Author: Sergei R. Grinevetsky,Igor S. Zonn,Sergei S. Zhiltsov,Aleksey N. Kosarev,Andrey G. Kostianoy
This publication is devoted to the natural feature – the Black Sea and its littoral states. At the same time the Azov Sea is also considered here. This region is the focus of many geopolitical, economic, social and environmental issues that involve not only the countries coming out to the Black and Azov Seas, but other world countries, too. This publication contains over 1500 articles and terms providing descriptions of geographical and oceanographic features, cities, ports, transport routes, marine biological resources, international treaties, national and international programs, research institutions, historical and archaeological monuments, activities of prominent scientists, researchers, travelers, military commanders, etc. who had relation to the Black Sea. It includes a multi-century chronology of the events that became the outstanding milestones in the history of development of the Black Sea – Azov Sea region.
Author: Igor S. Zonn,Aleksey N Kosarev,Michael Glantz,Andrey G. Kostianoy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
“The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia” is the second one in the new series of encyclo- dias about the seas of the former Soviet Union published by Springer-Verlag. The ?rst volume – “The Aral Sea Encyclopedia” was published by Springer in 2009. The series will be continued by “The Black Sea Encyclopedia” in 2010. Today the Caspian Sea is known to readers thanks to its oil and gas resources, sturgeon and caviar, signi?cant sea-level variations, socio-economic and political problems. The Caucasus and Central Asia (http://eurodialogue. org/?les/fckeditor_?les/Caspian-s- map2. png) vii viii Introduction For more than 250 years the Caspian Sea was shared by two states: Russia (the Soviet Union) and Persia (Iran). After the disintegration of the USSR in 1992, the new independent states of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan have radically changed the political and economic situation in the region. In addition to Russia and Iran, who had determined the situation on the Caspian for a long period, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan are now interested parties, beginning a new stage in the historical development of the Caspian region. This increase in the number of the Caspian legal entities from two to ?ve has given rise to a whole tangle of geopolitical, economic, international legal, ethnic and environmental problems, each of which demands its own approach and settlement mechanism.
An Encyclopedia of History, Uses, and Issues
Author: John Zumerchik,Steven Laurence Danver
This is the first comprehensive encyclopedia on the history of the vast and varied ways human beings have used the world's waterways for business, protection, and recreation. * 134 entries, organized alphabetically within 3 sections * Approximately 50 contributors—experts in the study and practice of water-based commerce * A chronology of important events in nautical history * A rich selection of photographs, illustrations, and maps
Author: Sergey S. Zhiltsov,Igor S. Zonn,Andrey G. Kostianoy
This book concisely describes the architecture of the oil and gas pipelines in the Black-Caspian Seas Region and analyzes the status quo and perspectives of oil and gas production in this region. The authors present numerous projects, each of which has made a substantial contribution to the development of pipeline transport and transit in this part of the world, and discuss them in detail. The topics covered include: the region’s geographic characteristics; the region’s hydrocarbon potential; Russian and EU policy on pipeline transport; Kazakhstan’s pipeline policy; Chinese pipeline projects; the Bulgarian gas transmission system; environmental risks in the production and transportation of hydrocarbons; satellite monitoring; and subsea leak detection. This volume offers a valuable resource for politicians, specialists in the oil and gas business, decision-makers, and environmentalists alike.
Author: Igor S. Zonn,M. Glantz,Aleksey N. Kosarev,Andrey G. Kostianoy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The ‘‘Aral Sea Encyclopedia’’ is the first one in the new series of encyclopedias about the seas of the former Soviet Union. Preparing it we faced certain difficulties. The thing is that this encyclopedia is a monument to the sea that is disappearing during our lifetime. The world community considers the situation with the Aral Sea and all changes that occurred in its whereabouts in the recent decades as one of the most serious, if not disastrous anthropogenic environmental crises of the 20th century. Before 1960, this was a water-abundant sea-lake that was fourth among world lakes after the Caspian Sea (USSR, Iran), the Great Lakes (USA, Canada) and Victoria Lake (Africa). This was a real ‘‘pearl’’ among the sands of the largest deserts, the Karakums and the Kyzylkums. Navigation between the sea ports Muinak and Aralsk and fisheries famous for the Aral breams, barbells, sturgeons, shemaya, and others were developed here. One could find beautiful recreational zones and beaches here. The deltas of the Amudarya, the major river of Central Asia, and the Syrdarya bringing their waters into the Aral Sea were famous for their biodiversity, fishery, muskrat rearing, reed prod- tion. The local population found occupations related to the water infrastructure.
