Search Results: the-anthropology-of-the-fetus-biology-culture-and-society-fertility-reproduction-and-sexuality-social-and-cultural-perspectives

The Anthropology of the Fetus

Biology, Culture, and Society

Author: Sallie Han,Tracy K. Betsinger,Amy B. Scott

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785336924

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 316

View: 1098

As a biological, cultural, and social entity, the human fetus is a multifaceted subject which calls for equally diverse perspectives to fully understand. Anthropology of the Fetus seeks to achieve this by bringing together specialists in biological anthropology, archaeology, and cultural anthropology. Contributors draw on research in prehistoric, historic, and contemporary sites in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North America to explore the biological and cultural phenomenon of the fetus, raising methodological and theoretical concerns with the ultimate goal of developing a holistic anthropology of the fetus.

Managing Reproductive Life

Cross-cultural Themes in Sexuality and Fertility

Author: Soraya Tremayne

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571815002

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 9708

Throughout history human societies have sought to manage their reproductive lives to make them fit in with their social, economic and biological conditions. But the different ways communities regulate their fertility, penetrating every aspect of their social life, are so varied and specific that they are often incomprehensible to outsiders. In this book a group of anthropologists set out to throw new light on the dynamics of human reproduction in the world today, looking at the intricate ways that people manage their reproductive life across different cultures, and highlighting the wider meaning of human reproduction and its impact on social organization. The importance of human agency, ethnic boundaries, the regulation of gender relations, issues of fertility and infertility, the significance of children and motherhood and the problems of two large vulnerable social groups, youth and refugees, are all considered in their broader social contexts.

Sexual and Reproductive Health

A Public Health Perspective

Author: Paul Van Look,Kristian Heggenhougen,Stella R. Quah

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012385010X

Category: Medical

Page: 348

View: 8609

This volume brings together two areas of health that are among the foci of current development efforts, as articulated by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), namely sexual and reproductive health (MDG 5: improve maternal health, target 2: achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health); and Gender (MDG 3: promote gender equality and empower women). Few, if any, published books have dealt in a comprehensive way with public health aspects of these two strongly interrelated areas of health. Most published volumes devoted to sexual and reproductive health have a strong clinical focus, whereas books on gender tend to concentrate primarily on the socio-cultural and anthropological aspects of the subject. * Focuses on the relationship between sexual and reproductive behaviors and the resulting impact on populations and societies as a group * Provides a science-based approach to identifying appropriate response plans, adaptations, and mitigation steps for related behaviors *Explores the financial and societal impact of behavioral choices *Includes new preface specifically for this audience

Human Sexuality

Biological, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Anne Bolin,Patricia Whelehan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0789026716

Category: Psychology

Page: 624

View: 2149

Human Sexuality: Biological, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives is a unique textbook that provides a complete analysis of this crucial aspect of life around the world. Utilizing viewpoints across cultural and national boundaries, and deftly weaving evolutionary and psychological perspectives, Bolin and Whelehan go beyond the traditional evolution and primatology to address cross-cultural and contemporary issues, as well as anthropological contributions and psycho-social perspectives. Taking into account the evolution of human anatomy, sexual behavior, attitudes, and beliefs, this far-reaching text goes beyond what is found in traditional books to present a wide diversity of beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors found globally. In addition to providing a rich array of photographs, illustrations, tables, and a glossary of terms, this extraordinary textbook explores: pregnancy and childbirth as a bio-cultural experience life-course issues related to gender identity, sexual orientations, behaviors, and lifestyles socioeconomic, political, historical, and ecological influences on sexual behavior early childhood sexuality, puberty and adolescence birth control, fertility, conception, and sexual differentiation HIV infection, AIDS, AIDS globalization and sex work Fusing biological, socio-psychological, and cultural influences to offer new perspectives on understanding human sexuality, its development over millions of years of evolution, and how sexuality is embedded in specific socio-cultural contexts, this is the text for educators and students who wish to understand human sexuality in all of its richness and complexity.

International Encyclopedia of Public Health

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037083

Category: Medical

Page: 4470

View: 4546

International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues

Infertility in the Modern World

Present and Future Prospects

Author: Gillian R. Bentley,C. G. Nicholas Mascie-Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521643870

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 264

View: 7315

An interdisciplinary perspective on the ways in which human biology and culture can affect fertility.

