Search Results: the-brain-as-a-tool-a-neuroscientist-s-account

The Brain as a Tool

A Neuroscientist's Account

Author: Ray Guillery

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192529544

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 1767

There are two distinct views about the functions of our brains and their origins. The standard view, taught in most neuroscience texts, has incoming messages about the world sent to the cerebral cortex, with the cortex then producing an appropriate motor output. The interactive view, largely expressed by philosophers and psychologists, stresses the continuous sensorimotor interactions of the brain with the world. The Brain as a Tool focuses on thalamo-cortical interactions on the basis of the interactive view, exploring the phylogenetically new transthalamic corticocortical pathways of mammals that link a hierarchy of cortical areas to each other and back to the phylogenetically older motor centres for control of action. The book demonstrates how messages in these pathways produce an anticipation of our own actions and perceptions. In relating neural events to conscious processing and our sense of self , Guillery summarizes important evidence which links neuroscience with psychology and philosophy. This book is essential reading for neuroscientists, cognitive psychologists and philosophers. Supplemented with a helpful glossary of neural terms and numerous illustrations of the brain, it is also an important resource for graduate and postdoctoral students interested in the neural bases of a sense of self and of cognitive functions.

The Brain

Die Geschichte von dir

Author: David Eagleman

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641183154

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 3878

Unterhaltend und fundiert: Ein Pageturner über die Hirnforschung Die Hirnforschung macht rasante Fortschritte, aber nur selten treten wir einen Schritt zurück und fragen uns, was es heißt, ein Lebewesen und Mensch zu sein. Der renommierte Neurowissenschaftler David Eagleman nimmt uns mit auf die Reise durch das Gewirr aus Milliarden von Hirnzellen und Billionen von Synapsen – und zu uns selbst. Das sonderbare Rechengewebe in unserem Schädel ist der Apparat, mit dem wir uns in der Welt orientieren, Entscheidungen treffen und Vorstellungen entwickeln. Seine unendlich vielen Zellen bringen unser Bewusstsein und unsere Träume hervor. In diesem Buch baut Bestsellerautor David Eagleman eine Brücke zwischen der Hirnforschung und uns, den Besitzern eines Gehirns. Er hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. Denn ein besseres Verständnis unseres inneren Kosmos wirft auch ein neues Licht auf unsere persönlichen Beziehungen und unser gesellschaftliches Zusammenleben: wie wir unser Leben lenken, warum wir lieben, was wir für wahr halten, wie wir unsere Kinder erziehen, wie wir unsere Gesellschaftspolitik verbessern und wie wir den menschlichen Körper auf die kommenden Jahrhunderte vorbereiten können.

A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind

What Neuroscience Can and Cannot Tell Us About Ourselves

Author: Robert A. Burton, M.D.

Publisher: St. Martin's Griffin

ISBN: 9781250044822

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 7635

What if our soundest, most reasonable judgments are beyond our control? Despite 2500 years of contemplation by the world's greatest minds and the more recent phenomenal advances in basic neuroscience, neither neuroscientists nor philosophers have a decent understanding of what the mind is or how it works. The gap between what the brain does and the mind experiences remains uncharted territory. Nevertheless, with powerful new tools such as the fMRI scan, neuroscience has become the de facto mode of explanation of behavior. Neuroscientists tell us why we prefer Coke to Pepsi, and the media trumpets headlines such as "Possible site of free will found in brain." Or: "Bad behavior down to genes, not poor parenting." Robert Burton believes that while some neuroscience observations are real advances, others are overreaching, unwarranted, wrong-headed, self-serving, or just plain ridiculous, and often with the potential for catastrophic personal and social consequences. In A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind, he brings together clinical observations, practical thought experiments, personal anecdotes, and cutting-edge neuroscience to decipher what neuroscience can tell us - and where it falls woefully short. At the same time, he offers a new vision of how to think about what the mind might be and how it works. A Skeptic's Guide to the Mind is a critical, startling, and expansive journey into the mysteries of the brain and what makes us human.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0553418696

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2276

Neuroscience in Information Systems Research

Applying Knowledge of Brain Functionality Without Neuroscience Tools

Author: René Riedl,Fred D. Davis,Rajiv Banker,Peter H. Kenning

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319487558

Category: Computers

Page: 93

View: 1626

This book shows how information systems (IS) scholars can effectively apply neuroscience expertise in ways that do not require neuroscience tools. However, the approach described here is intended to complement neuroscience tools, not to supplant them. Written by leading scholars in the field, it presents a review of the empirical literature on NeuroIS and provides a conceptual description of basic brain function from a cognitive neuroscience perspective. Drawing upon the cognitive neuroscience knowledge developed in non-IS contexts, the book enables IS scholars to reinterpret existing behavioral findings, develop new hypotheses and eventually test the hypotheses with non-neuroscience tools. At its core, the book conveys how neuroscience knowledge makes a deeper understanding of IS phenomena possible by connecting the behavioral and neural levels of analysis.

