Search Results: sociology-and-modern-systems-theory

Sociology and modern systems theory

Author: Walter Frederick Buckley

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: 227

View: 7292

Sociology and Modern Systems Theory

Author: Walter Buckley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9797

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Toward a Theoretical Synthesis

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791417430

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 4664

After providing a review of classical theory, this book carefully sketches the chief contributions of living systems theory, social entropy theory, autopoiesis, and other approaches. It shows that these approaches are without flaws of earlier functionalism, yet they retain the breadth and integrative potential needed by mainstream theorists concerned about the threat of hyperspecialization and fragmentation within sociology.

Territorial Conflicts in World Society

Modern Systems Theory, International Relations and Conflict Studies

Author: Stephen Stetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134116179

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4741

By bringing into dialogue modern systems theory and international relations, this text provides theoretically innovative and empirically rich perspectives on conflicts in world society. This collection contrasts Niklas Luhmann’s theory of world society in modern systems theory with more classical approaches to the study of conflicts, offering a fresh perspective on territorial conflicts in international relations. It includes chapters on key issues such as: conflicts and human rights conflicts in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa war and violence Greek-Turkish relations conflict theory the role of states in world societal conflicts legal territorial disputes in Australia hegemony and conflict in global law conflict management after 9/11. While all contributions draw from the theory of world society in modern systems theory, the authors offer rich multi-disciplinary perspectives which bring in concepts from international relations, peace and conflict studies, sociology, law and philosophy. Territorial Conflicts in World Society will appeal to international relations specialists, peace and conflict researchers and sociologists.

Systems Theory and the Sociology of Health and Illness

Observing Healthcare

Author: Morten Knudsen,Werner Vogd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317637593

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 7888

Modern societies and organizations are characterized by multiple kinds of observations, systems, or rationalities, rather than singular identities and clear hierarchies. This holds true for healthcare where we find a range of different perspectives – from medicine to education, from science to law, from religion to politics – brought together in different types of arrangements. This innovative volume explores how this polycontexturality plays out in the healthcare arena. Drawing on systems theory, and Luhmann’s theory of social systems as communicative systems in particular, the contributors investigate how things – drugs, for example – and bodies are observed and constructed in different ways under polycontextural conditions. They explore how the different types of communication and observation are brought into workable arrangements – without becoming identical or reconciled – and discuss how health care organizations observe their own polycontexturality. Providing an analysis of healthcare structures that is up to speed with the complexity of healthcare today, this book shows how society and its organizations simultaneously manage contexts that do not fit together. It is an important work for those with an interest in health and illness, social theory, Niklas Luhmann, organizations and systems theory from a range of backgrounds including sociology, health studies, political science and management.

Addressing Modernity

Social Systems Theory and U.S. Cultures

Author: Hannes Bergthaller,Carsten Schinko

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042032588

Category: History

Page: 366

View: 4029

Niklas LuhmannOCOs theory of social systems is one of the most ambitious attempts to create a coherent account of global modernity. Primarily interested in the fundamental structures of modern society, however, Luhmann himself paid relatively little attention to regional variations. The aim of this book is to seek out modernity in one particular location: The United States of America. Gathering essays from a group of cultural and literary scholars, sociologists, and philosophers, Addressing Modernity reassesses the claims of American exceptionalism by setting them in the context of LuhmannOCOs conception of modernity, and explores how social systems theory can generate new perspectives on what has often been described as the first thoroughly modern nation. As a study of American society and culture from a Luhmannian vantage point, the book is of interest to scholars from both American Studies and social systems theory in general."

