Search Results: societal-complexity

Handling Societal Complexity

A Study of the Theory of the Methodology of Societal Complexity and the COMPRAM Methodology

Author: Dorien DeTombe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662439174

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 551

View: 3111

This handbook for the Methodology of Societal Complexity describes the theoretical development of the field and lays the foundation for the application of the Compram Methodology in the context of addressing complex societal problems. As such, it offers a valuable resource for scientists, practitioners, politicians, master and PhD students in the fields of methodology, the social sciences, operational research, management and political science and for all others who are professionally involved in handling complex societal problems. These problems are the kind that fill the front page of quality newspapers; they have a huge impact on society, involve a variety of phenomena and actors, and are therefore difficult to handle. The structured Compram Methodology provides sound guidelines for handling real-life societal problems democratically, sustainably and transparently. Examples of the use of the Compram Methodology are provided in the domain of global safety with regard to healthcare, economics, climate change, terrorism, large city problems, large technological projects and floods. Complex societal problems must be treated as multi-disciplinary, multi-actor, multi-level and often as multi-continental issues. As such, they call for a multi-disciplinary and multi-actor approach that takes into account the emotional aspects of the problem and the problem handling process, including the micro, meso and macro level, which can be accomplished using the methods, models and tools from the field of the Methodology of Societal Complexity. The Compram Methodology improves the problem handling process and increases the quality of interventions and therefore the quality of life. Handling complex societal problems can reduce conflicts, save money and ultimately even save lives. Dorien J. DeTombe is an internationally recognized expert and founder of the Theory of the Methodology of Societal Complexity and the Compram Methodology.

Technology and Social Complexity

Author: Maurice N. Richter

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780873956444

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 6648

Technology and Social Complexity explores the continuities between today's incredibly powerful new technology and the simpler technologies of the past. It shows that the diverse phenomena encompassed by the term "technology" can be analyzed coherently within the framework of the same concept.

Sociocybernetics

Complexity, Autopoiesis, and Observation of Social Systems

Author: R. Felix Geyer,J. van der Zouwen

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313314186

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 250

View: 1492

Offers a coherent analysis of rapidly increasing societal complexity through the use of sociocybernetics.

Societal Complexity

System Effects and the Problem of Prediction

Author: Jeffrey Friedman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415712965

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 3321

The complexity of the modern world makes it difficult to predict the effects of political actions. In his 1992 book, System Effects, Robert Jervis underscored this difficulty by pointing to various sources of complexity when people interact. For example, they may misperceive each othere(tm)s perceptions, leading their actions to backfire or create unintended side effects. In this collection, scholars of international relations, law, network analysis, political philosophy, and political science examine why questions of societal complexity have become unfashionable in some social sciences and fashionable in others. And they discuss whether complex social interactions tie our hands: if our actions are unpredictable, should we, and can we, stop acting? Among the contributors are noted legal theorist Richard Posner; Philip E. Tetlock, the worlde(tm)s leading expert on the predictive shortcomings of "experts"; and Jervis himself, who contributes a retrospective look at his 1992 book and its lessons. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society.

Social Complexity in the Making

A Case Study Among the Arapesh of New Guinea

Author: Donald Tuzin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134584547

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 3826

Social Complexity in the Making is a highly accessible ethnography which explains the history and evolution of Ilahita, an Arapesh-speaking village in the interior Sepik region of northeastern New Guinea. This village, unlike others in the region, expanded at an uncharacteristically fast rate more than a century ago and has maintained its large size (more than 1500) and importance until the present day. The fascinating story of how Ilahita became this size and how organizational innovations evolved there to absorb internal pressures for disintegration, bears on a question debated ever since Plato raised it: what does it take for people to live together in harmony? Anthropologist David Tuzin, drawing on more than two years fieldwork in the village, studies the reasons behind this unusual population growth. He discovers the behaviour and policies of the Tambaran, the all-male society which was the back bone of Ilahitan society, and examines the effect of the outside influences such as World War II on the village. This work is a unique example of an anthropological case study which will be widely used amongst undergraduates and academics. It provides an excellent insight into techniques of ethnography and contributes to a deeper understanding of what makes a society evolve (and/or collapse).

