Search Results: social-science-research-methodology-concepts-methods-and-computer-applications

Social Science Research Methodology: Concepts, Methods and Computer Applications

Author: George Kanire

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656329877

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 96

View: 3264

Document from the year 2012 in the subject Communications - Methods and Research Logic, Kampala International University, course: undergraduates and graduates, language: English, abstract: Researches fundamentals are of great importance in disciplines and interested people on searching various knowledge or solution to a phenomenon. The main purpose of the book is to share scholarly knowledge about research and its complexity. This book can be used to train the basics and techniques involved on doing inquiries from different views. The experience shows that, no one single cure for all diseases. So when comes to research, there is no single research methodology or technique which fits all circumstances. Hence, the book tries to identify a family of approaches towards various research situations and distinguish their outcomes. Thus, various disciplines example human resource management, accounts and project management have different environmental set up i.e. matters in question, study elements involved and the study plan can determine research context. The study consulted scholars in different disciplines through their publications that explain various research methodologies. Generally the books highlighted some technical guide lines on conducting researches and report writing which provide overview on research plans. In chapter one, the book tried to explain how to choose among the methods of inquiries. It includes the meaning of research, research approaches and types. Chapter two addressing the types of variables deployed in a study. Either, chapter three tells how to generate research idea. Rather, the book through chapter four described how to develop a re-searchable topics. Meanwhile chapter five gives explanation on how to carry out literature survey that forms a crucial party of studies. Then chapter six is critically explain research designs and research management. The book concludes with the application of computer software in research process. Therefore, the book intended to guide researchers, academician and groom young researchers to conduct different inquiries. This is due to the fact that, human activities and environmental changes created complexity in life as well as challenges. So far; challenges need answers from fundamental questions such as what, where, who and how. It is the main reason for interested groups such as researchers, academician and practitioners to seek guidance during research. This is done to attain answers towards fundamental questions.

Software Applications: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Tiako, Pierre F.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605660612

Category: Computers

Page: 3994

View: 5605

Includes articles in topic areas such as autonomic computing, operating system architectures, and open source software technologies and applications.

Software Design and Development: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466643021

Category: Computers

Page: 2348

View: 1341

Innovative tools and techniques for the development and design of software systems are essential to the problem solving and planning of software solutions. Software Design and Development: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together the best practices of theory and implementation in the development of software systems. This reference source is essential for researchers, engineers, practitioners, and scholars seeking the latest knowledge on the techniques, applications, and methodologies for the design and development of software systems.

Culture and Social Concept – Alternative Konzepte und Finanzierungsmöglichkeiten Sozialer Arbeit

Author: Lutz Küken

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638539490

Category: Education

Page: 82

View: 1878

Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2001 im Fachbereich Sozialpädagogik / Sozialarbeit, Note: 1,7, Fachhochschule Potsdam, 48 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: In der hier vorliegenden Arbeit soll die Möglichkeit der Akquisition bisher wenig genutzter alternativer Finanzierungsmöglichkeiten untersucht werden. Nach einer kurzen Bestandsaufnahme wird untersucht, wie Organisationen anderer Nonprofit-Bereiche auf die veränderte Haushaltssituation der öffentlichen Hand reagiert haben, wobei insbesondere die Nutzung von Sponsoring-Mitteln besprochen wird. Im Hauptteil werden Chancen und Grenzen des Sozial-Sponsorings und der Einwerbung von Spenden vorgestellt und diskutiert. Es wird besprochen, wo Ressourcen in der Sozialarbeit vorhanden sind, die zur Erschließung bisher wenig genutzter Finanzierungsquellen beitragen könnten. Sozialmarketing als Weg und Methode ist einer der zentralen Punkte der Betrachtung. Dabei treten ideologische Bedenken zugunsten der Möglichkeiten von Veränderung in den Hintergrund. „Oft gab es ideologische Einwände und Diskussionen, besonders über den Zusammenhang zwischen Fundraising und Abbau des Sozialstaates und über den Einfluß der Wirtschaft auf gemmeinnützige Vereine. Das Interesse an der Thematik und die neu gewonnenen Erkenntnisse führten allerdings in vielen Fällen nicht zum Handeln und zu großen Veränderungen in der Alltagsarbeit. Staatliche Geldgeber waren und sind immer noch die Wunschpartner der meisten Nonprofit-Organisationen.“2 Im weiteren wird die Situation von drei Potsdamer Einrichtungen der freien Wohlfahrtspflege vorgestellt. Anhand der geführten Informationsgespräche soll aufgezeigt werden, wo Ressourcen in der Praxis liegen und wie der Standpunkt einzelner SozialarbeiterInnen zu alternativen Finanzierungsformen ist. Abschließend wird die Möglichkeit der Nutzung von Beratern und Agenturen besprochen. Dabei liegt der Schwerpunkt auf den Anforderungskriterien, welche SozialarbeiterInnen bei einer eventuellen Zusammenarbeit beachten müssen. In diesem Zusammenhang wird ein erster Entwurf, einer vom Verfasser dieser Arbeit während des Studiums der Sozialarbeit/Sozialpädagogik entwickelten Idee, einer Existenzgründung vorgestellt.

