Search Results: sovereignty-and-the-sea-how-indonesia-became-an-archipelagic-state

Sovereignty and the Sea

How Indonesia Became an Archipelagic State

Author: John G. Butcher,R.E. Elson

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9814722219

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 6032

Until the mid-1950s nearly all the waters lying between the far-flung islands of the Indonesian archipelago were as open to the ships of all nations as the waters of the great oceans. In order to enhance its failing sovereign grasp over the nation, as well as to deter perceived external threats to Indonesia’s national integrity, in 1957 the Indonesian government declared that it had “absolute sovereignty” over all the waters lying within straight baselines drawn between the outermost islands of Indonesia. At a single step, Indonesia had asserted its dominion over a vast swathe of what had hitherto been seas open to all, and made its lands and the seas it now claimed a single unified entity for the first time. International outrage and alarm ensued, expressed especially by the great maritime nations. Nevertheless, despite its low international profile, its relative poverty, and its often frail state capacity, Indonesia eventually succeeded in gaining international recognition for its claim when, in 1982, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea formally recognized the existence of a new category of states known as “archipelagic states” and declared that these states had sovereignty over their “archipelagic waters”. Sovereignty and the Sea explains how Indonesia succeeded in its extraordinary claim. At the heart of Indonesia’s archipelagic campaign was a small group of Indonesian diplomats. Largely because of their dogged persistence, negotiating skills, and willingness to make difficult compromises Indonesia became the greatest archipelagic state in the world.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1556

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Der Malayische Archipel

die Heimath des Orang-Utan und des Paradiesvogels ; Reiseerlebnisse und Studien über Land und Leute

Author: Alfred Russel Wallace

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnology

Page: N.A

View: 2470

Der Regenwald ist unser Haus

Die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra zwischen Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung

Author: Stefanie Steinebach

Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen

ISBN: 9783863950811

Category: Kubu (Indonesian people)

Page: 234

View: 6202

Für die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra ist der Regenwald eine Welt, die nicht nur von Tieren, sondern auch von Göttern und Geistern bevölkert ist und ihre eigenen Gesetze besitzt. Er bildet die Lebenswelt der Orang Rimba, die durch Abholzung und Plantagenwirtschaft bedroht ist. Das Buch basiert auf einer 15 monatigen ethnologischen Feldforschung (zwischen 2003 und 2005) der Autorin bei diesen Waldbewohnern. Sie untersucht, wie durch Interaktionen mit verschiedenen Akteuren, vor allem dem indonesischen Staat und Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen - sie alle haben Interesse am Wald als wirtschaftliche Ressource oder Schutzgebiet -, verschiedene Identitäten der Orang Rimba hervorgebracht werden. Die Arbeit setzt sich detailliert mit der Selbstdarstellung der Orang Rimba auseinander und vergleicht sie mit verschiedenen Fremdperspektiven externer Akteure auf diese nicht sesshafte Gruppe. Diskurse über Wald als gefährliche Wildnis oder Schutzgebiet bestimmen auch die Zukunft und die Handlungsfähigkeit der Orang Rimba, sei es als marginalisierte Minderheit oder selbstbestimmte Regenwaldbewohner.

Die maritime Seidenstrasse

Küstenräume, Seefahrt und Handel in vorkolonialer Zeit

Author: Roderich Ptak

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406561894

Category: Asia

Page: 368

View: 3621

Religiöse Entwicklungen im Islam

beobachtet in Marokko und Indonesien

Author: Clifford Geertz,Bassam Tibi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518578964

Category: Islam

Page: 205

View: 5866

Maritime Sicherheit

Author: Sebastian Bruns,Kerstin Petretto,David Petrovic

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531190687

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 7472

Die Analysen des vorliegenden Bandes bieten zahlreiche Perspektiven auf das relativ neue Politikfeld "Maritime Sicherheit" und schließen eine bestehende Forschungslücke in Deutschland. Im ersten Kapitel werden theoretische Analysemodelle zur maritimen Sicherheit diskutiert. Anschließend nähern sich die Autorinnen und Autoren dem maritimen Raum wobei sie der wirtschaftlichen, rechtlichen und geostrategischen Dimension nachgehen. Der dritte Abschnitt legt den Schwerpunkt auf transnationale Herausforderungen, die maritime Unsicherheit bedingen: organisierte Kriminalität, Piraterie, Terrorismus, Wettlauf um Ressourcen, Umwelt- und Klimaveränderungen. Im vierten Teil des Buches werden schließlich ausgewählte Akteure, ihre Strategien, Kapazitäten und Probleme im Umgang mit maritimer (Un-) Sicherheit betrachtet. Neben den „Permanent 5“ des UN-Sicherheitsrats - den USA, Großbritannien, Russland, China und Frankreich - stehen dabei auch die Bundesrepublik Deutschland sowie die EU und die NATO im Fokus.

Quer durch Borneo

Author: Anton Willem Nieuwenhuis

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861950286

Category: Borneo

Page: 592

View: 8504

CIA

die ganze Geschichte

Author: Tim Weiner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596190591

Category:

Page: 864

View: 802

Politische Macht und gesellschaftliche Klassen

Author: Nicos Ar Poulantzas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social classes

Page: 364

View: 5102

Der Sturm (illustriert)

Author: William Shakespeare

Publisher: FV Éditions

ISBN: 2366687915

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 100

View: 1066

Der Sturm (The Tempest) ist eine tragikomische Geschichte von William Shakespeare.