Optogenetics

Tools for Controlling and Monitoring Neuronal Activity

Author: Thomas Knöpfel,Edward S. Boyden

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444594264

Category: Medical

Page: 278

View: 5108

Optogenetics is a fast-growing field concerning the invention, and use, of molecules that are genetically expressed in cells, and then either report on cellular physiology in optical form, or enable control of specific pathways in cells when actuated by light. This book reviews the current state, as well as the underlying principles and future directions, of a diversity of optogenetic tools of importance for observing and controlling cellular signaling and physiology. These tools are already revolutionizing neuroscience, and are starting to have impact on fields ranging from metabolism to development to cardiology. The book contains a dozen chapters written by world experts on these topics, half focusing on the optogenetic molecular tools themselves, and half on the genetic and hardware approaches that make them powerfully useful in intact tissues and organisms. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation and provide their views and perspectives for future research Chapters are extensively referenced to provide readers with a comprehensive list of resources on the topics covered All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is also accessible to the non-specialist

Neuroscience

Author: Dale Purves,George J. Augustine,David Fitzpatrick,William C. Hall,Anthony-Samuel Lamantia

Publisher: Ingram

ISBN: 9780878936465

Category: Medical

Page: 759

View: 1903

Taking Action

Cognitive Neuroscience Perspectives on Intentional Acts

Author: Scott H. Johnson-Frey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262100977

Category: Medical

Page: 413

View: 8674

Recent cognitive neuroscientific research that crosses traditional conceptualboundaries among perceptual, cognitive, and motor functions in an effort to understand intentionalacts.

The Molecular Biology of Down Syndrome

Author: G. Lubec

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709163803

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 8163

This book contains updated reviews and original research work on Down Syndrome focussing on brandnew results in neurobiology, in particular results on gene hunting (subtractive hybridization, differential display) and neurochemistry. The book provides new data such as a subtractive library of Down Syndrome brain showing cDNAs that are overexpressed or downregulated and can be regarded as a source for further research on the preliminary transcriptional data given. A 2D-electrophoretic map of human brain proteins including Down Syndrome brain protein expression established by in-gel-digestion of spots with subsequent MALDI-identification provides the scientific basis for protein work to the neuroscientist. Altogether, the book provides a series of new candidate genes possibly involved in Down Syndrome neurobiology, tools for neuroscience studies on Down Syndrome brain thus serving as a manual and updated views and aspects on Down Syndrome pathobiology.

The Neuroscience of Leadership Coaching

Why the Tools and Techniques of Leadership Coaching Work

Author: Patricia Bossons,Patricia Riddell,Denis Sartain

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472911148

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5356

Gender diversity and cross-cultural, cross-generational working in organisations has led to new challenges for leadership, which many companies are solving through executive coaching. This unique leadership coaching book is written by practitioners for practitioners and managers wanting to get the best from individuals in leadership roles. It brings together the authors' experience as psychologists, neuroscientists and senior level executive coaches to analyse the neuroscience behind behavioural change. The authors present the latest views on leadership, executive coaching and an introduction to the basic concepts of how the brain works to enable managers and coaches to work more confidently, and with greater focus. A series of coaching case histories are accompanied by neuroscience commentaries that offer full explanations of how to select a coaching intervention that will engage different parts of the brain. The cases are categorised by the technique used and the area of the brain the tool accesses, making it easier to understand what type of coaching tool would be useful for a specific situation, and also what type of technique might be used to engage a different part of the brain if the first approach is ineffective.

Issues in Neuroscience Research and Application: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464963606

Category: Medical

Page: 3141

View: 918

Issues in Neuroscience Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Neuroscience Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Neuroscience Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Neuroscience Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Neuroscience Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Netter's Neuroscience Flash Cards