Methods of Educational and Social Science Research

The Logic of Methods, Third Edition

Author: David R. Krathwohl

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478634251

Category: Education

Page: 755

View: 4468

As the new subtitle indicates, the book emphasizes the logic of methods to provide the student a solid basis for future methodology changes, enhancing the integrated approach of the previous edition. Among the author’s many goals are for users to: understand research’s contribution to knowledge building as a social process through which findings become accepted as knowledge; acquire the background to read, analyze, and understand research using a variety of approaches as well as the hallmarks necessary to evaluate each method; and realize that the responsibility for ethical research is fundamentally theirs and that value choices are involved, beginning with the choice of research problem. Updates to the new edition include an extensive example of the use of the computer in the literature search and a new chapter on the reflective researcher. The expanded treatment of qualitative research includes the pros and cons of using software in qualitative analysis. Conceptual analysis, an important concept missing from the second edition, has returned by request because of its widely employed logic in both qualitative and quantitative methods. The author has acknowledged the troublesome nature of the concepts internal validity and external validity and has more clearly defined these important foundational concepts as Internal Integrity and External Generality. Useful tools to facilitate learning include additional reading lists, important terms and concepts, tips on effective research methods and hallmarks of methods, application problems and exercises, a glossary, and an appendix on writing a research proposal. A Web site is available with auxiliary learning enhancements and updates.

Research Methods: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466674571

Category: Science

Page: 2072

View: 765

Across a variety of disciplines, data and statistics form the backbone of knowledge. To ensure the reliability and validity of data, appropriate measures must be taken in conducting studies and reporting findings. Research Methods: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications compiles chapters on key considerations in the management, development, and distribution of data. With its focus on both fundamental concepts and advanced topics, this multi-volume reference work will be a valuable addition to researchers, scholars, and students of science, mathematics, and engineering.

Public Health and Welfare: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522516751

Category: Medical

Page: 1536

View: 315

The prevention and treatment of diseases is a primary concern for any nation in modern society. To maintain an effective public health system, procedures and infrastructure must be analyzed and enhanced accordingly. Public Health and Welfare: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications provides a comprehensive overview of the latest research perspectives on public health initiatives and promotion efforts. Highlighting critical analyses and emerging innovations on an international scale, this book is a pivotal reference source for professionals, researchers, academics, practitioners, and students interested in the improvement of public health infrastructures.

Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466687525

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2308

View: 4988

We live in a wireless society, one where convenience and accessibility determine the efficacy of the latest electronic gadgets and mobile devices. Making the most of these technologies—and ensuring their security against potential attackers—requires increased diligence in mobile technology research and development. Mobile Computing and Wireless Networks: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications brings together a comprehensive range of voices and research in the area of mobile and wireless technologies, exploring the successes and failures, advantages and drawbacks, and benefits and limitations of the technology. With applications in a plethora of different research and topic areas, this multi-volume reference work benefits researchers, service providers, end-users, and information technology professionals. This four-volume reference work includes a diverse array of chapters and authors covering topics such as m-commerce, network ethics, mobile agent systems, mobile learning, communications infrastructure, and applications in fields such as business, healthcare, government, tourism, and more.

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Empirical Macroeconomics

Author: Nigar Hashimzade,Michael A. Thornton

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857931024

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 640

View: 8742

This comprehensive Handbook presents the current state of art in the theory and methodology of macroeconomic data analysis. It is intended as a reference for graduate students and researchers interested in exploring new methodologies, but can also be employed as a graduate text. The Handbook concentrates on the most important issues, models and techniques for research in macroeconomics, and highlights the core methodologies and their empirical application in an accessible manner. Each chapter is largely self-contained, whilst the comprehensive introduction provides an overview of the key statistical concepts and methods. All of the chapters include the essential references for each topic and provide a sound guide for further reading. Topics covered include unit roots, non-linearities and structural breaks, time aggregation, forecasting, the Kalman filter, generalised method of moments, maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation, vector autoregressive, dynamic stochastic general equilibrium and dynamic panel models. Presenting the most important models and techniques for empirical research, this Handbook will appeal to students, researchers and academics working in empirical macro and econometrics.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods

