Search Results: textiles-and-textile-production-in-europe-from-prehistory-to-ad-400-ancient-textiles-series

Textiles and Textile Production in Europe from Prehistory to AD 400

Author: Margarita Gleba,Ulla Mannering

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842174630

Category: Art

Page: 470

View: 3315

There is evidence that ever since early prehistory, textiles have always had more than simply a utilitarian function. Textiles express who we are - our gender, age, family affiliation, occupation, religion, ethnicity and social, political, economic and legal status. Besides expressing our identity, textiles protect us from the harsh conditions of the environment, whether as clothes or shelter. We use them at birth for swaddling, in illness as bandages and at death as shrouds. We use them to carry and contain people and things. We use them for subsistence to catch fish and animals and for transport as sails. In fact, textiles represent one of the earliest human craft technologies and they have always been a fundamental part of subsistence, economy and exchange. Textiles have an enormous potential in archaeological research to inform us of social, chronological and cultural aspects of ancient societies. In archaeology, the study of textiles is often relegated to the marginalised zone of specialist and specialised subject and lack of dialogue between textile researchers and scholars in other fields means that as a resource, textiles are not used to their full potential or integrated into the overall interpretation of a particular site or broader aspects of human activity. Textiles and Textile Production in Europe is a major new survey that aims to redress this. Twenty-three chapters collect and systematise essential information on textiles and textile production from sixteen European countries, resulting in an up-to-date and detailed sourcebook and an easily accessible overview of the development of European textile technology and economy from prehistory to AD 400. All chapters have an introduction, give the chronological and cultural background and an overview of the material in question organised chronologically and thematically. The sources of information used by the authors are primarily textiles and textile tools recovered from archaeological contexts. In addition, other evidence for the study of ancient textile production, ranging from iconography to written sources to palaeobotanical and archaeozoological remains are included. The introduction gives a summary on textile preservation, analytical techniques and production sequence that provides a background for the terminology and issues discussed in the various chapters. Extensively illustrated, with over 200 colour illustrations, maps, chronologies and index, this will be an essential sourcebook not just for textile researchers but also the wider archaeological community.

Gods and Garments

Textiles in Greek Sanctuaries in the 7th to the 1st Centuries BC

Author: Cecilie Br¿ns

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785703587

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 384

View: 2498

Textiles comprise a vast and wide category of material culture and constitute a crucial part of the ancient economy. Yet, studies of classical antiquity still often leave out this important category of material culture, partly due to the textiles themselves being only rarely preserved in the archaeological record. This neglect is also prevalent in scholarship on ancient Greek religion and ritual, although it is one of the most vibrant and rapidly developing branches of classical scholarship. The aim of the present enquiry is, therefore, to introduce textiles into the study of ancient Greek religion and thereby illuminate the roles textiles played in the performance of Greek ritual and their wider consequences. Among the questions posed are how and where we can detect the use of textiles in the sanctuaries, and how they were used in rituals including their impact on the performance of these rituals and the people involved. Chapters centre on three themes: first, the dedication of textiles and clothing accessories in Greek sanctuaries is investigated through a thorough examination of the temple inventories. Second, the use of textiles to dress ancient cult images is explored. The examination of Hellenistic and Roman copies of ancient cult images from Asia Minor as well as depictions of cult images in vase-painting in collocation with written sources illustrates the existence of this particular ritual custom in ancient Greece. Third, the existence of dress codes in the Greek sanctuaries is addressed through an investigation of the existence of particular attire for ritual personnel as well as visitors to the sanctuaries with the help of iconography and written sources. By merging the study of Greek religion and the study of textiles, the current study illustrates how textiles are, indeed, central materialisations of Greek cult, by reason of their capacity to accentuate and epitomize aspects of identity, spirituality, position in the religious system, by their forms as links between the maker, user, wearer, but also as key material agents in the performance of rituals and communication with the divine.

Prehistoric, Ancient Near Eastern & Aegean Textiles and Dress

Author: Marie-Louise Nosch,C_cile Michel,Mary Harlow

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977198

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 224

View: 9783

Textile and dress production, from raw materials to finished items, has had a significant impact on society from its earliest history. The essays in this volume offer a fresh insight into the emerging interdisciplinary research field of textile and dress studies by discussing archaeological, iconographical and textual evidence within a broad geographical and chronological spectrum. The thirteen chapters explore issues, such as the analysis of textile tools, especially spindle whorls, and textile imprints for reconstructing textile production in contexts as different as Neolithic Transylvania, the Early Bronze Age North Aegean and the Early Iron Age Eastern Mediterranean; the importance of cuneiform clay tablets as a documentary source for both drawing a detailed picture of the administration of a textile industry and for addressing gender issues, such as the construction of masculinity in the Sumerian kingdoms of the 3rd millennium BC; and discussions of royal and priestly costumes and clothing ornaments in the Mesopotamian kingdom of Mari and in Mycenaean culture. Textile terms testify to intensive exchanges between Semitic and Indo-European languages, especially within the terminology of trade goods. The production and consumption of textiles and garments are demonstrated in 2nd millennium Hittite Anatolia; from 1st millennium BC Assyria, a cross-disciplinary approach combines texts, realia and iconography to produce a systematic study of golden dress decorations; and finally, the important discussion of fibres, flax and wool, in written and archaeological sources is evidence for delineating the economy of linen and the strong symbolic value of fibre types in 1st millennium Babylonia and the Southern Levant. The volume is part of a pair together with Greek and Roman Textiles and Dress: An Interdisciplinary Anthology edited by Mary Harlow and Marie-Louise Nosch.