Organized Social Complexity

Challenge to Politics and Policy

Author: Todd R. La Porte

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140086996X

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 7060

One striking feature of modern political and social development has been the construction of social systems encompassing more and more groups. The increase in social complexity, the authors of this volume contend, has reached a point where accepted concepts fail to describe social and political phenomena adequately. The studies in this book reevaluate traditional assumptions. Part One defines organized social complexity and discusses the effects of technological change. Part Two assesses national planning and systems analysis, approaches supposed to provide direct control over social matters. Part Three describes methodological aspects and research applications, and Part Four provides retrospective and prospective views of theories on social complexity. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences

An Introduction

Author: David Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134714742

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 300

Chaos and complexity are the new buzz words in both science and contemporary society. The ideas they represent have enormous implications for the way we understand and engage with the world. Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences introduces students to the central ideas which surround the chaos/complexity theories. It discusses key concepts before using them as a way of investigating the nature of social research. By applying them to such familiar topics as urban studies, education and health, David Byrne allows readers new to the subject to appreciate the contribution which complexity theory can make to social research and to illuminating the crucial social issues of our day.

Social Complexity in Prehistoric Eurasia

Monuments, Metals and Mobility

Author: Bryan K. Hanks,Katheryn M. Linduff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521517125

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 3782

Challenges current interpretations of social and cultural change in prehistoric Eurasia, through a thematic investigation of archaeological patterns.

Some Implications of Societal Complexity

Organizational Variability at Non Nok Tha, Thailand, 2000- 0 B.C.

Author: William Kevin MacDonald

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cambodia

Page: 388

View: 3670

Complexity, Science and Society

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 184619203X

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 5051

'The following sections are a very good representation of the core developments of complexity thinking in a number of major fields. Our intention is to provide an accessible interdisciplinary introduction to the wonderful intellectual breadth that complexity can offer.' - Jan Bogg and Robert Geyer in the Introduction. Complexity is a new and exciting interdisciplinary approach to science and society that challenges traditional academic divisions, frameworks and paradigms. This book helps the expert, student or policy practitioner have a better understanding of the enormous potential of complexity, and how it relates to their particular area of interest or expertise. It provides excellent representations of the core developments of complexity thinking in a number of major fields. "Complexity, Science and Society" brings together an unrivalled selection of new applications of complexity from leading experts across subjects including medicine and healthcare, education, public policy and social theory, ecology, philosophy, international politics, the arts, modelling and design, and others. Together they offer an unprecedented review of the latest developments. This book is an accessible interdisciplinary introduction to the wonderful intellectual breadth that complexity can offer.

Transportation Security Against Terrorism

Author: Mete Tahmisoğlu,Cinar Özen

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1586039970

Category: Political Science

Page: 205

View: 8157

Even a cursory review of the numerous hijacking, train and bus bombings can establish beyond doubt that transport systems are particularly vulnerable targets of terrorist attack. This book intends to offer the groundwork for a theoretical and practical understanding of the issues that surround transportation security against terrorism.

Complexity and the Art of Public Policy

Solving Society's Problems from the Bottom Up

Author: David Colander,Roland Kupers

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400850134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 3595

Complexity science—made possible by modern analytical and computational advances—is changing the way we think about social systems and social theory. Unfortunately, economists' policy models have not kept up and are stuck in either a market fundamentalist or government control narrative. While these standard narratives are useful in some cases, they are damaging in others, directing thinking away from creative, innovative policy solutions. Complexity and the Art of Public Policy outlines a new, more flexible policy narrative, which envisions society as a complex evolving system that is uncontrollable but can be influenced. David Colander and Roland Kupers describe how economists and society became locked into the current policy framework, and lay out fresh alternatives for framing policy questions. Offering original solutions to stubborn problems, the complexity narrative builds on broader philosophical traditions, such as those in the work of John Stuart Mill, to suggest initiatives that the authors call "activist laissez-faire" policies. Colander and Kupers develop innovative bottom-up solutions that, through new institutional structures such as for-benefit corporations, channel individuals’ social instincts into solving societal problems, making profits a tool for change rather than a goal. They argue that a central role for government in this complexity framework is to foster an ecostructure within which diverse forms of social entrepreneurship can emerge and blossom.