Author: Michael Lewis-Beck,Alan E Bryman,Tim Futing Liao

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761923633

Category: Social Science

Page: 1305

View: 3933

"The first encyclopedia to cover inclusively both quantitative and qualitative research approaches, this set provides clear explanations of 1,000 methodologies, avoiding mathematical equations when possible with liberal cross-referencing and bibliographies. Each volume includes a list of works cited, and the third contains a comprehensive index and lists of person names, organizations, books, tests, software, major concepts, surveys, and methodologies."--"Reference that rocks," American Libraries, May 2005.

Propensity Score Methods and Applications

Author: Haiyan Bai,M. H. Clark

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506378064

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 9829

A concise, introductory text, Propensity Score Methods and Applications describes propensity score methods (PSM) and how they are used to balance the distributions of observed covariates between treatment conditions as a means to reduce selection bias. This new QASS title specifically focuses on the procedures of implementing PSM for research in social sciences, instead of merely demonstrating the effectiveness of the method. Using succinct and approachable language to introduce the basic concepts of PSM, authors Haiyan Bai and M. H. Clark present basic concepts, assumptions, procedures, available software packages, and step-by-step examples for implementing PSM using real-world data, with exercises at the end of each chapter allowing readers to replicate examples on their own.

Computer Science in Social and Behavioral Science Education

Author: Daniel Edgar Bailey

Publisher: Educational Technology

ISBN: 9780877781011

Category: Social Science

Page: 492

View: 3348

Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Dasgupta, Subhasish

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605669857

Category: Computers

Page: 2719

View: 7467

Uncovers the growing and expanding phenomenon of human behavior, social constructs, and communication in online environments.

Computer Systems and Software Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522539247

Category: Computers

Page: 2087

View: 4761

Professionals in the interdisciplinary field of computer science focus on the design, operation, and maintenance of computational systems and software. Methodologies and tools of engineering are utilized alongside computer applications to develop efficient and precise information databases. Computer Systems and Software Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on trends, techniques, and uses of various technology applications and examines the benefits and challenges of these computational developments. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as utility computing, computer security, and information systems applications, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for academicians, researchers, students, web designers, software developers, and practitioners interested in computer systems and software engineering.

Handbook of Partial Least Squares

Concepts, Methods and Applications

Author: Vincenzo Esposito Vinzi,Wynne W. Chin,Jörg Henseler,Huiwen Wang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540328278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 798

View: 8419

This handbook provides a comprehensive overview of Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods with specific reference to their use in marketing and with a discussion of the directions of current research and perspectives. It covers the broad area of PLS methods, from regression to structural equation modeling applications, software and interpretation of results. The handbook serves both as an introduction for those without prior knowledge of PLS and as a comprehensive reference for researchers and practitioners interested in the most recent advances in PLS methodology.

Computer-assisted Investigative Reporting

Development and Methodology

Author: Margaret H. DeFleur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136686355

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 4550

Conducting computer analyses for the purposes of revealing information of significance to the press represents an extension of one of the most important forms of American journalism into the contemporary era of new technologies. Investigative reporting had its start with the establishment of the metropolitan newspaper during the early decades of the 1900s. At the time, it was a continuation of the evolving tradition of freedom of the press that had characterized American political life since colonial times. As it developed, investigative reporting stressed facts rather than the opinions of the editor or reporter. In turn, that tradition had its own intellectual roots. Today, computer-assisted investigative reporting (CAIR) extends that "marketplace of ideas" into systematic examinations of the electronic records of government. In addition, computer analyses of other kinds of information systematically gathered by journalists can provide the press with insights into trends and patterns unlikely to be revealed by other means. This unique volume addresses procedures and issues in investigative journalism that have not been explained in other publications. It sets forth -- for the first time -- a detailed and specific methodology for conducting computer-assisted investigative analyses of both large and small scale electronic records of government and other agencies. That methodology consists of the logic of inquiry, strategies for reaching valid conclusions, and rules for reporting what has been revealed by the analyses to the public in clear ways. Such systematic methodologies are essential in social and other sciences and the development of a counterpart for investigative journalism has been badly needed. That systematic methodology is developed within a context that explains the origin and major characteristics of those elements that have come together in American society to make computer-assisted investigative reporting both possible and increasingly a part of standard newsroom practices. These include the development of traditional investigative journalism, the evolution of computer technology, the use of computers by government to keep records, the legal evolution of freedom of information laws, the rapid adoption of computers in newsrooms, the increasing importance of precision journalism, and the sharp increase in recent times of computer-assisted investigative reporting by American newspapers both large and small. The issues addressed in this book are discussed in a very readable context with an abundance of examples and illustrations drawn from the real world of journalism as it is practiced daily in newsrooms around the country. Explanations of concepts, principles, and procedures are set forth in layperson's terms that require very little in the way of knowledge of computers or statistical methods.