Perspectives on Human Sexuality

Author: Anne Bolin,Patricia Whelehan

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791441336

Category: Psychology

Page: 503

View: 9131

Presents the first book-length examination of both the biological and cultural factors in human sexuality.

Infertility Around the Globe

New Thinking on Childlessness, Gender, and Reproductive Technologies

Author: Marcia Inhorn,Frank van Balen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520231375

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 347

View: 2019

These essays examine the global impact of infertility as a major reproductive health issue, one that has profoundly affected the lives of countless women and men. The contributors address a range of topics including how the deeply gendered nature of infertility sets the blame on women's shoulders.

Kin, Gene, Community

Reproductive Technologies Among Jewish Israelis

Author: Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli,Yoram S. Carmeli

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845456887

Category: Medical

Page: 372

View: 2430

Jewish Israeli environment. --Book Jacket.

Reconceiving the Second Sex

Men, Masculinity, and Reproduction

Author: Marcia C. Inhorn,Maruska la Cour Mosegaard,Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen,Helene Goldberg

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857455362

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 4982

Extensive social science research, particularly by anthropologists, has explored women's reproductive lives, their use of reproductive technologies, and their experiences as mothers and nurturers of children. Meanwhile, few if any volumes have explored men's reproductive concerns or contributions to women's reproductive health: Men are clearly viewed as the "second sex" in reproduction. This volume argues that the marginalization of men is an oversight of considerable proportions. It sheds new light on male reproduction from a cross-cultural, global perspective, focusing not only upon men in Europe and America but also those in the Middle East, Asia, and Latin America. Both heterosexual and homosexual, married and unmarried men are featured in this volume, which assesses concerns ranging from masculinity and sexuality to childbirth and fatherhood.


Biocultural Perspectives

Author: Patricia Stuart Macadam,Katherine A. Dettwyler

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202364476

Category: Social Science

Page: 430

View: 4308

Breastfeeding is a biocultural phenomenon: not only is it a biological process, but it is also a culturally determined behavior. As such, it has important implications for understanding the past, present, and future condition of our species. In general, scholars have emphasized either the biological or the cultural aspects of breastfeeding, but not both. As biological anthropologists the editors of this volume feel that an evolutionary approach combining both aspects is essential. One of the goals of their book is to incorporate data from diverse fields to present a more holistic view of breastfeeding, through the inclusion of research from a number of different disciplines, including biological and social/cultural anthropology, nutrition, and medicine. The resulting book, presenting the complexity of the issues surrounding very basic decisions about infant nutrition, will fill a void in the existing literature on breastfeeding.

