Search Results: sociology-and-modern-systems-theory

Sociology and Modern Systems Theory

Author: Walter Buckley

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 4876

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Toward a Theoretical Synthesis

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791495620

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 1105

This book provides current information about the many recent contributions of social systems theory. While some sociologists feel that the systems age ended with functionalism, in reality a number of recent developments have occurred within the field. The author makes these developments accessible to sociologists and other non-systems scholars, and begins a synthesis of the burgeoning systems field and mainstream sociological theory. The analysis shows not only that important points of rapprochement exist between systems theory and sociological theory, but also that systems theory has in some cases anticipated developments needed in mainstream theory.

Systems Theory and the Sociology of Health and Illness

Observing Healthcare

Author: Morten Knudsen,Werner Vogd

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317637607

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 6543

Modern societies and organizations are characterized by multiple kinds of observations, systems, or rationalities, rather than singular identities and clear hierarchies. This holds true for healthcare where we find a range of different perspectives – from medicine to education, from science to law, from religion to politics – brought together in different types of arrangements. This innovative volume explores how this polycontexturality plays out in the healthcare arena. Drawing on systems theory, and Luhmann’s theory of social systems as communicative systems in particular, the contributors investigate how things – drugs, for example – and bodies are observed and constructed in different ways under polycontextural conditions. They explore how the different types of communication and observation are brought into workable arrangements – without becoming identical or reconciled – and discuss how health care organizations observe their own polycontexturality. Providing an analysis of healthcare structures that is up to speed with the complexity of healthcare today, this book shows how society and its organizations simultaneously manage contexts that do not fit together. It is an important work for those with an interest in health and illness, social theory, Niklas Luhmann, organizations and systems theory from a range of backgrounds including sociology, health studies, political science and management.

Sociology and Modern Systems Theory

Author: Walter Buckley

Publisher: N.A



Page: N.A

View: 7782

Purpose, Meaning, and Action

Control Systems Theories in Sociology

Author: K. McClelland,T. Fararo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137108096


Page: 332

View: 9450

Sociology and the New Systems Theory

Toward a Theoretical Synthesis

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791417430

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 2559

After providing a review of classical theory, this book carefully sketches the chief contributions of living systems theory, social entropy theory, autopoiesis, and other approaches. It shows that these approaches are without flaws of earlier functionalism, yet they retain the breadth and integrative potential needed by mainstream theorists concerned about the threat of hyperspecialization and fragmentation within sociology.

Introduction to Systems Theory

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745645711

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 2533

Niklas Luhmann ranks as one of the most important sociologists and social theorists of the twentieth century. Through his many books he developed a highly original form of systems theory that has been hugely influential in a wide variety of disciplines. In Introduction to Systems Theory, Luhmann explains the key ideas of general and sociological systems theory and supplies a wealth of examples to illustrate his approach. The book offers a wide range of concepts and theorems that can be applied to politics and the economy, religion and science, art and education, organization and the family. Moreover, Luhmann’s ideas address important contemporary issues in such diverse fields as cognitive science, ecology, and the study of social movements. This book provides all the necessary resources for readers to work through the foundations of systems theory – no other work by Luhmann is as clear and accessible as this. There is also much here that will be of great interest to more advanced scholars and practitioners in sociology and the social sciences.

Traditions of Systems Theory

Major Figures and Contemporary Developments

Author: Darrell Arnold

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013691

Category: Computers

Page: 374

View: 6123

The term ‘systems theory’ is used to characterize a set of disparate yet related approaches to fields as varied as information theory, cybernetics, biology, sociology, history, literature, and philosophy. What unites each of these traditions of systems theory is a shared focus on general features of systems and their fundamental importance for diverse areas of life. Yet there are considerable differences among these traditions, and each tradition has developed its own methodologies, journals, and forms of anaylsis. This book explores this terrain and provides an overview of and guide to the traditions of systems theory in their considerable variety. The book draws attention to the traditions of systems theory in their historical development, especially as related to the humanities and social sciences, and shows how from these traditions various contemporary developments have ensued. It provides a guide for strains of thought that are key to understanding 20th century intellectual life in many areas.

