How to Navigate the Complex and Expensive Maze of Zoning, Planning, Environmental, and Land-Use Law
Author: Dwight Merriam
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
Category: Business & Economics
The only consumer's guide to making sense of land-use laws and regulations Many property owners have no idea what their rights are when it comes to altering their properties, or protecting themselves from encroachment by developers and the misguided building and renovation plans of neighbors. Written by a leading national expert on land-use law, The Complete Guide to Zoning tells home owners, developers, and investors nationwide everything you need to know about getting approvals and protecting your property rights. In plain English, Dwight Merriam explains how to: Get fast approvals for building and renovation plans Obtain building permits and variances Fight development projects Use land-use laws to protect and increase property values Identify and work around laws that limit building and renovation plans Deal with environmental-protection laws
Ten Principles to Create More Livable Cities
Author: Donald L. Elliott
Publisher: Island Press
Nearly all large American cities rely on zoning to regulate land use. According to Donald L. Elliott, however, zoning often discourages the very development that bigger cities need and want. In fact, Elliott thinks that zoning has become so complex that it is often dysfunctional and in desperate need of an overhaul. A Better Way to Zone explains precisely what has gone wrong and how it can be fixed. A Better Way to Zone explores the constitutional and legal framework of zoning, its evolution over the course of the twentieth century, the reasons behind major reform efforts of the past, and the adverse impacts of most current city zoning systems. To unravel what has gone wrong, Elliott identifies several assumptions behind early zoning that no longer hold true, four new land use drivers that have emerged since zoning began, and basic elements of good urban governance that are violated by prevailing forms of zoning. With insight and clarity, Elliott then identifies ten sound principles for change that would avoid these mistakes, produce more livable cities, and make zoning simpler to understand and use. He also proposes five practical steps to get started on the road to zoning reform. While recent discussion of zoning has focused on how cities should look, A Better Way to Zone does not follow that trend. Although New Urbanist tools, form-based zoning, and the SmartCode are making headlines both within and outside the planning profession, Elliott believes that each has limitations as a general approach to big city zoning. While all three trends include innovations that the profession badly needs, they are sometimes misapplied to situations where they do not work well. In contrast, A Better Way to Zone provides a vision of the future of zoning that is not tied to a particular picture of how cities should look, but is instead based on how cities should operate.
Managing and Resolving Land Use Disputes
Author: Sean Nolon,Ona Ferguson,Patrick Field
Publisher: Lincoln Inst of Land Policy
Category: Political Science
With years of professional experience and more than a decade of research sponsored by the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, the authors, all associated with the Consensus Building Institute, have found that the mutual gains approach is a better way to manage the most challenging land use disputes. This approach is guided by core principles, follows a set of clear action steps, and is useful at different stages of land use decision making. It is different from, though not incompatible with, the required land use procedures. It is not a single process or technique; it draws from the fields of negotiation, consensus building, collaborative problem solving, alternative dispute resolution, public participation, and public administration. The result is a more public, collaborative process designed to tease out the range of interests and criteria, compare various alternatives, and determine which alternatives meet the most interests. Case studies from across the United States and Canada illustrate the principles and steps in the mutual gains approach.
Author: Barlow Burke, Jr.
This comprehensive and clearly written Understanding treatise addresses zoning, land use, and environmental regulation in a national, jurisdiction-independent manner. Understanding the Law of Zoning and Land Use Controls is divided into the following six parts: Part 1: Fundamental Concepts: The Police Power, Takings, and Zoning Part 2: The Zoning Forms of Action Part 3: Economic Discrimination and Zoning Part 4: Wetlands and Beaches Part 5: Regulating the User, Not the Use Part 6: Halting an Owner's Further Regulation The book also includes a glossary of Land Use Terms.
Author: Larz T. Anderson
Publisher: Planners Press
While many authors have written about what urban plans should contain and how they should be used, this comprehensive book leads you step by step through the entire plan preparation process. Citing examples from across the country, Larz Anderson shows how to prepare, review, adopt, and implement urban plans. He explains how to identify public needs and desires, analyze existing problems and opportunities, and augment long-range general plans with short-range district and function plans. Anderson presents these guidelines as tasks. For each task, he explains the rationale behind it, recommends a procedure for completing it, and identifies the expected results. Throughout, Anderson encourages improvisation-he urges planners to adapt the guidelines to meet local needs. Excerpts from recently adopted general plans illustrate Anderson's points and provide examples of variations even within his recommendations. A related glossary gives comprehensive definitions to words that, though not technical, have meanings specific to the urban plan. Anderson's clear and readable style makes this book a must, not only for the professional, but for the student bewildered by the complexities of forming urban plans. Guidelines for Preparing Urban Plans is a valuable textbook for undergraduate, graduate, and professional courses in planning theory and planning administration, as well as workshop-style studio courses.