Sexual Nature/Sexual Culture

Author: Paul R. Abramson,Steven D. Pinkerton

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226001821

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 416

View: 1830

In this multidisciplinary study of human sexuality, an international team of scholars looks at the influences of nature and nurture, biology and culture, and sex and gender in the sexual experiences of humans and other primates. Using as its center the idea that sexual pleasure is the primary motivational force behind human sexuality and that reproduction is simply a byproduct of the pleasurability of sex, this book examines sexuality at the individual, societal, and cultural levels. Beginning with a look at the evolution of sexuality in humans and other primates, the essays in the first section examine the sexual ingenuity of primates, the dominant theories of sexual behavior, the differences in male and female sexual interest and behavior, and the role of physical attractiveness in mate selection. The focus then shifts to biological approaches to sexuality, especially the genetic and hormonal origins of sexual orientation, gender, and pleasure. The essays go on to look at the role of pleasure in different cultures. Included are essays on love among the tribespeople of the Brazilian rain forest and the regulation of adolescent sexuality in India. Finally, several contributors look at the methodological issues in the study of human sexuality, paying particular attention to the problems with research that relies on people's memories of their sexual experiences. The contributors are Angela Pattatucci, Dean Hamer, David Greenberg, Frans de Waal, Mary McDonald Pavelka, Kim Wallen, Donald Symons, Heino Meyer-Bahlburg, Jean D. Wilson, Donald Tuzin, Lawrence Cohen, Thomas Gregor, Lenore Manderson, Robert C. Bailey, Alice Schlegel, Edward H. Kaplan, Richard Berk, Paul R. Abramson, Paul Okami, and Stephen D. Pinkerton. Spanning the chasm of the nature versus nurture debate, Sexual Nature/Sexual Culture is a look at human sexuality as a complex interaction of genetic potentials and cultural influences. This book will be of interest to a wide range of readers—from scholars and students in psychology, anthropology, sociology, and history to clinicians, researchers, and others seeking to understand the many dimensions of sexuality. "If we ever expect to solve the sexually based problems that modern societies face, we must encourage investigations of human sexual behavior. Moreover, those investigations should employ a broad range of disciplines—looking at sex from all angles, which is precisely what Sexual Nature, Sexual Culture does."—Mike May, American Scientist "...This timely and relevant book reminds us that we cannot rely on simple solutions to complex problems. It represents a transdiciplinary approach integrating knowledge from diverse fields and provides the reader with a challenging and rewarding experience. Especially for those who are involved in teaching human sexuality to medical students and other health care professionals, this book is highly recommended."—Gerald Wiviortt, M.D., Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease "In short, this volume contains much to stimulate, inform, and amuse, in varying proportions. What more can one ask?"—Pierre L. van den Berghe, Journal of the History of Sexuality "...the book succeeds in bring together some of the sharpest thinkers in the field of human sexuality, and goes a long way toward clarifying the diverse perspectives that currently exist."—David M. Buss and Todd K. Shackelford, Quarterly Review of Biology

Conceiving the New World Order

The Global Politics of Reproduction

Author: Faye D. Ginsburg,Rayna Rapp

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520089143

Category: Political Science

Page: 450

View: 1996

"Conceiving the New World Order promises to explore the consequences of making reproduction central to social theory in general, and it delivers on its promise abundantly. The feminist vision here is large, theoretically incisive, detailed, empirically deep, and politically inspiring. I will use these essays in teaching and research, but most of all in striving to inhabit the New World Order as a post-natal, born-again feminist."--Donna Haraway, University of California, Santa Cruz "A stunning collection that shifts the anthropology of reproduction onto the terrain of power, where it belongs. Conceiving the New World Order not only redefines reproduction by linking the body to the body politic but also shows the value of careful historical, social, and cultural analysis of the connection between the local and the global. It has much to teach anyone who wants to know how pregnancy, parenting, birth control, population policies, demography, and the new reproductive technologies shape and are shaped by women and the world."--Lila Abu-Lughod, author of Writing Women's Worlds: Bedouin Stories

Changing human reproduction

social science perspectives

Author: Margaret Stacey

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd


Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 186

View: 9906

Test tube babies. In-vitro fertilization. Fertility pills. These and other methods of reproduction are spawning controversy in theological, ethical, and feminist arenas. Surprisingly, little research or publications on the social and cultural consequences of such procedures exist. Changing Human Reproduction focuses on these neglected areas and stresses the importance of viewing human reproduction as both a biological and a social event. Drawing on methods from history, sociology, and anthropology, the contributors analyze the changes in social structure and culture which have been initiated by the new reproductive techniques. They also describe how our ideas of how babies are conceived--and what it means to be a parent or relative--have all become more complex in light of these methods. Changing Human Reproduction will be essential reading for students, researchers, and professionals in medical sociology, health, nursing, sociology, family studies, and women's studies. "This is a well-timed, thought-provoking book." -Madeline Simms, Lately Senior Research Officer, Institute for Social Studies in Medical Care, London "There are two features of this collection which make it particularly impressive. One is the way in which it consistently emphasizes public health as much as hospital medicine. . . . The other feature is the way in which the relationship between the culture and economy of lay health care--the voices from below--and professional medicine--the voices from above--is consistently held in view. . . . There are many things for sociologists to enjoy in this book. . . . In describing how things were and reminding us how things could have been different, many of these essays also encourage us to think how different things could be." --Sociology of Health & Illness "This book is a welcome addition to the now considerable literature on the new reproductive technologies. Its six contributors draw from the disciplines of history, anthropology, and sociology, to present a long overdue social science perspective." --New Generation "[This book is] impressive in both its style and breadth of issues discussed. . . . Changing Human Reproduction is essential reading for anyone following such a research agenda, as well as for teachers interested in helping students grasp some of the major social and cultural implications of the latest developments in science and technology as applied to human reproduction." --Cecilia Benoit, University of Victoria "The book will be of use to clinicians and sociologists who are involved in the organisation providing assisted reproduction or carry out research in assisted reproduction." --Indian Journal of Medical Research

