Search Results: technology-transfers-and-non-proliferation

Technology Transfers and Non-Proliferation

Between control and cooperation

Author: Oliver Meier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134440812

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 7006

This edited volume examines the issue of the proliferation of dual-use technology and the efforts of the international community to control these technologies. Efforts to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) increasingly focus on preventing the proliferation and misuse of dual-use technologies: information, materials and equipment that can be easily applied for peaceful and hostile purposes. The threat of terrorist attacks with nuclear, biological or chemical weapons, in particular, makes it necessary to develop a sustainable non-proliferation policy that effectively hinders the misuse of dual-use technologies. In this book, leading non-proliferation experts from different regions of the world reflect on the political, legal and technical obstacles with an aim to finding a better balance between control and cooperation in dual-use technology transfer regulations. This broad approach makes it possible to compare regimes which may be structurally different but are similar in the way they attempt to regulate dual-use technology transfers by balancing controls and cooperative approaches. This book will be of much interest to students of weapons proliferation, arms control, global governance, international organizations and international security.

Exporting the Bomb

Technology Transfer and the Spread of Nuclear Weapons

Author: Matthew Kroenig

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080145767X

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2185

In a vitally important book for anyone interested in nuclear proliferation, defense strategy, or international security, Matthew Kroenig points out that nearly every country with a nuclear weapons arsenal received substantial help at some point from a more advanced nuclear state. Why do some countries help others to develop nuclear weapons? Many analysts assume that nuclear transfers are driven by economic considerations. States in dire economic need, they suggest, export sensitive nuclear materials and technology-and ignore the security risk-in a desperate search for hard currency. Kroenig challenges this conventional wisdom. He finds that state decisions to provide sensitive nuclear assistance are the result of a coherent, strategic logic. The spread of nuclear weapons threatens powerful states more than it threatens weak states, and these differential effects of nuclear proliferation encourage countries to provide sensitive nuclear assistance under certain strategic conditions. Countries are more likely to export sensitive nuclear materials and technology when it would have the effect of constraining an enemy and less likely to do so when it would threaten themselves. In Exporting the Bomb, Kroenig examines the most important historical cases, including France's nuclear assistance to Israel in the 1950s and 1960s; the Soviet Union's sensitive transfers to China from 1958 to 1960; China's nuclear aid to Pakistan in the 1980s; and Pakistan's recent technology transfers, with the help of "rogue" scientist A. Q. Khan, from 1987 to 2002. Understanding why states provide sensitive nuclear assistance not only adds to our knowledge of international politics but also aids in international efforts to control the spread of nuclear weapons.

Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer

A Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Author: Bert Metz,Ogunlade R. Davidson,John K. Turkson,Jan-Willem Martens,Sascha N. M. van Rooijen,Laura van Wie McGrory

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521804943

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 466

View: 7082

Special Report of the IPCC on technology transfer to respond to global climate change.

Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation

Achieving Security with Technology and Policy

Author: James Doyle

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080888118

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 5828

With an increase of global security concerns over potential terrorist acts, the threat of WMDs, and increasing political issues with nations seeking nuclear capability, the need to track, detect, and safeguard nuclear material globally has never been greater. Nuclear Safeguards, Security and Nonproliferation is a comprehensive reference that covers cutting-edge technologies used to trace, track, and safeguard nuclear material. It is a contributed volume with sections contributed by scientists from leading institutions such as Los Alamos National Labs, Sandia National Labs, Pacific Northwest Nuclear Labs, and Texas A&M University, and the Monterey Institute of International Studies. The book is divided into 3 sections and includes 30 chapters on such topics as - the security of nuclear facilities and material, the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials, improvised nuclear devices, how to prevent nuclear terrorism. International case studies of security at nuclear facilities and illegal nuclear trade activities provide specific examples of the complex issues surrounding the technology and policy for nuclear material protection, control and accountability. Specific cases include analysis of the timely issues in the nuclear programs of countries such as North Korea, Iran, and Kazakstan among others. Nuclear Security is a must-have volume for the dozens of private and public organizations involved in driving Homeland Security, domestic, and international policy issues relating to nuclear material security, non-proliferation, and nuclear transparency. Written by some of the world's top scientists including members of the Nuclear Division of Los Alamos National Labs (U.S.) A timely discussion of current international nuclear security issues includes case studies on Iraq, Iran and North Korea Book takes a global perspective on nuclear security and non-proliferation detailing the little-known real-world technologies used to secure, detect and track nuclear material

Pulling Back from the Nuclear Brink

Reducing and Countering Nuclear Threats

Author: Barry R. Schneider

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714648569

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 2020

The contributors to this book - including policymakers, diplomats, scientists, regionalists and academic specialists - have joined in an effort to survey nuclear arms control successes, ongoing initiatives, and future prospects for reducing and countering nuclear proliferation.