Author: Carl J. Stephani,Marilyn Stephani
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Previously published by the National League of Cities, this book will enable you to put everything related to zoning in context. As stated in the book's Introduction by renown Land Use Attorney Dwight H. Merriam, FAICP, this book is "essential reading for every citizen who is interested in understanding this important aspect of the operation of their local government.... ZONING 101 will turn the novice into an expert, and reinforce an expert's understanding of ... the seven basic elements that form the center of the universe for all zoning ordinances." The Connecticut Conference of Municipalities finds it "written in a concise, easy-to-read style, the primer introduces and explains the basic philosophy, and administration of modern zoning ordinances. The book is designed to be accessible and informative for busy local elected officials, and will be a handy reference tool for staff professionals, especially in smaller communities with limited personnel and resources for planning and zoning. The book features a section on "the seven basic elements of zoning," and a glossary. Other focuses include application processing, planned unit developments, overlay zones, subdivisions, performance zoning, and enforcement procedures. There also are practical tips on how to tackle difficult zoning situations and ways to involve the public in a positive manner on zoning issues." The authors also wrote a companion book entitled "Planning Cities 101: A Practical Introduction," as well as a guide published by the International City/County Management Association entitled "Establishing Effective Citizens Advisory Committees," and a book entitled THE NEW CITY MANAGER - A STUDY IN GOVERNMENT ETHICS.
Advancing Strategies for Long-Term Resilience and Adaptability
Author: Urban Land Institute
Publisher: Urban Land Inst
Category: Political Science
After Sandy: Advancing Strategies for Long-Term Resilience and Adaptability offers guidance on postdisaster rebuilding and building in anticipation of future disasters in a way that helps preserve the environment, boost economic prosperity, and foster a high quality of life. This report, which came out of a week-long advisory-services panel, acknowledges that the increased frequency of severe weather events, as well as rising sea levels, are compelling the real estate industry to address climate change by working with the public sector to implement adaptive measures that better protect both the built and natural environment.
Interactive Tools and Techniques for Site Planning, Analysis, and Design
Author: Walter Hosack
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
A fully updated edition of the best resource for land development analysis, planning, and decision-making This authoritative guide enables readers to calculate the development capacity and construction costs of both vacant and developed land. The book offers a new focus sustainability, taking into consideration the surrounding environment and the preservation of open space. Land Development Calculations, Second Edition explains the information fields on the 41 interactive spreadsheets on the accompanying CD-ROM that forecast the development capacity of vacant land based on data entered in the design specification panel of one or more spreadsheets for three categories of shelter-residential, non-residential, and mixed use. The book includes new and updated chapters covering the additional information that can be forecast for the various categories of shelter.
Author: Jane Jacobs
Category: Social Science
Thirty years after its publication, The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as "perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning....[It] can also be seen in a much larger context. It is first of all a work of literature; the descriptions of street life as a kind of ballet and the bitingly satiric account of traditional planning theory can still be read for pleasure even by those who long ago absorbed and appropriated the book's arguments." Jane Jacobs, an editor and writer on architecture in New York City in the early sixties, argued that urban diversity and vitality were being destroyed by powerful architects and city planners. Rigorous, sane, and delightfully epigrammatic, Jacobs's small masterpiece is a blueprint for the humanistic management of cities. It is sensible, knowledgeable, readable, indispensable. The author has written a new foreword for this Modern Library edition.
Author: Kevin Lynch
Publisher: MIT Press
The classic work on the evaluation of city form. What does the city's form actually mean to the people who live there? What can the city planner do to make the city's image more vivid and memorable to the city dweller? To answer these questions, Mr. Lynch, supported by studies of Los Angeles, Boston, and Jersey City, formulates a new criterion--imageability--and shows its potential value as a guide for the building and rebuilding of cities. The wide scope of this study leads to an original and vital method for the evaluation of city form. The architect, the planner, and certainly the city dweller will all want to read this book.
