Between control and cooperation
Author: Oliver Meier
This edited volume examines the issue of the proliferation of dual-use technology and the efforts of the international community to control these technologies. Efforts to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) increasingly focus on preventing the proliferation and misuse of dual-use technologies: information, materials and equipment that can be easily applied for peaceful and hostile purposes. The threat of terrorist attacks with nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, in particular, makes it necessary to develop a sustainable non-proliferation policy that effectively hinders the misuse of dual-use technologies. In this book, leading non-proliferation experts from different regions of the world reflect on the political, legal and technical obstacles with an aim to finding a better balance between control and cooperation in dual-use technology transfer regulations. This broad approach makes it possible to compare regimes which may be structurally different but are similar in the way they attempt to regulate dual-use technology transfers by balancing controls and cooperative approaches. This book will be of much interest to students of weapons proliferation, arms control, global governance, international organizations and international security.
Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons
Author: Matthew Kroenig
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Political Science
In a vitally important book for anyone interested in nuclear proliferation, defense strategy, or international security, Matthew Kroenig points out that nearly every country with a nuclear weapons arsenal received substantial help at some point from a more advanced nuclear state. Why do some countries help others to develop nuclear weapons? Many analysts assume that nuclear transfers are driven by economic considerations. States in dire economic need, they suggest, export sensitive nuclear materials and technology-and ignore the security risk-in a desperate search for hard currency. Kroenig challenges this conventional wisdom. He finds that state decisions to provide sensitive nuclear assistance are the result of a coherent, strategic logic. The spread of nuclear weapons threatens powerful states more than it threatens weak states, and these differential effects of nuclear proliferation encourage countries to provide sensitive nuclear assistance under certain strategic conditions. Countries are more likely to export sensitive nuclear materials and technology when it would have the effect of constraining an enemy and less likely to do so when it would threaten themselves. In Exporting the Bomb, Kroenig examines the most important historical cases, including France's nuclear assistance to Israel in the 1950s and 1960s; the Soviet Union's sensitive transfers to China from 1958 to 1960; China's nuclear aid to Pakistan in the 1980s; and Pakistan's recent technology transfers, with the help of "rogue" scientist A. Q. Khan, from 1987 to 2002. Understanding why states provide sensitive nuclear assistance not only adds to our knowledge of international politics but also aids in international efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons.
Author: Richard Kokoski
Publisher: A Sipri Publications
The author focuses on the critical developments, technological in particular, which are currently posing a threat to the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Crucial technologies affecting nuclear weapon proliferation and their potential ramifications for the nuclear non-proliferation regimes as a whole are examined and potential policy options which could ameliorate or eliminate the resulting dangers are analysed and assessed. Developments and problems raised by the Iraqi and North Korean nuclear programmes receive special attention. In particular, recent efforts in strengthening export control regulations on nuclear and dual-use technology and equipment and in improving nuclear safeguards are described and their impact analysed. Of lasting relevance in the non-proliferation context, this book is of particular relevance in the light of the indefinite extension of the Non-Proliferation Treaty.
US Technological Collaboration and Nonproliferation
Author: John Krige
Publisher: MIT Press
How America used its technological leadership in the 1950s and the 1960s to foster European collaboration and curb nuclear proliferation, with varying degrees of success.
Achieving Security with Technology and Policy
Author: James Doyle
Category: Technology & Engineering
With an increase of global security concerns over potential terrorist acts, the threat of WMDs, and increasing political issues with nations seeking nuclear capability, the need to track, detect, and safeguard nuclear material globally has never been greater. Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation is a comprehensive reference that covers cutting-edge technologies used to trace, track, and safeguard nuclear material. It is a contributed volume with sections contributed by scientists from leading institutions such as Los Alamos National Labs, Sandia National Labs, Pacific Northwest Nuclear Labs, and Texas A&M University, and the Monterey Institute of International Studies. The book is divided into 3 sections and includes 30 chapters on such topics as - the security of nuclear facilities and material, the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials, improvised nuclear devices, how to prevent nuclear terrorism. International case studies of security at nuclear facilities and illegal nuclear trade activities provide specific examples of the complex issues surrounding the technology and policy for nuclear material protection, control and accountability. Specific cases include analysis of the timely issues in the nuclear programs of countries such as North Korea, Iran, and Kazakstan among others. Nuclear Security is a must-have volume for the dozens of private and public organizations involved in driving Homeland Security, domestic, and international policy issues relating to nuclear material security, non-proliferation, and nuclear transparency. Written by some of the world's top scientists including members of the Nuclear Division of Los Alamos National Labs (U.S.) A timely discussion of current international nuclear security issues includes case studies on Iraq, Iran and North Korea Book takes a global perspective on nuclear security and non-proliferation detailing the little-known real-world technologies used to secure, detect and track nuclear material
Author: Matthew Bunn,William C. Potter,Martin B. Malin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Leading experts provide a comprehensive examination of global efforts to prevent nuclear proliferation by blocking the illicit supply of key technologies.
Author: Harald Müller,David Fischer,Wolfgang Kötter
Publisher: A Sipri Publications
Category: Political Science
This book presents different views on nuclear disarmament and arms control and a brief history of nuclear non-proliferation policy and the nuclear test ban issue. It describes the preparations for and results of the 1990 Non-Proliferation Treaty Review Conference and the 1991 Partial Test Ban Treaty Amendment Conference. With a view to 1995, it assesses the chances for consensus or dissension regarding regarding nuclear proliferation and the test ban, and the prospects for an extensionof NPT. It concludes by examining the future and the threat of a new North-South divide over these issues.