Kinship and Beyond

The Genealogical Model Reconsidered

Author: Sandra Bamford,James Leach

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857456393

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 8334

The genealogical model has a long-standing history in Western thought. The contributors to this volume consider the ways in which assumptions about the genealogical model-in particular, ideas concerning sequence, essence, and transmission-structure other modes of practice and knowledge-making in domains well beyond what is normally labeled 'kinship.' The detailed ethnographic work and analysis included in this text explores how these assumptions have been built into our understandings of race, personhood, ethnicity, property relations, and the relationship between human beings and non-human species. The authors explore the influences of the genealogical model of kinship in wider social theory and examine anthropology's ability to provide a unique framework capable of bridging the 'social' and 'natural' sciences. In doing so, this volume brings fresh new perspectives to bear on contemporary theories concerning biotechnology and its effect upon social life.

Biological Anthropology

The State of the Science

Author: Noel Thomas Boaz,Linda D. Wolfe

Publisher: N.A


Category: Human biology

Page: 267

View: 7366

Women's Studies Newsletter

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Women

Page: N.A

View: 9521

Embodied Progress

A Cultural Account of Assisted Conception

Author: Sarah Franklin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134917392

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 1387

New reproductive technologies, such as in vitrio fertilization, have been the subject of intense public discussion and debate worldwide. In addition to difficult ethical, moral, personal and political questions, new technologies of assisted conception also raise novel socio-cultural dilemmas. How are parenthood, kinship and procreation being redefined in the context of new reproductive technologies? Has reproductive choice become part of consumer culture? Embodied Progress offers a unique perspective on these and other cultural dimensions of assisted conception techniques. Based on ethnographic research in Britain, this study foregrounds the experiences of women and couples who undergo IVF, whilst also asking how such experiences may be variously understood.


Author: Barbara D. Miller,Bernard A. Wood

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon


Category: Social Science

Page: 722

View: 1006

The first introductory anthropology text to present and integrate a four-field perspective, while simultaneously integrating important topics such as ethics, methods, gender, and race in all chapters. Co-authors Barbara Miller and Bernard Wood, a world-renowned biological anthropologist, are joined by three of the brightest new scholars in archaeology and biological anthropology to provide complete and in-depth coverage of each of the four fields of anthropology. Anthropology incorporates the most current discoveries and research and their impact upon the classics in anthropology. Through a four-field approach and carefully chosen examples, the text illuminates the key ideas of the different sub-fields and demonstrates how their issues are connected and how anthropology is relevant to today's world. Beautifully illustrated, Anthropology maximizes the effectiveness of the art program by building pedagogy into the captions of photos, figures, tables and maps. The result is an original and unique text, which provides students with the most faithful and holistic representation of anthropology available today. contains a wealth of multimedia across the four fields including documentary video footage, image bank, PowerPoint presentations, audio glossary, and more.

Anthropology of Breast-Feeding

Natural Law Or Social Construct

Author: Vanessa Maher

Publisher: Berg Pub Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 185

View: 9479

On the whole, the debates surrounding the issues of breast-feeding - often reflecting ethnographic and ill-informed medical and demographic approaches - have failed to treat the deeper issues. The significance of breast-feeding reaches far beyond its biological function; in fact, the authors of this volume argue, there is nothing `natural' about breast-feeding itself. On the contrary, attitudes and practices are socially determined, and breast-feeding has to be seen as an essential element in the cultural construction of sexuality. This volume offers an `ethnography' of breast-feeding by examining cultural norms and practices in a number of European and non-European societies, thus presenting valuable and often astonishing empirical material that is not otherwise readily available. The highly original focus of this volume therefore throws new light on gender and on social relationships in general.

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