Author: David L. Felten

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323375707

Category: Medical

Page: 450

View: 1883

Designed as a quick review tool, Netter's Neuroscience Flash Cards allow you to test your knowledge on the go! Fun, fast, and delivered in full color, this portable resource is a perfect study tool that covers neuroscience and neuroanatomy. Netter illustrations on the front and answers to labels plus explanatory text on the back emphasize the key organizational neurosciences principles and key clinical applications for an efficient yet in-depth review. It's ideal as a supplement to coursework, a prep tool for exams, if you're readying for rounds or clinical presentations, or if you'd simply like to enhance your knowledge of the subject. You may also be interested in: A companion textbook, Netter’s Atlas of Neuroscience, 3rd Edition, to which the cards are cross-referenced. Provides a quick review of the nervous system, making them ideal for use before exams or throughout clinical rotations, residency, or in practice. Allows you to make clinically important correlations in neuroanatomy, cell biology, and neurophysiology. Neuroimaging examples help assess your grasp of the subject. Includes visual and numbered labels on the front, and labeled answers/comments on the reverse. Clinical 'pearls' and helpful summaries of the results of neurological damage or injuries (peripheral nerves, cranial nerves, spinal cord and brain stem structures and regions, various syndromes, etc.) on the back of each card increase your understanding of the clinical implications of neuroscience concepts. Cross-referenced to Netter’s Atlas of Neuroscience, 3rd Edition for further information on any topic. Includes extensive imaging, cross-sectional anatomy, and vascular information. Features increased cellular and molecular coverage.

Cognitive Neuroscience

The Biology of the Mind

Author: Michael Gazzaniga,Richard B. Ivry,George R. Mangun

Publisher: W. W. Norton

ISBN: 9780393603170

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 1627

Written by world-renowned researchers, including Michael Gazzaniga, Cognitive Neuroscience remains the gold standard in its field, showcasing the latest discoveries and clinical applications. In its new Fifth Edition, updated material is woven into the narrative of each chapter and featured in new Hot Science and Lessons from the Clinic sections. The presentation is also more accessible and focused as the result of Anatomical Orientation figures, Take-Home Message features, and streamlined chapter openers.

The Undiscovered Mind

How the Human Brain Defies Replication, Medication, and Explanation

Author: John Horgan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 325

View: 1298

A respected journalist explores the fields of science that try to explain the mysteries of the human mind, arguing that science has done little to plumb the depths of our minds and cannot ever rationally explain all of human behavior. 50,000 first printing.

Downward Causation and the Neurobiology of Free Will

Author: Nancey Murphy,George Ellis,Timothy O'Connor

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642032044

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 8924

How is free will possible in the light of the physical and chemical underpinnings of brain activity and recent neurobiological experiments? How can the emergence of complexity in hierarchical systems such as the brain, based at the lower levels in physical interactions, lead to something like genuine free will? The nature of our understanding of free will in the light of present-day neuroscience is becoming increasingly important because of remarkable discoveries on the topic being made by neuroscientists at the present time, on the one hand, and its crucial importance for the way we view ourselves as human beings, on the other. A key tool in understanding how free will may arise in this context is the idea of downward causation in complex systems, happening coterminously with bottom up causation, to form an integral whole. Top-down causation is usually neglected, and is therefore emphasized in the other part of the book’s title. The concept is explored in depth, as are the ethical and legal implications of our understanding of free will. This book arises out of a workshop held in California in April of 2007, which was chaired by Dr. Christof Koch. It was unusual in terms of the breadth of people involved: they included physicists, neuroscientists, psychiatrists, philosophers, and theologians. This enabled the meeting, and hence the resulting book, to attain a rather broader perspective on the issue than is often attained at academic symposia. The book includes contributions by Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, George F. R. Ellis , Christopher D. Frith, Mark Hallett, David Hodgson, Owen D. Jones, Alicia Juarrero, J. A. Scott Kelso, Christof Koch, Hans Küng, Hakwan C. Lau, Dean Mobbs, Nancey Murphy, William Newsome, Timothy O’Connor, Sean A.. Spence, and Evan Thompson.

Was Ihr Gehirn glücklich macht ... und warum Sie genau das Gegenteil tun sollten

Author: David DiSalvo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642417124