Origin and Development Pf the Law of the Sea

History of International Law Revisited

Author: Ram Prakash Anand

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789024726172

Category: Law

Page: 249

View: 7316

This work presents an in-depth analysis of the most complex of the many ocean boundary delimitation problems confronting neighboring states in the Pacific region. In each case the various factors influencing the parties to the dispute are examined in detail & alternative diplomatic options are compared. Special emphasis is given to the problems of Southeast Asia, East Asia, & the Northeast Pacific, but regional developments in the Southwest Pacific & the Central & Southeast Pacific are also discussed. The authors, who are prominent specialists in the field of ocean policy studies place their factor-and-option analysis of these difficult disputes within a multidisciplinary, 'functionalist' framework, & offer some original proposals for innovative ocean diplomacy that now seem realistic in light of recent improvements in the international political arena.

Stilles Lied eines Stummen

Aufzeichnungen aus Buru

Author: Pramoedya Ananta Toer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783895021152

Category:

Page: 343

View: 5795

Indonesia Beyond the Water's Edge

Managing an Archipelagic State

Author: R. B. Cribb,Michele Ford

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9812309853

Category: Political Science

Page: 247

View: 7181

Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state, with more than 18,000 islands and over 7.9 million square kilometres of sea. The marine frontier presents the nation with both economic opportunities and political and strategic challenges. Indonesia has been affected more than most countries in the world by a slow revolution in the management of its waters. Whereas Indonesia's seas were once conceived administratively as little more than the empty space between islands, successive governments have become aware that this view is outmoded. The effective transfer to the seas of regulatory regimes that took shape on land, such as territoriality, has been an enduring challenge to Indonesian governments. This book addresses issues related to maritime boundaries and security, marine safety, inter-island shipping, the development of the archipelagic concept in international law, marine conservation, illegal fishing, and the place of the sea in national and regional identity.

Beijing's Power and China's Borders

Twenty Neighbors in Asia

Author: Bruce Elleman,Stephen Kotkin,Clive Schofield

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317515641

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 9423

China shares borders with 20 other countries. Each of these neighbors has its own national interests, and in some cases, these include territorial and maritime jurisdictional claims in places that China also claims. Most of these 20 countries have had a history of border conflicts with China; some of them never amicably settled. This book brings together some of the foremost historians, geographers, political scientists, and legal scholars on modern Asia to examine each of China's twenty land or sea borders.

The IMLI Manual on International Maritime Law

Volume I: The Law of the Sea

Author: David Attard,Malgosia Fitzmaurice,Norman A. Martinez Gutierrez

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191509949

Category: Law

Page: 640

View: 1436

This three-volume Manual on International Maritime Law presents a systematic analysis of the history and contemporary development of international maritime law by leading contributors from across the world. Prepared in cooperation with the International Maritime Law Institute, the International Maritime Organization's research and training institute, this a uniquely comprehensive study of this fundamental area of international law. Volume I: The Law of the Sea addresses the major issues which arise in the law of the sea. It provides a detailed understanding of the historical development of the law of the sea; the role of the International Maritime Organization; the law surrounding maritime zones; the legal regime of islands; the international sea-bed area; the legal regime governing marine scientific research; the rights and obligations of land-locked and geographically disadvantaged states; the legal regime of Arctic and Antarctic; and the settlements of disputes. This volume also considers the ways in which human rights and the law of the sea interact. The forthcoming Volume II will address shipping law; Volume III will provide analysis of marine environmental law and maritime security law. The full three-volume Manual will set out the entirety of international maritime law, re-stating and re-examining its fundamental principles, how it is enacted, and the issues that are shaping its future. It will be a superlative resource for those working with or studying this area of law.

ASEAN and the Law of the Sea

Author: Phiphat Tangsubkul

Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

ISBN: 9789971902407

Category: Contiguous zones (Law of the sea)

Page: 148

View: 8153

"An important contribution to the dearth of literature of ASEAN and the law of the sea, this book is the result of extensive research by Dr. Tangsubkul, an international law specialist. The contents are divided into two broad areas. The first section on the evolution of the geo-juridical nature of ocean space appropriation by coastal states and ASEAN states covers: Claims of ASEAN states relating to the law of the sea: a historical survey; Individual approaches and claims of ASEAN countries on the emerging trends in the law of the sea; The special problems of passage through archipelagic waters and straits used for international navigation. The second section on problems relating to jurisdiction and rights over living and non-living resources of ASEAN countries covers: Fishery development in individual ASEAN countries; Problems of ASEAN vis-à-vis fishing resources; Status of development of petroleum and gas in individual ASEAN states; Law and practice relating to the jurisdiction and rights over non-living resources in ocean areas adjacent to ASEAN states; Problems and potential conflict involving off-shore exploration and exploitation of oil and gas."--Page 4 of cover.

Directors of Urban Change in Asia

Author: Peter J.M. Nas

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134267363

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3735

Bringing together a group of international scholars, Directors of Urban Change in Asia examines who the 'directors' for urban change are in an eclectic mix of Asian cities. The books discusses how, in the majority of cases, urban change has come about primarily as the result of visionary leaders, on national, regional and local levels. It also makes clear that the less successful cities have tended to lack such leaders.

Trauminsel

Roman

Author: Keizō Hino,Jaqueline Berndt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783861242291

Category:

Page: 175

View: 1073

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