Search Results: social-science-research-for-agricultural-technology-development-cabi-publishing

A History of Farming Systems Research

Author: Michael P. Collinson

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251043110

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 432

View: 7406

This book provides a detailed history of farming systems research (FSR). While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries. There are some 40 contributions from nearly 50 contributors from 20 countries, illustrating both the diversity and yet the coherence of FSR. The five parts of the book cover: (1) FSR - understanding farmers and their farming (FSR origins and perspectives; understanding farming systems); (2) the applications of farming systems research (FSR in technology choice and development; FSR in extension and policy formulation); (3) institutional commitment to FSR (FSR: some institutional experiences in national agricultural research; dimensions of the organization of FSR; training for FSR); (4) FSR: the professional dimension (regional and international associations; FSR and the professional disciplines); and (5) cutting edge methods, abiding issues and the future for FSR.

Agricultural technology

policy issues for the international community

Author: Jock R. Anderson,C.A.B. International,World Bank

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851988801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

View: 505

Major complex problems confront agricultural policy analysts and development specialists regarding the broad issue of 'agricultural technology.' These topics are reviewed in this volume which consists of 37 chapters, developed from papers presented at a conference held at Airlie House, Virginia, near Washington DC. The authors include leading international authorities from the academic sector, World Bank and agricultural research centers. The chapters are grouped into six parts. The first introductory part is followed by investment as the focus of Part II. In Part III a variety of conceptual and practical issues involved in the transfer of agricultural technology is considered. Part IV includes discussions of concrete technical matters ranging for example from the general to the specific, from plant to animal, and from soil management to irrigation engineering. Emphasis moves from the specifically technological to wider policy issues in Part V and this latter thrust is carried through into the final summarizing section.

Economic and Social Issues in Agricultural Biotechnology

Author: Robert E. Evenson,V. Santaniello,David Zilberman

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851997889

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 7971

There are currently many controversial socioeconomic issues concerned with the development and implementation of agricultural biotechnology. This book presents selected revised and edited papers from the fourth and fifth meetings of the International Consortium on Agricultural Biotechnology Research, held in Italy in 2000 and 2001.

Europe's Green Revolution and Others Since

The Rise and Fall of Peasant-friendly Plant Breeding

Author: Jonathan Harwood

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415598680

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 5180

How best to foster agricultural development in the Third World has long been a subject of debate and from a European perspective the persistent failure to design peasant-friendly technology is puzzling. From the late 19th century, for example, various western European countries also underwent 'green revolutions' in which systematic attempts were made to promote the adoption of technological innovation by peasant-farmers. This book focuses on the development of public-sector plant-breeding in Germany from the late nineteenth century through its fate under National Socialism. Harwood uses this historical case study in order to argue that peasant-friendly research has an important role to play in future Green Revolutions.

Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

Author: Arild Angelsen,David Kaimowitz,Center for International Forestry Research

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851994512

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 2131

This book includes a theoretical framework, 8 case studies from Latin America, 4 from sub-Saharan Africa and 4 from South East Asia, in addition to two studies on the historical experience of developed countries in Europe and the USA which discuss whether improvements in agricultural technology protect or endanger tropical forests. The studies address the view of many in the development, environmental and agricultural research communities that better agricultural technologies can save forests by producing more food on the existing land area vs. the premise from basic economic theory that anything which makes agriculture more profitable should stimulate land expansion and deforestation.

Organic Farming

An International History

Author: William Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 085199833X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 282

View: 5066

This book discusses organic farming with regards to the origins and principles, policies and markets, organizations and institutions, and future concepts.

CAB International ... in Review

Author: C.A.B. International

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 6647

Collective action and technology development

up-scaling of innovation in rice farming communities in Northern Thailand

Author: Budsara Limnirankul

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 243

View: 9527

CAB International ... in Review

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 8540

Agricultural Change Under Environmental Degradation in West Africa

Economic Analysis of Liberia's Traditional Agricultural System

Author: Jun Shobu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 234

View: 1674

Innovations in Rural Extension

Case Studies from Bangladesh

Author: Paul van Mele,Salahuddin Ahmad,Noel P. Magor

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851990286

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 307

View: 3289

During the past five years, the PETRRA (Poverty Elimination Through Rice Research Assistance) project has explored the development of innovative extension mechanisms through a learning-by-doing process with multiple service providers. Partnerships linked government, non-government and private sectors as appropriate. Topics addressed by the project include seed production and distribution systems, crop and soil fertility management, postharvest technologies, mobile pumps, aromatic rice and integrated rick-duck farming. The methods used include women-led group extension, whole family approach, participatory video, Going Public and picture songs. This book examines these approaches to extension and assesses their potential for replicability and scaling-up. It includes four thematic sections with people-centered case studies and a conclusion with practical applications of the transaction cost theory. This highly original volume will appeal to a wide range of readers concerned with agricultural extension and rural development.

Science & Public Policy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6238

Global Development of Organic Agriculture

Challenges and Prospects

Author: Niels Halberg

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845930789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 377

View: 2973

Agriculture and food systems, including organic agriculture, are undergoing a technological and structural modernization strongly influenced by growing globalization. Organic agricultural movements can be seen as a tangible effort towards more sustainable development. However, there are large differences between, on the one hand, industrialized farming and consumption based on global food chains and, on the other, smallholder farmers and resource poor people primarily linked in local food markets in low-income countries. This book provides an overview of the potential role of organic agriculture in a global perspective. The book discusses in-depth political ecology, ecological justice, ecological economics and free trade with new insights on the challenges for organic agriculture. This is followed by the potential role of organic agriculture for improving soil fertility, nutrient cycling and food security and reducing veterinary medicine use, together with discussions of research needs and the importance of non-certified organic agriculture.