Social Interaction Systems

Theory and Measurement

Author: Robert Freed Bales

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412834325

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 2477

Social Interaction Systems is the culmination of a half century of work in the field of social psychology by Robert Freed Bales, a pioneer at the Department of Social Relations at Harvard University. Led by Talcott Parsons, Gordon W. Allport, Henry A. Murray, and Clyde M. Kluckhohn, the Harvard Project was intended to establish an integrative framework for social psychology, one based on the interaction process, augmented by value content analysis. Bales sees this approach as a personal involvement that goes far beyond the classical experimental approach to the study of groups. Bales developed SYMLOG, which stands for systematic multiple level observation of groups. The SYMLOG Consulting Group approach was worldwide as well as interactive. It created a data bank that made possible a search for general laws of human interaction far beyond anything thus far known. In his daring search for universal features, Bales redefines the fundamental boundaries of the field, and in so doing establishes criteria for the behavior and values of leaders and followers. Bales offers a new "field theory," an appreciation of the multiple contexts in which people live. Bales does not aim to eradicate differences, but to understand them. In this sense, the values inherent in any interaction situation permit the psychologist to appreciate the sources of polarization as they actually exist: between conservative and liberal, individualistic and authoritarian, libertarian and communitarian. Bales repeatedly emphasizes that the mental processes of individuals and their social interactions take place in systematic contexts which can be measured. Hence they permit explanation and prediction of behavior in a more exact way than in past traditions. Bales has offered a pioneering work that has the potential to move us into a new theoretical epoch no less than a new century. His work holds out the promise of synthesis and support for psychologists, sociologists, and all who work with groups and organizations of all kinds.

Social Action Systems

Foundation and Synthesis in Sociological Theory

Author: Thomas J. Fararo

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275973629

Category: Social Science

Page: 319

View: 7714

Employing a process philosophical approach, Fararo studies general theoretical sociology as a time-extended tradition with three phases: classical, postclassical, and recent. The author especially focuses on the work of Talcott Parsons and George Homans, two contemporary theorists whose common aspiration was to forge a theoretical foundation for sociology that would serve to unify and integrate all theories growing out of sociological research. Ultimately, the book offers a unique perspective on sociological theory by carefully distinguishing other intellectual orientations from that of general theory.

Understanding Family Process

Basics of Family Systems Theory

Author: Carlfred B. Broderick

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803937789

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 269

View: 2617

Systems theory is the basic theoretical model underlying most contemporary family therapy. In this accessible introduction, the author traces how systems theory gave rise to family systems theory, outlines the basic propositions of family systems and links it both to other family theory literature and to clinical practice. Among the topics covered are relational space, family boundaries, family stratification and child socialization. Family meanings and such shared realities as family folklore, stories, myths and memorabilia are discussed. Family rituals are also explored.

Society-- a Complex Adaptive System

Essays in Social Theory

Author: Walter Frederick Buckley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9789057005374

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2903

This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Nonviolent Action

A Research Guide

Author: Ronald M. McCarthy,Gene Sharp,Brad Bennett

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780815315773

Category: Political Science

Page: 720

View: 9906

This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

Social Emergence

Societies As Complex Systems

Author: Robert Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521844642

Category: Philosophy

Page: 276

View: 8222

Can we understand important social issues by studying individual personalities and decisions? Or are societies somehow more than the people in them? Sociologists have long believed that psychology can't explain what happens when people work together in complex modern societies. In contrast, most psychologists and economists believe that if we have an accurate theory of how individuals make choices and act on them, we can explain pretty much everything about social life. Social Emergence takes a new approach to these longstanding questions. Sawyer argues that societies are complex dynamical systems, and that the best way to resolve these debates is by developing the concept of emergence, focusing on multiple levels of analysis - individuals, interactions, and groups - and with a dynamic focus on how social group phenomena emerge from communication processes among individual members. This book makes a unique contribution not only to complex systems research but also to social theory.

