Soil Genesis and Classification reviews a spectrum of soil classification systems and presents the culmination of more than two decades of testing and revisions in the U.S. Soil Taxonomy, the most detailed and comprehensive system for soil classification. The classic textbook explains the function and use of soils, soil formation and categorization, and details how this dynamic natural entity evolves from natural factors and processes and interfaces with ecosystems and human endeavors. For the fifth edition, the authors have included the new nomenclature and systematic structure of soil classification categories, as well as new analytical techniques to more quantitatively identify soil properties and define class limits in Soil Taxonomy. This comprehensive work covers the diverse needs of soil science instructors, majors, minors, and graduate students, and serves as an outstanding reference for soil scientists, agricultural and natural resources engineers and economists, and others in related fields such as ecology, natural resources, and land use and planning.
Soil Genesis That Studies The Evolution Of Soils And The Changes Taking Place In Soil Bodies Has Received Increasing Interest And Attention In The Twentieth Century, And This Yet Continues. Despite The Fact That The Indian Soil Scientists Have Made Much Investigation Into The Subject Of Soil Genesis, Classification, Survey And Evaluation, There Are Very Few Books That Provide Ample Instructional Material Relevant To Situation In India. The Present Book Is Primarily Focused On The Study Of Geological Conditions Of India. Briefly Outlining The Fundamental Concepts Of Soil Genesis And Acquainting The Readers With Rich Minerals Present Under The Soil, The Book Provides A Detailed Study Of The Factors And Processes Of Soil Formation, Including Description And Interpretation Of The Soil Profile And Patterns Of Soils Occurring On The Surface Of The Earth. Furthermore, It Lays Down The Purpose And The Historical As Well As Modern Basis Of Classification Of Soils In Different Countries Across The World. It Particularly Provides An In-Depth Study Of Soils Prevalent In The Varied States Of India In Addition To The Assessment Of Productivity Of Bench Mark Soils Of The Country. The Book Also Covers Significant Areas Like Remote Sensing, Soil Survey, Land Use, Land Capability Classification, Land Irrigability Classification, Land Evaluation, Land Use Planning And Cartography. Considerable Authentic Information Has Been Drawn From The Works Of Indian Soil Scientists In These Disciplines Which Has Necessarily Added To The Value Of The Book.Designed As A Textbook, Its Approach To The Subject Is Reader-Friendly. Its Simple Language And Lucid Style Make It Accessible Even To Average Students. It Is Hoped That The Book Will Prove Immensely Useful And Informative To Students And Teachers Of Geology As Well As Soil Surveyors.
Concepts and definitions of soil; terminology and relationships between segments of the earth's crust; ABC system of horizon nomenclature; introduction to ways of thinking about and studying soil genesis; mineral and organic matter transformation; eluviation and illuviation and closely related processes (diffusion, wicking); phyto- and other biocycling; pedoturbation and soil structure formation; erosion, alluvation and other additions to soils; sulfidization and sulfuricization; salinization, solonization, and solodization; calcification; lessivage; podzolization; latosolization and lateritization; gleization; general principles and kinds of soil classification systems; soil classification in the past - roots and philosophies; history leading to the development of soil taxonomy; pedons and polypedons and their relationship to mapping delineations; soil taxonomy: epipedons; diagnostic subsurface horizons; pans and plinthite; proposed special diagnostic characteristics for highly man-influenced soils; other characteristics and terms used in defining mineral soils and classes of them; dignostic criteria for organic soils; general view of division of soils into orders; entisols; vertisols; inceptisols; aridisols; mollisols; spodosols; alfisols; ultisols; oxisols; histosols; the factors of soil formation - overview; soils in relation to their parent material; soils in relation to their age; soils in relation to climate; soils in relation to organisms other than man; effects of man; soils in relation to topography; minerals and mineral stabilities; overview for water movement in soils and soil genetic effects; subgroups of udorthents and classification of some highly man-influenced soils; textural triangles.
Genesis, Hydrology, Landscapes, and Classification, Second Edition
Author: Michael J. Vepraskas
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
A Major Revision of the Previous Edition Wetland Soils: Genesis, Hydrology, Landscapes, and Classification, Second Edition contains 11 new chapters and additional updates written by new authors with a broad range of related field and academic experience. This revised work augments the previous material on wetland functions and restorations, while maintaining the field-oriented focus of the first book. The reworked text includes current coverage of hydric soil field indicators, wetland soils, chemistry of wetland soils, and wetland hydrology. This book explains how wetland soils are formed, described, and identified, defines the functions they perform, and serves to assist decision-making in the field. A specialized book specifically geared toward environmental consultants and governmental wetland regulators, the text: Reviews general properties of wetland soils, including hydrology, redox chemistry, organic matter dynamics and biology. Provides examples of major types of wetlands across the United States Highlights USDA Hydric Soil Field Indicators, the most current and universal indicators of wetlands soils Summarizes technical standards Evaluates wetland functions, methods of assessment, and restoration techniques Wetland Soils: Genesis, Hydrology, Landscapes, and Classification, Second Edition explains how wetland soils form, are described and can be identified in the field, and is an ideal resource for professionals, students, or anyone dedicated to the understanding and conservation of wetlands.
In its first edition, Soils established itself as the leading textbook in the fields of pedology and soil geomorphology. Expanded and fully updated, this second edition maintains its highly organized and readable style. Suitable as a textbook and a research-grade reference, the book's introductory chapters in soil morphology, mineralogy, chemistry, physics and organisms prepare the reader for the more advanced treatment that follows. Unlike its competitors, this textbook devotes considerable space to discussions of soil parent materials and soil mixing, along with dating and paleoenvironmental reconstruction techniques applicable to soils. Although introductions to widely used soil classification systems are included, theory and processes of soil genesis and geomorphology form the backbone of the book. Replete with more than 550 high-quality figures and photos and a detailed glossary, this book will be invaluable for anyone studying soils, landforms and landscape change anywhere on the globe.
The Genesis and Classification of Cold Soils exposes the processes involved in the development of the principal kinds of soils that occur in cold regions and introduces readers to the classification of those soils. The book uses the terminologies and concepts of the description of soils provided by the Soil Taxonomy of the United States. Topics covered in the book include aspects of temperature relationships in cold soils; effects of freezing temperatures on the soil properties; the salient features of the U.S. Soil Taxonomy system; and the taxonomies of Canada, the U.S.S.R., and The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Pedologists, agriculturists, engineers, and researchers will find the book insightful.
Volcanic eruptions are generally viewed as agents of destruction, yet they provide the parent materials from which some of the most productive soils in the world are formed. The high productivity results from a combination of unique physical, chemical and mineralogical properties. The importance and uniqueness of volcanic ash soils are exemplified by the recent establishment of the Andisol soil order in Soil Taxonomy. This book provides the first comprehensive synthesis of all aspects of volcanic ash soils in a single volume. It contains in-depth coverage of important topics including terminology, morphology, genesis, classification, mineralogy, chemistry, physical properties, productivity and utilization. A wealth of data (37 tables, 81 figures, and Appendix) mainly from the Tohoku University Andisol Data Base is used to illustrate major concepts. Twelve color plates provide a valuable visual-aid and complement the text description of the world-wide distribution for volcanic ash soils. This volume will serve as a valuable reference for soil scientists, plant scientists, ecologists and geochemists interested in biogeochemical processes occurring in soils derived form volcanic ejecta.