Search Results: the-causes-of-war-and-the-spread-of-peace

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

But Will War Rebound?

Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192514237

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1882

Azar Gat sets out to resolve one of the age-old questions of human existence: why people fight and can they stop. Spanning warfare from prehistory to the 21st century, the book shows that, neither an irresistible drive nor a cultural invention, deadly violence and warfare have figured prominently in our behavioural toolkit since the dawn of our species. People have always alternated between cooperation, peaceful competition, and violence to attain evolution-shaped human desires. A marked shift in the balance between these options has occurred since the onset of the industrial age. Rather than modern war becoming more costly (it hasn't), it is peace that has become more rewarding. Scrutinizing existing theories concerning the decline of war - such as the 'democratic peace' and 'capitalist peace' - Gat shows that they in fact partake of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since 1815. By now, war has disappeared within the world's most developed areas. Finally, Gat explains why the Modernization Peace has been disrupted in the past, as during the two World Wars, and how challenges to it may still arise. They include claimants to alternative modernity - such as China and Russia - anti-modernists, and failed modernizers that may spawn terrorism, potentially unconventional. While the world has become more peaceful than ever before, there is still much to worry about in terms of security and no place for complacency.

Theories of War and Peace

An International Security Reader

Author: Michael E. Brown,Owen R. Cote,Sean M. Lynn-Jones,Steven E. Miller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262522526

Category: Political Science

Page: 566

View: 9501

What causes war? How can wars be prevented? Scholars and policymakers have sought the answers to these questions for centuries. Although wars continue to occur, recent scholarship has made progress toward developing more sophisticated and perhaps more useful theories on the causes and prevention of war. This volume includes essays by leading scholars on contemporary approaches to understanding war and peace. The essays include expositions, analyses, and critiques of some of the more prominent and enduring explanations of war. Several authors discuss realist theories of war, which focus on the distribution of power and the potential for offensive war. Others examine the prominent hypothesis that the spread of democracy will usher in an era of peace. In light of the apparent increase in nationalism and ethnic conflict, several authors present hypotheses on how nationalism causes war and how such wars can be controlled. Contributors also engage in a vigorous debate on whether international institutions can promote peace. In a section on war and peace in the changing international system, several authors consider whether rising levels of international economic independence and environmental scarcity will influence the likelihood of war. Contributors: Dale C. Copeland, Charles L. Glaser, Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, Carl Kaysen, Robert O. Keohane, Charles A. Kupchan, Clifford A. Kupchan, David A. Lake, Christopher Layne, Sean M. Lynn-Jones, Edward D. Mansfield, Lisa L. Martin, John J. Mearsheimer, John Orme, John M. Owen, Donald Rothchild, John Gerard Ruggie, Jack Snyder, Stephen Van Evera, Alexander Wendt.

Man, the State, and War

A Theoretical Analysis

Author: Kenneth N. Waltz

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231515917

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 4278

What are the causes of war? To answer this question, Professor Waltz examines the ideas of major thinkers throughout the history of Western civilization. He explores works both by classic political philosophers, such as St. Augustine, Hobbes, Kant, and Rousseau, and by modern psychologists and anthropologists to discover ideas intended to explain war among states and related prescriptions for peace.

Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 2207

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt

On the Practice of Sociology

Author: Pitirim A. Sorokin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226768281

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6642

Sorokin (1889-1968) rose from a peasant childhood in Russia to become one of the most erudite, insightful, and critical figures in the history of sociology. He was, however, considered both a pioneer and an outcast. Essays range from his early Russian years to his final works in the 60s, this collection provides a much-needed introduction to one of sociology's most controversial thinkers.

Grotius on the Rights of War and Peace

An Abridged Translation

Author: Hugo Grotius,William Whewell

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 158477942X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9279

Reprint of the sole edition of this translation. In this momentous work Grotius describes the situations in which war is a valid tool of law enforcement and outlines the principles of armed combat. Though based on Christian natural law, Grotius advanced the novel argument that his system would still be valid if it lacked a divine basis. In this regard he pointed to the future by moving international law in a secular direction. This edition was abridged by removing most of the quotations from "ancient historians, orators, philosophers, and poets," which are identified in footnotes. As Whewell states in the preface, they tended to "confuse the subject, obscure the reasoning, and weary the reader." By removing them he enhanced clarity and reduced the bulk of the work by "more than a half" (vi). Hugo Grotius [1583-1645], generally acknowledged as the founder of international law, was an influential Dutch jurist, philosopher and theologian. Originally published in 1625, De Jure Belli ac Pacis (On the Law of War and Peace, translated by Whewell as On the Rights of War and Peace) is widely considered to be the first modern treatise on international law. William Whewell [1794-1866] wrote on numerous subjects and is known for the breadth of his endeavors, and his influence on the philosophy of science. He was one of the founding members and an early president of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, a fellow of the Royal Society, president of the Geological Society, and longtime Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.

Considerations on the Causes and Alarming Consequences of the Present War, and the necessity of immediate peace. By a Graduate of the University of Cambridge

Author: Graduate of the University of Cambridge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 151

View: 371

Realism

Restatements and Renewal

Author: Benjamin Frankel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135068216

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 5448

Realism has been the subject of critical scrutiny for some time and this examination aims to identify and define its strengths and shortcomings, making a contribution to the study of international relations.