Nonproliferation improvements needed to better control technology exports for cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428937625


Page: N.A

View: 8343

Controlling International Technology Transfer

Issues, Perspectives, and Policy Implications

Author: Tagi Sagafi-Nejad,Richard W. Moxon,Howard V. Perlmutter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483153037

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 564

View: 5837

Controlling International Technology Transfer: Issues, Perspectives, and Policy Implications discusses topics that concern technology transfer control. The book assesses related issues and perspectives, as well as examines alternative policy imperatives from different perspectives. The text is comprised of 15 chapters, which are organized into three parts. The first part contains Chapters 1 to 8 that tackle the underlying issues of technology transfer control, such as alternative channel and modes, the impact of new control systems, pricing, taxation, and business practices. The second part contains Chapters 9 to 14, which cover topics concerning policy perspectives and implication, such as control incentives, technology importing/exporting, and control systems. The last part contains Chapter 15, which provides a closing discussion regarding actors, issues, and alternatives. This book will be of great interest to readers who are concerned with the technology transfer systems.

Export controls and nonproliferation policy

Author: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment

Publisher: Congress


Category: Export controls - United States

Page: 82

View: 4747

The United States, in cooperation with other nations, controls the export of goods, technology, and software that have civilian applications but could also be used to make weapons of mass destruction or missiles to deliver them. Requiring licenses for the export of such dual-use items will continue to be one useful tool in U.S. nonproliferation policy. Although unlikely to stop a determined proliferant in the long run, export controls increase the cost and the difficulty of producing these weapons, and they may buy important time during which policymakers may bring other nonproliferation tools to bear. According to the OTA report Export Controls and Nonproliferation Policy, the difficult task for both Congress and the executive branch is to design an export control system that serves U.S. security interests but also takes due account of economic interests and fairness to regulated exporters. The task is made more difficult by the problems inherent in trying to estimate both the benefits and the costs of export controls.

European Foreign Policy

Key Documents

Author: Christopher Hill,Karen E. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134726635

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 1483

This book is the very first to collect together the key official documents tracing the development of European foreign policy from the end of the Second World War to the present day. It contains: *all important documents on European foreign policy from 1948 to the Kosovo crisis *material from major treaties such as The North Atlantic treaty, the treaty of Rome and the treaty of Amsterdam *European responses to major world events such as the Middle East peace process, the Falklands war and the Balkans crisis *detailed commentary and analysis of the documents providing a valuable political and historical context *many documents which are extremely difficult to obtain elsewhere. The unparalleled coverage makes this book an essential primary source for all those interested in European politics and International Relations.

U.S. Export Control and Nonproliferation Policy and the Role and Responsibility of the Department of Defense

Hearing Before the Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate

Author: Strom Thurmond

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756704643


Page: 63

View: 9715

Hearing held to determine whether there are measures that can be taken to strengthen DoD's role in the export license review process & whether additional controls should be placed on items which might contribute to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction or enhance the strategic military capabilities of certain countries. Witnesses: Dr. Stephen D. Bryen, Former Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Trade & Security Policy; Dr. Mitchel B. Wallerstein, Former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Counterproliferation Policy; & Gary Milhollin, Executive Director, Wisconsin Project for Nuclear Arms Control.

Technology transfer to the Middle East.