Systemtheorie, Systemanalyse und Entwicklungsländerforschung

Author: N.A

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot

ISBN: 9783428425150

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8868

Society-- a Complex Adaptive System

Essays in Social Theory

Author: Walter Buckley,Walter Frederick Buckley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9789057005374

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 1321

This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Social Systems Theory and Judicial Review

Taking Jurisprudence Seriously

Author: Dr Katayoun Baghai

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409454029

Category: Law

Page: 178

View: 4966

This book demonstrates the empirical gains and integrative potential of social systems theory for the sociology of law. The study observes judicial review as an instrument for the self-steering of a functionally differentiated legal system. This approach allows close investigation of the US Supreme Court’s jurisprudence of rights, both in legal terms and in relation to structural transformations of modern society, and of the European Court of Human Rights’ privacy jurisprudence, which suggests the pertinence of the analytic framework to other rights and jurisdictions.

A Systems Theory of Religion

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080478793X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8632

A Systems Theory of Religion, still unfinished at Niklas Luhmann's death in 1998, was first published in German two years later thanks to the editorial work of André Kieserling. One of Luhmann's most important projects, it exemplifies his later work while redefining the subject matter of the sociology of religion. Religion, for Luhmann, is one of the many functionally differentiated social systems that make up modern society. All such subsystems consist entirely of communications and all are "autopoietic," which is to say, self-organizing and self-generating. Here, Luhmann explains how religion provides a code for coping with the complexity, opacity, and uncontrollability of our world. Religion functions to make definite the indefinite, to reconcile the immanent and the transcendent. Synthesizing approaches as disparate as the philosophy of language, historical linguistics, deconstruction, and formal systems theory/cybernetics, A Systems Theory of Religion takes on important topics that range from religion's meaning and evolution to secularization, turning decades of sociological assumptions on their head. It provides us with a fresh vocabulary and a fresh philosophical and sociological approach to one of society's most fundamental phenomena.

Theory of Coping Systems

Change in Supportive Health Organizations

Author: Francis D. Powell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412839815

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 1358

Understanding College and University Organization

Theories for Effective Policy and Practice

Author: James L. Bess,Jay R. Dee

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 1579227732

Category: Education

Page: 506

View: 898

Now available in paperback, this two-volume work is intended to help readers develop powerful new ways of thinking about organizational principles, and apply them to policy-making and management in colleges and universities. The book is written with two audiences in mind: administrative and faculty leaders in institutions of higher learning, and students (both doctoral and Master's degree) studying to become upper-level administrators, leaders, and policy makers in higher education. It systematically presents a range of theories that can be applied to many of the difficult management situations that college and university leaders encounter. It provides them with the theoretical background to knowledgeably evaluate the many new ideas that emerge in the current literature, and in workshops and conferences. The purpose is to help leaders develop their own effective management style and approaches, and feel confident that their actions are informed by appropriate theory and knowledge of the latest research in the field. Without theory, organizational leaders are forced to treat each problem that they encounter as unique–as if it were a first-time occurrence. While leaders may have some experience with a particular issue, their solutions are usually not informed by the accumulated wisdom of others who have already encountered and resolved similar situations. The authors approach the theory of the organization and administration of colleges and universities from three quite different perspectives, or paradigms, each relying on different assumptions about the “reality” of organizational life in colleges and universities. The positivist paradigm–primarily an omnibus systems theory–integrates the chapters into a comprehensive, yet easily accessible whole. Social constructionism, the second paradigm, is introduced in each chapter to illuminate the difficulty of seeking and finding meaningful consensus on problems and policies, while also addressing important ethical issues that tend to be overlooked in leadership thought and action. The third paradigm, postmodernism, draws attention to difficulties of logic and communication under the constraints of strictly linear thinking that “authorities” at all levels attempt to impose on organizations. This “multiple paradigm” approach enables readers to become more cognizant of their own assumptions, how they may differ from those of others in their organization, and how those differences may both create difficulties in resolving problems and expand the range of alternatives considered in organizational decision making. The book offers readers the tools to balance the real-world needs to succeed in today’s challenging and competitive environment with the social and ethical aspirations of all its stakeholders and society at large. The authors’ aim is to elucidate how administration can be made more efficient and effective through rational decision-making while also respecting humanistic values. This approach highlights a range of phenomena that require attention if the institution is ultimately to be considered successful.