A Systems Theory of Religion

Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080478793X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 3979

A Systems Theory of Religion, still unfinished at Niklas Luhmann's death in 1998, was first published in German two years later thanks to the editorial work of André Kieserling. One of Luhmann's most important projects, it exemplifies his later work while redefining the subject matter of the sociology of religion. Religion, for Luhmann, is one of the many functionally differentiated social systems that make up modern society. All such subsystems consist entirely of communications and all are "autopoietic," which is to say, self-organizing and self-generating. Here, Luhmann explains how religion provides a code for coping with the complexity, opacity, and uncontrollability of our world. Religion functions to make definite the indefinite, to reconcile the immanent and the transcendent. Synthesizing approaches as disparate as the philosophy of language, historical linguistics, deconstruction, and formal systems theory/cybernetics, A Systems Theory of Religion takes on important topics that range from religion's meaning and evolution to secularization, turning decades of sociological assumptions on their head. It provides us with a fresh vocabulary and a fresh philosophical and sociological approach to one of society's most fundamental phenomena.

Feedback Thought in Social Science and Systems Theory

Author: George P. Richardson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781883823467

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 7822

This is a study of a method of thinking in the social sciences known as the loop concept. This concept underlies the notions of feedback and circular causality. The author attempts to illuminate the significance of classical and contemporary feedback thinking in social science and social policy.

Theory of Coping Systems

Change in Supportive Health Organizations

Author: Francis D. Powell

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412839815

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 5091

Territorial Conflicts in World Society

Modern Systems Theory, International Relations and Conflict Studies

Author: Stephen Stetter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134116179

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4538

By bringing into dialogue modern systems theory and international relations, this text provides theoretically innovative and empirically rich perspectives on conflicts in world society. This collection contrasts Niklas Luhmann’s theory of world society in modern systems theory with more classical approaches to the study of conflicts, offering a fresh perspective on territorial conflicts in international relations. It includes chapters on key issues such as: conflicts and human rights conflicts in the Middle East and sub-Saharan Africa war and violence Greek-Turkish relations conflict theory the role of states in world societal conflicts legal territorial disputes in Australia hegemony and conflict in global law conflict management after 9/11. While all contributions draw from the theory of world society in modern systems theory, the authors offer rich multi-disciplinary perspectives which bring in concepts from international relations, peace and conflict studies, sociology, law and philosophy. Territorial Conflicts in World Society will appeal to international relations specialists, peace and conflict researchers and sociologists.

Social Systems Theory and Judicial Review

Taking Jurisprudence Seriously

Author: Dr Katayoun Baghai

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409454029

Category: Law

Page: 178

View: 3966

This book demonstrates the empirical gains and integrative potential of social systems theory for the sociology of law. The study observes judicial review as an instrument for the self-steering of a functionally differentiated legal system. This approach allows close investigation of the US Supreme Court’s jurisprudence of rights, both in legal terms and in relation to structural transformations of modern society, and of the European Court of Human Rights’ privacy jurisprudence, which suggests the pertinence of the analytic framework to other rights and jurisdictions.

Contemporary Sociological Theory

An Integrated Multi-Level Approach

Author: Doyle Paul Johnson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387765220

Category: Social Science

Page: 630

View: 3799

This volume is designed as a basic text for upper level and graduate courses in contemporary sociological theory. Most sociology programs require their majors to take at least one course in sociological theory, sometimes two. A typical breakdown is between classical and contemporary theory. Theory is perhaps one of the bro- est areas of sociological inquiry and serves as a foundation or framework for more specialized study in specific substantive areas of the field. In addition, the study of sociological theory can readily be related to various aspects of other social science disciplines as well. From the very beginning sociology has been characterized by alternative theoretical perspectives. Classical theory includes the European founding figures of the dis- pline whose works were produced during the later half of the nineteenth century and the first couple of decades of the twentieth century plus early American th- rists. For most of the second half of the twentieth century, a fairly high consensus has developed among American sociologists regarding these major founders, p- ticularly with regard to the works of Durkheim and Weber in analyzing the overall society and of Simmel in analyzing social interaction processes. Since the late 1960s and early 1970s the influence of Marx has also been recognized. Recent decades have also witnessed an increased emphasis on the important contributions of several pioneering feminist perspectives in the early years of sociology.

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