Search Results: the-dynamics-of-coastal-models

The Dynamics of Coastal Models

Author: Clifford J. Hearn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521807409

Category: Computers

Page: 488

View: 4528

Textbook for graduate students and an introduction for researchers to coastal basins through simple hydrodynamics.

Advances in Coastal Modeling

Author: V.C. Lakhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080526645

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 614

View: 8690

This book unifies and enhances the accessibility of contemporary scholarly research on advances in coastal modeling. A comprehensive spectrum of innovative models addresses the wide diversity and multifaceted aspects of coastal research on the complex natural processes, dynamics, interactions and responses of the coastal supersystem and its associated subsystems. The twenty-one chapters, contributed by internationally recognized coastal experts from fourteen countries, provide invaluable insights on the recent advances and present state-of-the-art knowledge on coastal models which are essential for not only illuminating the governing coastal process and various characteristics, but also for understanding and predicting the dynamics at work in the coastal system. One of the unique strengths of the book is the impressive and encompassing presentation of current functional and operational coastal models for all those concerned with and interested in the modeling of seas, oceans and coasts. In addition to chapters modeling the dynamic natural processes of waves, currents, circulatory flows and sediment transport there are also chapters that focus on the modeling of beaches, shorelines, tidal basins and shore platforms. The substantial scope of the book is further strengthened with chapters concentrating on the effects of coastal structures on nearshore flows, coastal water quality, coastal pollution, coastal ecological modeling, statistical data modeling, and coupling of coastal models with geographical information systems.

Lagrangian Analysis and Prediction of Coastal and Ocean Dynamics

Author: Annalisa Griffa,A. D. Kirwan, Jr.,Arthur J. Mariano,Tamay Özgökmen,H. Thomas Rossby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946308X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 2564

Written by a group of international experts in their field, this book is a review of Lagrangian observation, analysis and assimilation methods in physical and biological oceanography. This multidisciplinary text presents new results on nonlinear analysis of Lagrangian dynamics, the prediction of particle trajectories, and Lagrangian stochastic models. It includes historical information, up-to-date developments, and speculation on future developments in Lagrangian-based observations, analysis, and modeling of physical and biological systems. Containing contributions from experimentalists, theoreticians, and modellers in the fields of physical oceanography, marine biology, mathematics, and meteorology, this book will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students looking for both practical applications and information on the theory of transport and dispersion in physical systems, biological modelling, and data assimilation.

Dynamics Of Coastal Systems (Second Edition)

Author: Dronkers Job

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814725161

Category: Science

Page: 780

View: 2305

The book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the physical processes which, according to the present state of knowledge, determine the evolution of coastal systems and their response to human interventions. This response depends to a large degree on the self-organising properties of coastal dynamics, which form a leading theme throughout the book. The basic theoretical ideas are explained in text and figures and also in formulas for the more mathematically inclined reader. Theories are illustrated with examples from estuaries, coastal lagoons, beaches and tidal flat systems from all over the world. The rules and simple models can be used directly without relying on complex computations; much attention is given to the strengths and weaknesses of the underlying theories and their limits of applicability. The book is fully self-contained; some knowledge of basic physics and mathematics is recommended. The book is an upgrade of the first edition. Most parts are rewritten and chapters are added to incorporate research results, new insight and experience of the past ten years. This book is intended for everyone interested in coastal systems for professional or educational reasons.

A Guide to Modeling Coastal Morphology

Author: Dano Roelvink,J. A. Roelvink,Ad Reniers

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814304255

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 6489

Process-based morphodynamic modelling is one of the relatively new tools at the disposal of coastal scientists, engineers and managers. On paper, it offers the possibility to analyse morphological processes and to investigate the effects of various measures one might consider to alleviate some problems. For these to be applied in practice, a model should be relatively straightforward to set up. It should be accurate enough to represent the details of interest, it should run long enough and robustly to see the real effects happen, and the physical processes represented in such a way that the sediment generally goes in the right direction at the right rate. Next, practitioners must be able to judge if the patterns and outcomes of the model are realistic and finally, translate these colour pictures and vector plots to integrated parameters that are relevant to the client or end user. In a nutshell, this book provides an in-depth review of ways to model coastal processes, including many hands-on exercises.