Science Under Scarcity

Principles and Practice for Agricultural Research Evaluation and Priority Setting

Author: Julian M. Alston,George W. Norton,Philip G. Pardey,International Service for National Agricultural Research

Publisher: Cabi

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 585

View: 8796

Resources for agricultural science are scarce across the world. Yet even as resources are shrinking, agricultural science has expanded its inquiry into many new areas - such as environmental preservation, food quality, and rural development - without forsaking its more traditional concerns. In a time of tight government budgets, research administrators are faced with the need to provide strong evidence that costs are justified by benefits. Science under Scarcity is an invaluable guide to the theory and methods necessary for evaluating research in agriculture and for setting priorities for resource allocation. Although economists have made significant progress in developing more sophisticated methods for research evaluation and priority setting, many research analysts and administrators do not have a working knowledge of those practices. Without the assistance of formal economic analysis it is particularly difficult to assess the social value of new technologies or to make informed judgements about the trade-offs that are involved in allocation decisions. Addressing that knowledge gap, this book reviews, synthesizes, and extends such methods as economic surplus analysis, econometric techniques, mathematical programming procedures, and scoring models. It discusses these practices in the context of scientific policy, describes their conceptual foundations, and explains how to do them. Originally published in 1995 in hardcover by Cornell University Press, it is now reissued in paperback by CAB INTERNATIONAL.

Sustainable Poverty Reduction in Less-favoured Areas

Author: Ruerd Ruben,J. Pender,Arie Kuyvenhoven

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845932773

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 472

View: 2759

Less-favored areas with limited agricultural potential or difficult access conditions, support 40 percent of the world's rural population suffering from chronic poverty. While agricultural innovations and rural development programs have begun to be implemented within developing countries, they do not address the specific obstacles faced by this large population. Instead, a targeted approach is needed to identify different resource management strategies for particular types of households and communities as well as creating balanced investments aimed at sustainable intensification of rural livelihoods. Such efforts have been the focus of the research program on Regional Food Security Policies for Natural Resource Management and Sustainable Economies (RESPONSE). Through the study of less-favored areas in Africa, Latin America, and South and East Asia, development pathways allowing for the careful adjustment of resource use strategies at the field, farm-household and village level are explored.

Living with the Trees of Life Towards the Transformation of Tropical Agriculture

Author: Roger R. B. Leakey

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780641447

Category: Agroforestry

Page: 200

View: 6507

This book analyses and presents case studies on how agroforestry offers innovative and compelling pathways towards food security, human well-being and environmental sustainability. The book underlines how modern science and improved varieties of trees allied to centuries-old knowledge can provide a new set of marketable products of special importance to poor and marginalized people in the tropics and sub-tropics, while simultaneously rehabilitating degraded land and restoring soil fertility.

Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Agriculture

Author: Mette Vaarst,V. Lund,S. Roderick,W. Lockeretz

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851998701

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 448

View: 6583

Annotation. The rapid growth of organic farming has been among the most remarkable changes in global agriculture in recent decades. However, more attention was initially aid to the crop side of organic systems, and animals are a lower priority in formal research and the development of organic farming. But now, that has changed. There is now greater recognition of the need to understand animal health and welfare better. The purpose of this book is to further the understanding of organic animal husbandry and to demonstrate practical solutions and innovative methods, drawing mainly on research and practical experience with organic farming in Europe.

Perspectives on Global Development and Technology

PGDT.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Developing countries

Page: N.A

View: 2428

Sociological Perspectives of Organic Agriculture

From Pioneer to Policy

Author: Georgina Holt,Matthew Reed

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845930800

Category: Cooking

Page: 320

View: 9811

This book takes a fresh look at understanding the dynamics of the organic agricultural sector in Europe, Australia, South America and the US. Many of the authors explore the use of combined methodology, drawing on theory from a range of social sciences to demonstrate that the complexity of organic agriculture lies in the close connection between nature, society and the economy. Likewise, whilst the book depicts organic agriculture as an engine of growth for the organic sector, it reflects also the important role played by, not only producers but also, other actors in the supply chain, such as consumers and certification standards.

Crisis and Conflict in Agriculture

Author: Rami Zurayk,Eckart Woertz,Rachel Bahn

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786393646

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 316

View: 4813

This book discusses the causes and effects of crisis and conflict within an agricultural and rural context. It explores issues such as competition over resources, and looks at how crisis and conflict impact upon developing country agriculture for both the physical and human agricultural landscape. It reviews crises stemming from politically-driven violence, natural disasters and climate change. Exploring the relationship between agriculture and conflicts and crises before, during and after crisis periods, this book: - Evaluates controversial issues such as land-grabs and the growing of illegal crops; - Covers methodological approaches including GIS-based studies, ethnographic studies and the blending of methods; - Includes numerous case studies on developing countries within Asia, Latin America, Middle East-North Africa, and Sub-Saharan Africa. Providing detailed knowledge about the interactions of agriculture, conflict and crisis, this book aims to inform future policymaking for reconstruction and to foster resilience in the agricultural sector. An important resource for researchers of agricultural economics, development studies, sustainable agriculture and food security, it is also an illuminating read for students of these disciplines and agricultural extension workers.

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