Greek and Roman Textiles and Dress

An Interdisciplinary Anthology

Author: Mary Harlow,Marie-Louise Nosch

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782977163

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 320

View: 6987

Twenty chapters present the range of current research into the study of textiles and dress in classical antiquity, stressing the need for cross and inter-disciplinarity study in order to gain the fullest picture of surviving material. Issues addressed include: the importance of studying textiles to understand economy and landscape in the past; different types of embellishments of dress from weaving techniques to the (late introduction) of embroidery; the close links between the language of ancient mathematics and weaving; the relationships of iconography to the realities of clothed bodies including a paper on the ground breaking research on the polychromy of ancient statuary; dye recipes and methods of analysis; case studies of garments in Spanish, Viennese and Greek collections which discuss methods of analysis and conservation; analyses of textile tools from across the Mediterranean; discussions of trade and ethnicity to the workshop relations in Roman fulleries. Multiple aspects of the production of textiles and the social meaning of dress are included here to offer the reader an up-to-date account of the state of current research. The volume opens up the range of questions that can now be answered when looking at fragments of textiles and examining written and iconographic images of dressed individuals in a range of media. The volume is part of a pair together with Prehistoric, Ancient Near Eastern and Aegean Textiles and Dress: an interdisciplinary anthology edited by Mary Harlow, C_cile Michel and Marie-Louise Nosch

Weaving and Fabric in Antiquity / Weben und Gewebe in der Antike

Materiality – Representation – Epistemology – Metapoetics / Materialität – Repräsentation – Episteme – Metapoetik

Author: Henriette Harich-Schwarzbauer

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785700634

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 192

View: 9423

Weaving and Fabric in Antiquity: Materiality – Representation – Epistemology – Metapoetics presents 11 papers arranged under the four headings of the title which focus on the process of textile manufacture, the weaving process itself, and the materiality of fabric. Contributions address the problematic issues of cognitive archaeology, consumer research, literary theory and themes addressing both philosophical history and the history of reception of ideas and practice. The contributions seek both to close the critical gaps with respect to weaving, a broad and complex field in the area of ancient cultural techniques, and to identify new themes. Accordingly, the submissions expand our focus into late antiquity, to integrate texts such as letters written on Papyrus detailing the everyday correspondence of an Egyptian family or to spotlight the meaning of textile terms and the history of misunderstandings associated therein. Frequently overused analogies between writing and weaving are also examined in terms of their legitimacy as well as their limits. The papers presented here result from an international and interdisciplinary conference under the same title held in Castelen, near Basel in 2012. TEXT MOSTLY IN GERMAN

American Journal of Archaeology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Archaeology

Page: N.A

View: 7392

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9176

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Grundlagen der Maschenwarentechnologie

Author: Peter Offermann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663019926

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 5331

Menecrates-Xenophon

Author: Rudolf Kassel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110120356

Category: Poetry

Page: 813

View: 406

Textilfunde der Eisenzeit in Norddeutschland

Author: Karl Schlabow

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 7405

Altertümer von Aegae

Author: Richard Bohn,Karl Schuchardt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Aegae

Page: 68

View: 5637

Die Macht der Toga

Dresscode im Römischen Weltreich

Author: Michael Tellenbach,Regine Schulz,Alfried Wieczorek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783795425906

Category: Clothing and dress

Page: 317

View: 9191

Sozialer Rang, Beruf, Geschlecht und Alter ist der Kleidung ebenso ablesbar wie ethnische Zugehörigkeit oder der Einfluss von Völkern am Rande des Römischen Reiches. Kleidung demonstriert aber auch den Wandel in den Moden, die Korrelation zwischen Tradition und Innovation sowie lokale und politische Verortungen. Der Facettenreichtum des Bandes ist einem internationalen Team von Autoren zu verdanken, die das Thema multidisziplinär aufbereiten und die archäologischen Zeugnisse und Bilder wie die Quellentexte zum Sprechen bringen. Profunde neue Forschungsergebnisse werden einer großen Öffentlichkeit zugänglich gemacht. Ausstellung und Begleitband bieten neue Einsichten in die Alltagswelt des Römischen Reiches. 0Exhibition: Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, Mannheim, Germany (18.3.-29.7.2012).0.

Die Laxdœla saga im Spiegel christlich-mittelalterlicher Tradition

Author: Gabriele Bensberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Laxdæla saga

Page: 347

View: 9429

Die Laxdoela saga gehört zu den literarisch anspruchsvollen lslendinga sögur und hat bereits vielfach das Interesse der Forschung auf sich gezogen. Die Kontroverse zwischen der These einer germanisch-heidnischen oder aber christlichen Genese der Sagaliteratur wurde hinsichtlich der Laxdoela meist zugunsten des erstgenannten Ansatzes entschieden. Die Interpretation dieser Arbeit geht diesbezüglich neue Wege, indem das Werk im Rahmen einer Gesamtanalyse konsequent in christlich-mittelalterliche Traditionsstränge eingebettet wird.

De re metallica libri XII

Author: Georg Agricola

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783865390974

Category:

Page: 564

View: 6136

Lautgeschichte der umbrischen Sprache

Author: Gerhard Meiser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Italic languages and dialects

Page: 329

View: 9513

Find eBook