Author: Dr. Daniel Simberloff,Dr. Marcel Rejmanek
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This pioneering encyclopedia illuminates a topic at the forefront of global ecology—biological invasions, or organisms that come to live in the wrong place. Written by leading scientists from around the world, Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions addresses all aspects of this subject at a global level—including invasions by animals, plants, fungi, and bacteria—in succinct, alphabetically arranged articles. Scientifically uncompromising, yet clearly written and free of jargon, the volume encompasses fields of study including biology, demography, geography, ecology, evolution, sociology, and natural history. Featuring many cross-references, suggestions for further reading, illustrations, an appendix of the world’s worst 100 invasive species, a glossary, and more, this is an essential reference for anyone who needs up-to-date information on this important topic. Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions features articles on: • Well-known invasive species such the zebra mussel, chestnut blight, cheatgrass, gypsy moth, Nile perch, giant African snail, and Norway rat • Regions with especially large numbers of introduced species including the Great Lakes, Mediterranean Sea, Hawaiian Islands, Australia, and New Zealand. • Conservation, ecological, economic, and human and animal health impacts of invasions around the world • The processes and pathways involved in invasion • Management of introduced species
Author: Carl Waldman,Catherine Mason
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Presents an alphabetical listing of information on the origins, prehistory, history, culture, languages, relationships to other cultures and more regarding European peoples.
Author: Rudolf Bernhardt
Category: International law
Arctic , Philip Kunig.
Author: McGraw-Hill Book Company
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
More than two hundred articles, arranged alphabetically, cover theoretical and practical aspects of atmospheric phenomena, meterology, and oceanography
Author: Sybil P. Parker,McGraw-Hill Companies
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies
For nearly four decades, the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology has lead the world to the ever-expanding frontiers of science. Our seven previous editions are the most consulted, most respected, and best-reviewed science and technical references in the English language. And our new Eighth Edition will build on the strength of its predecessors, and become the science and technology reference of choice for thousands of libraries around the world. The 20 volumes of the Eighth Edition have been updated and revised to provide in-depth coverage of the latest international advances and newest developments in all areas of contemporary science and technology. There are 1,500 new articles, and an additional 250 articles completely revised. We've added more than 200 new contributors, supervised by 30 new members of our prestigious Editorial Board. In addition, there are new graphics, new double-page color spreads, completely revised bibliographies throughout, and a superb new Activities Guide to help teachers and librarians lead young people into the exciting world of science. -- allometry -- archeoastronomy -- blue straggler star -- carpal tunnel syndrome -- computational fluid dynamics -- cytokine -- decision support systems -- digital filter -- drug delivery systems -- fullerene -- geographic information systems -- Godel's theorem -- indoor air pollution -- mastisis -- mathematical software -- Maxwell's demon -- multimedia technology -- pyroxenoid -- recursive function -- recycling technology -- sequence stratigraphy -- sleep disorders -- virtual reality -- wavelets Unmatched in authority, scope, accuracy,organization, the Eighth Edition of the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology is an indispensable reference tool for students, educators, librarians, technical writers, scientists, engineers, and all those seeking to improve their understanding of the technical world around them. Encompassing contributions from 3,500 scientists, including 19 Nobel Prize laureates, and with the guidance of a distinguished advisory board of 75 world-renowned experts in their fields, the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, Eighth Edition is a magnificent scientific achievement in its own right.
Past, Present, Future
Author: Vivien Gornitz
Publisher: Columbia University Press
The Earth's climate is already warming due to increased concentrations of human-produced greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and the specter of rising sea level is one of global warming's most far-reaching threats. Sea level will keep rising long after greenhouse gas emissions have ceased, because of the delay in penetration of surface warming to the ocean depths and because of the slow dissipation of excess atmospheric carbon dioxide. Adopting a long perspective that interprets sea level changes both underway and expected in the near future, Vivien Gornitz completes a highly relevant and necessary study of an unprecedented age in Earth's history. Gornitz consults past climate archives to help better anticipate future developments and prepare for them more effectively. She focuses on several understudied historical events, including the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Anomaly, the Messinian salinity crisis, the rapid filling of the Black Sea (which may have inspired the story of Noah's flood), and the Storrega submarine slide, an incident possibly connected to a sea level occurrence roughly 8,000 years old. By examining dramatic variations in past sea level and climate, Gornitz concretizes the potential consequences of rapid, human-induced warming. She builds historical precedent for coastal hazards associated with a higher ocean level, such as increased damage from storm surge flooding, even if storm characteristics remain unchanged. Citing the examples of Rotterdam, London, New York City, and other forward-looking urban centers that are effectively preparing for higher sea level, Gornitz also delineates the difficult economic and political choices of curbing carbon emissions while underscoring, through past geological analysis, the urgent need to do so.
Author: Eric Bird
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This unique richly-illustrated account of the landforms and geology of the world’s coasts, presented in a country-by-country (state-by-state) sequence, assembles a vast amount of data and images of an endangered and increasingly populated and developed landform. An international panel of 138 coastal experts provides information on “what is where” on each sector of coast, together with explanations of the landforms, their evolution and the changes taking place on them. As well as providing details on the coastal features of each country (state or county) the compendium can be used to determine the extent of particular features along the world’s coasts and to investigate comparisons and contrasts between various world regions. With more than 1440 color illustrations and photos, it is particularly useful as a source of information prior to researching or just visiting a sector of coast. References are provided to the current literature on coastal evolution and coastline changes.
Author: Peter Haggett
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Presents profiles of countries from around the world, with information on such topics as historical events, the environment, physical geography, habitats, animal and plant life, agriculture, the economy, culture, governments, and industries.