Religion, Realism and Social Theory

Making Sense of Society

Author: Philip A Mellor

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141293317X

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9939

`Philip Mellor's ambition is to save sociology from itself...or to save society from the sociologists. He has written a brilliant polemic and theoretically rich argument against the many fashionable contemporary social theories that provide acquiescent 'post-societal' endorsements of the economic and technological forces that are 'hollowing out' the religious, moral and human dimensions of societies. I am tremendously impressed' - Kenneth Thompson, Professor of Sociology at the Open University Religion, Realism and Social Theory challenges those contemporary sociologists who argue that the notion of 'society' is an outmoded basis for sociological analysis and instead revitalizes the idea that sociology is truly 'the study of society'. Through a bold and original argument, Philip Mellor returns the human and religious aspects of social life to the centre of social theory, drawing on a vast range of contemporary social theoretical literature in the process. The book: " comprehensively reassesses what societies are " offers a detailed critique of current failings in social theory " draws out the religious underpinnings of social life " throws fresh light on the religious, cultural and social conflicts that appear to herald a new period of global disorder Religion, Realism and Social Theory will stimulate debate amongst academics and students of sociology and social theory, cultural studies and the sociology of religion.

Socialising Complexity

Approaches to Power and Interaction in the Archaeological Record

Author: Sheila Kohring,Stephanie Wynne-Jones

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1785705040

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4862

Socialising Complexity introduces the concept of complexity as a tool, rather than a category, for understanding social formations. This new take on complexity moves beyond the traditional concern with what constitutes a complex society and focuses on the complexity inherent in various social forms through the structuring principles created within each society. The aims and themes of the book can thus be summarised as follows: to introduce the idea of complexity as a tool, which is pertinent to the understanding of all types of society, rather than an exclusionary type of society in its own right; to examine concepts that can enhance our interpretation of societal complexity, such as heterarchy, materialisation and contextualisation. These concepts are applied at different scales and in different ways, illustrating their utility in a variety of different cases; to re-establish social structure as a topic of study within archaeology, which can be profitably studied by proponents of both processual and post-processual methodologies.

Complex Societal Dynamics

Security Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Katalin Martinás,Dario Matika,Armano Srbljinović

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607506521

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 6434

Security Challenges and Opportunities. This book contains 20 papers drawn from presentations and discussions at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Complex Societal Dynamics Security Challenges and Opportunities, held in Zagreb, Croatia in December 2009. The theory of complex systems views

The Defiance of Global Commitment

A Complex Social Psychology

Author: Brian Castellani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351137123

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7516

The Brexit vote; the election of Trump; the upsurge of European nationalism; the devolution of the Arab Spring; global violence; Chinese expansionism; disruptive climate change; the riotous instabilities of the world capitalist system...While diverse in nature, these events share a common denominator: they are less a failure of policy, and more a complex social psychological reaction to globalization, the result of which presently threatens our survival on Earth. Based on a critical reading of Freud’s Civilization and its discontents, The defiance of global commitment constructs a complex social psychology of how people all over the world are addressing globalization. Drawing on the latest advances in the cognitive, social, and complexity sciences, this timely volume presents a global model of defiance and the triangular tensions between nostalgic retreat, global aggression, and civil society, as manifested in forms ranging from nostalgic resentment and LGBTQI issues to racism and ecological aggression. Revealing how globalization and its discontents manifest the darker reaches of the human psyche and its conflicted relations with others, this insightful monograph will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as postdoctoral researchers, interested in fields such as globalization studies, complexity sciences and social psychology.

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