Encyclopedia of Coastal Science

Author: Maurice Schwartz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402038801

Category: Science

Page: 1213

View: 4409

This new Encyclopedia of Coastal Science stands as the latest authoritative source in the field of coastal studies, making it the standard reference work for specialists and the interested lay person. Unique in its interdisciplinary approach. This Encyclopedia features contributions by 245 well-known international specialists in their respective fields and is abundantly illustrated with line-drawings and photographs. Not only does this volume offer an extensive number of entries, it also includes various appendices, an illustrated glossary of coastal morphology and extensive bibliographic listings.

Applications in Coastal Modeling

Author: A.S. Trenhaile,V.C. Lakhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870878

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 3052

The importance of models to facilitate our understanding and management of the coastal system is evident from this book, which shows that the preference for using models to study the coastal system is shared not only by different research institutions (government, military, industry and academia), but also by researchers from diverse backgrounds. With contributions from several leading experts a variety of models - physical, analytical, numerical and computer simulation - are presented on various components of the coastal system. The book opens by examining the coast as a system, and provides an overview of models, systems concepts, and the systems approach. It next covers the simulation design process, stressing that modeling and simulation should form an interface between real-world processes, and the field of General Systems Theory. It is clearly shown that a system can be investigated with more than one type of model. For example, it is shown that waves can be studied with physical models, empirical and numerical models or with computer simulation models. Likewise, beaches can be investigated with physical, numerical or empirically-based models. The indispensability of models to enhance our understanding of coastal dynamics and associated component systems is emphasised. Mathematical modeling of rock coast development and the simulation of deltaic depositional systems are covered. A chapter on analytical modeling of predator-prey interactions highlights the fact that the coastal system also has biotic resources. Finally, problems which have to be overcome for the practical application of numerical and simulation models are discussed. The explanatory and detailed formulation of the various models, together with more than 100 figures, make this book worthwhile reading for senior undergraduates, graduate students, and all coastal researchers interested in the formulation and application of models of the coastal system.

Selected Papers from the 13th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference

Author: Henry J. Bokuniewicz,Richard P. Signell

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038420468

Category:

Page: 434

View: 3759

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Selected Papers from the 13th Estuarine and Coastal Modeling Conference" that was published in JMSE

Modelling Coastal and Marine Processes

Second Edition

Author: Phil Dyke

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783267720

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 2156

Modelling is now an accepted part in the understanding, prediction and planning of environmental strategies. Perfect for undergraduate students and non-specialist readers, Modelling Coastal and Marine Processes (2nd Edition) offers an introduction into how coastal and marine models are constructed and used. The mathematics, statistics and numerical techniques used are explained in the first few chapters, making this book accessible to those without a high-level maths background. Later chapters cover modelling sea bed friction, tides, shallow sea dynamics, and ecosystem dynamics. Importantly, there is also a chapter on modelling the impact of climate change on coastal and near shore processes. New to this revised edition is a chapter on tides, tsunamis and the prediction of sea level, and additional material on the new application of the numerical techniques: flux corrected transport, finite volumes and adaptive grids to coastal and marine modelling.

Applications in Coastal Modeling

Author: A.S. Trenhaile,V.C. Lakhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870878

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 9699

The importance of models to facilitate our understanding and management of the coastal system is evident from this book, which shows that the preference for using models to study the coastal system is shared not only by different research institutions (government, military, industry and academia), but also by researchers from diverse backgrounds. With contributions from several leading experts a variety of models - physical, analytical, numerical and computer simulation - are presented on various components of the coastal system. The book opens by examining the coast as a system, and provides an overview of models, systems concepts, and the systems approach. It next covers the simulation design process, stressing that modeling and simulation should form an interface between real-world processes, and the field of General Systems Theory. It is clearly shown that a system can be investigated with more than one type of model. For example, it is shown that waves can be studied with physical models, empirical and numerical models or with computer simulation models. Likewise, beaches can be investigated with physical, numerical or empirically-based models. The indispensability of models to enhance our understanding of coastal dynamics and associated component systems is emphasised. Mathematical modeling of rock coast development and the simulation of deltaic depositional systems are covered. A chapter on analytical modeling of predator-prey interactions highlights the fact that the coastal system also has biotic resources. Finally, problems which have to be overcome for the practical application of numerical and simulation models are discussed. The explanatory and detailed formulation of the various models, together with more than 100 figures, make this book worthwhile reading for senior undergraduates, graduate students, and all coastal researchers interested in the formulation and application of models of the coastal system.