Author: Jonathan Barnett,Brian William Blaesser
"Advocates for reinventing land use development regulations within the context of the existing regulatory system. Chapters discuss how to relate development to the natural environment, manage climate change through development regulations, encourage walking by mixing land uses, preserve historic landmarks, create more affordable housing and promote environmental justice, establish community design principles, and safeguard private property interests"--
Author: Thomas L. Daniels,John W. Keller,Mark B. Lapping
Publisher: Amer Planning Assn
Category: Political Science
This is the go-to guide for planners in small towns. For decades, The Small Town Planning Handbook has helped small towns and rural communities plan for change. It is a step-by-step guide to drafting and implementing a comprehensive plan through zoning ordinances, subdivision regulations, and capital improvements programs, with sensitivity to local character and limited resources. The third edition shows how technologies such as GIS and the Internet can improve the planning process. This edition contains a wealth of information on ways to maintain or improve the design of small towns and explains how to create a small town economic development plan. The authors emphasize strategic planning for economic, social, and environmental sustainability both in remote towns and in towns on the edge of metropolitan regions. The authors are planners with more than six decades of experience in small towns, rural counties, and planning departments including hundreds of evenings before rural planning commissions."
The Case of Ethembalethu
Author: Stephen Berrisford,Dave DeGroot,Michael Kihato,Ntombini Marrengane,Zimkhitha Mhlanga,Rogier van den Brink
Publisher: World Bank Publications
This study outlines the difficulties poor communities face in accessing peri-urban land in South Africa that could have implications and lessons for similar communities in other countries facing spatial segregation issues. 'In Search of Land and Housing in the New South Africa' focused on one community, composed largely of laid-off farm workers that wanted to buy their own farm in a peri-urban area west of Johannesburg. Their dream was to establish a mixed-use settlement. They wanted to call the village Ethambalethu 'Our Hope.' About 250 families started their own association and savings scheme to make their dream a reality. By 1997, they had saved enough money to make their first purchase offer. A decade later, the community's dream is still not a reality. The families have faced numerous obstacles: two cancelled sale agreements, wrongful arrest, being sued in court, an out-of-court settlement for which community members were paid to not move into the white neighborhood, and large sums of their own money spent on consultants and environmental impact studies. In an agreement with the Mogale City Municipality, where the land is located, the community now has at least a confirmed right to occupy the land. But it does not yet legally own the land, and is still trying to get permission to build on and work the land. The case of Ethembalethu is not unique. Millions of black South Africans live in peri-urban areas. Yet, government programs, development planning and environmental regulations, and the current land and housing markets do not support realization of their aspirations to become homeowners on sites of their choice.
Geography, Law, and Public Policy
Author: Rutherford H. Platt
Publisher: Island Press
Land Use and Society is a unique and compelling exploration of interactions among law, geography, history, and culture and their joint influence on the evolution of land use and urban form in the United States. Originally published in 1996, this completely revised, expanded, and updated edition retains the strengths of the earlier version while introducing a host of new topics and insights on the twenty-first century metropolis. This new edition of Land Use and Society devotes greater attention to urban land use and related social issues with two new chapters tracing American city and metropolitan change over the twentieth century. More emphasis is given to social justice and the environmental movement and their respective roles in shaping land use and policy in recent decades. This edition of Land Use and Society by Rutherford H. Platt is updated to reflect the 2000 Census, the most recent Supreme Court decisions, and various topics of current interest such as affordable housing, protecting urban water supplies, urban biodiversity, and "ecological cities." It also includes an updated conclusion that summarizes some positive and negative outcomes of urban land policies to date.
A Guide for Policymakers
Author: James M. Anderson,Kalra Nidhi,Karlyn D. Stanley,Paul Sorensen,Constantine Samaras,Oluwatobi A. Oluwatola
Publisher: Rand Corporation
The automotive industry appears close to substantial change engendered by “self-driving” technologies. This technology offers the possibility of significant benefits to social welfare—saving lives; reducing crashes, congestion, fuel consumption, and pollution; increasing mobility for the disabled; and ultimately improving land use. This report is intended as a guide for state and federal policymakers on the many issues that this technology raises.
Author: Matthew Clarke
The Trust for Public Land and the City Parks Alliance are excited to announce the launch of The Field Guide for Creative Placemaking and Parks, funded in partnership with the National Endowment for the Arts. We define creative placemaking as a cooperative, community-based process using arts and cultural expression to create or rejuvenate parks and open spaces, thus deepening a sense of place and inspiring community pride.The Field Guide is intended to connect creative placemaking with parks and open spaces. It answers two important questions: first, "What is creative placemaking?" and second, "How does creative placemaking make for better parks and stronger communities?"The Field Guide is organized into two broad section: a "how-to" guide for strategizing and implementing a park-based creative placemaking project; and a set of eleven compelling case studies that demonstrate the breadth of this kind of community development.