Understanding Modern Sociology

Author: Wes Sharrock,John A Hughes,Peter J. Martin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761957072

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 5191

The authors of the bestselling 'Understanding classical sociology' present the companion volume dealing with the modern period of social theory.

Systems of Art

Art, History and Systems Theory

Author: Francis Halsall

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039110735

Category: Art

Page: 253

View: 6965

Systems theory emerged in the mid-20th century along with related theories such as Cybernetics and Information Theory. Recently it has included Complexity Theory, Chaos Theory and Social Systems Theory. Systems theory understands phenomena in terms of the systems of which they are part. This book is about a systems theoretical approach to thinking about art. It examines what it means to look to systems theory both for its implications for artistic practice and as a theory of art. This publication provides a sustained discussion on the application of systems theory to an account of art.

Systems Research For Behavioral Science

Author: Buckley

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202369404

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3306

Invisible Crisis of Contemporary Society

Reconstructing Sociology's Fundamental Assumptions

Author: Bernard S Phillips,Louis C. Johnston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317257391

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 2283

Is there a growing gap in today's world between cultural aspirations and their fulfillment, a gap that is increasing social problems of all kinds? If so, what forces are producing that gap? How can these forces be changed? To answer these questions, Phillips and Johnston employ a very broad approach to the scientific method, drawing evidence from a wide variety of data and sources, including sociologists, psychologists, political scientists, historians, philosophers, educators, psychiatrists, and novelists. They find substantial evidence for a widening gap, suggesting an invisible crisis throughout contemporary society. They also find substantial evidence that a simplistic and static metaphysical stance or worldview is largely responsible for that gap, and that an alternative worldview can work to close that gap.

Soziologische Phantasie

Author: C. Wright Mills

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810015X

Category: Social Science

Page: 325

View: 5661

Soziologische Phantasie, die erstmals 1963 erschienene deutsche Übersetzung von C. Wright Mills‘ The Sociological Imagination, darf zurecht als Meilenstein wissenschaftlich-politischer Debatten in den Vereinigten Staaten betrachtet werden und zählt auch heute noch zu einer der wichtigsten Selbstkritiken der Soziologie. Mills schlägt hier einen dritten Weg zwischen bloßem Empirismus und abgehobener Theorie ein: Er plädiert für eine kritische Sozialwissenschaft, die sich weder bürokratisch instrumentalisieren lässt noch selbstverliebt vor sich hin prozessiert, sondern gesellschaftliche Bedeutung erlangt, indem sie den Zusammenhang von persönlichen Schwierigkeiten und öffentlichen Problemen erhellt. Eben dies sei Aufgabe und Verheißung einer Soziologie, die sich viel zu häufig „einer merkwürdigen Lust an der Attitüde des Unbeteiligten“ hingebe.

Social Class and the Comprehensive School

Author: Dr Julienne Ford,Julienne Ford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134684495

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2456

Drawing on the great wealth of knowledge and experience of educational practitioners and theorists, the volumes in The Sociology of Education set of the International Library of Sociology explore the very important relationship between education and society. These books became standard texts for actual and intending teachers. Drawing upon comparative material from Israel, France and Germany, titles in this set also discuss the key questions of girls' and special needs education, and the psychology of education.

Contemporary Sociology and Policy Analysis

The New Sociology of Public Policy

Author: Roger Sibeon

Publisher: Liverpool Academic Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 5608

Contemporary Sociology and Policy Analysis cuts across institutionalized academic divisions in so far that it introduces students to theoretical and methodological developments in sociology and social theory. It demonstrates that those developments have significance for the discipline of public policy and policy analysis. This book applies the new conceptual frameworks in sociology to the analysis of public policy. A feature of the book is that importance is attached to the exploration of connections between sociology, contemporary social theory and public policy analyisis.

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