Search Results: sovereignty-and-the-sea-how-indonesia-became-an-archipelagic-state

Sovereignty and the Sea

How Indonesia Became an Archipelagic State

Author: John G. Butcher,R.E. Elson

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9814722219

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 4584

Until the mid-1950s nearly all the waters lying between the far-flung islands of the Indonesian archipelago were as open to the ships of all nations as the waters of the great oceans. In order to enhance its failing sovereign grasp over the nation, as well as to deter perceived external threats to Indonesia’s national integrity, in 1957 the Indonesian government declared that it had “absolute sovereignty” over all the waters lying within straight baselines drawn between the outermost islands of Indonesia. At a single step, Indonesia had asserted its dominion over a vast swathe of what had hitherto been seas open to all, and made its lands and the seas it now claimed a single unified entity for the first time. International outrage and alarm ensued, expressed especially by the great maritime nations. Nevertheless, despite its low international profile, its relative poverty, and its often frail state capacity, Indonesia eventually succeeded in gaining international recognition for its claim when, in 1982, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea formally recognized the existence of a new category of states known as “archipelagic states” and declared that these states had sovereignty over their “archipelagic waters”. Sovereignty and the Sea explains how Indonesia succeeded in its extraordinary claim. At the heart of Indonesia’s archipelagic campaign was a small group of Indonesian diplomats. Largely because of their dogged persistence, negotiating skills, and willingness to make difficult compromises Indonesia became the greatest archipelagic state in the world.

Indonesia Beyond the Water's Edge

Managing an Archipelagic State

Author: R. B. Cribb,Michele Ford

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812309853

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 6802

Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state, with more than 18,000 islands and over 7.9 million square kilometres of sea. The marine frontier presents the nation with both economic opportunities and political and strategic challenges. Indonesia has been affected more than most countries in the world by a slow revolution in the management of its waters. Whereas Indonesia's seas were once conceived administratively as little more than the empty space between islands, successive governments have become aware that this view is outmoded. The effective transfer to the seas of regulatory regimes that took shape on land, such as territoriality, has been an enduring challenge to Indonesian governments. This book addresses issues related to maritime boundaries and security, marine safety, inter-island shipping, the development of the archipelagic concept in international law, marine conservation, illegal fishing, and the place of the sea in national and regional identity.

Sovereign Financing and International Law

The UNCTAD Principles on Responsible Sovereign Lending and Borrowing

Author: Carlos Espósito,Yuefen Li,Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019967437X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 403

View: 8486

In response to continuing global financial turmoil, the UN Conference for Trade and Development has produced a set of principles to govern future sovereign financing. This book expands on these principles from a legal and economic perspective to analyse how sovereign financing can be regulated to prevent similar debt crises from occurring again.

Maritime Terrorism and the Role of Judicial Institutions in the International Legal Order

Author: Md Saiful Karim

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004329293

Category: Law

Page: 222

View: 4565

In Maritime Terrorism and the Role of Judicial Institutions in the International Legal Order, Md Saiful Karim offers a critical analysis of the role of judicial institutions in combating maritime terrorism.

Treaties on Transit of Energy Via Pipelines and Countermeasures

Author: Danae Azaria

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198717423

Category: Law

Page: 285

View: 3591

Providing a comprehensive analysis of and coherent method for establishing obligations concerning the trasit of energy through piplines, in both multilateral and bilateral treatites, this book sets out the duties of transit states and remedies in case of breach.

The Use of Force in International Law

A Case-Based Approach

Author: Tom Ruys,Olivier Corten,Alexandra Hofer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019878435X

Category: Law

Page: 960

View: 8550

Since the adoption of the UN Charter in 1945, the use of cross-border force has been frequent. This volume invites a range of experts to examine over sixty conflicts, from military interventions to targeted killings and hostage rescue operations, and to ask how powerful precedent can be in determining hostile encounters in international law.

Indonesia and the Law of the Sea

Author: Hasjim Djalal

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indonesia

Page: 449

View: 3578

International Law and Drone Strikes in Pakistan

The Legal and Socio-political Aspects

Author: Sikander Ahmed Shah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134074271

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 701

While conventional warfare has an established body of legal precedence, the legality of drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan and elsewhere remains ambiguous. This book explores the legal and political issues surrounding the use of drones in Pakistan. Drawing from international treaty law, customary international law, and statistical data on the impact of the strikes, Sikander Ahmed Shah asks whether drone strikes by the United States in Pakistan are in compliance with international humanitarian law. The book questions how international law views the giving of consent between States for military action, and explores what this means for the interaction between sovereignty and consent. The book goes on to look at the socio-political realities of drone strikes in Pakistan, scrutinizing the impact of drone strikes on both Pakistani politics and US-Pakistan relationships. Topics include the Pakistan army-government relationship, the evolution of international institutions as a result of drone strikes, and the geopolitical dynamics affecting the region. As a detailed and critical examination of the legal and political challenges presented by drone strikes, this book will be essential to scholars and students of the law of armed conflict, security studies, political science and international relations.