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 5886

Warum wir uns so oft selbst im Weg stehen Warum treffen wir immer wieder Entscheidungen, die unseren Bedürfnissen eigentlich zuwiderlaufen und unsere langfristigen Ziele gefährden? Warum setzen wir uns bewusst Versuchungen aus, die wir besser meiden sollten? Warum neigen wir dazu, statistisch völlig normalen Ereignissen eine höhere Bedeutung zuzuschreiben? Und warum beharren wir darauf, recht zu haben, wenn doch alles für das Gegenteil spricht? David DiSalvo enthüllt ein bemerkenswertes Paradox: Was unser Gehirn will, ist oft nicht das, was unser Gehirn braucht. Tatsächlich beruht vieles, was unser Gehirn „glücklich“ macht, auf Voreingenommenheiten und Verzerrungen, die in eine regelrechte Selbst-Sabotage münden können. Aber warum ist das so? Und können wir daran etwas ändern? Antworten auf diese Fragen findet der Autor in der Evolutions- und Sozialpsychologie, der Kognitionswissenschaft und Hirnforschung wie auch in Marketing und Wirtschaftswissenschaft. Und er setzt uns in die Lage, die Schwächen unseres Gehirns zu erkennen. Die Forschung, sagt DiSalvo, liefert zwar keine Patentlösungen, aber wertvolle Hinweise, wie wir unser Denkorgan überlisten und so ein erfüllteres Leben führen können. David DiSalvo nimmt seine Leser mit auf eine Rundreise zu all den Täuschungen, denen unser Geist unterliegt. Kein Aspekt des täglichen Lebens bleibt unberücksichtigt, vom Vorstellungsgespräch über das erste Date bis zu den Gefahren von eBay ... ein kurzweiliger Leitfaden über die Psyche, der Ihr Leben verändern könnte. New Scientist Dieses Buch ist das Schweizer Messer der Psychologie und Neurowissenschaft – handlich, praktisch und sehr, sehr nützlich. Joseph T. Hallinan, Pulitzer-Preisträger und Autor von Lechts oder rinks: Warum wir Fehler machen Der Autor David DiSalvo ist Wissenschaftsjournalist (u. a. für Scientific American Mind, Psychology Today und Wall Street Journal), Blogger und Buchautor.

Neuroergonomics

The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life

Author: Hasan Ayaz,Frederic Dehais

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128119276

Category: Science

Page: 366

View: 5261

Neuroergonomics: The Brain at Work and in Everyday Life details the methodologies that are useful for keeping an ideal human-machine system up-to-date, along with information on how to prevent potential overload and minimize errors. It discusses neural measures and the proper methods and technologies to maximize performance, thus providing a resource for neuroscientists who want to learn more about the technologies and real-time tools that can help them assess cognitive and motivational states of human operators and close the loop for advanced human-machine interaction. With the advent of new and improved tools that allow monitoring of brain activity in the field and better identification of neurophysiological markers that can index impending overload or fatigue, this book is a timely resource on the topic. Includes neurobiological models to better understand risky decision-making and cognitive countermeasures, augmented cognition, and brain stimulations to enhance performance and mitigate human error Features innovative methodologies and protocols using psychophysiological measurements and brain imaging techniques in realistic operational settings Discusses numerous topics, including cognitive performance in psychological and neurological disorders, brain computer interfaces (BCI), and human performance monitoring in ecological conditions, virtual reality, and serious gaming

Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images

Author: Hanna Damasio

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195165616

Category: Medical

Page: 540

View: 2758

An anatomical atlas based on three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance images. The 2nd edition contains entirely new images, all from new brain specimens, with detailed descriptions of the surface anatomy of three brains with overall different shapes, and 386 slices of coronal, axial, and parasagital incidences in those three brains. Also includes a collection of 26 normal brains, each seen in six different incidences, and a collection of 46 normal brains segmented and quantified into major lobes, with gray and white matter.

Why Torture Doesn't Work

The Neuroscience of Interrogation

Author: Shane O'Mara

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674743903

Category: Law

Page: 322

View: 5634

Besides being cruel and inhumane, torture does not work the way torturers assume it does. As Shane O’Mara’s account of the neuroscience of suffering reveals, extreme stress creates profound problems for memory, mood, and thinking, and sufferers predictably produce information that is deeply unreliable, or even counterproductive and dangerous.

Microfabricated Cortical Neuroprostheses

Author: André Mercanzini,Philippe Renaud

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482247151

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 9160

The use of neural implants for stimulation and recording show excellent promise in restoring certain functions to the central nervous system; and neuroprostheses remains one of the most important tools of neuroscientists for the elucidation of the brain's function. Ailments such as Parkinson's disease, obesity, blindness, and epilepsy are being studied from this angle. Development of better electrodes for recording and stimulation is therefore critical to ensure continuing progress in this field. This book addresses one of the main clinical complications with the use of electrodes, namely the reaction of the neurological tissue in the immediate vicinity of an implanted device. The authors describe new techniques for assessing this phenomenon, as well as new microfabrication techniques to impede the inflammatory response of the brain. Inflammation can adversely effect these devices, limiting their lifetime and reducing their effectiveness. The measurement protocols and improved fabrication protocols described within these pages will become standard tools in the future of neuroprostheses. The author holds two U.S. patents on microassembly and is also a Review Editor for Frontiers in Neuroengineering.

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