Introduction to Coastal Dynamics and Shoreline Protection

Author: G. Benassai

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845640543

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 331

View: 4995

"Provides an integrated approach to coastal dynamics and shoreline protection, aided by the use of specific case studies" -- Back cover.

Modeling Coastal Hypoxia

Numerical Simulations of Patterns, Controls and Effects of Dissolved Oxygen Dynamics

Author: Dubravko Justic,Kenneth A. Rose,Robert D. Hetland,Katja Fennel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331954571X

Category: Science

Page: 433

View: 5925

This book provides a snapshot of representative modeling analyses of coastal hypoxia and its effects. Hypoxia refers to conditions in the water column where dissolved oxygen falls below levels that can support most metazoan marine life (i.e., 2 mg O2 l-1). The number of hypoxic zones has been increasing at an exponential rate since the 1960s; there are currently more than 600 documented hypoxic zones in the estuarine and coastal waters worldwide. Hypoxia develops as a synergistic product of many physical and biological factors that affect the balance of dissolved oxygen in seawater, including temperature, solar radiation, wind, freshwater discharge, nutrient supply, and the production and decay of organic matter. A number of modeling approaches have been increasingly used in hypoxia research, along with the more traditional observational and experimental studies. Modeling is necessary because of rapidly changing coastal circulation and stratification patterns that affect hypoxia, the large spatial extent over which hypoxia develops, and limitations on our capabilities to directly measure hypoxia over large spatial and temporal scales. This book consists of 15 chapters that are broadly organized around three main topics: (1) Modeling of the physical controls on hypoxia, (2) Modeling of biogeochemical controls and feedbacks, and, (3) Modeling of the ecological effects of hypoxia. The final chapter is a synthesis chapter that draws generalities from the earlier chapters, highlights strengths and weaknesses of the current state-of-the-art modeling, and offers recommendations on future directions.

Coastal and Estuarine Processes

Author: Peter Nielsen

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 981310113X

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 712

This book covers water waves, surf zone hydrodynamics, tides in oceans and estuaries, storm surges, estuarine mixing, basic sediment transport, coastal morphodynamics and coastal groundwater dynamics. It is an introductory treatment, suitable for a first course in coastal and estuarine processes for earth scientists or engineers. Yet, there are substantial amounts of new material that are included, such as the explicit, analytical treatment of transient, forced long waves. Inclusion of this material will in turn strongly enhance the introductory treatment of tsunami, storm surges and surf beat. The treatment of sine wave theory emphasizes expressions which are explicit in the water depth h (using koh instead of kh) so that they can easily be differentiated or integrated with respect to h. This is a major pedagogical advantage because of the enhanced transparency. The treatment of turbulent mixing includes finite mixing length effects which provide an explanation for differential diffusion of different sediment sizes in suspension. The effects of acceleration skewness and boundary layer streaming are also included in the basic sediment transport models. The inclusion of beach groundwater dynamics — including the mechanisms by which waves as well as tides drive groundwater motion — provides a link between the previously unconnected fields of coastal hydraulics and regional groundwater modeling. Serving as a good reference book, it is fully indexed and comprehensively cross referenced. Abundant references to more detailed texts are also provided.