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1428923837


Page: N.A

View: 8029

China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles

Policy Issues

Author: Shirley A. Kan

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437929559


Page: 61

View: 3698

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Contents: (1) Proliferation Challenges: Nuclear and Missile Tech. Sales to Pakistan; Ring Magnets; A. Q. Khan¿s Nuclear Network; M-11 Missiles; Missile Plants and MRBMs; Nuclear, Missile and Chemical Tech. Sales to Iran; Uranium Enrichment; Dual Approach and Oil Deals; North Korea¿s Missile and Nuclear Weapons Programs; Trilateral and Six-Party Talks; Missile Tech. Sales to Libya, Syria, and Iraq; (2) Policy Issues and Options; Foreign and Defense Policies; Counter-Terrorism Campaign; Missile Defense; Proliferation Security Initiative and 9/11 Comm.; Export Control Assistance; Linkage to Taiwan Question; Satellite Exports; Capital Markets; Nuclear Coop. and U.S. Export of Reactors; (3) Non-prolif. and Arms Control; (4) Internat. Lending.

Transfer of Nuclear Technology Under International Law

Case Study of Iraq, Iran and Israel

Author: Namira Negm

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 900417527X

Category: Law

Page: 308

View: 5278

Nuclear breakout or nuclear weapon free zones, which do we encourage? In the past, legal studies focused on regulating military rather than peaceful uses of the atom. This volume assesses the legal regime pertaining to the peaceful transfer of nuclear technology, which includes the NPT, IAEA Statute, and the work of the nuclear supplier groups. It offers a new perspective to the interaction between international law and politics in the Middle East, a region that continues to be a hotspot for attempts at nuclear proliferation. Israel, in a state of war with most of its neighbours, turned into a nuclear power decades ago, consequently, it drove Iraq to develop a military nuclear programme. This has affected the rights of Iran as a non-nuclear weapon state to develop its peaceful nuclear capabilities. This book supports the establishment of a Middle East Zone Free of Nuclear Weapons as the only way to cease the arms race and ensure a long-lasting peace in the region.

Intellectual Property Rights in China

Politics of Piracy, Trade and Protection

Author: Gordon C.K Cheung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134217870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 2091

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) infringement is so rampant in China that counterfeit goods - from general household merchandise, garments and media consumables to specialist products including pharmaceutical products and super computer chips - can be found in roadside stalls, markets, shops, department stores and even laboratory of leading universities. If allowed to continue these infringements may further engender a socially accepted culture of ‘fakeness’ that may seriously hamper innovation and economic progress. Gordon C. K. Cheung uses the case of intellectual property rights (IPR) to examine how and to what extent market forces and knowledge development affect the relationships of China and the world, especially the United States. Including detailed original statistics and data collected from Chinese provinces and cities and in-depth interviews with legal experts and policy makers, this book gives a unique insight into the opportunities and challenges that China faces as it increasingly becomes part of the global society. Intellectual Property Rights in China is a stimulating read for anyone studying Chinese Business and International Political Economy.

Technology Transfer Systems in the United States and Germany

Lessons and Perspectives

Author: Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research,National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309522935

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 425

View: 9500

This book explores major similarities and differences in the structure, conduct, and performance of the national technology transfer systems of Germany and the United States. It maps the technology transfer landscape in each country in detail, uses case studies to examine the dynamics of technology transfer in four major technology areas, and identifies areas and opportunities for further mutual learning between the two national systems.

Nuclear Weapons and Nonproliferation

A Reference Book

Author: Sarah J. Diehl,James Clay Moltz

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576073610

Category: History

Page: 375

View: 9578

Provides an overview of the world's nuclear weapons, including histories of countries that have nuclear programs, and biographies of individuals who have played a key role in nuclear weapon history.

The International Technology Transfer Process

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies


Category: Technological innovations

Page: 34

View: 3582

Arms and technology transfers

security and economic considerations among importing and exporting states

Author: Sverre Lodgaard,Robert L. Pfaltzgraff,United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research,Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis

Publisher: United Nations Inst for disarmament

ISBN: 9789290451037

Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 9386

Containing Missile Proliferation

Strategic Technology, Security Regimes, and International Cooperation in Arms Control

Author: Dinshaw Mistry

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295985070

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 953

Mistry critically examines the successes and limitations of the Missile Technology Control Regime, offering new and detailed insights on the technology and politics of missile programs in Iran, Iraq, North Korea, Pakistan, India, Israel, Egypt, South Korea, Taiwan, and other countries. He also shows how international cooperation, security regimes, and U.S. foreign policies of engagement and containment with these states can halt their missile programs.

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