Reducing and Countering Nuclear Threats
Author: Barry R. Schneider
Publisher: Psychology Press
The contributors to this book - including policymakers, diplomats, scientists, regionalists and academic specialists - have joined in an effort to survey nuclear arms control successes, ongoing initiatives, and future prospects for reducing and countering nuclear proliferation.
Issues, Perspectives, and Policy Implications
Author: Tagi Sagafi-Nejad,Richard W. Moxon,Howard V. Perlmutter
Category: Business & Economics
Controlling International Technology Transfer: Issues, Perspectives, and Policy Implications discusses topics that concern technology transfer control. The book assesses related issues and perspectives, as well as examines alternative policy imperatives from different perspectives. The text is comprised of 15 chapters, which are organized into three parts. The first part contains Chapters 1 to 8 that tackle the underlying issues of technology transfer control, such as alternative channel and modes, the impact of new control systems, pricing, taxation, and business practices. The second part contains Chapters 9 to 14, which cover topics concerning policy perspectives and implication, such as control incentives, technology importing/exporting, and control systems. The last part contains Chapter 15, which provides a closing discussion regarding actors, issues, and alternatives. This book will be of great interest to readers who are concerned with the technology transfer systems.
Hearing Before the Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate
Author: Strom Thurmond
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Hearing held to determine whether there are measures that can be taken to strengthen DoD's role in the export license review process & whether additional controls should be placed on items which might contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or enhance the strategic military capabilities of certain countries. Witnesses: Dr. Stephen D. Bryen, Former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Trade & Security Policy; Dr. Mitchel B. Wallerstein, Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Counterproliferation Policy; & Gary Milhollin, Executive Director, Wisconsin Project for Nuclear Arms Control.
Author: Christopher Hill,Karen E. Smith
Category: Political Science
This book is the very first to collect together the key official documents tracing the development of European foreign policy from the end of the Second World War to the present day. It contains: *all important documents on European foreign policy from 1948 to the Kosovo crisis *material from major treaties such as The North Atlantic treaty, the treaty of Rome and the treaty of Amsterdam *European responses to major world events such as the Middle East peace process, the Falklands war and the Balkans crisis *detailed commentary and analysis of the documents providing a valuable political and historical context *many documents which are extremely difficult to obtain elsewhere. The unparalleled coverage makes this book an essential primary source for all those interested in European politics and International Relations.
Case Study of Iraq, Iran and Israel
Author: Namira Negm
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Nuclear breakout or nuclear weapon free zones, which do we encourage? In the past, legal studies focused on regulating military rather than peaceful uses of the atom. This volume assesses the legal regime pertaining to the peaceful transfer of nuclear technology, which includes the NPT, IAEA Statute, and the work of the nuclear supplier groups. It offers a new perspective to the interaction between international law and politics in the Middle East, a region that continues to be a hotspot for attempts at nuclear proliferation. Israel, in a state of war with most of its neighbours, turned into a nuclear power decades ago, consequently, it drove Iraq to develop a military nuclear programme. This has affected the rights of Iran as a non-nuclear weapon state to develop its peaceful nuclear capabilities. This book supports the establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons as the only way to cease the arms race and ensure a long-lasting peace in the region.
Lessons and Perspectives
Author: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research,National Academy of Engineering
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category: Business & Economics
This book explores major similarities and differences in the structure, conduct, and performance of the national technology transfer systems of Germany and the United States. It maps the technology transfer landscape in each country in detail, uses case studies to examine the dynamics of technology transfer in four major technology areas, and identifies areas and opportunities for further mutual learning between the two national systems.
Author: Shirley A. Kan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: (1) Proliferation Challenges: Nuclear and Missile Tech. Sales to Pakistan; Ring Magnets; A. Q. Khan¿s Nuclear Network; M-11 Missiles; Missile Plants and MRBMs; Nuclear, Missile and Chemical Tech. Sales to Iran; Uranium Enrichment; Dual Approach and Oil Deals; North Korea¿s Missile and Nuclear Weapons Programs; Trilateral and Six-Party Talks; Missile Tech. Sales to Libya, Syria, and Iraq; (2) Policy Issues and Options; Foreign and Defense Policies; Counter-Terrorism Campaign; Missile Defense; Proliferation Security Initiative and 9/11 Comm.; Export Control Assistance; Linkage to Taiwan Question; Satellite Exports; Capital Markets; Nuclear Coop. and U.S. Export of Reactors; (3) Non-prolif. and Arms Control; (4) Internat. Lending.
Perspectives on Non-proliferation
Author: Shannon N. Kile
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The recent controversy over Iran's nuclear programme represents an early and important test for a distinctively European approach to addressing concerns about suspected programmes for the development of weapons of mass destruction. Against this background, the report brings together Europeanand Iranian perspectives on a range of security- and proliferation-related issues that have a bearing on diplomatic efforts to resolve the controversy. The contributors describe the discussions under way between Europe, Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency aimed at clarifying the scopeand nature of Iran's nuclear activities. They examine the development of the European Union's strategy to combat the spread of WMD; Iran's evolving security and defence structures and policies, including Iranian thinking about deterrence-based defence strategies and the requirements for crediblyimplementing them; and the internal dynamics of security policy decision making in Iran. The report highlights some of the problems and possibilities inherent in the EU's efforts to implement a more targeted, multifunctional strategy to prevent WMD proliferation.