Russian Approaches to International Law

Author: Lauri Mälksoo

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198723040

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 3430

Provides a detailed analysis of how Russia's understanding of international law has developed Draws on historical, theoretical, and practical perspectives to offer the reader the 'big picture' of Russia's engagement with international law Extensively uses sources and resources in the Russian language, including many which are not easily available to scholars outside of Russia

China, State Sovereignty and International Legal Order

Author: Phil C.W. Chan

Publisher: Hotei Publishing

ISBN: 9004288376

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 356

In China, State Sovereignty and International Legal Order, Phil C.W. Chan explores the nexus between China’s exercise of State sovereignty and international legal order, and the locus in which State sovereignty resides in international law and foreign policy-making.

Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia

Author: George McTurnan Kahin

Publisher: SEAP Publications

ISBN: 9780877277347

Category: History

Page: 490

View: 4326

Professor Kahin's classic 1952 study, reprinted for a contemporary audience. An immediate, vibrant portrait of a nation in the age of revolution, featuring interviews with many of the chief players. With new illustrations and a new introduction by Benedict R. O'G. Anderson.

Figures of Criminality in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Colonial Vietnam

Author: Vicente L. Rafael

Publisher: SEAP Publications

ISBN: 9780877277248

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 2331

A complex examination of "criminality" and "the criminal" as constructs and active presences in Southeast Asia. Contributors explore such themes as surveillance, incarceration, law and custom, secrecy, and corruption. A fascinating study of power and subversion in the modern postcolonial nation-state. Contributors include Daniel S. Lev, Henk M. J. Maier, Rudolf Mrazek, James T. Siegel, and others.

Pedra Branca

The Road to the World Court

Author: S. Jayakumar,Tommy Thong Bee Koh

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9789971694579

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 195

View: 9297

This book is about the territorial dispute between Malaysia and Singapore over Pedra Branca, a small but strategically located island near the entrance to the Straits of Malacca. It describes how the two countries managed the dispute over three decades until final resolution by the International Court of Justice in May 2008. The two authors, who were personally involved in the case, recount the many twists and turns in the dispute as well as behind the scenes political and diplomatic manoeuvres. At a time when Asia still has numerous unresolved territorial disputes, the book would be of great interest to scholars, academics and practitioners in politics, international relations, history, diplomatic and legal circles.

The Chagos Islanders and International Law

Author: Stephen Allen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254749

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 2025

In 1965, the UK excised the Chagos Islands from the colony of Mauritius to create the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) in connection with the founding of a US military facility on the island of Diego Garcia. Consequently, the inhabitants of the Chagos Islands were secretly exiled to Mauritius, where they became chronically impoverished. This book considers the resonance of international law for the Chagos Islanders. It advances the argument that BIOT constitutes a 'Non-Self-Governing Territory' pursuant to the provisions of Chapter XI of the UN Charter and for the wider purposes of international law. In addition, the book explores the extent to which the right of self-determination, indigenous land rights and a range of obligations contained in applicable human rights treaties could support the Chagossian right to return to BIOT. However, the rights of the Chagos Islanders are premised on the assumption that the UK possesses a valid sovereignty claim over BIOT. The evidence suggests that this claim is questionable and it is disputed by Mauritius. Consequently, the Mauritian claim threatens to compromise the entitlements of the Chagos Islanders in respect of BIOT as a matter of international law. This book illustrates the ongoing problems arising from international law's endorsement of the territorial integrity of colonial units for the purpose of decolonisation at the expense of the countervailing claims of colonial self-determination by non-European peoples that inhabited the same colonial unit. The book uses the competing claims to the Chagos Islands to demonstrate the need for a more nuanced approach to the resolution of sovereignty disputes resulting from the legacy of European colonialism.

The British in Malaya, 1880-1941

the social history of a European community in colonial South-East Asia

Author: John G. Butcher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 1889

Chinese Contemporary Perspectives on International Law

History, Culture and International Law

Author: Xue Hanqin

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004236139

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 3590

Built on the theme “history, culture and international law”, this special course gives a comprehensive review of China’s contemporary perspective and practice of international law in the past 60 years, with its focus on the recent 30 years when China is gradually integrated into international legal system through its opening up and economic reform process.

Towards an International Law of Co-progressiveness, Part II

Membership, Leadership and Responsibility

Author: Sienho Yee

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004289224

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 5509

Centered around the international law of co-progressiveness, an all-encompassing and progressive law, this volume explores membership, leadership and responsibility in the international system and how these matters reflect and inform that law.

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia

Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription Göttingen Studies in Cultural

Author: Hauser-Schäublin, Brigitta

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 3863951328

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1308

A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

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