Viability and Resilience of Complex Systems

Concepts, Methods and Case Studies from Ecology and Society

Author: Guillaume Deffuant,Nigel Gilbert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642204228

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 2278

One common characteristics of a complex system is its ability to withstand major disturbances and the capacity to rebuild itself. Understanding how such systems demonstrate resilience by absorbing or recovering from major external perturbations requires both quantitative foundations and a multidisciplinary view on the topic. This book demonstrates how new methods can be used to identify the actions favouring the recovery from perturbations. Examples discussed include bacterial biofilms resisting detachment, grassland savannahs recovering from fire, the dynamics of language competition and Internet social networking sites overcoming vandalism. The reader is taken through an introduction to the idea of resilience and viability and shown the mathematical basis of the techniques used to analyse systems. The idea of individual or agent-based modelling of complex systems is introduced and related to analytically tractable approximations of such models. A set of case studies illustrates the use of the techniques in real applications, and the final section describes how one can use new and elaborate software tools for carrying out the necessary calculations. The book is intended for a general scientific audience of readers from the natural and social sciences, yet requires some mathematics to gain a full understanding of the more theoretical chapters. It is an essential point of reference for those interested in the practical application of the concepts of resilience and viability

Agent-Based Modelling in Population Studies

Concepts, Methods, and Applications

Author: André Grow,Jan Van Bavel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319322834

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 6572

This book examines the use of agent-based modelling (ABM) in population studies, from concepts to applications, best practices to future developments. It features papers written by leading experts in the field that will help readers to better understand the usefulness of ABM for population projections, how ABM can be injected with empirical data to achieve a better match between model and reality, how geographic information can be fruitfully used in ABM, and how ABM results can be reported effectively and correctly. Coverage ranges from detailing the relation between ABM and existing paradigms in population studies to infusing agent-based models with empirical data. The papers show the benefits that ABM offers the field, including enhanced theory formation by better linking the micro level with the macro level, the ability to represent populations more adequately as complex systems, and the possibility to study rare events and the implications of alternative mechanisms in artificial laboratories. In addition, readers will discover guidelines and best practices with detailed examples of how to apply agent-based models in different areas of population research, including human mating behaviour, migration, and socio-structural determinants of health behaviours. Earlier versions of the papers in this book have been presented at the workshop “Recent Developments and Future Directions in Agent-Based Modelling in Population Studies,” which took place at the University of Leuven (KU Leuven), Belgium, in September 2014. The book will contribute to the development of best practices in the field and will provide a solid point of reference for scholars who want to start using agent-based modelling in their own research.

Computer Engineering: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1613504578

Category: Computers

Page: 2228

View: 1830

"This reference is a broad, multi-volume collection of the best recent works published under the umbrella of computer engineering, including perspectives on the fundamental aspects, tools and technologies, methods and design, applications, managerial impact, social/behavioral perspectives, critical issues, and emerging trends in the field"--Provided by publisher.

Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications

Author: Roberto Poli,Michael Healy,Achilles Kameas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048188475

Category: Philosophy

Page: 576

View: 4648

Ontology was once understood to be the philosophical inquiry into the structure of reality: the analysis and categorization of ‘what there is’. Recently, however, a field called ‘ontology’ has become part of the rapidly growing research industry in information technology. The two fields have more in common than just their name. Theory and Applications of Ontology is a two-volume anthology that aims to further an informed discussion about the relationship between ontology in philosophy and ontology in information technology. It fills an important lacuna in cutting-edge research on ontology in both fields, supplying stage-setting overview articles on history and method, presenting directions of current research in either field, and highlighting areas of productive interdisciplinary contact. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Computer Applications presents ontology in ways that philosophers are not likely to find elsewhere. The volume offers an overview of current research in ontology, distinguishing basic conceptual issues, domain applications, general frameworks, and mathematical formalisms. It introduces the reader to current research on frameworks and applications in information technology in ways that are sure to invite reflection and constructive responses from ontologists in philosophy.

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