention to developments in the United Kingdom and some other Western countries. The chapter focuses on both the styles and pervasiveness of modern policing in culturally diverse societies faced with significant security threats. The policing styles contrasted are "hard" policing, which is exemplified by the "zero tolerance" policing approach made popular by Mayor Giuliani in New York City in the mid-1990's, and "soft" policing, as illustrated under the paradigms of community policing and restorative justice. These policing styles coexist under an "umbrella" of multiagency social control that encompasses the public police, private police, and social service agencies. The chapters of this book discuss these issues under three major sections. The first section contains six chapters that address "zero tolerance" in New York City, the policing of incivilities in Germany, the policing of socially isolated minority communities in the United Kingdom, the policing of British Asian communities, "hard" policing under current British probation policies, and the "soft" approach of private policing in Great Britain. The second section on the policing of contemporary offenses discusses policing "crackdowns," a proactive approach to theft offenses, stalking, financial crime, and police involvement in rehabilitative probation programs. The four chapters of the concluding section consider the operation of current policing styles within liberal democracies and how current threats to democratic nations are creating a conflict between citizens' desires for collective security and the preservation of accustomed civil liberties and human rights.

Criminology

Author: Chris Hale

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 594

View: 7518

"Criminology is the ideal textbook for undergraduate and postgraduate students coming to the subject for the first time. Written by a team of leading criminologists, the book covers a wide range of topics including: historical and contemporary understandings of crime and criminal justice; different forms of crime - from street crime to state crime; who commits crime and who are the victims of crime; and how society and state agencies respond to crime and disorder. The contributions to the book offer clear, accessible introductions to the main issues in criminology, and the book includes questions, summaries, further reading, a comprehensive glossary, and tables and diagrams throughout."--BOOK JACKET.

Part time punishment?

the origins and development of senior attendance centres

Author: George Mair

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 9867

Social problems in Canada

issues and challenges

Author: Adie Nelson,Augie Fleras

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780139550065

Category: Social Science

Page: 462

View: 9509

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