Grotius on the Rights Os War and Peace an Abridges Translation

Author: N.A

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9553

The Oxford Handbook of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies

Author: Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh,Gil Loescher,Katy Long,Nando Sigona

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645885

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 9863

Refugee and Forced Migration Studies has grown from being a concern of a relatively small number of scholars and policy researchers in the 1980s to a global field of interest with thousands of students worldwide studying displacement either from traditional disciplinary perspectives or as a core component of newer programmes across the Humanities and Social and Political Sciences. Today the field encompasses both rigorous academic research which may or may not ultimately inform policy and practice, as well as action-research focused on advocating in favour of refugees' needs and rights. This authoritative Handbook critically evaluates the birth and development of Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, and analyses the key contemporary and future challenges faced by academics and practitioners working with and for forcibly displaced populations around the world. The 52 state-of-the-art chapters, written by leading academics, practitioners, and policymakers working in universities, research centres, think tanks, NGOs and international organizations, provide a comprehensive and cutting-edge overview of the key intellectual, political, social and institutional challenges arising from mass displacement in the world today. The chapters vividly illustrate the vibrant and engaging debates that characterise this rapidly expanding field of research and practice.

In Battle for Peace (The Oxford W. E. B. Du Bois)

The Story of My 83rd Birthday

Author: W. E. B. Du Bois

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199386900

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 3413

W. E. B. Du Bois was a public intellectual, sociologist, and activist on behalf of the African American community. He profoundly shaped black political culture in the United States through his founding role in the NAACP, as well as internationally through the Pan-African movement. Du Bois's sociological and historical research on African-American communities and culture broke ground in many areas, including the history of the post-Civil War Reconstruction period. Du Bois was also a prolific author of novels, autobiographical accounts, innumerable editorials and journalistic pieces, and several works of history. One of the most neglected and obscure books by W. E. B. Du Bois, In Battle for Peace frankly documents Du Bois's experiences following his attempts to mobilize Americans against the emerging conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union. A victim of McCarthyism, Du Bois endured a humiliating trial-he was later acquitted-and faced political persecution for over a decade. Part autobiography and part political statement, In Battle for Peace remains today a powerful analysis of race in America. With a series introduction by editor Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and an introduction by Manning Marable, this edition is essential for anyone interested in African American history.

ISLAM IS THE RELIGION OF PEACE

Author: Dr. Abdulrahman Alsheha

Publisher: Abdulrahman Alsheha

ISBN: 9960100022

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8234

“Terrorism” is of two kinds: terrorism that is evil based upon wicked tyrannical acts, and terrorism that is good and desired based on necessary and justified acts. The terrorism that is evil is injustice, double standards, tyranny, and aggression, in all the hateful connotations that these words imply. It targets women and children, civilians and non-combatants, trying to force defeat and difficult political decisions by spreading terror. This kind is what most people immediately think about when hearing the word terrorism.

An American Biographical and Historical Dictionary

Containing an Account of the Lives, Characters, and Writings of the Most Eminent Persons in North America from Its First Settlement, and a Summary of the History of the Several Colonies and of the United States

Author: William Allen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography

Page: 800

View: 4270

Discourse, on the Anniversary of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company

June 4, 1832

Author: Charles Wentworth Upham

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fourth of July orations

Page: 28

View: 6295

The Calumet

New Series of the Harbinger of Peace

Author: William Ladd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Peace

Page: N.A

View: 5231

The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict

Fear, Diffusion, and Escalation

Author: David A. Lake,Donald S. Rothchild

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691016900

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 6504

This work focuses on how, why and when ethnic conflicts either diffuse by precipitating similar conflicts elsewhere or escalate by bringing in outside parties and how such transnational ethnic conflicts can be managed. It focuses specifically on the conflicts in Eastern Europe and Africa.

Feminism and the Periodical Press, 1900-1918

Author: Lucy Delap,Maria DiCenzo,Leila Ryan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415320269

Category: Feminism

Page: 1560

View: 1669

The Edwardian period experienced a particularly vibrant periodical culture, with phenomenal growth in the numbers of titles published that were either aimed specifically at women, or else saw women as a key section of their readership or contributor group. It was an era of political ferment in which a number of 'progressive' traditions were formulated, shaped or abandoned, including socialism, feminism, modernism, empire politics, trade unionism and welfarism. Organized around some of the central themes of political thought and utopian thinking, this impressive collection gathers together classic articles from key periodicals. The set presents a comprehensive sourcebook of readings on Edwardian/Progressive era feminist thought, exploring the intervention of the radical public intellectuals working in these traditions in North America and the UK from 1900-1918.

The Prevalence of the Gospel, and the Abolition of War. A Sermon [on Isaiah Ii. 4] Preached ... November 14th, 1816, Etc

Author: Seth SMITH (Pastor of the First Church in Genoa, N.Y.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3041

International Relations Theory and Regional Transformation

Author: T. V. Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107020212

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 4496

A comprehensive treatment of regional transformation, offering insights from different theoretical perspectives and generating a range of policy-relevant ideas.

Crises in the Contemporary Persian Gulf

Author: Barry Rubin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135288895

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 4943

This work addresses the main strategic issues in today's Persian Gulf, a region that could easily produce a crisis that would encourage international political and economic involvement. Topics discussed include: strategic balances, modernization, internal stability, and weapons of mass destruction.

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