Dynamics and exchanges in estuaries and the coastal zone

Author: David Prandle

Publisher: Amer Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875902548

Category: Nature

Page: 647

View: 4078

Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Author: Dragutin T. Mihailovic

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814293008

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 8492

Environmental fluid mechanics (EFM) is the scientific study of transport, dispersion and transformation processes in natural fluid flows on our planet Earth, from the microscale to the planetary scale. This book brings together scientists and engineers working in research institutions, universities and academia, who engage in the study of theoretical, modeling, measuring and software aspects in environmental fluid mechanics. It provides a forum for the participants, and exchanges new ideas and expertise through the presentations of up-to-date and recent overall achievements in this field.

Real-time Coastal Observing Systems for Marine Ecosystem Dynamics and Harmful Algal Blooms

theory, instrumentation and modelling

Author: Babin, Marcel,Roesler, Collin S.,Cullen, John J.

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9231040421

Category: Nature

Page: 880

View: 2657

The proliferation of harmful phytoplankton in marine ecosystems can cause massive fish kills, contaminate seafood with toxins, impact local and regional economies and dramatically affect ecological balance. Real-time observations are essential for effective short-term operational forecasting, but observation and modelling systems are still being developed. This volume provides guidance for developing real-time and near real-time sensing systems for observing and predicting plankton dynamics, including harmful algal blooms, in coastal waters. The underlying theory is explained and current trends in research and monitoring are discussed.Topics covered include: coastal ecosystems and dynamics of harmful algal blooms; theory and practical applications of in situ and remotely sensed optical detection of microalgal distributions and composition; theory and practical applications of in situ biological and chemical sensors for targeted species and toxin detection; integrated observing systems and platforms for detection; diagnostic and predictive modelling of ecosystems and harmful algal blooms, including data assimilation techniques; observational needs for the public and government; and future directions for research and operations.

The dynamics of an estuary as a natural ecosystem

Author: F. John Vernberg,United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development,Belle W. Baruch Institute for Marine Biology and Coastal Research

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ecology

Page: 86

View: 2529

Dynamics of Coastal Systems (Second Edition)

Author: Job Dronkers

Publisher: Advanced Series on Ocean Engin

ISBN: 9789813143739

Category: Science

Page: 780

View: 851

The book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the physical processes which, according to the present state of knowledge, determine the evolution of coastal systems and their response to human interventions. This response depends to a large degree on the self-organising properties of coastal dynamics, which form a leading theme throughout the book. The basic theoretical ideas are explained in text and figures and also in formulas for the more mathematically inclined reader. Theories are illustrated with examples from estuaries, coastal lagoons, beaches and tidal flat systems from all over the world. The rules and simple models can be used directly without relying on complex computations; much attention is given to the strengths and weaknesses of the underlying theories and their limits of applicability. The book is fully self-contained; some knowledge of basic physics and mathematics is recommended. The book is an upgrade of the first edition. Most parts are rewritten and chapters are added to incorporate research results, new insight and experience of the past ten years. This book is intended for everyone interested in coastal systems for professional or educational reasons.

The Dynamics of an Estuary as a Natural Ecosystem, II

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Estuarine ecology

Page: 76

View: 8397

Circulation in the Coastal Ocean

Author: G.T. Csanady

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401710414

Category: Science

Page: 281

View: 771

For some time there has existed an extensive theoretical literature relating to tides on continental shelves and also to the behavior of estuaries. Much less attention was traditionally paid to the dynamics of longer term, larger scale motions (those which are usually described as circulation') over continental shelves or in enclosed shallow seas such as the North American Great Lakes. This is no longer the case: spurred on by other disciplines, notably biological oceanography, and by public concern with the environment, the physical science of the coastal ocean has made giant strides during the last two decades or so. Today, it is probably fair to say that coastal ocean physics has come of age as a deduc tive quantitative science. A well developed body of theoretical models exist, based on the equations of fluid motion, which have been related to observed currents, sea level variations, water properties, etc. Quantitative parameters required in using the models to predict e.g. the effects of wind or of freshwater influx on coastal currents can be estimated within reasonable bounds of error. While much remains to be learned, and many exciting discoveries presumably await us in the future, the time seems appropriate to summarize those aspects of coastal ocean dynamics relevant to 'circulation' or long term motion.

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